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voltage of the same magnitude to capacitors C4 and C6. The upper limit for the input potential is determined only
The SMD transformer is available ready-made from Coil- by the specifications of the switching regulator IC used.
tronics ( and has a winding ratio of (014077-1)

1:1 (268 µH).

Uout Iout Uin R1 R2
Sample component values for use with the MIC4680 shown
here are listed in the table. As you can see, the input poten- ±5 V 0.5 A max. +7–34 V 3.01 kΩ 1.01 kΩ
±12 V 0.5 A max. + 16–34 V 26 kΩ 3.01 kΩ
tial must lie a few volts above the desired output potential.

Stereo Peak Indicator 025

F. Jensen
The circuit diagram shows a low-cost, fast responding, +5V...+15V
peak holding, audio level indicator.
The sensitivity is determined by preset P1, which (sort D2
of) DC-biases the input of Schmitt-trigger gate IC1a to a
level close to the switching threshold. When the negative
IC1 = 4093 7
peaks of the audio signal cause the output of the first R3

Schmitt trigger gate to go high, the capacitor on the input
of the second Schmitt trigger gate rapidly charges via IC1.A IC1.B
R1 C1 1 D1 5
diode D1. The charge can only disappear via the 1-Mohm 3 4
10k 2 & 6 &
resistor, R2, so a fast attack, slow decay is the result. In this 1µ 1N4148
way, even the fastest peaks will be caught and indicated by
LED D2. Four NAND gates in a single 4093 package make a R2
stereo version. A multiturn quality trimpot will ensure easy
adjustment and stable function over time. 500k 1µ
The circuit is based on a standard CMOS IC and will 63V

work from any supply voltage between 5 and 15 V. 014074 - 11


Symmetric Output
for USB Audio DAC 026
H. Sommen

This simple adapter circuit is specially intended for use with

C14 R11 K1
the USB Audio DAC published in the December 2000 issue IC2.A 68Ω 2
of Elektor Electronics. With an easily implemented modifi-

cation, it is possible to make the output of the D/A converter
pseudo-symmetric, so that it can be connected to profes- 3
sional equipment having XLR line inputs. This will do even
more justice to the high quality of the USB Audio DAC.
The modification actually amounts to just adding a single
014053 - 11
resistor (R11a) and changing the value of the existing resis-
tor at the output of the audio DAC (R11) from 100 Ω to 68 Ω.

48 Elektor Electronics 12/2001