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DECLARATION

This is to certify that the attachment work entitled “REPORT ON INDUSTRIAL


ATTACHMENT AT DHAKA NORTHERN POWER GENERATIONS LTD” has been
carried out by Md. Sarwar Hosen, Roll: 131076 under my supervision in the Department of
Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology,
Rajshahi.

Attachment Supervisor

………………………….
(Prof. Dr. Md. Rabiul Islam)
Professor
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Rajshahi University of Engineernig & Technology
Rajshahi 6204, Bangladesh
December 2017

I
Acknowledgement

I accomplishment of this project successfully, many people have best owned upon me their
blessings and the heart pledged support. At first, I would like to thank the Almighty Allah for
guiding me to the right path. I wish to express my gratitude to my parents for overwhelming love
and care they bestow upon me, without whose proper guidance it would have been impossible for
me to be in this platform.
I would like to show my gratitude to the Plant Manager of Dhaka Northern Power Generations
Limited (DNPGL), Md. Ismail Sarker, for allowing us to conduct our industrial attachment
program at DNPGL. I must thank the Electrical Manager, Md. Farhad Hossain for his valuable
assistance and overall guidance from the early stage of this training. I am also grateful to all the
staffs of DNPGL for providing us wonderful support in various ways.
I am deeply grateful and humble to my respected supervisor, Prof. Dr. Md. Rabiul Islam,
Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Rajshahi University of
Engineering & Technology for his guidance, help and encouragement and kind consideration in
many ways throughout this industrial attachment.
My special and profound respect to all my teachers for their encouragement and support through
my entire life.

December, 2017 Author


RUET, Rajshahi Md. Sarwar Hosen
Roll: 131076

II
OBJECTIVES
The prime purpose of the training was to merge our academic knowledge with the practical
knowledge of power station. This program was taken to fulfill our academic requirement. We
chose a power plant for this industrial training for a close observation of a power plant and
application of our academic knowledge in practical field. In this training, main focus was on
generation system, transmission process and maintenance of Dhaka Northern Power Generations
Limited (DNPGL) to get a complete overview. The objectives were:

 To gather practical knowledge of a real power plant.


 To become familiar with the various equipment and devices that are used in power plants.
 To know about generation system of electricity.
 To get familiar with corporate life.
 To become introduced with practical generation and transmission system.
 To compare the theoretical knowledge gained with the practical one.
 To get an overview of a real electrical power generating plant.

III
Contents

Declaration I
Acknowledgement II
Objectives III
Contents IV
List of Figures X
List of Tables XIII

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Power Stations 1
1.2 Introduction to DNPGL 1
1.3 Overview of DNPGL 2
1.4 Admin Panel of DNPGL 3
1.5 Lists of Staffs in DNPGL 4

Chapter 2 Familiarization with HFO based combined cycle operation of DNPGL-a


Rental power plant

2.1 Requirements of Rental Power plant 5


2.2 Reasons of Using HFO in DNPGL 5
2.3 Combined Cycle operation of DNPGL 6

Chapter 3 Schematic Arrangement of DNPGL


3.1 Layout of the power plant 7
3.2 Block diagram for DNPGL 7

IV
Chapter 4 Tank Farm
4.1 Necessity of Tank Farm 8
4.2 HFO Storage Tanks 9
4.3 HFO Buffer Tanks 9
4.4 HFO Day Tanks or Service Tanks 10
4.5 Oily Water Tank 10
4.6 Sludge Tank 11
4.7 Treated Water Tank 11
4.8 Lube Oil (LO) Tank 11
4.9 Diesel Oil (DO) Tank 12

Chapter 5 Fuel Treatment Plant (FTP)


5.1 Fuel treatment section 12
5.2 Schematic Diagram Fuel of Treatment Plant (FTP) 13
5.3 Transfer Pump 13
5.4 HFO Separator 14
5.5 Feeder Unit 14
5.6 Importance of Heavy Fuel Oil Separation 15

Chapter 6 Water Treatment Plant (WTP)


6.1 Water Treatment Plant 15
6.2 Simplified Block Diagram of Water Treatment Plant 16
6.3 Water Reservoir 16
6.4 Multimedia, Active Carbon Absorber and Softener arrangement 16
6.5 RO Unit 17
6.6 EDI Unit 17

V
Chapter 7 Power Generation Unit
7.1 Power Generation Section 18
7.2 Arrangement of Engine Room 18
7.3 Specification of Engines 19
7.4 Alternator 20
7.5 Turbine Unit 21
7.6 Booster Pump 22
7.7 Start Air Compressor 22
7.8 Radiator 22
7.9 Lube Oil Separator 22
7.10 Pneumatic Control 22
7.11 Instrument Air Compressor 23
7.12 Cooler 23
7.13 Automatic Voltage Regulator (AVR) 23
7.14 Lubrication System 23
7.15 Cooling System 23
7.16 Exhaust System 24

Chapter 8 Boiler
8.1 Introduction to Boiler 24
8.2 Types of Boiler in DNPGL 25
8.3 Exhaust Gas Boiler 25
8.3.1 Low pressure evaporator 25
8.3.2 Economizer 25
8.3.3 High pressure Evaporator 26
8.3.4 Super Heater 26
8.4 Header 26

VI
8.5 Steam Drum 26
8.5.1 Low Pressure (LP) Drum 27
8.5.2 High Pressure (HP) Drum 27
8.6 Feed Water Tank (FWT) 28
8.7 Feed Water Pump 28
8.8 Auxiliary Boiler 29
8.8.1 Burner 29
8.9 Diesel Reservoir 30
8.10 Boiler Water Level Sensor 30
8.11 Feed Water Take Back System 31
8.12 Blow down Cock and Tank 32
8.13 Chimney 32
8.14 Shoot Blow 33

Chapter 9 Cooling Unit


9.1 Cooling Tower 34

Chapter 10 Sub-Station
10.1 Introduction to Sub-Station 35
10.2 Objectives of a Sub-Station 36
10.3 Familiarization with the Apparatus of the Sub-Station of DNPGL 36
10.3.1 Power Transformer 37
10.3.1.1 Bushing 38
10.3.1.2 Cooling System of Power Transformer 38
10.3.1.3 Tap Changer 39
10.3.1.4 Conservator 39
10.3.1.5 Dehydrating Breathers 40
10.3.2 Auxiliary Transformer 40

VII
10.3.3 Instrument Transformers 41
10.3.3.1 Current Transformer 42
10.3.3.2 Potential Transformer 42
10.4 Bus Bar 43
10.5 Protective Devices of DNPGL 43
10.5.1 Lightning Arrester 44
10.5.2 Protective Relays 44
10.5.3 Insulator 45
10.5.4 Circuit Breaker (CB) 45
10.5.4.1 Vacuum circuit breaker (VCB) 47
10.5.4.2 Air Circuit Breaker (ACB) 47
10.5.5 Isolator 48
10.5.6 Earth Switches 48
10.5.7 Buchholz Relay 48
10.6 Single Line Diagram of the Sub-station in DNPGL 51

Chapter 11 Sensors Used in DNPGL


11.1 Introduction to Sensor 52
11.2 Objectives of Using Sensors in a Power Plant 52
11.3 Sensors Used in DNPGL 53
11.3.1 Temperature Sensors 53
11.3.1.1 Thermocouple 53
11.3.1.2 PT-100 53
11.3.1.2 PT-1000 53
11.3.2 Pressure Sensors 54
11.3.2.1 Pressure Transmitter 54
11.3.2.2 Pressure Switch 54

VIII
11.3.3 Proximity Sensor 54
11.3.3.1 Speed Sensor 55
11.3.3.2 Cylinder Lubrication 55
11.3.3 Level Sensor 55
11.3.3.1 Level Transmitter 55
11.3.3.2 Level Switch 56

Chapter 12 Switchgear and Protection


12.1 Introduction to the Switchgear Room of DNPGL 56
12.2 Protective Relays 57
12.3 Fire Protection 57

Chapter 13 Control Room


13.1 Overview 58
13.2 Control Panel 58
13.3 UPS Panel 59

Chapter 14 Conclusion
14.1 Conclusion 60

Reference 61

Training Certificate Given from DNPGL

IX
List of Figures

Fig. 1.1. A photograph of the location of DNPGL 2


Fig. 1.2. Admin panel tree 3
Fig. 2.1. Layout of CCPP operation of DNPGL 6
Fig. 3.1. Schematic arrangement of DNPGL 7
Fig. 4.1. A photograph of Tank Farm of DNPGL 8
Fig. 4.2. A photograph of HFO Storage Tank 9
Fig. 4.3. A photograph of HFO Buffer Tank 9
Fig. 4.4. A photograph of Service Tanks 10
Fig. 4.5. A photograph of Sludge Tank 11
Fig. 4.6. A photograph of LO Tanks 12
Fig. 5.1. Schematic diagram of Fuel Treatment Plant 13
Fig. 5.2. A photograph of Transfer Pump 13
Fig. 5.3. A photograph of HFO Separator unit 14
Fig. 6.1. Simplified Block diagram of WTP 16
Fig. 6.2. A photograph of Multimedia, Active Carbon Absorber and Softener arrangement 16
Fig. 6.3. A photograph of RO unit 17
Fig. 6.4. A photograph of EDI unit 17
Fig. 7.1. A photograph of the Power Generation Section 18
Fig. 7.2. A simplified block diagram of the engine room 19
Fig. 7.3. A photograph of an 18 cylinder Engine (Single Side) 20
Fig. 7.4. A photograph of the Alternator of DNPGL 20
Fig. 7.5. A photograph of the Turbine Unit 21
Fig. 7.6. A photograph of a Radiator 22
Fig. 8.1. A photograph of the Boiler 24
Fig. 8.2. A photograph of the Header 26
Fig. 8.3. A photograph of the Low Pressure Drum 27

X
Fig. 8.4. A photograph of the High Pressure Drum 27
Fig. 8.5. A photograph of the Feed Water Tank 28
Fig. 8.6. A photograph of the Feed Water Pump 28
Fig. 8.7. A photograph of the Auxiliary Boiler and Burner 29
Fig. 8.8. A photograph of the Boiler DO Tank 30
Fig. 8.9. A photograph of the Boiler Water Level Sensor 31
Fig. 8.10. A photograph of the Feed Water Pump (Return) 31
Fig. 8.11. A photograph of the Blow down Cock and Tank 32
Fig. 8.12. A photograph of the Chimney 33
Fig. 8.13. A photograph of Shoot Blow 33
Fig. 9.1. A photograph of Cooling Tower 34
Fig.10.1. A photograph of the Sub-Station of DNPGL 35
Fig.10.2. A photograph of Power Transformer and its Rating plate 37
Fig.10.3. A photograph of the Cooling Fan of the Power Transformer 38
Fig.10.4. A photograph of the Conservator 39
Fig.10.5. A photograph of the Dehydrating Breather of a transformer 40
Fig.10.6. A photograph of the Auxiliary Transformer of DNPGL 41
Fig.10.7. A photograph of the Metering Arrangement of CT and PT 41
Fig.10.8. A photograph of CT, PT and VCB 42
Fig.10.9. A photograph of Bus Bars of DNPGL sub-station 43
Fig.10.10. A photograph of Surge Monitor 44
Fig.10.11. Basic block diagram of a Protective Relay 45
Fig.10.12. Basic construction diagram of a Circuit Breaker 46
Fig.10.13. A photograph of VCB 47
Fig.10.14. A photograph of Position of Buchholz Relay 49
Fig. 10.15. A functional diagram of Buchholz Relay 49
Fig.10.16. A photograph of Buchholz Relay 50
Fig. 10.17. Single line diagram of the DNPGL Substation 51

XI
Fig.12.1. A photograph of Switchgear Room 56
Fig.13.1. Photograph of the control room 58
Fig. 13.2. A photograph of UPS Panel 59

XII
List of Tables
Table 1.1. Overview of DNPGL 2
Table 7.1. Specification of MAN 18V 48/60 TS engine 19

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