Timing 500 800 series

Timing 6000 series (drop-in)

Locate the timing marks on the needle bar. Insert a new needle into the needle clamp. Set the needle position to the center. Bring the needle to the lowest position.

With the needle bar in the lowest position one timing make should be visible. Slowly raise the needle bar until the mark is level with the bushing. At this point the hook tip and needle should meet.

If the hook and needle do not meet as shown and the needle bar height is right as per the timing marks the timing will need to be adjusted. Turn the machine onto its back. Locate the hook drive shaft belt pulley. Loosen the two screws ½ turn each. Carefully turn the hook with your hand until the hook and needle meet. Do not turn the hook too far and make sure the feed dogs are down when the needle is down. If the feed dogs are up when the needle is down the timing is 180° out. Retime the machine so the feed dogs are down when the needle is down.

Tensions 500 series

Loosen the screw on the top tension unit one turn. Remove the outer cover. Check between the tension discs for thread or lint.

Turn the adjusting nut ¼ turn at a time until the desired tension is achieved. Replace the cap at 4.5 and tighten the screw. This resets your top tension to a medium number. The bobbin tension should stay constant but may have to be adjusted if the spring was bent or thread was caught under the spring. Check under the spring for thread or lint. Insert a full bobbin wound with medium weight, light color thread. You should feel some tension but not enough so you have to grip the thread hard to pull it. If the tension is too loose or too tight turn the adjusting screw ¼ turn at a time to set the tension.

The result you are looking for is when the knot forms in the center on the fabric.

Timing needle bar height 15 class

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Timing 200 series

Checking the timing on your machine is easy because there are timing marks that show you where the machine must be set.

Remove the needle plate and bobbin case.Turn the hand wheel towards you until the needle bar is in the lowest position. You will see two marks on the needle bar with the top one being flush with the bottom of the bushing. If it is not loosen the needle bar screw and move it up or down to set the marks. Make sure you keep the needle bar straight (needle clamp screw should be straight to the right) Next turn the hand wheel until the lower timing mark is flush with the bushing. At this point the hook tip should be just above the eye of the needle as shown.

If the hook tip and needle do not line up as shown, turn the machine on its back making sure the needle bar does not move. Loosen the two timing screws on the hook pulley (only loosen them ¼ turn). Move the hook to line it up with the needle. Tighten the screws and recheck the timing. The feed dogs should be in the down position when timing the machine. If the feed dogs are up when the timing is set as shown, the hook timing is out 180°.

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Timing 300 series

Remove the needle plate and bobbin case. Turn the hand wheel towards you until the needle bar is in the lowest position. You will see two marks on the needle bar with the top one being flush with the bottom of the bushing. If it is not loosen the needle bar screw and move it up or down to set the marks. Make sure you keep the needle bar straight (needle clamp screw should be straight to the right) Next turn the hand wheel until the lower timing mark is flush with the bushing. At this point the hook tip should be just above the eye of the needle as shown.

If the hook tip and needle do not line up as shown, turn the machine on its back making sure the needle bar does not move. Loosen the two timing screws on the hook pulley (only loosen them ¼ turn). Move the hook to line it up with the needle. Tighten the screws and recheck the timing.

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Timing 600 series
To check the hook timing first you need to check the needle bar height. Bring the needle bar to its lowest position. You will see two timing marks on the needle bar.

If the upper timing mark is just visible under the bushing as shown the needle bar is at the right height. If not loosen the needle bar clamping screw and carefully move the needle bar up or down. Do not twist the needle bar sideways.

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Timing 700 series

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Timing 500 800 series

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Timing 6000 series (drop-in)

Locate the timing marks on the needle bar. Insert a new needle into the needle clamp. Set the needle position to the center. Bring the needle to the lowest position.

With the needle bar in the lowest position one timing make should be visible. Slowly raise the needle bar until the mark is level with the bushing. At this point the hook tip and needle should meet.

If the hook and needle do not meet as shown and the needle bar height is right as per the timing marks the timing will need to be adjusted. Turn the machine onto its back. Locate the hook drive shaft belt pulley. Loosen the two screws ½ turn each. Carefully turn the hook with your hand until the hook and needle meet.

Do not turn the hook too far and make sure the feed dogs are down when the needle is down. If the feed dogs are up when the needle is down the timing is 180° out. Retime the machine so the feed dogs are down when the needle is down.

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Timing 6000 series (wind in place)
Insert a new needle into the needle clamp. Set the needle position to the left. Bring the needle to the lowest position. Slowly bring the needle bar up until the hook and needle meet. The hook tip should be just below the middle of the scarf of the needle.

The needle should have come up 2.4mm to 2.7mm from its lowest position. If the hook and needle do not meet as shown you will have to adjust the hook timing.

Turn the machine onto its back. Locate the hook drive shaft belt pulley. Loosen the two screws ½ turn each. Carefully turn the hook with your hand until the hook and needle meet. Tighten the screws and recheck the timing.

When the hook and needle are in position the timing marks on the feed lifting cam should line up as shown. If the two feed timing marks do not line up when the hook timing is set you will have to adjust the feed timing.

Locate the two screws on the feed drive gear. Loosen the screws ½ turn each. Carefully turn the feed lifting cam to line up the two marks. Tighten the screws and recheck the feed timing. Be careful not to turn the feed lifting cam too far. To check this make sure the feed dogs are below plate level when the needle is down. If they are up rotate the feed lifting cam 180° so the feed dogs are below the top of the needle plate. back to top

Tensions 800 series

The bobbin tension should stay constant but may have to be adjusted if the spring was bent or thread was caught under the spring. Check under the spring for thread or lint. Insert a full bobbin wound with medium weight, light color thread. You should feel some tension but not enough so you have to grip the thread hard to pull it. If the tension is too loose or too tight turn the adjusting screw ¼ turn at a time to set the tension.

The result you are looking for is when the knot forms in the center on the fabric.

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Tensions 500 series

Loosen the screw on the top tension unit one turn. Remove the outer cover. Check between the tension discs for thread or lint.

Turn the adjusting nut ¼ turn at a time until the desired tension is achieved. Replace the cap at 4.5 and tighten the screw. This resets your top tension to a medium number.

The bobbin tension should stay constant but may have to be adjusted if the spring was bent or thread was caught under the spring. Check under the spring for thread or lint. Insert a full bobbin wound with medium weight, light color thread. You should feel some tension but not enough so you have to grip the thread hard to pull it. If the tension is too loose or too tight turn the adjusting screw ¼ turn at a time to set the tension.

The result you are looking for is when the knot forms in the center on the fabric.

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Tensions 2000 series
From the open top of the machine, locate the top tension unit. The normal top tension for your machine should be 3 - 4 on the tension dial. The bobbin tension should not require adjusting. Stitch out a test seam. The knot should meet in the center of the fabric.

If adjustment is required, loosen the nut on the tension unit and turn the adjusting screw ½ turn at a time and test stitch again. Continue until the right tension is achieved. Make sure the dial is set at normal after you turn the screw and before you test stitch.

Turning the adjusting screw clockwise will tighten the top tension (increase). Retighten the nut and replace the covers on the machine. back to top How do I stop the thread from looping under my fabric? Thread looping on the bottom of your fabric is usually caused by little or no top tension or too much bobbin tension. Another cause is thread or lint caught in the top tension - Make sure the thread is between the tension discs and that no thread or lint is caught.

- Check that your top tension is set to a medium number. - The thread should pull from the bobbin tension evenly. You should not have to pull too hard.

- Make sure the thread is in the take-up lever.

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Why won't my tension change when I turn the tension dial? This problem is usually caused by lint or thread caught in the tension discs. - Check between the tension discs for lint. - After re-threading the machine, check that the top thread is between the discs.

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Why does my top thread keep breaking? There are a few reasons the top thread may break. - Check the needle plate for damage around the needle hole. Polish any burrs with fine sand paper or a needle file.

- Check the hook for damage. If the hook is damaged it can cause the thread to break as it comes off the tip. Be very careful if you must remove burrs from the hook. Changing the shape of the hook tip will cause skipping problems.

- Check that the top tension is not too high. The top tension should be set at a medium number for regular sewing. Back to top

Why does my needle break? - Check that the top tension is not too tight. The top tension should be set at a medium number for regular sewing. - Check needle size for the thickness of your fabric. Using a needle that is too small for the type and thickness of fabric you are using will cause the needle to bend and hit the hook. - The hook timing may be out. Insert a new needle and carefully turn the hand wheel towards you. Check that the needle is not going to hit the hook.

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My bobbin thread won't get picked up by the top thread. The main reason could be the way the needle is inserted.

- Check if the needle is inserted correctly for your machine. The flat of the needle must be inserted toward the hook tip. The thread sits in the grove in the front of the needle and is picked up by the hook in the scarf on the back of the needle. Also check that the needle is not blunt or bent as this will cause the hook to miss the thread.

- Make sure the take-up lever is threaded.

- The hook timing may be out. The hook tip and needle scarf must meet at the right point for the thread to be picked up and create the stitch.

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Why won't the fabric feed? - Check that the feed dogs are up. Some machines have a feed drop feature for darning. Make sure the machine is set for sewing and not darning. Also check that lint is not clogging up the grooves in the feed dogs. Lint can build up over time and push the feed dogs down below the needle plate.

- Check the pressure on the pressure bar. You require pressure on the foot to feed the fabric. No pressure and the fabric will just sit in one spot.

- Check that the pressure foot is installed properly. If the foot is not installed right the fabric may not feed. - Check for ruff spots on the needle plate as fabric can get caught.

Back to top Why is the thread looping on the top of the fabric? Check that the thread is in the bobbin tension spring.

- Check for lint or thread caught in the tension. When you pull on the bobbin thread you should feel some tension.

Materials List:
• • •

Thread Sewing machine 1 - 1 1/2 Yard of 45" wide fabric

Cutting Directions:
• • •

Lay the fabric flat and fold the right sides together, overlapping approximately 13". Mark as shown in the diagram. Use the remainder of the fabric to make bias tape and an optional pocket. Cut 2" wide Bias Strips of the fabric to have approximately 5 yards if 1/2" wide double folded bias tape. This gives you ample back ties for people who like to wrap the ties around and tie them in the front.

Join the bias strips and press.

Note:The easiest way to make this Bias Tape is by using a Bias Tape maker. This was my first time working with this tool and I wouldn't be without it for any other bias tape projects! Find on line Bias Tape Maker sources here. More On Bias Tape

• • •

Turn under 1/4" of the top edge (wrong sides together). Press the facing towards the body of the apron (wrong sides together). Top stitch the facing to the body of the apron. I used thread to compliment the bias tape and a stretch stitch to accentuate the stitches.

• • •

Hem one 25" edge of the pocket by pressing under 1/4" (wrong sides together) and pressing under again. You may want to cover the raw edge with contrasting bias tape as shown in the finished apron. Place the raw 25" edge of the pocket on the hem of the apron with right side of the pocket against the wrong side of the apron. Use a 1/2" seam to join the pocket and the body of the apron. Press the pocket up on to the front side of the body of the apron. Use a row of top stitching up the center of the pocket to create two pockets. Work the sides of the apron as one piece of fabric following the regular directions.

Side Hems:
• •

Turn the straight sides of the apron under 1/4" and 1/4" again to enclose the raw edge. Top stitch the side hems.

Simple Neckline
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Find the center of your pressed bias tape. Measure 11" down from the center and place the slanted, arm area of the apron inside the bias tape. Pin into place. Repeat for the other side.

Note: Rings in the photo are not actual D rings. I used rings that were on an old pocketbook. Starting 6" from the end of the bias tape, attach the bias tape to the arm area, enclosing the raw edge in the bias tape. Attach two D rings to the neckline end of the bias tape by simply zigzagging the raw end to the bias tape enclosing the D rings in the loop of bias tape. On the other arm area, measure, 14" down from the end of the bias tape and enclose the raw edge of the apron. Turn the ends of the bias tape in to enclose the raw ends or zig zag the end.

• • •

Stitch the bias tape closed and enclose the raw edges of the apron with the bias tape. Continue sewing the bias tape alone to make the ties. If you have not added the optional pocket, press under 1/4" on the bottom of the apron (wrong sides together). Press up 1" for the hem and stitch in to place.

Free Directions to Sew a Chef's Hat

Materials List:
• • • • •

3/4 Yard of 44-45" wide fabric - white or an appropriate novelty print. Hot chili pepper print comes to my mind. Thread Interfacing 4" of 1" wide hook and loop tape Sewing Machine

Cutting Directions:
• •

22" circle with 3 1/2" slit towards the middle from one edge 8" by 25 1/2" band on straight of grain of fabric and of interfacing - Cut the interfacing to match this band. Baste or fuse the interfacing and work them as one piece through the rest of the directions. 7" strip of bias double folded tape (3/8" wide when folded)

Apply bias tape to the slit in the circle.

Gather & Attach the Circle to the Band

Run gathering stitches (2 to 3 rows of basting stitch) on the edge of the circle. Set aside. Place wrong sides of the band together folding the band in half on the 25 1/2" length. Use a 1/2" seam on each end of the strip. Turn right sides out and press so that the raw edges are together. Find the 1/4 marks of the circle, using the slit for one mark, by folding the circle in quarters. Fold the band in quarters and mark the quarter points. Gather the circle to fit the band, matching bias tape edges to the ends of the band and the quarter marks that you made on the band and the circle.

Sew the Circle to the Band

Use a 1/2" seam to attach the circle to the band. Serge or zigzag the seam allowance.

Top Stitch the Band

Top stitch the edges of the band, using the top stitching to tack the seam allowance to the band.

Attaching the Hook & Loop Tape

Fold the band in half up towards the hat. Finger press this crease. Line the hook and loop up along this crease as shown in the photo. Make sure you have the hook and loop on opposite sides of the band so they will overlap to close the hat. Top stitch the hook and loop tape in to place.

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