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PESTS OF OIL PALM

NURSERY PESTS

SLUGS Parmarion martensi

SNAILS Achantina fulica

RED SPIDER MITES Tetranychus piercei

APHIDS Cerataphis sp

MEALY BUG Dysmicoccus spp

CRICKET Brachytrupes sp

MOLE CRICKET Gryllotalpa spp

RHINOCEROS BEETLES Oryctes rhinoceros

COCKCHAFER BEETLES Adoretus compressus

GRASSHOPPERS Valanga nigricornis


NURSERY PESTS

BAGWORMS Mahasena corbetti

NETTLE CATERPILLARS Setora nitens

HAIRY CATERPILLARS Dasychira horsfieldi


Rattus tiomanicus,
RAT
Rattus argentiventer
SQUIRREL Callosciurus notatus

PORCUPINE Hytrix brachyura

MONKEY Macaca spp

WILD BOAR Sus scrofa, Sus barbatus

DOMESTIC LIVESTOCK Cattle, Sheep, Goat


ARMY WORMS –
Spodoptera litura
CUTWORM

Agrotis spp
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
BAGWORM DAMAGE ON SEEDLING IN
POLYBAG
COCKCHAFER BEETLES
Adoretus compressus
RED SPIDER MITES
APHIDS
GRASSHOPPER
Valanga nigricornis
CRICKET : BRACHYTRUPES SP
MOLE CRICKETS

Gryllotalpa spp
RHINOCEROS BEETLE
Oryctes rhinoceros
SNAIL
RAT DAMAGE

Frond base
chewed
SQUIRREL
CALLOSCIURUS NOTATUS
WILD PIG
ELEPHANT
PESTS OF IMMATURE FIELDS

SLUGS Parmarion martensi

SNAILS Achantina fulica

RED SPIDER MITES Tetranychus piercei

RHINOCEROS BEETLES Oryctes rhinoceros

COCKCHAFER BEETLES Adoretus compressus

GRASSHOPPERS Valanga nigricornis

BAGWORMS Mahasena corbetti

NETTLE CATERPILLARS Setora nitens

HAIRY CATERPILLARS Dasychira horsfieldi


PESTS OF IMMATURE FIELDS

RATS Rattus tiomanicus

SQUIRRELS Callosciurus notatus

PORCUPINES Hatrix brachyura

MONKEY Macaca fascicularis

WILD PIGS Sus scrofa, Sus barbatus

ELEPHANT Elephas maximus

CATTLE Bos indicus

KAMBING Capras aegagrus

KERBAU Bubalus arnee babalis


SLUGS & SNAILS

Achatina fulica
APHIDS
SCALE INSECTS
TERMITES
Coptotermes curvignathus
worker

soldier
RHINOCEROS BEETLES
IMMATURE PALM
COCKCHAFER BEETLES

Adoretus compressus
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
Bagworm

Nettle
caterpillar

Hairy caterpillar
GRASSHOPPERS
Valanga nigricornis
RAT

 Rattus tiomanicus
 Rattus argentiventer
 Rattus rattus diardii
RAT DAMAGE

PALM KILLED HEAVY DAMAGE TO


LOWER FRONDS -
24% LOWER YIELD IN
1ST YEAR
SQUIRREL
CALLOSCIURUS NOTATUS
PORCUPINE
WILD PIG
ELEPHANT

feed on spear and tender fronds

snap off young palms to feed


on apical shoot or palm heart

heavy losses of 95% casualty

elephant relocation

dig isolation trenches

install electric fencing


CATTLE / BUFFALO / GOAT
PESTS OF MATURE FIELDS

RHINOCEROS BEETLES Oryctes rhinoceros

RED PALM WEEVIL Rhyncophorus schach

BAGWORMS Mahasena corbetti

NETTLE CATERPILLARS Setora nitens

HAIRY CATERPILLARS Dasychira horsfieldi

OIL PALM BUNCH MOTH Tirathaba rufivena

TERMITES Coptotermes curvignathus

COCKCHAFER BEETLES Adoretus compressus

SNAILS Achantina fulica

SUCKING INSECTS white flies, aphids, scale insects


PESTS OF MATURE FIELDS

RATS Rattus tiomanicus

SQUIRRELS Callosciurus notatus

PARAKEET Psittacula longicauda

BLUE- RUMPED PARROT Psittinus yanurus

CROW Corvus splendens

ELEPHANT Elephas maximus

CATTLE Bos indicus

KAMBING Capras aegagrus

KERBAU Bubalus arnee bubalis


SLUGS & SNAILS
Achatina fulica

feed on surface
of young fruits
MEALY BUG / SCALE INSECTS
RHINOCEROS BEETLE
RED STRIPE WEEVIL
COCKCHAFER BEETLES
Adoretus compressus
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
Bagworm

Nettle
caterpillar

Hairy caterpillar
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
BAGWORMS
• Mahasena corbetti,
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
BAGWORMS
• Metisa plana,
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS

BAGWORMS
• Pteroma pendula
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
NETTLE CATERPILLARS
• Setora nitens
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
NETTLE CATERPILLARS
• Darna trima
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
NETTLE CATERPILLARS
• Darna diducta
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
HAIRY CATERPILLARS
• Dasychira horsfieldi
LEAF EATING CATERPILLARS
HAIRY CATERPILLARS
• Amathusia phidippus
BENEFICIAL PLANTS
Euphorbia heterophylla
BENEFICIAL PLANTS
Cassia cobanensis
BENEFICIAL PLANTS
Turnera subulata
BENEFICIAL PLANTS
Antigonon leptopus
BUNCH MOTH
Tirathaba spp

Pic Dr Norman K
TERMITES
COMMON SPECIES RATS
• RATTUS TIOMANICUS
• RATTUS RATTUS DIARDII
• RATTUS ARGENTIVENTER
RAT DAMAGE

feeding on mesocarp

damage on female
inflorescence and
developing bunches
FRESH DAMAGE ON UNRIPE
FFB
SERIOUS DAMAGE TO FRUIT
BUNCH - FRESH DAMAGE
RAT DAMAGE SEEN ON
HARVESTED FFB
DAMAGE ON UNOPENED
FEMALE FLOWERS
DAMAGE ON UNOPENED MALE
FLOWER
DAMAGE ON DEVELOPING FFB
DAMAGE TO PAMI - feeding on
grubs of pollinating weevils
DAMAGE TO PAMI - feeding on
grubs of pollinating weevils
SEVERE DAMAGE TO PAMI
MONKEY DAMAGE - DETACHED FRUITS ON
THE GROUND
PARAKEETS
CROWS
MYNAS
CATTLE
THANK YOU