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(1998)

Crabtree & Miller19992000


2003

2002

(
2004

67



()
()

(holistic perspective)

(1996
19951992Silverman1993)

(Hermeneutics)

(reality)

()
Padgett (2000)

(exploration)
(discovery)(inductive logic)
(multipleinterrelationship)
68

in-depth interview
(1)

()
(making things visible)

69

ought to be
really be(1989)

phenomenological
(life world)
(19881989)

(2004)(Cohen &
Manion1985Epstein1985Rukdeschel1985)
()

(Phenomenology) (Edmund
Husserl, 1859-1963)

()

(2007)

70

1996

Morse1994
3-1-1 Morse

break down
put together

71

3-1-1

Morse, J. M. (1994) .

72


Bettleheim

(
2004)

( Percy
Bridgman19952007)

3-2-1

3-2-1

73

( 3-2-2)

3-2-2
74


Morse1994

3-2-1

()

(1996)

experience/ behavior
feeling
knowledge
sensory

(2004)

(Babbie1995)
()
(secondary analysis)
Hakim

(primary data)
(secondary data)(2004)

75

DM

()

3-2-1

9U

()

(purposeful sampling)
(information-rich cases)
(1998)

76

1.
2.

3.

4.

45
19 30 2008 2 2008
6 1-2 1-3
3-2-2

45 (2007)
3-3-3 2008 2 20008 4

77

3-2-2

()

A1

970407

75

A2

970407

75

B1

970404

90

B2

970404

90

B3

970404

90

C1

970422

30

C2

970422

120

C3

970422

120

D1

970422

55

D2

970422

110

E1

970405

70

F1

970409

85

F2

970409

85

G1

970425

105

H1

970428

65

I1

970423

105

J1

970416

110

K1

970426

95

L1

970426

115

L2

970426

115

M1

970409

90

N1

970412

115

N2

970426

75

O1

970424

100

P1

970425

45

P2

970425

45

Q1

970425

65

R1

970428

70

R2

970428

70

S1

970625

140

D
E
F

L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S

30

78

2
1
2

2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1

()

(19962002)
1.
(1)

( A B)
2 5 (A1A2B1B2B3)
(
3-2-1) A
B 3-2-2

(2)

(3)

2.

(1996)

79

1-3

(S1)
(F1)

(
)

8
9
11

80

45 28 62%

50adequate
60
good 70very good

81

3-2-1

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

3-2-2
1.

2.

3.

4.

82



()
Strauss & Corbin1990
grounded theory
categoryproperties
dimensionsheterogeneity
(selective coding)
story line(
20021995)
()
spss 10.0

()

(convergence)
(internal homogeneity) (external
heterogeneity)
83

(Guba,1978)
3-4-1(1997
20041995)
()
1.(coding)

(category)

2.

(axial coding)

3.

84

descriptive

zero-order description

interpreting

first-order interpretation

second-order hemeneutics

/
higher-order

1.
2.
3.
(putting together)

1.
2.
3.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

context

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

3-4-1

85

()

(
3-4-1 3-4-1)
1.
(1)
(2)
(3)
2.
(1)

(2)

(3)

3.

(Core
Category)( 3-4-1)

86

4.

(axial coding)

5.

87

3-4-1

Q:
A:83,
,, (
)...,
,!
!.
Q:...
A:,()
Q:
A:()
Q:()()
A:()(),,
,,,()
(),,
,,
! ()
Q:
?
A:.!!
,()
!
,!
.
()!
()!()

88

()

()

()

()

()

(2007)

Lincoln & Guba


1984 (
1996)

(dependability)

()(DM
)

(F1)

(F1)
89

()

1.

( 3-5-1)
2.
3.

4.

5.

()

24

(immersion)

90

3-5-1
()

15

25

25

9704

9704

9705

04

29

25

9704

9704

9705

9705

9705

9705

22

28

02

02

02

27

9704

9704

9706

9704

9704

22

29

10

29

29

9704

9704

9704

9705

9705

05

14

27

09

28

9704

9704

9704

9705

9705

09

24

28

15

28

9704

9705

9705

25

15

28

B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N1
N2

9704

9705

9705

9705

9705

28

02

12

28

28

9704

9704

9705

9705

23

29

03

30

9704

9704

9705

9705

16

27

06

30

9704

9704

9705

9705

26

29

02

30

9704

9705

9705

9705

26

20

27

30

9704

9704

9705

9705

9705

09

27

14

31

31

9704

9705

9705

9706

9706

12

02

15

09

09

9704

9705

9705

9706

9706

26

03

15

02

02

91

PPT

PPT

12

07

9705

9705

()

DM

9704

9704

9704

O
P
Q
R
T
S

9704

9704

9705

9705

9705

24

30

14

29

29

9704

9705

9705

9706

9706

25

04

13

24

24

9704

9705

9705

9705

25

05

12

28

9704

9705

9705

9706

28

06

14

18

9704

9705

24

14

9706

9707

25

08

triangulation(triangulation method)

seeking
trustworthiness
thick description(2004)
Patton1990method
resourceanalyst
theory-perspective

1998

(Neumanl997
2000)

92


1.
2.
3.(()(DM
)
3-5-1

3-5-1

93

(readability)
(transferability)(dependability)(Guba &
Lincoln, 1984)Hammersley(1990)
(validity as reflexive account)
1.2.
3.4.
5.Lincoln(1995)

(
1996)

94

(F1G1J1O1)
(N1)

(B1D1J1)

(1998)

(1997Punch1994)

95

Babbie(1995)

(
1998)

()

(1998)

96


3-7-1
3-7-1

2007
7

2008
8

10

11

97

12