You are on page 1of 3

NUMERICALS-SOLUTIONS-Assignment-2FEB 2014

1- A solution is prepared by dissolving 1.27 g of an electrolyte whose molecular


mass is 310 in 50 g of water. The freezing point was found to be 0. 762 oC.
How many moles of solute particles are formed from each mole of solute.
Given kf of water = 1.86K kg mol-1 .
Ans-5moles of solute / mole of solute
2-In a mountainous location, the boiling point of pure water is 95 oC. How many
grams of NaCl must be added to 2 kg of water so that the boiling point of
100oC is realized?
Ans. 562.42 g
3- 3.33 kg of ethylene glycol is mixed with1.0 L of water is used as an antifreeze
in car radiators up to what temperature the solution shall not freeze?
( density of water = 1.0 gm/ml Kf for water = 1.86 K/)
Ans =- 99.9oC.
4-When a certain amount of solute is added to 100g of water, the vapour
pressure reduces to one half of that of pure water ( 23.76 mm of Hg). Find
the amount of solute added.
Ans = 2.77 mol.
5- Two elements X & Y form compounds having molecular formulae XY2 and XY4
respectively . When dissolved in 20g of benzene, 1.0 g of XY2 lowers the freezing
by 2.3oC where as 1.0g of XY4 lowers the freezing point by 1.3oC . Calculate the
molar masses of X & Y .Given kf benzene = 5.1 k/m
Ans. = M1 = 110.86 g mol-1, M2 = 196.078 g mol 1
6-The osmotic pressure of a dilute solution of KNO 3 in water is 0.47 atm at 298 K.What
would be the vapour pressure of the solution, freezing point and boiling point?The
vapour pressure of water is 0.31 atm. Assume molarity to be equal to molality.
Kb & kf for water = 0.52 K kg mol 1 & 1.86 K kg mol 1 respectively
Ans = 0.0313 atm., 272.982 K, 373.005 K
7-A 0.0140g sample of an ionic compound with formula [ Cr(NH 3)5Cl3] was dissolved
in water to give 25 ml of solution at 298 k. The osmotic pressure was determined to
be 119 mm Hg. How many ions are obtained when the compound is dissolved in
water? Suggest the formula of the complex
Ans 3, [ Cr NH 3)5Cl]Cl2.
8-The freezing point of a 0.08 m solution of NaHSO 4 is 0.372 C. Calculate the
dissociation constant for the reaction:
HSO4 H+ + SO42
Kf for water = 1.86Km1
Ans. 4.0 x 10 -2
9-.22g of benzoic acid (C6H5COOH) is added in 100 g of acetone and 100g of

benzene .The boiling point of the solution in acetone increases by 0.17C


while that in benzene increases by 0.13C .Calculate the molar mass of benzoic
acid in both the cases and justify your result.
[Kb ( acetone ) = 1.7 K Kg mol -1 and Kb ( benzene ) = 2.6 K Kg mol -1 ]
244 g mol -1
Actual molar mass of C6H5COOH = 122 g mol -1 which means that C6H5COOH
Exist as monomer in acetone and dimer in benzene.Dimeric nature is due to
intermolecular H bonding .
10-.To 500 ml of water , 3 x 10 -3Kg of acetic acid is added. If 23% of acetic acid is
dissociated , what will be the depression in freezing point ?
Kf (water ) = 1.86 K Kg mol -1 and density of water is 0.997 g ml -1.
Ans. Depression in freezing point = 0.229 K
11- Phenol associates in benzene to a certain extent to form a dimer. A solution
containing 20 x10 -3 kg of phenol in 1.0 kg of benzene has freezing point depressed
by 0.69 K. Calculate the fraction of phenol that has dimerised.
Given Kf ( benzene ) = 5.12 K Kg mol -1
Ans.0.73
12-A solution containing 8.6 g per litre of urea was found to isotonic with a 5% of an
organic non-volatile solute (A).Calculate the molecular mass of the organic nonvolatile solute (A).
Ans.348.8 g mol-1