You are on page 1of 1

Poetic Devices & Examples

Mrs. Patton’s ELA Class

Figurative Language: The use of any language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words
in order to create new meaning. The most common figures of speech are simile, metaphor, and

Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

"Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers."

Hyperbole: an expression of exaggeration.

"I nearly died laughing."

Idioms: expressions that have a meaning apart from the meanings of the individual words.
"It's raining cats and dogs."

Metaphor: a figure of speech that compares two unlike things, without the use of like or as.
"Her hair is silk."

Mood: the overall feeling the poem creates. Mood, or tone, for example, can be playful, sad,
lonely, angry or joyful.

Onomatopoeia: words that imitate sounds.

"Boom. Gurgle. Plink. Woof"

Personification: assigning human qualities to non-human things.

"The tropical storm slept for two days."

Puns: words with a humorous double meaning, a "play on words."

"A dog not only has a fur coat but also pants."

Rhyme: The basic definition is two words that sound alike. Rhyme is perhaps the most
recognizable convention of poetry. Rhyme helps to unify a poem.

Katie took a trip to the beach.

She brought two books, and a peach.

Rhyme Scheme: A rhyme scheme is a regular pattern of rhyme, one that is consistent
throughout the extent of the poem. See how to show a rhyme scheme below:

There once was a big brown cat a

That liked to eat a lot of mice. b
He got all round and fat a
Because they tasted so nice. b

Similes: figures of speech that compares two unlike things, using the words like or as.
"His feet were as big as boats."

Symbolism: using an object to represent an idea. A symbol means what it is and also
something more. Example: Lions often symbolize royalty.