BACTERIAL DISEASES OF IMPORTANCE IN VETERINARY MEDICINE Leptospira L. Etiologic agent DISEASE L. interrogans L. canicola L.

Pomona icter ohaemorragiae CHARACTER. AGENT DX. GROWING MEDIA Media peptone, meat extract, ra bbit serum Urine culture overall disease weakness, anorexia, vomiting, fever, se vere diarrhea, conjunctival effusion, hemoglobinuria, jaundice, acute renal fail ure, liver failure, abortion, meningeal signs, preventive measures Annual vaccin ation in dogs IMPORTS MED. VET. Loss of livestock, standing water Contamination IMPORTANCE Public Health is a zoonotic disease fatal to humans (Weil's Disease) Male Pigs Cattle Dogs LEPTOSPIROSIS Rodent (reservoir) Spirillum or spirochete thin Gram (-) Mobile, aerobic, one or both ends into a h ook Sheep Bovine Mastitis Viruses, fungi, bacteria: Streptococcus agalactiae Corynebacterium coliform bact eria Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas S. agalactie Gram (+) Cocci in clusters Coliform bacteria Gram - rod-shaped bact eria - Direct dark-field microscope, congo red stain and Giemsa - Agglutination - Com plement fixation - ELISA - CBC - Biochemical profile - General urine - evidence of black cloth - California Test - Test of Wisconsin - microscopic examination m ilk - bromothymol blue - purple, bromocresol Blood agar. Mannitol salt agar, EMB Agar Udders swollen, redness, pain, swelling, decreased milk production. Lumpy milk, blood, serum or peeling Fever occasionally death decay BRUCELLOSIS Human Cattle Dogs Horses Pigs Sheep Brucella: B. B. abortus B. bovis B. melitensis B. suis ovis Motile Gram (-) aerobic, immobile, non-spore-forming oxidase positive catalase p ositive Agglutination reactions (serum) in card or tube, MRT Coombs tests, complement fi xation, PCR, ELISA. Identification of bacteria in fetal remains, placenta, semen . Isolation and culture media of blood, tryptose, potato infusion In female infertility, Abortion or weak or dead products and lower milk producti on in males: epididymitis, orchitis, and infertility in humans: undulant fever a nd Malta. -Cleaning of udders and milking equipment. Cleaning the environment and the hand s of computers, Use clean towels. -Milking infected cows milked at the end of th e strain 19 Brucella Vaccine Isolation of infected animals The decline in milk production. Economic loss. There is significant Economic losses - Seizures - Low milk production - Abortions Cause undulant fever in humans and malt, the chronic stage can lead to infertili

ty. TUBERCULOSIS Male Cows Sheep Pigs Poultry Horses M. tuberculosis. M. M. bovis avium M. microti Gram (+) alcohol resistant, immobile and non-sporulated SALMONELLA Birds Horses Cattle Pigs Sheep and goats Male S. S. gallinarum S. pullorum typhimurium Gram (-) in the form of short rods, aerobic and facultative anaerobic, non-capsu lar shaped bacteria isolated in pairs, with more than 2500 serovars Coco Gram-ne gative, capsule cytotoxic Sputum ziellos-Neelsen staining, tuberculin test. Microscopic examination, histo pathology, Gamma - interferon PCR Elisa Hemagglutination Blood culture Stool cul ture plate or tube. Middlebrook Middle LowensteinJensen Chronic respiratory disease with pathognomonic findings in lymph nodes and lung (caseous tuber) produces fever, weakness, emaciation, chronic cough and pneumoni a Detection of infected animals, control the movement of these animals, slaughterh ouse surveillance Economic losses, forfeitures, mandatory certification for movement of animals Economic consequences for the population as it is a zoonosis. Blood agar and Mac Conkey Abdominal discomfort, gastroenteritis, diarrhea, white, pale head and crest, sep ticemia, low egg production, shock and death Vaccination against serovar specific (difficult). Birds that survive are carrier s Economic loss, death and pollution on the farm. It is common in people, as they eat contaminated meat and eggs. Typhoid fever oc curs Bovine Porcine pasteurellosis Bird Canine Feline Equine Goats Pasteurella multocida Lung biopsy and culture in serum agglutination, fluorescent antibody EMB, blood agar, Mac Conkey Agar Pneumonia, wound infection Therapeutic measures such as vaccines and antibiotics before mobilization, clima te change, stress and environmental sanitation. Loss of animals involved but little significant

Briefly wound infection and septicemia in humans is not significant VIRAL DISEASES OF SIGNIFICANCE IN VETERINARY MEDICINE DISEASE Paralytic Rabies, hydrophobia, hip disease, lameness, derriengue and sprained. Bovine male canines bats (reservoir) Gender Etiologic agent Lyssavirus. CHARACTER Rhabdoviridae fam ily. AGENT Rahbdovirus, virus large, bullet-shaped RNA genome is relatively frag ile, susceptible to most disinfectants. Low-temperature resistant dies at high o utside temperatures. DX. - Fluorescent antibody in the brain - intracranial inoc ulation of brain tissue from animals suspected of mice weaned overall disease bo vine paralytic rabies: uncoordinated movements of the hindlimbs, dilated pupils, hair on end. Drowsiness, depression, tears and runny nose. Arousal: Conduct dis orders, restless, sullen eyes and anguished, abrupt reaction to environmental st imuli and behave like an animal in heat Frequent yawning, bellowing in hoarse an d forced muscle tremors, restlessness, and hypersensitivity and irritation exces sive salivation bite sites and frothy, with constipation. Apnea and death. Furio us rabies in dogs: Aggression, anxiety, almost no rest .- Attacks by visual hall ucinations, His bark becomes hoarse, foaming at the mouth corners. Altered taste , walking at random, attacking and biting people and animals, paralysis and conv ulsions, death moved rabies in dogs: sadness, re busy and walk non-stop from one side to another. Paralysis in the lower jaw, keeping constantly open mouth, dro oling, paralysis and death PREVENTIVE MEASURES - Annual vaccination in cattle an d dogs - Animal Quarantine suspects - Vaccinating people at risk IMPORTS MED. VE T. - Mortality in cattle involving economic loss - Mortality in dogs with implic ations for Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH IMPORTANCE human disease is characterized by three phases: prodrome, acute paralytic excitation V Canine distemper (Distemper) Dogs and wild canines wild carnivores Pigs CANINE H EPATITIS Paramyxovirus - morbillivirus Highly resistant 65 ° C vpermanece viable up to 7 pH of 4.5 to 9 is inactivated by heat, ether, chloroform, formaldehyde. - Serum Neutralization - ELISA Inmunofluoroscencia - Immunoperoxidase Sample: fe ces, urine, conjunctival exudate It comes in four forms: - Respiratory: coughing, sneezing, conjunctivitis, pneum onia, fever - Digestive: diarrhea yellow, vomiting, fever, malaise - Skin: boils and Hypoderma, bearing plant and hardened nose - Nerve abnormal behavior, spasm s, ticks, trismus masticatory seizures - decay, lack of appetite, fever, conjunc tivitis, tremors, convulsions, paresis, vomiting, diarrhea, sometimes bloody sob reagudo: no signs. Death occurs quickly. Acute: The animal has a fever, abdomina l pain, vomiting and diarrhea, as a result the animal is depressed and dehydrate d., Presents "blue eye" corneal opacity. Feature: Just a state of decay mild pha ryngitis and tonsillitis. Annual Vaccination The individual who survives a carrier lifetime It is not transmitted to man Adenovirus type II - Inhibition of hemagglutination - Complement fixation - immunodiffusion - ELISA

- Annual Vaccinations Even if a dog dies, your health may be deteriorating permanentement e Not transmitted to man AVIAN INFLUENZA Avian Influenza or Bird domestic and wild pigs Equine Male vecto rs (wild birds, flies, rodents, dogs, cats, and humans). Orthomyxoviruses Virion RNA enveloped, single-stranded. Sensible heat labile formalin and iodine compounds can survive three months at cold temperatures § Isolation in chicken embryo inoculum § Serology: Agglutination Inhibition of Hemagglutination. Inmunodifución §, § Precipitation Agar ELISA. PCR § It may be asymptomatic or - Respiratory: tearing, coughing, sneezing, edema in t he head and around the eyes, mucous excretion of the nostrils and oral cavity. Depression, anorexia, fever. - Feathers ruffled. - Incoordination, ataxia, trem or, uncoordinated motion of the head - Watery diarrhea, dehydration - Cessation of egg laying - Death within 48 hr 50-100% Vaccination sick Slaughter Destruction of all infected or exposed birds, quarantining and rigorous disinfec tion of farms. - Acute respiratory Table - Fever - Cough. - Difficulty breathing - Malaise - Pn eumonia - Death