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r FORM TP 2017300 % TEST CODE 02234020

MAY/JUNE 2OI7
-l
CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CARIBBEAN ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION@

PURE MATHEMATICS

UNIT 2 -Paper 02
ANALYSIS, MATRTCES AND COMPLEX NUMBERS

2 hours 30 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

l. This examination paper consists of THREE sections.

2. Each section consists of TWO questions.

3. Answer ALL questions from the THREE sections.

4. Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.

5. Do NOT write in the margins.

6. Unless otherwise stated in the question, any numerical answer that is not
exact MUST be written correct to three significant figures.

7. lf you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so
on the original page, you must use the extra lined page(s) provided at the
back of this booklet. Remember to draw a line through your original
answer.

8. If you use the extra page(s) you MUST write the question number
clearly in the box provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where
relevant, include the question part beside the answer.

Examination Materials Permitted

Mathematical formulae and tables (provided) - Revised 2012


Mathematical instruments
Silent, non-programmable, electronic calculator

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright @ 2015 Caribbean Examinations Council


ffi All rights reserved.

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r SECTION A
-4- -l
Module I

Answer BOTH questions.

1. (a) Find the first derivative of the function f (x): cos ' (sin-' x;

[3 marks]
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02234020/CAPE20t7

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0223402004 I
r -5- -l
(b) A function, w, is defined as w(x,-y): ln
l# I

(i) Given that : - at the point (4, yo), calculate the value ofyo
X +

[5 marksl
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ffi 02234020/CAPE 2017

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0223/,02005
IUTHI
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r (ii) Showthat *-z dt :o
-6- -l
oyox qi

[5 marks]

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022340201CAPB 2017

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0223/'02006
ilil ffiillil 1]il !ffi Iililil
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l- -7 - -l
(c) (i) Findthecomplexnumbers u=x]-lysuchthatxandyarereal and*=-15+8i

[7 marksl
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02234020{CAPE,2017
HH
L ffiiltruffimllmmffiillflilmffillll
0223/i02007 J
r (ii) Hence, orotherwise, solve the equation z'
-8-

- (3 + 2i) z+ (5 + i): 0,for z


-l

[5 marksl

Total25 marks
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02234020/CAPE 2017

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0223402008
illt til rillilfl ilil rilr ffi
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2. (a) (i)
-9-

Use integration by parts to derive the reduction formula


-l
oI,= { eo' - nln-rwhere ,r:t * "^
*

[4 marksl
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, determine If e3'dx

[6 marksl

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ffi 02234020/CAPE20t7

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0223402009 J
r sin-' x
-10- -l
(b) Calculate I 0
Jt -,'
-dx

[5 marks]
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02234020tCAPE 2017

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ililt tilt ilil llil ilil
0223402010
lilt ilt il]
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r (c) (i)
-il-

Use partial fractions to show that


-l
2l-x+4 I a
x I
,r:+4x x l++ l++

[5 marksl

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ffi 022340201CAP8 20t7

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0223/,02011 _l
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(ii) Hence, or otherwise, determine
rN-'4
J f dx
+ 4x

[5 marksl

Total25 marks
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022340201CAPE2017

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0223402012
tilltilll llll lffi lllil ill til
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SECTION B
13 - -l
Module 2

Answer BOTH questions.

3. (a) (i) :
Determine the Taylor series expansion about x 2 of the function
f (x) = ln (5 + x) up to and including the term in x3.

[6 marksl

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ffi 02234020/CAPE20t7

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0223r'.02013 I
t- -14- -l
(ii) Hence, obtain an approximation for f (7) - ln (7).

[2 marksl

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02234020/CAPE20t7

L I lilll llffi ilil tilt tilil

0223402014
ilfl ilfl ilil illl ililI llll llll
I
r (b) (i) Use mathematical induction to prove that
- 15 - -l
13 +23 + +n3: l)2, forn N
Irrrn+

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022340201CAP82017
HH
L r tffi It[! lll[ llil illll

0223402015
lllll Ilil ffi Ilfl il] ffi [ll
J
t- - 16 - -l

i-_ij[:
.$

[9 marks]
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02234020/CAPE 2017

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0223402016
ilil ilfl il]t iltil ilil il tilt
_l
r -17 -

2rr+ I
-l
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, show that I it = (2n + l)2 (n + l)2

[3 marksl

(iii) Use the results of Parts (b) (i) and (ii) to show that

il+ I

I (2i - l)t: (n + t)z (2n2 + 4n + t) .

[5 marksl
Total25 marks

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ffi 02234020/CAPE20l7

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0223/,020',t7 J
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4. (a)
- 18-

Eight boys and two girls are to be seated on a bench. How many seating arrangements
-l
are possible if the girls can neither sit together nor sit at the ends?

[5 marks]
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02234020tCAPE 2017

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0223402018
lilt ilil llil lil lil
J
r -19-

I
-l
(b) (i) Show that the binomial expansion of (l + : x)8 up to and including the term in
xois 8

7735
l+x+-*+-l+-x4
16 64 2048

[4 marks]

(ii) Use the expansion to approximate the value of ( I .0 I 25)8

[4 marksl

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ffi 02234020tCAPB 2017

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0223402019
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I- -20 - -l
(c) (i) Use the intermediate value theorem to show that f (x) : J; - cos x has a root in
the interval [0, l].

[3 marksl

(ii) Use two iterations of the interval bisection method to approximate the root of f
in the interval [0, l].

[4 marksl

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022340201CAPE2017

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0223/,02020
llf, Iu[]
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r (d) (i) Show that x--,
n+t: ,W-
-21 -

is an appropriate iterative formula for finding the root


-l
1l 2
of f (x):-Zf -3x+9.

[2 marksl

(ii) Apply the iterative formula with initial approximation .r, : l, to obtain a third
approximation, rr, of the root of the equation.

[3 marksl
Total25 marks
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ffi 02234020|CAP8 2017

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0223402021
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SECTION C
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Module 3 ftr:
iI+:1
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Answer BOTH questions. .H.
.Hn

s. (a) The following Venn diagram shows a sample space, S, and the probabilities of two events, :Irt:
'Iii'
:{tiii
A and B, within the sample space S. :!*l
.IE:,
.ra'-'.
s :Hi
rtrii
:0.6 :*:
P =0.2 iolj
,:
B

.F.i
$i
E:.
03
-rrt:i
r.-.
(i)
$
GiventhatP (Aw B):0.7,calculate P (A only) h+:-:
EI
|.r!r--.

i*tl
fia::
ttia-:
fi-:.
-r\-:
i\:
i+ri
S:i
Er
sl:
*+

[3 marksl

(ii) Hence, determine whether events A and B are independent. Justify your ti:
fd-i
answer, l*-:
:*.
6-,
!iit-:
E
tsr-.
tsr.
!!itl
$
Mr--
.ht'--
*.
:---.
Ls--
{*r
er.
:4.
[2 marksl
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02234020|CAPE 20r7

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0223/,02022 J
r (b)
-23 -

Two balls are to be drawn at random without replacement from a bag containing 3 red
-l
balls, 2 blue balls and I white ball.

(i) Represent the outcomes of the draws and their corresponding probabilities on a
tree diagram.

[4 marks]

(ii) Determine the probability that the second ball drawn is white.

[3 marks]
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ffi 02234020/CAPE 2017

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0223402023 J
r -24 - -l
(c) I =(
I

,:(i 1i
Given the matrices I
I
-2
J i) i)
(i) show thatl B:201.

[5 marksl

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022340201CAPE20t7

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022U02024 J
r (ii) Hence, deduce the inverse,
-25 -

l-r, of the matrix l.


-l

[2 marksl

(iii) Hence, or otherwise, solve the system of linear equations given by

x- y+ I

x-2y+42:5
x+3y+92:25

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02234020/CAPE 2017
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0223/,02025 J
r -26 - -l

[6 marksl

Total25 marks
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o2234020lCAPE2017

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0223402026 I
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dy
-l
6. (a) (i) Find the general solution of the differential equation (l + l) + 2xy: 4l;
dx

[7 marksl

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ffi 02234020/CAPE 2017

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0223/,02027
ilfl ffi ffi
I
r (ii) Hence, given thaty:2 when
-28 -

r:0, calculatey (l)


-l

[3 marksl

(b) (i) Use the substitution u: y' to show that the differential equation
:
y" + 4y' 2cos 3x - 4sin 3x can be reduced to u' * 4u:Zcos3x - 4sin 3x

[2 marksl
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o2234020lCAPE2017

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0223r',02028 I
r (ii)
-29 -

Hence, or otherwise, find the general solution of the differential equation.


-l

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ffi 02234020/CAPE 20t7

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0223402029
ilil illl il]t ull ilil ilt til
I
r -30- -l

[3 marksl

Total25 marks

END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON TITIS TEST.

02234020/CAPE20t7

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