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TANJONG KATONG SECONDARY SCHOOL

Preliminary Examinations 2010 , 1-

Secondary 4
.,. ..

NAME

INDEX
CLASS I I NUMBER
I
PHYSICS 5058/01
Paper 1 Multiple Choice 20 September 2010

1 hour

Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

· Write your name, class and index number on the Question Paper.

Write in soft pencil.


Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, class and index number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided.

There are forty questions on this.paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are ·
four possible answers A , 8, C and 0 , ·;
Choose the on~. you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate
Answer Sheet.

Read the instruction~· on the Answer Sheet very carefully .

. Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet. . . .. ..

.•

This document consists of ~printed pages

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,.
.... .. p • ;.

1 A baseball player runs 27.4 m from the batter's box to fifst b~se, overruns fir;t
base by 3.0 meters, and then returns to first base. What is the difference in total
distance travelled by the player and the total displacement from the batter's box? ·

A 3.0m
B 6.0m
C 30.4 m
D 33.4 m

2 A student throws a baseball vertically upward and then catches it. If vertically
upward is considered to be the positive direction, which graph best represents the
relationship between velocity and time for the baseball? [Assume air resistance is
negligible.]

A B

Time Time

c 0
+
.a
Time Time

·..-.·

3 Which person has the greatest inertia?

A a 11 o kg wrestler resting on a mat


8 a 90 kg man walking at 2 m/s
C a 70 kg long-distance runner traveling at 5 m/s
0 a 50 kg girl sprinting at 10 m/s

4 An astronaut's suit weig_hs 500 N on Earth where the gravitational force per unit
mass is 10 N/kg. How much will the suit weigh on Mars where the acceleration of
free fall is 4 m/s2 ?

A 200N
B 400N
C 500N
0 1250 N

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5 The diagram below shows a resultant vector, R.. -'

Which diagram best represents a pair of component vectors, X andY, that would
combine to form resultant vector R?

A 8

~X X

y y

c 0

X
y

6 Awound spring provides the energy to propel a toy car across a level floor. At time
t 1, the ear is moving at speed v 1 across the floor and the spring is unwinding, as
shown below. At time t 2 , the spring has fully unwound and the car has coasted to a
stop. v ·
1

· At time ft At timef2

Which statement best describes the transformation of energy that occurs between
-: .. :.:....
times t1and t2? · I .

A Elastic potential energy at t 1 is converted to kinetic energy at t 2 •


8 Gravitational potential-energy at t1 is converted to internal energy at t2.
C Elastic potential energy and kinetic energy at t 1 are converted to internal
energy attz. ·
0 Kinetic energy and internal energy at t 1 are converted to elastic potential
energy at fz. .

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~ ~

~ 7 .. A child, startilig from rest at the top of a playground slide, reaches a speed of
1
7.0 ms- at th_e bottom of the slide. What is the vertical height of the slide? Ignore
friction.

A 0.71 m
8 1.4 m
c 2.5m
D 3.5m

8 A ball is dropped from the top of a cliff. Which graph best represents the
relationship between the ball's total energy and elapsed time as the ball falls to the
ground? (Assume air resistance is negligible.) ·

A 8

~~ ~~
~ .
c
w
(11 . (ij

~ 0
1-
Time Time

c D

!lL
·.o
. '1-
Time
!C
~
Time

·..·.·
9 The figure shows one form of diving-board used at swimming pools. The uniform
board of 5 kg is·pivoted at P. A man of mass 70 kg stands still at t he end of the
diving-board. A spring S holds the diving-board in a horiz~tJ~a.l . P.<?~ition.

.
0.3m
~
·'

SpringS 1.7m

What is the force exerted by the spring to balance the weight of the man? ·

A 408 N . 8 3970 N
C 397N D 4083 N

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10 .
Why does ra:ing car have a low
. cenlr~of ~S? >
. .. ,. .
A to keep the car stable
B to improve the grip of the tyres
C to balance the acceleration of the tyres
0 to help the car accelerate uniformly when the car starts .

11 A box is being pushed horizontally on a smooth surface by a 10 N force for 6 m in


3 s. What is the power acting on the box during this period?

.-------- -;
10 N -.!
1

1

·-------~------------------~
6m

A 5W B 18W
C 20W D 600W

12 In the Brownian motion experiment involving smoke particles in the air, heavy
particles settle quickly but very small particles remain suspended for long periods
of time. This is because

A air pressure has a greater effect on smaller particles.


B the small smoke particles have the same density as air.
C the Earth's gravitational field does not act on very small particles.
0 smaller particles are . more easily affected by the bombardments of the air
molecules.

13 Which of the following is NOT a difference between boiling and evaporation?

A Evaporation is a slow process but boiling is a fast process.


·..·.·
B During boiling, bubbles are formed but not during evaporation.
c Evaporation takes place from o·c to 1oo·c but boiling takes place only at the
boiling point.
0 Evaporation takes place at the surface of the liquid but boiling takes place
throughout the liquid.

14 Which one of the following thermometers would be most suitable for monitoring the
temperature of gases in a factory chimney if the temperature can vary over a range
of 200 Kin a minute? '

A alcohol-in-glass thermometer
8 mercury-in-glass thermometer
C thermocouple thermometer
0 constant volume .gas thermometer

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6 .. ·.

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15 The diagram below shows a U-tube glass ·with one ahn open to the atmosphere •
and the other arm attached to a gas supply.

Given that the atmospheric pressure is 0. 76 mHg, the density of mercury is


13 600 kgm-3 and the acceleration due to gravity is 10 ms-2• What is the pressure of
the gas supply?

A 1.09 X 105 Pa 8 6.47 X 105 Pa


c 1.12 X 105 Pa 0 9.79 x 104 Pa

16 The heights of two mercury levels in a mercury barometer are shown in : the
diagram below. What is the pressure at point P?

860mm

A 260 mmHg
.. · . 8 380 mmHg
·c· 480 mmHg
D 760 mmHg

·'
17 Some water in a beaker is placed in an inverted bell jar which is cohnected to a
. vacuum pump. Before the vacuum pump is set in operation, the thermor.neter reads
room temperature. As air is gradually pumped out of the bell jar, what is observed?

A The water starts to boil while the thermometer registers room temperature.
B The water starts to boil while the thermometer registers a value higher than
room temperature.
C The water starts to boil while the-thermometer registers a value lower than
room temperature.
D The water starts to freeze whife the thermometer registers 0°C.

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18 A piece of a111minium of mass m has a specific heat capacity of c. A piece of
cop·per of mass 2m .bas 8 ~specific heat Caf.>acity of 2C. Both of these metals receive
the same quantity of heat and the temperature of the copper rises by 10°C. By how
much did the temperature of the aluminium rise?

A 5aC
B 10°C
C 20aC
D 40°C

19 Which of the following cases would cause a person to suffer from a more serious
burn?

Case 1: He comes into contact with 30 g of water at 100 °C.


Case 2: He comes into contact with 30 g of steam at 100 °C.

A Case 1, as water has specific heat capacity greater than that of steam.
B Case 2, as steam has specific heat capacity smaller than that of water.
C Case 2, due to latent heat of vaporisation.
D No difference as the water and steam are at the same temperature.

20 A loudspeaker is emitting sound of a fixed intensity which travels equally in all


directions. The figure below shows the pressure variation plotted against distance
from the loudspeaker, ·at a particular instant of time. Take the speed of sound to be
333m s-1 •

pressure
variation, £\P

distance from
loudspeaker I m

The frequency of the sound emitted is

A 111Hz
B 133Hz
c 167Hz
D 333Hz

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~- - _ 8

21
,.
,.
....
A duckweed planMloats on water. A stone is dropped some distance away from
. ~ ,. ,.
the duckweed and produces ripples travelling towards the duckweed. Where will
the duckweed be after the transverse wave has passed the duckweek as shown?

wave direction

A c 0
• • •
original position of
duckweed

22 Which of the following emergent ray is correct when the incident ray strikes the
diverging lens as shown?

optical c
centre

23 The diagram shows a ray of light moving from plastic to air.

·....·

air

plastic

What is the refractive index of plastic?

A 0.707
8 0.816
c 1.22
0 1.41

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24 When an object is placed 20 em from a thin converging lens, a real image equal in
size to the object is formed. The object is then moved 5 cni towar<ls the lens. . ,

Which of the following describes the new image formed?

Image distance Image size

A more than 20 em magnified


B more than 20 em diminished
C less than 20 em magnified
0 less than 20 em diminished

25 Which of ttie following is incorrect?

'type of electromagnetic .
uses
waves
A radio waves radio and television communication
B microwaves .. mMicrowave oven and satellite television
c ultra-violet sunbeds and sterilisation
0 gamma rays . radiological and engineering applications

26 Two metallic spheres X and Yare placed in contact. A positively charged rod Z is
then brought near them as shown in Fig . 26.1 below.

+~++ z
+
+ +

Fig. 26.1

Now, if Y is earthed without removing Z as shown in Fig. 26.2, then

Fig. 26.2

A both X andY will be positively charged.


B X will be positively charged, andY will be neutral.
C X will be neutral, and Y will be negatively charged.
0 X will be positively charged, andY negatively char-ged.

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27 A positive test charge is~placed between an electron, e, and a proton, p, as shown
in the diagram below. Which direction, A, B, Cor 0 will the test charge move when
released?

A
positive test charge
,.;t+rv
@o \tJ B@
c

28 Which circuit has the smallest total effective resistance?

A B

20

20

c 0

20 20
20

20 20

29 The heating element of an electric kettle has a resistance of f50 Q . and is


connected to a 240 V power supply. What is the amount of charge pas~ing through
the heating element after the kettle is switched on for 10 minutes? ·

A 16C
s· 96C
c 960C
0 360000 c

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30 What will happen when a
the same socket? ' •
~ulti-plug adaptor is usedlr
"
con~ct many appliances to . ..
A The current drawn from the mains gets higher and overheating may occur.
B The voltage across the live and neutral wires increases and overheating may
occur.
C The flow of the current will be slowed down and the power to each appliahce
will be reduced. ·
D The appliances will be damaged due to the higher current that flows through
each appliance. · ·

31 A resistor obey's Ohm's Law. Which graph best represents the relationship
between the power expended by this resistor and the potential difference applied
across it?

A B

.._
<ll
...
<ll
~ ::
0
a. a.

Potential Difference Potential Difference

c D

...
QJ
...
(!)
3:
0
::0 ·--···
a. 0.

Potential Difference Potential Difference

·'

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12 .· .·
.

32 Fig. 32.1 shows the magnetic field pattern near a bar magnet and an 'object XY.
Fig. 32.2 shows the pattern that is obtained when XY is turned around. What is
XY?

Fig. 32.1 Fig. 32.2

A A copper rod.
8 A rod ofscift iron.
C A magnet with the North pole at Y.
D . A magnet wi~h the North pole at X.

33 The figure below shows an electric circuit.

Which one ofthe following describes the brightness of L 2 in the given circuit when
the tab T of the potential divider is moved slowly from X to Y?

A It is originally as bright as L 1 and then dims gradually.


B It is originally half as bright as L 1 and then dims gradually.
c Its brightness increases gradually and is finally as bright as L 1 . ' , .•
D Its brightness increases gradually and is finally half as bright as,L 1•

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t-~· ..
~,. 34 The diagram ....below shows• a simple d<\..c. motor.
... ..
.,.
(\

X y

split-ring commutator
Which combination will achieve the direction ofrotation shown in the diagram?

Polarity Direction of current


...
X is N-pole, Pis-,
I
Y isS-pole Qis+
Xis S-pole, Pis-,
II Yis N-pole Qis+
X is N-pole, Pis+,
Ill
Y isS-pole Q is-

A I only
B I and II only
C II and Ill only
0 I and Ill oRiy

35 The north pole of a bar magnet is pushed into a solenoid, as shown in the diagram.
An electromotive force. is ind!Jced which moves the -~~lvanometer needl~ to the left.

·----- · galvanometer

Which action, using the same end of the solenoid, would produce a deflection in
the same direction?

A pulling a North pole out of the solenoid


B pushing a South pole into the solenoid
C pulling the solenoid away from a N pole
D pulling the solenoid away from a S pole

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e ~

36 Why do so~e electrical appliances in the home need a transformer instead of


operating directly from mains power?

A They require a voltage lower than the mains voltage.


8 They require an alternating current at a frequency other than 50 Hz.
C They consume less energy than a similar device without a transformer.
D They require a source of energy that is direct current rather than alternating
current.

37 A plastic cylinder with a metal strip, M, on its surface is rotated at constant speed
about its axis, in a uniform magnetic field . During each rotation, the strip, M,
passes location W, X, Y and Z shown below.

When is the potential difference across M greatest?

A as M passes W
8 as M passes X
C as M passes Y
D as M passes Z

38 The figure below shows three long straight wires P, Q and R normal to the plane of
the paper. Wires P and R carry currents directed into the plane of the paper and ·..-.-
wire Q carries a current directed out of the paper. All three currents have the same
magnitude.

Which arrow best shows the direction of the resultant force on wire P?

·'

8
0

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39t- The circuit shown below is connected to an automatic switch for t~e lights in the
garden. The automatic switch needs a voltage at X of 12 V or higher for the lights
to be on. The lights are to come on at sunset and the value of the fixed resistor is
400 n.
18 v

ov
What must be the minimum resistance of the light-dependent resistor in order for
the lights to come on at sunset?

A 400!1
8 8000
c 1200 n
o 1600 n

40 In the graph shown, the solid cunie shows how the e.m.f. produced by a simple
generator varies with time. The dashed . curve is the output from the same
generator after a modification has been made to the generator.

20 .
~-·
...
f ~.
: ~

10
; :
.;
e.m.f./ V
0
0.05 . 0.10 0.15 0.20 time/s

-10 : i Vi
. .
/ \j;=:.· :
' ! : . . . . ~ ...=.. : .
': · : ~ : .:
-20,
.
.• ..:
"
... .. ...
-:....-

Which modification was made to produce the result shown?

A The area of the coil was doubled.


8 A split-ring commutator was added.
C The number of turns in the coil was doubled.
D The speed of rotation of the coil wa~doubled.

-The End-

50561Paper1 fTK Prelim -Exam/2010

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TANJONG KA TONG SECONDARY SCHOOL
Preliminary Examinations 201 0
Secondary 4 ?r ·. ·.
~
~

NAME

INDEX .1·
CLASS
I NUMBER _
I
PHYSICS 5058/02
Paper 2 Theory 16 Sep 2010
1 hour 45 minutes

Students answer on the Question Paper.


No additional materials are provided.

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your name, class and index number on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Section A
Answer all questions.

Section B
Answer all questions. Question 11 has a choice of parts to answer.

Candidates are reminded that all quantitative answers should include appropriate units.
Candidates are advised to show all their working in a clear and orderly manner, as more
marks are awarded for sound use of Physics than for correct answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question .
. .· . ..

FOR EXAMINER'S USE


<

Section A

Section 8 '

TOTAL

This docum~nt consists of 22 printed pages.


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For
Examiner's
Section A . Use
Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided

1 Fig. 1.1 shows a runway ABC. AB is a smooth, inclined plane and BC is a


rough horizontal surface. Assume.air resistance is negligible.
At timet= 0, a block slides down from rest at A along the runway.
· At t = 10.0 s, the block reaches B with a speed of 12.0 ms-1 • The block then
decelerates uniformly along BC and finally stops at point D at t =25.0 s.

8 D c
Fig. 1.1

(a) If the mass of the block is 50 kg, calculate

(i) the acceleration of the block as it slides along AB,

acceleration = ..........................(2]
(ii) the stopping distance BD,
. ,· · ..

stopping distance BD =.......................[2]


(iii) the frictional.force acting on the block as it travels along ac~

frictional force= ......................................[2]

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(b) The ~gle .. of ..inClination of the smooth pla~e is increased as shown in For
Examinefs
Fig. 1~~ The- block now slides' downfrom rest at a point P whem Pis at the Use
same v~rtical.height, h from BC as point..A. in jhe original runwa~ .
.> ..

B D c

Would there be any change in the stopping distance along BG when


compared with (a) (ii)? Explain your answer.

············ ·············· · ····· · .......... ... .. .. ... .. .. . .. . .. .. ... .. ... .. .. ... .. .... .. .... :~ :· . :. [3]

-..-.·

5058/Papef2/Soc 4 TKPrelim Exam/10 (Turn o v er

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4 ...
·2 Fig. 2.1 shows a foot pump which ~ay
be used to pump air ,. As ~t~ ~ar ~~res. For
Examiner's .. . .
the pedal is pressed down, the piston is pushed into the cylinder. The air is Use
then forced along the connecting tube into the tyre as shovJn in Fig. 2.2.

cylinder pushed to
to tyre down .- / tyre

pedal
cylinder

piston

Fig. 2.1 Fig. 2.2

(a) The area of the piston is 2.4 x 1o-3 m2 • The force applied to the cylinder is
1200 N. Calculate the pressure exerted on the air by the piston.

pressure =....................................... ..[2]


(b) The foot pump is now sealed. The volume of the foot pump is decreased from
100 cm 3 to 50 cm3 at a constant temperature of 30°C. State how each of the
following quantities would change after the volume has been decreased.
For each quantity, you should write greater, the same or less.

(i) the average distance between the air molecules

(ii) the average speed of the air molecules

(iii) the pressure exerted by the air in the foot pump

< [3]

(c) Use particle theory to explain your answer to (b) (iii) ,

.. ..... .... .... ... ..... .... ............ .. . ... .............. . ...... ... . .......... . ..... . ...... ....... [3]

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3 For
Examiner's
(a) Explain what is meant by moment()( a Ioree. Use
,..

... ... ... :..... ... .... ............................ . .............. . ................. . .. .... ..... ...... [1]

(b) AB is a uniform metre rule weighing 2.0 N placed on a flat surface so that
0.40 m of its length protrudes over the edge. A pendulum bob of weight 4.0 N
is hung from the point C as shown in Fig. 3.1 . ·

0.20 m 0.20 m
I< ____ ">1<- . >I
A r-----------------------~-------+--~--~·8
c

Fig. 3.1

{i) If the pendulum is too heavy, the metre rule would turn about a certain
point. Mark this point on Fig. 3.1 with a small cross " X "and label it as
P. [1]

.( ii) A weight W is now placed on the metre rule at A in order to prevent


the metre rule from toppling .
What is the least value of W so as to prevent the ruler from toppling?

..

:·t;,·· 4 .· - • •

least weight of W = ......... ......... ...... ..... ... .. ......[3]

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To demonstrate the principle of conservation of energy, 500 g of lead shot For


Examin~r's
• was placed at the bottom of a cardboard tub~ AS which is 0.70 m long as Use
shown in Fig. 4.1. > .,. ~

f
0.70m
Tube

1 A
Lead shot

Fig. 4.1
The tube is then rapidly inverted to the position shown in Fig. 4.2.
The lead shots fall freely to end 8 as shown in Fig. 4.3.

A A

·B ·..-.·

Fig. 4.2 Fig. 4.3

(a) State the energy conversion th<;~t ha~ ta~en place as the lead shot fall from A
to B.

... ... ... ... ... ............ ....... ... ... ... ... ......... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...... ..... ·~ ... .... ;:, ... [1]

(b) As the lead shot fall from end A to 8, some energy is converted to thermal
and sound energ'y. This amount of energy is 0.0052 J.
Calculate the speed of the lead shot just before it hits end B.

speed= ........................... ..... ......{2]

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The diagram in Fig. 5.1 shows the top view of a security door lock For
.· .· .
~
Examiner's .
mechanism. The iron bar keeps the door locked. Use
~

wall

top view
of the door

to the
operator
Fig. 5.1 +

When the security guard presses a switch to close the circuit with the coil, a
current flows through the coil as shown in Fig. 5.2.
coil

current

to the
operator

Fig. 5.2
+
(a) On th~ diagram above in Fig. 5.2,
(i) use the letters 'N 'and 'S' to label the north pole and the south pole of
........ -~he coil. [1}
(ii) draw the magnetic field formed inside the coiL Use arrows to indicate
the direction of this magnetic field. [2]

(b) Explain how the door unlocks when the switch is closed .

............ ........................ ... ......... ... .................. ...... .. .. ... ............... .... [3]

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6 '
Fig. 6.1 shows a trace obtained on an oscilloscope screen when an electrical For
Examiner's
signal is appiied to the oscilloscope. The Y-gain is set at 2.0 V per divisi9n Use ,
>
and the time base at 10 ms per division

~
1/
/ ~
1\
\ /
1/
/

""1\\ J
[7
/

1"---v '\___ v

I~

1 division
Fig. 6.1

(a) Determine the peak voltage of the signal. •;'[

peak voltage= .. . ............ ... .... .... ... . ... ........ ..... [1]

(b) Determine the time for one complete oscillation of the signal.

time= ..... ..... ........... ... ,[1]

(c) Calculate the frequency of the signal.

. .· . ..

fr~quency = ..... ...... : ........ ~ .[2]

(d) A new electrical signal with half the frequency but the same voltage as that
shown in Fig. 6.1 is now applied to the oscilloscope. Trace the new signal
obtained with a dotted line in Fig. 6.1. [1]

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5058/Paper2/Sec 4fTK Prelim Exam/1 0 . . [Turn over
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7 A new product to hel~l:~ .per~on.,..who faces hair loss problems has been For
Examiner's
•launched. This new p~ud <Uses microscopic fibres which are negatively Use

charged. ,..
,. • ~ .. .. lr


The advertisement below illustrates how this new product works.
New Miracle Cure for Hair Loss!

For those of you with thinning hair, we have the solution for you!
This revolutionary product, Mydox will solve all your hair loss problems!

Before After
Here's how it works!

Charged with static electricity, the


microscopic fibres cling to the hairs.

The fibres are fixed in place


with any normal hair spray.

·..-.·

.•

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(a) Explain, with a suitable diagram, why the microscopic fibres a~-~ttra~te; to For
Examiner's
the neutral hair strands. · ,. . ~ ~
Use

Diagram:

.............. . ................. . ...... .. ...... ·............... . ..................................... [3}

(b) After the microscopic fibres are sprinkled onto a small area of the head, the
fibres apparently spread out and a large portion of the thinning area can be
covered. Explain why this happens .

..... . ...................................................................~ .......................... [1]

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./ -
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~ '
8 Fi~:~.-1 · sh~ws an electrical circuit.
~
For
Examiner's
.. •1'2:V d.c. • User

A c 8 R

one metre resistance wire


sliding contact

Fig, 8.1

The resistance of the lamp is 4.0 0 when it is at its normal. brightness.

(a) The lamp is rated at 6.0 V, 9.0 W.


Calculate the current in the lamp when it is at its normal brightness.

current= ... . :: ... ... ...


. ... .... ..... ........ ... .....-.[2]

(b) The sliding contact is moved to C. The lamp lights afits normal brightness.
Calculate ·.

(i) the total circuit resistance,

.•

resistance = .............. ... ...... . .. . .. . : .. ...... .. {2]

(ii) the potential difference across the 2.0 0 resistor, R.

potential difference= .... .. ...... .... .. ...... .. ........ ... [1]

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The slidintJ contact is moved from C to B. For ·.·


(i) State any change that occurs in the brightness of the lamp.
• >
Examiner's
Use . E
~
.. ·.

.. . .... .. .. . ... . ... ... .. ... ········ · .... .. .. . ... .. ... .·.... ... .. .. . ··· ···· ····· ·· · ·· ·· ·· ... [1]

(ii) Explain your answer to (i).

... .. . ...... ... . ;. ·· · ···· · ·· ·· ··· ··· ···· ·· ··· ··· ········ · ... ...... ... ······· ·· ...... .... ..[2]

(d) . The .length of a wire can affect the resistance of the wire. If the .wire is to be
replaced with another wire of the same length but of a higher resistance, state
two properties of the wire that can be changed. ·' "

···· ·· ··· ... .... ... .......... . .... ..... ..... .. ................. ··········· ·· ·· .. .. ... .... .. ... .. ... .[2]

. .· . . .

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13 , ,.
'
,."'NAME

INDEX
CLASS NUMBER
I I
Section B. For
Examiner's
Use
Answer all questions in this section.
9 A medical malpractice suit resolved in the courts here in Singapore recently
involved a well known neurologist who used an unusual therapy called
repetitive transuramic magnetic stimulation (TMS).

TMS is a non-invasive technology that uses magnetic forces to stimulate the


human brain through the skull. Electromagnetic coils, first used by Michael
Faraday in 1831, are used to produce such magnetic forces and the
principle behind them is named electromagnetic induction.

During TMS therapy, pulsating magnetic fields produced in TMS coils held
over the patient's head can be made to penetrate the intact skull to "insert" a
weak electric current into the brain. This in turn affects cognition and
behaviour.

(a) Fig. 9.1 shows the apparatus first used by Faraday to show how magnetic
fields can be manipulated to generate electricity.

p
i :---------,
compass
·. .coil
---
·.. B

Fig. 9.1

Refer to the diagram in Fig. 9.1 .•

(i) Explain why the compass needle in the wire PQ deflects momentarily
when the switch S is closed. · ·

.. ....... ... .... ... .... .............. ................ .................... .................. [4]

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(ii) State how the set-up in coi~,can b~ modified to create a pulsating" For
Examiner's
magnetic field similar to th't!.ound in TMS coils.
. .. . .
Use

. .. ... ... .. . . .. . .. ... . .. ... .. . . .. ..•.. ..... ... .. . ... . .. ... .. . ... ... ... ...... . .. ... .. . ......... .. 4

. .. . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. ' ... .. ... ... .. ..•.... [1 1

(iii) The use of TMS in medical therapy has raised safety concerns. It was
agreed that TMS should not be used on any patient who has
implanted metallic devices.
Suggest why this medical rule was implemented .

. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . .. ... . . . : .............. [1 J

(b) The principle of electromagnetic induction has many widespread


applications. Besides the medical industry, it is also used-in-a device called a
transformer to step up or step down the voltage.

Fig. 9.2 shows .a transformer used for such a purpose.

I -,
!
240V
....... ! 12V
I
l I I ·..·--

primary coil secondary coil

Fig. 9.2

The transformer shown in Fig. 9.2 is 100% efficient and the primary voltage
of 240 V is stepped down to 12 V. When the transformer is in u~e , the
current in the secondary coil is 3.2 A.

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Calculate, Fof
>Examiner's
> Use'
(i) the current in the primary coil.

current= ......... ....... .. .... .... ..... .... ...[2]

(ii) the turns ratio of the transformer.

turns ratio = ...... ... .......... .. .... ...... ........ .[2]

10 · A conical flask placed in a ·polished outer jacket contains 200 g of water.


It is fitted With a temperature sensor which reads the temperature of water as
20 °C. A piece of ice of mass 25 g and at a temperature of 0 oc
is dried and
added to the water. Fig. 10.1 shows the set-up used.

Specific latent heat affusion of ice = 336 Jg-1


Specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 J(g Kr1
to datalogger

polished outer jacket

· temperature sensor

water conical flask

ice cube

Fig. 10.1

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5058/Paper2/Sec 4 TK Premn Exarnt1 0 ..
,._ [Turn over
">16
,. For
(a) The contents in the conical flask are left aside until all the ice has just
Examiners 1>
...
melted. What is the final temperature of the .mixture? ' Use

final temperature = ............ ............ ... ... .........[2}


(b) If the piece of ice is broken into smaller pieces before being added to the
water, what is the effect on the time taken for all of it to melt? Explain your
answer.

... ........ ....... ...... .....·............ ............ ....... ... ..... .. ......... ..... .. ..... ... .... ...

. . . . .. . . . ... .. . . . . ... .. . ... ... .. . . .. ... .. . . .. ... . .. .. . .. . ... . .. ... . .. ... . .. .. . ... .. . . .. .. . ... .. ..[2]

(c) · A conical flask of water mixe<;i with ice at o oc stays cold for a much longer .
time thC!n one mixed with the same mass of water at 0 oc. Explain why lhis
happens .

...... ... ......... ......


.
..... ......... ..... ....... ... .. ............. .. .... ....... .... .... ............. ......

.... .. .. : ........ , ..... ......... ..... ··· ······· ····· ..... . .... . ............. ................. ..... [2]

(d) Why is the use of a polished outer jacket preferred over that of a normal
jacket in this experiment? ·

.. . .... .. ............ ..... . .... ...... .. ..... . .............. ......... ... ...... .... ... ............. [2]

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. ~ ~

(e) The conical fl~k ~ith -~he


melted ice is set aside uritil the temperature of the For
-contents of the flask· is 20 oc again. An electri6 heater is connect~Ef to a ·
Examiner's
Use ~
power supplY of 24 W and fitted into the conical flask. The heater is
switched on.
How long must the heater be used before the temperature sensor records a
temperature of 25 °C?

time for heater = ... ...... ... .. .......... ......... [2]

Either
11 An object 0 of height 5.0 em is placed 15.0 em away from a convex ·Jens L to
form a real image of linear magnification 2.0 . Fig. 11.1 below shows the
position of the object and the lens.
- ·- ----··-·--- -~
. -:--:- I . , · · , -· · : , . : ' : ~-:--:--~ · · : · .-:~
L .· ·1. .· . .· .
· ·.· . .· ·' .' .. · ' ·l•...
' . .. .. . l!
· ·1 .. : ' · l . :

~ ... ---<----··

·.

Fig. 11 .1 10.0 em

(a) Complete the ray diagram in Fig. 11.1 to show how the image is formed. [2]

(b) Hence, determine the focal length of the lens .

.... .. ..... .... .................................... ............... ... .... . .. ... .. ... . ~ ......... .... [1]

(c) Complete the path of the ray x in the diagram in Fig. 11 .1 after passing
through the fens. [1]

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(d) The qbject is now m0ved nearer to the lens so that it is now less than one For
Exf}miners
focal length ·away from the lens. State one difference and one similarity Use
between the image formed now and the image formed. in Fig. 11.1.

Similarity: .. . .. ... ...... ... . ...... .... .. ..................... .. ........................ .... ..... .·.

Difference:... ... ..... ... ... .. ... .. ... .... .. ... .. .... ...... ..... .. .......... . .. .. ..... ...... . ... ..

.... ... .... .. ... .............................. ... ................................. ... ... ~ ... . ..... [2]

Answer this part of the question on the lined page on Pg 22.

(e) Adjustable spectacles can be made by putting special lenses into standard
circular frames. Each lens is made from two polyester membranes Which can
be sealed into the circ.ular spectacle frame.

A syringe is used to fill the space between the two membranes in each lens
with water. Fig. 11.2 and Fig. 11.3 show how this is done.
circular frame
syringe
.r/
---~-- .-ll
~-.....---4~-1--~- - l\

circular frame polyester membranes

Fig. 11 .2
.. · ...
polyester membranes·

circular frame water


syringe

fig. 11.3

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Jhe shape of the membranes and hence the focal length of each lens can For
Examiner's
,. be altered by atljusting ttie volume of water. The relationship between the Use
focal length of the lens and the volume of water is shown in the graph in
Fig. 11.4.

focal
length .·· ·\
- ~-
-·:· -~·:+
·: : ~.:.f·_~.: ~-----,--,--~
·j
-
: . : - ----i . !..
-n--.
~
: ~ .
i ...
. '

. ! . . . l : . : i
• . • ! ·: , , , ·"" .;·• ·.,. , •: • : I .

· ~: ~:-:-:--l~h+--~- ~------L~ : --~-j


..--; I i . ; ~ ~ : I·;: .I . l
.. : :i
---: !..: ~ j : l!.: i : l
-~ ..:. ..---"--~ __ __;_j____ __ _+·~--t
. ; ; I . l . : .;
·- --h-=--,....;....;.=':;=±;--
• I. ,;i .. l .'
. :.· :I
:I
··· l' : 1. · ·.
i·' · ·!
1· · ·:
. ; . . i.. -~ ·. ~ ;
volume of water
Fig. 11.4

Describe an experiment that can be carried out to produce the graph in


Fig. 11.4.

Write the title of the experiment as "Experiment on Focal Length" on


top o~pg 22.

In your acco~nt,

·....· • draw a diagram of the apparatus l!Sed,

• describe the procedure,


0 •• • • •

• state the readings to be taken. [4]

·:,
..•

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OR ft'-~ . . .,. Exa~~er's


If! Use
A 512Hz tuning fork is struck-and a sound wave iS' sent out as shown below-. • .,.
in Fig. 11.5. Rrepresents a rarefaction and C represents a compression.

R C R C R C R C R C R

3.22m

Fig. 11.5

(a) (i) Explain what compressions and rarefactions are . .

...... . ........... . .. . ..... . .... . . .... ..... . ........ . . .... .. .. ... . ... .... ...·.. . ... ... . .... ... ... .. .

.. . ... .. . ... .. . . .. .. . .. . ... .. . .. . ... .. . .. . .. . ... .. . ... . . . ... ... .. . ... .. . . . . ... .. . .. . .. . ··;[2]

(ii) Calculate the speed of sound in air.

·..-.-

speed of sound in air =... .... :: ........:........ [2] .

(iii) A large blob of btu-tack is now stuck on one of the prongs of the tuning
fork, making it vibrate s.lower when struck with the same amourit of
force. State what will now happen to the frequency and amplitude of
the new sound produced as compared to the original sound .

.. .. • .. • • • .. • .. .. .. • .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. • .. .. .. • .. .. .. .. .. .. • • 0 .... .. ........ .. .... 0 ... .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... .. ... . .. .. .... .. .. . . . . . . . . . 0 .. .. . 0 • . . ...

.. . . .. .. . . . . ... . . . .. . ... .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . ..-:: ... .. . ... .. . ····.· .. ... . ...... . .... ... . . .. ... ...12]

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Answer this part of the question on the lined page on Pg 22. For
Examiner's
.. Use
(b) Sounds from a ·loudspeaker can be used to pr~duce sinusoidal waveforms
on the screen of a cathode ray oscilloscope.

The relationship between the frequency and wavelength of a sound in air is


shown in the graph in Fig. 11.6.

wavelength

'.. - ~·

.
-· I •

. , : : l:
.
--·+-- -1
- - ' - '
. . . . ; . -.:. !
.... : ... - . .. !
--·· . ....:...:. ~ - --~---+
j
i
!. ; f, : ~ .

. '
·.. .

frequency
Fig. 11 .6

Describe an experiment .that can be carried out to obtain the graph in


Fig. 11.6 using a cathode ray oscilloscope and a signal generator that can
be conneCted to a loudspeaker to produce sounds of different wavelengths.

Write the title of the experiment as "Experiment on Sound" on top of


Pg 22.

In your account,

• explain how to adjust the cathode-ray oscilloscope to display the


.. ·. . . w9,veforms,

• state the readings to be taken. [4]

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~22

For
}Examiner's

. . Use

.... .. . ~ ••• 0 • 0 •••• 0 0 ... .. ............. 0 0 •• 0 .. 0 0 ........ 0 ..... 0 0 ..... . 0 0 • 0 • 0 ... .... .. 0 •••••••••• 0 ...... .. 0 . . . .... 0 0 •

• • • 0 ••• 0 ........ 0 .. 0 • 0 ••• 0 ..... 0 . ...... 0 ••• •• 0 •• 0 ............. 0 . ... ... ...... 0 . . ... . ~ • •••• • 0 ...... 0 ... . ....... 0 •• •• •

···· ·· ······· ···· ····· ·· ·······:····················· ··· ··· ··· ·· ·· ················ ····················

. . ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... . . . . . . . . . . .. . .

.. .. • .. ... • 0 . . ....... . 0 •• • 0 0. 0 ••• 0 ........................................... 0 ...... 0 . . . . . . .. . ~ • • • - .................. ..

• • • .. • • ~ ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . .. . 0 . ........... 0 ... . ..................... 0 ........... 0 .. . 0 • 0 ...... •• 0 .............. ~ • 4 . . . . . . . ..

@We believe ln your ability to succeed!@

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