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Interrupting - "Excuse me"

Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

Preparation
This is a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Discuss about the reasons for showing courtesy and respect for others.

2. Discuss about greeting each other.

3. For a small group of children, the Directress chooses two and asks them to talk to each other.

4. The Directress then shows how to intervene in a polite manner.

5. For example, when approaching two or more people who are talking together - pause, wait for a
suitable time to interrupt, then say "Excuse me" before stating the reasons for interposing.

6. At the end, say 'Thank you'.


7. Show the children that when they need to talk to you and need you, tap the Directress's shoulder
and say 'Excuse me'.

8. If the Directress is busy and can not attend to the child immediately, touch the child's hand.

9. This is to signify "I heard you. I am not ready yet. I will be with you as soon as I can'.

10. The child should understand that and wait.

11. Another occasion where 'Excuse me' is warranted is when they are walking and someone is in
their path.

12. Say 'Excuse me' and wait for the other person to move away before continue walking.

13. Remember to sat 'Thank you'.

14. Discuss about other forms of greeting, for e.g. "Please, "Thank you".

15. Show examples of when and how to say it.


Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To develop the child's self esteem and good manners.


Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's language.

 To develop the child's independence.


Introduction of how to handle a knife
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation
 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 A knife.

 A cutting board.

 Things to cut: apple, carrot...etc.


Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table, and shows the child
how to hold the knife with the thumb, index and middle finger grasping the handle of the knife.

2. Hold the knife upright with the sharp edges facing downwards along the cutting board.

3. Hold things to be cut, for e.g. carrot in your left hand and bring the sharp edges of the knife
down on the carrot.

Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

1. Show the child how to hold the knife: hold the handle close at the side of the body, facing
downwards.

2. Tell them the danger of not handling the knife properly; they could get hurt or they may hurt
someone else; the cutting edges are very sharp and can hurt easily.

3. Do not run while holding the knife.

4. When passing the knife to somebody else, remember to hold the cutting blades and pointing the
other end, i.e. the handle to the person that you are passing the knife to.

5. Use a plastic knife initially. May use real knife later when the children get use to using a knife.
Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to use a knife.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.


 To develop the child's independence.

Variation
Introduction of the Work Cycle
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

Preparation
This can be a collective presentation.

Presentation
Directress invites all the children to sit on a chair, listen and watch carefully. Directress then explains the
definition and steps of a work cycle:

Step 1:
Child selects a place to work, either on the table or the floor. If the selected work place is the floor, the
child gets a floor mat and lays it down on the floor. If the selected work place is a table, the child lays the
felt cloth on the table.

Step 2: Child selects a material to work with and carries the material to the selected work place and
places the material on the floor mat or table mat.

Step 3: Work on the materials in the working area.

Step 4: When completed, the child to takes the materials back to its place on the shelf so that others
may work on it. The child then rolls up the floor mat or folds up the table mat and returns it to its place.

Control Of Error
Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach children the work cycle: all the actions of the child from beginning to end of any activity
carried out.

Indirect aims:

 To develop independence.

 To develop order.
Keeping work folders
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

Preparation
This can be done as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Dirtectress shows how to open the folder, slips a piece of work into the folder and closes it.

2. The Directress also shows how to put a larger piece of work into the folder by folding the paper
in half and then slipping it into the folder.

3. Directresses are encouraged to have a folder for each child and their work may be placed in it
for them to take home.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Variation

Handouts/Attachment

Ladling Transfering
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6

Materials

 1 ladle

 2 cups or bowls

 7-10 other objects that can be scooped up with a ladle.


Preparation

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to use the ladle.

2. Directress shows the child how to hold the handle of the ladle by grasping the handle between
the thumb and index finger.

3. Start by transferring from left to right.

4. Scoop the objects with the ladle. (May tilt to easy scooping at end) Transfer it to the other bowl
till all the objects are gone.

5. Repeat the exercise by transferring the objects back to the original bowl.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose
To teach the student control of moving objects from one place to another and finishing what they start.

Variation

Links
Laying a table
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6
Materials

 Plate, knife, fork, spoon, napkin.

 Place mat setting diagram


Preparation
This can be done as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress gathers the children together in a group around the dining table and shows them how
to lay a table.

2. Directress takes the materials placed on a tray and brings it to the dining table.

3. She then takes the place mat setting diagram and puts it on the table.

4. Then, she takes the knife, fork, spoon, napkin and plates out from the tray and place them
according to the diagram.

5. When the exercise is completed, Directress shows the children how to place the materials back
to its place.
Control Of Error
Visual. A place mat setting diagram is provided.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach a child how to lay a table.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To develop the child's self esteem.

Variation
Have a different table setting for a Chinese meal, Japanese meal, etc.

Handouts/Attachment
Mirror Polishing
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials
 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Tray.

 Felt cloth mat.

 Hand mirror.

 Window cleaner decanted into a small bottle (for polishing mirror).

 Cotton balls in a bowl for putting on cleaner.

 Felt Cloth for polishing .


Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress takes out the felt cloth mat from the tray and places it in front of the child, followed by
the mirror, the window cleaner, the bowl of cotton balls and the polishing felt cloth and places
them in a line along the top of the mat. This serves to encourage order.

2. The Directress takes one cotton ball and dab it with the window cleaner and cleans the mirror in
a circular motion.

3. Throw the dirty cotton ball into the dust bin.

4. Subsequently, she uses the felt cloth to polish the mirror by rubbing it in a circular motion.

Control Of Error
Visual - Marks left on the mirror.

Points Of Interest
Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach a child how to clean mirrors.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To develop the child's self esteem.

Variation
The exercise can also be carried out for polishing of wood, silver and brass materials. The only difference
is the type of cleaner used.
When a child has mastered a particular skill, he may then be encouraged to polish the silver bells, school
bell, etc.

Handouts/Attachment
Opening and closing assorted bottles
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Selection of 4 different types of bottles with different tops.

 Felt cloth.
Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress laid the felt cloth on the table and takes out all the bottles, one at a time, placing them
in a row on the cloth.

2. She shows the child how to open and close the bottles.
3. Starting from left to right, the Directress holds the bottle with the non-dominant hand.

4. Bring the bottle very near and right in front of the child, slowly open the closure of the bottle.

5. Place the closure in front of the bottle on the felt cloth.

6. Continue doing the same for the others.

7. When finished opening, then start closing the bottles again, starting from left to right again.

8. Allow child to try the last one.

Control Of Error
When closing, the top will not fit if the wrong one is chosen.

Points Of Interest
Remember to open the bottle very slowly in front of the child, as if there is magic in the bottle.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to open and close bottles.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation

1. After opening the bottles, mix up the tops. Invite the child to match the tops with the bottles and
close them.

2. Have various kinds of bottles with different types of tops.

Handouts/Attachment
Opening and closing assorted boxes
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest
 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Selection of 4 different types of boxes.

 Felt cloth.
Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress laid the felt cloth on the table and takes out all the boxes, one at a time, placing them
in a row on the cloth.

2. She shows the child how to open and close the boxes.

3. Starting from left to right, the Directress holds the box with the non-dominant hand.

4. Bring the box very near and right in front of the child, slowly open the box.

5. Place the top in front of the box on the felt cloth.

6. Continue doing the same for the others.

7. When finished opening, then start closing the boxes again, starting from left to right again.

8. Allow child to try the last one.

Control Of Error
When closing, the top will not fit if the wrong one is chosen.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to open and close boxes.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.


 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation

1. After opening the boxes, mix up the tops. Invite the child to match the tops with the boxes and
close them.

2. Have various kinds of boxes with different types of tops.

Handouts/Attachment
Opening and closing doors
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 A door.
Preparation
This can be a collective presentation.

Presentation
Directress invites all the children to sit on a chair and show them how to open a door:
Stand facing the door. Place right hand on the knob, the left hand's palm flat against the door for stability.
Turn the knob anti-clockwise and pull the door towards your body. There are two reasons for opening the
door:

1. To see who is out there. Just open slightly, enough for you to peep through to see who is on the
other side.

2. To go out. Open the door all the way. Walk out. Remember to close the door behind you.
The Directress shows how to close a door:
Place left hand palm flat against the door, turn the knob with the right hand anti-clockwise. Hands still
holding the knob, anti-clockwise, push the door gently to close the opening and let go of the knob.

Control Of Error
Directress directed exercise.
Door will not open if knob is turned to the wrong direction.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach children how to open and close a door.

Indirect aims:

 Teaches coordination of the eyes and hands.

 Teaches children independence and safety.

 Develop their hands movement.

Variation
You may try different doors with different knobs.

Handouts/Attachment
pening and closing drawers
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 A chest of drawers.
Preparation
This can be a collective presentation.

Presentation

1. The Directress invites all the children to sit on a chair, listen and watch carefully.

2. The Directress shows how to open a drawer.


Stand facing the drawer.
1. Place left hand against the chest for stability, put the right hand on the knob and pull the drawer,
sliding out slowly and steadily.

2. Do not pull too far out or else the whole drawer will come off the chest.

3. The Directress shows how to close a drawer.


Place both hands, fingers flat against the opened drawer, push gently, and sliding it back into place.

Control Of Error
Directress directed exercise.
Drawers will not open or shut properly if they are not done correctly.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach children how to open and close drawers.

Indirect aims:

 Teaches coordination of the eyes and hands.

 Teaches the children independence and safety.

 Develop their hands movement.

Variation
You may try different drawers with different knobs.
There are some drawers without a knob. When opening, place fingers of both hands underneath the
drawer. Slot the fingers in and normally, there should be something or just a gap to hold on to. Just pull
the drawer out.

Handouts/Attachment
Opening and closing locks and keys
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6
Materials

 Selection of 4 different sizes of locks and keys.

 Felt cloth.
Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table, lay the felt cloth on
the table and takes out all the locks and keys, one at a time.

2. Remove the key from the lock and place the key in front of the lock in a row on the cloth.

3. Starting from left to right, the Directress takes the key with the right hand and the lock with the
left hand.

4. Insert the key into the keyhole of the lock and turn the key anti-clockwise completely till the latch
opened.

5. Turn the latch completely to the side and place it down on the felt cloth.

6. Leave the key inside the lock.

7. Directress repeats for the rest of the locks.

8. When finished opening all the locks, then we start closing the locks, starting from left to right
again.

9. Turn the latch and put it into the lock, push it in till you hear a click.

10. Take out the key and place the lock on the felt cloth with the key in front of it.

11. Allow the child to try the last one.

Control Of Error
Locks will not open if wrong key is chosen. Keys will not fit into locks if wrong ones are chosen.

Points Of Interest
Remember to open and close the locks and keys slowly, pausing at every moment.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to open and close locks and keys.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.


 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation
Have different locks. Locks with number combinations and different types of keys.
Mix up the key after closing and let the child find the correct key to open it.

Handouts/Attachment
Opening and closing nuts and bolts
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Selection of 4 different sizes of nuts and bolts.

 Felt cloth.
Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table, lay the felt cloth on
the table and takes out all the nuts and bolts, one at a time, placing them in a row on the cloth.

2. She then shows the child how to work with the nuts and bolts.

3. Starting from left to right, the Directress holds the nut and bolt with the left hand.

4. Bring the nut and bolt very near and right in front of the child, slowly unscrew the bolt anti-
clockwise with the right hand almost to the end.

5. Place the almost completely unscrewed nut and bolt on the felt cloth.

6. Continue doing the same for the others.


7. When finished with all the nuts and bolts, then we start screwing them back, turning the bolt
clockwise this time, starting from left to right again.

Control Of Error
Bolts and nuts will not match if the wrong pair is chosen.

Points Of Interest
Open and close the nuts and bolts slowly, pausing at every moment.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to open and close nuts and bolts.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

 To develop discrimination of size

Variation

Handouts/Attachment
Painting
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 An apron.

 An easel.

 Paper.
 Paints.

 Brush.

 Water pot.

 Sponge.

 2 baskets.
Preparation
This presentation can be carried out before an art and craft session, which involves painting.
Prepare an "unfinished" and "finished" basket for the children to place their work in the respective basket.
For the finished work, the Directress can compiled them together and return it to the child at the end of
the week or the Directress can pin it up on the board.

This can be a collective presentation.

Presentation
The Directress invites all the children to sit on a chair, listen and watch carefully. The Directress
shows what the children should do when they want to paint (if easel is available);

1. Put on an apron to protect their clothing from being dirty.

2. Get a piece of paper.

3. Write name and date on the piece of paper. (For the young ones, they may get the older children
or Directress to help them write).

4. Clip the paper onto easel.

5. There will be some paint pot ready with paint and a brush in it (Remind the children to use one
brush for each paint pot).

6. Show them how to hold the brush (Like holding a pencil).

7. Start painting.

8. When finished, hang the painting on drying line to dry.

9. Come back to the classroom and clean the easel.

10. Use wet sponge to wipe the easel clean.

11. If easel is not available, they may work on table or floor area.

12. Lay plastic mat or newspaper on the surface of the working area.

Control Of Error
Directress-directed exercise.

Points Of Interest
Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the children the work sequence of painting and drawing.

Indirect aims:

 Teaches the children independence.

 Develop order, concentration and coordination.

Variation

Handouts/Attachment

Painting and drawing


Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 An apron.

 An easel.

 Paper to paint on.

 Paints.

 Brush

 Wwater pot.

 Sponge.
Preparation
This can be a Collective presentation.

Presentation
The Directress invites all the children to sit on a chair, listen and watch carefully. The Directress
shows what the children should do when they want to paint (if easel is available):

1. Put on an apron to protect their clothing from getting dirty.

2. Get a piece of paper. Write name and date on the piece of paper. (For the young ones, they may
get the older children or Directress to help them write).

3. Clip the paper onto easel.


4. There will be some paint pot ready with paint and a brush in it. (Note: Remind the children to use
one brush for each paint pot). Show them how to hold the brush (like holding a pencil).

5. Start painting.

6. When finished, hang the painting on drying line to dry.

7. Come back to the classroom and clean the easel. Use wet sponge to wipe the easel clean.
If easel is not available, they may work on table or floor. Lay plastic mat or newspaper on the surface of
the working area.

Control Of Error
Directress directed exercise.

Points Of Interest
Prepare an 'unfinished' and 'finished' basket for the children to place their work in the respective basket.
for the finished work, The Directress can compiled them together and return it to the child at the end of
the week or the Directress can pin it up on the board.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child the work sequence of painting and drawing.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

Variation

Handouts/Attachment
Penny Pinching Exercise
Contents
[hide]

 1<videoflash>cBoGspJ0FoE&NR</videoflash>

 2Age

 3Materials

 4Preparation

 5Presentation

 6Control Of Error

 7Points Of Interest

 8Purpose

 9Variation

 10Links

 11Handouts/Attachments
<videoflash>cBoGspJ0FoE&NR</videoflash>
Age
3-6.

Materials
 Tray to carry materials.

 2 small trays.

 Pennies.
Preparation

Presentation

1. Directress shows the children the "pencil grasp" and picks up one penny at a time.

2. Transfer from one bowl to another.

3. Make sure you show the pencil grasp every time.

4. After transfering 5 pennies invite the child to try it.

5. Transfer the pennies back to the original tray.


Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To strenghten the pencil grasp to learn to hold the pencil properly.


Variation

Links

Penny Pinching Exercise


Contents
[hide]

 1<videoflash>cBoGspJ0FoE&NR</videoflash>

 2Age

 3Materials

 4Preparation

 5Presentation

 6Control Of Error

 7Points Of Interest
 8Purpose

 9Variation

 10Links

 11Handouts/Attachments
<videoflash>cBoGspJ0FoE&NR</videoflash>
Age
3-6.

Materials

 Tray to carry materials.

 2 small trays.

 Pennies.
Preparation

Presentation

1. Directress shows the children the "pencil grasp" and picks up one penny at a time.

2. Transfer from one bowl to another.

3. Make sure you show the pencil grasp every time.

4. After transfering 5 pennies invite the child to try it.

5. Transfer the pennies back to the original tray.


Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To strenghten the pencil grasp to learn to hold the pencil properly.


Variation

Links

Planting seeds
Contents
[hide]
 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Seeds.

 Soil.

 Waterig can.
Preparation
This can be done as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress gathers the children together in a group, out in the garden. She shows the children
how to plant seeds.

2. Prepare a patch of the garden for planting purpose.

3. To plant the seeds, place the seeds into the soil.

4. Do not push too deep inside.

5. Allocate each group of children to a patch for them to do planting or provide crates for them to
germinate the seeds and later transferred to the patch.

6. Show the children how to water the plants and encourage the children to water them everyday.

7. The children can be encouraged to plant vegetable, fruits.

8. Plants that are easy to plant and grow are long beans, carrots, corn, tomatoes and chilies.

9. Herbs like mint, basil, curry leaves and pandan are also easy to plant and grow.
10. Furthermore, you may incorporate sensorial in these fragrance herbs.

11. Vegetables and fruits that are planted can be pluck by the children later on.

12. The vegetable can be cooked for lunch and the fruits can be cut and eaten or fruit salad can be
prepared.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

Variation
Playdough Exercise
<videoflash>r23wayjV_9w&NR</videoflash>
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6

Materials

 Playdough.

 Small container to store the playdough.

 Hammer (plastic or wood).


 Place mat.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Introduce this activity at the shelf.

2. Carry the tray to a table.

3. Open the container of playough and set the top under the container.

4. Set the palydough on the placemat.

5. Pound the playdough with your handa few times.

6. Allow the child to try.

7. Show the child how he can use the hammer to pound the playdough.

8. Allow the child to try.

9. Put the work back on the shelf.


Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 Teach the student to control hand in a small area as well as with a small utensil.
Variation
Also can use be used with golf tees to allow the child to pound the golf tees into the playdough.

Links

Handouts/Attachments
Polishing
<videoflash>JESGRQsb_5U&NR</videoflash>
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation
 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. A shoe

2. Shoe polish

3. Shoe brush

4. Felt cloth

5. Newspaper

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress lay out the piece of newspaper on the table, takes the materials out from the tray and
lay it in a row on the newspaper starting from the left to right in the following order - shoe, shoe
polish, brush and the felt cloth.

2. Directress takes the brush, dab lightly into the shoe polish with the right hand.

3. Insert the left hand into the shoe, hold it up and then starts polishing the shoe by using the brush
to apply the polish on it using a brushing movement.

4. When completed, use the felt cloth to shine it by wiping the shoe.

Control Of Error
Visual. Shine and marks of the shoes.

Points Of Interest
The reason why we polish shoes is to protect the shoes.May introduce the child on other methods to
protect shoes. Explain the usage of a shoetree, shoe spray for protection, prevention of fungus as well as
airing the shoes.

Purpose
Direct aims:
 To teach a child how to polish shoes.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To develop the child's self esteem.

Variation

1. May use different types of shoe polish and shoes of different material, for e.g. School shoes with
school whitening solution, felt cloth shoes with a brush and shoe shampoo.

2. Get the children to clean their own shoes.


Pouring rice (from one identical jug to another)
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. Two identical small jugs.

2. Rice.

3. A tray.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to pour.

2. Directress shows the child how to hold the handle of the jug by grasping the handle between the
thumb and the index finger.

3. Start by pouring from left to right.

4. Tilt the jug.


5. Support the jug by placing the index and middle fingers of the other hand just below the spout of
the jug.

6. Make sure that the tip of the spout is not touching the other jug, which is placed on the tray.

7. Pour the rice into the other jug slowly.

8. Repeat the exercise by pouring the rice back.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual and audible.

Points Of Interest
If the rice is spilled on the tray, Directress shows the child how to pick them up and return them to the
jug.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to pour.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

Variation

Handouts/Attachment
Pouring water from a jug into two equal containers
<videoflash>TFIrMo_cSwU</videoflash>
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials
1. One large jug.

2. Two identical small jugs (approximately half the size of the large jug).

3. Sponge.

4. A tray.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to pour.

2. Directress shows the child how to hold the handle of the jug by grasping the handle between the
thumb and the index finger.

3. Tilt the jug.

4. Support the jug by placing the index and middle fingers of the other hand just below the spout of
the jug.

5. Make sure that the tip of the spout is not touching the smaller jug placed on the tray.

6. Pour about half of the water into the first smaller jug and then the remainder into the other
second smaller jug.

7. Then poured back the water from the smaller jugs back into the large jug, starting from the first
jug that was poured into first.

8. When Directress has finished demonstrating, allow the child to try it.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual. The sponge is used to wipe.

Points Of Interest
Align two small jugs in a row so that the level of the water may be viewed easily.
If water is spilled, show the child how to dry it up using the sponge.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To refine the child's skill of pouring.

 To teach the child to estimate quantity.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.


 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

Variation

 Use food coloring to color the water to make it attractive.

 May use different shapes and sizes of containers to replace the small jugs to increase the
difficulty of estimating.

Handouts/Attachment

Pouring water from a jug into two or more different


containers
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. One large jug,

2. Two or more different containers.

3. Sponge.

4. A tray.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to pour.

2. Directress shows the child how to hold the handle of the jug by grasping the handle between the
thumb and the index finger.

3. Tilt the jug.

4. Support the jug by placing the index and middle fingers of the other hand just below the spout of
the jug.

5. Make sure that the tip of the spout is not touching the smaller jug placed on the tray.

6. Pour about half (if using two containers or 1/3, if using three containers, etc) of the water into the
first smaller jug and then the remainder into the other second smaller jug.
7. Then poured back the water from the smaller jugs back into the large jug, starting from the first
jug that was poured into first.

8. When exercise is completed, Directress shows the child how to take and place the materials
back to the shelf.

9. Explain to the child that he needs to return the materials back to its place so that others can
work on it.

10. He may work on the materials anytime he wishes to, on his own.

11. When Directress has finished demonstrating, allow the child to try it.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual. The sponge is used to wipe.

Points Of Interest
Align two small jugs in a row so that the level of the water may be viewed easily.
If water is spilled, show the child how to dry it up using the sponge.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To refine the child's skill of pouring.

 To teach the child to estimate quantity.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

Variation

 Use food coloring to color the water to make it attractive.

 May use different shapes and sizes of containers to replace the small jugs to increase the
difficulty of estimating.

Handouts/Attachment
Pouring water through a funnel
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. A jug.

2. A slim neck container.

3. A funnel.
4. A sponge.

5. A tray.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table, introduces the
funnel.

2. She shows the child how to pour using the funnel.

3. Directress places the funnel into the slim neck container.

4. Directress shows the child how to hold the handle of the jug by graping the handle between the
thumb and index finger.

5. Tilt the jug.

6. Support the jug by placing the index and middle fingers of the other hand just below the spout of
the jug.

7. Make sure that the tip of the spout is not touching the funnel.

8. Pour the water into the container through the funnel slowly.

9. When finished pouring, place the jug down on the tray.

10. Take the funnel out from the slim neck container and dab the slim neck on the funnel with the
sponge to dry it.

11. Then, pour the water from the slim neck container back into the jug.

12. When Directress has finished demonstrating, allow the child to try it.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual.
If water is spilled, Directress shows the child how to dry it up using the sponge.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to pour.

Indirect aims:
 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

Variation

 Use food coloring to color the water to make it attractive.

 May use different shapes and sizes of slim neck containers to increase the difficulty of pouring.

Handouts/Attachment

Pouring water through a funnel into graded (marked)


containers
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. A jug.

2. Two slim neck containers (marked).

3. A funnel.

4. A sponge.

5. A tray.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table, introduces the
funnel.

2. She shows the child how to pour using the funnel.

3. Directress places the funnel into the slim neck container.

4. Directress shows the child how to hold the handle of the jug by graping the handle between the
thumb and index finger.

5. Tilt the jug.


6. Support the jug by placing the index and middle fingers of the other hand just below the spout of
the jug.

7. Make sure that the tip of the spout is not touching the funnel.

8. Pour the water into the container through the funnel slowly till water reaches the marked line of
the container.

9. When done, pour water into the second slim container till the water reach the marked line of the
second container.

10. When finished pouring, place the jug down on the tray.

11. Take the funnel out from the slim neck container and dab the slim neck on the funnel with the
sponge to dry it.

12. Then, pour the water from the first slim neck container that was first poured into, back into the
jug.

13. Repeat for the other second container.

14. Allow the child to try it.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual.
Marking on the slim neck container.
If water is spilled, Directress shows the child how to dry it up using the sponge.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to pour.

 To teach the child to estimate quantity.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

Variation
 Use food coloring to color the water to make it attractive.

 May use different shapes and sizes of slim neck containers to increase the difficulty of pouring.

Handouts/Attachment

Rolling A Mat / Rolling A Napkin


<videoflash>4MmTbc5Gn1Q</videoflash>

Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation
 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6

Materials

 Mat or napkin.
Preparation
This is a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Bring a mat from the mat basket, carrying it vertically.

2. Place the mat on the floor, unrolling it toward you slowly and carefully.

3. After the mat is fully unrolled, explain that you are going to demonstrate how to roll it back up.

4. Insert your thumb under the mat, about 1/3in away from each side.

5. Hold the edge by placing your fingers over the mat.

6. Repeat with the alternate hand.

7. Make a fold by rolling your hands forward.

8. Repeat, emphasizing each fold, continuing to look at both ends for an even roll.

9. Tap the ends in when necessary.

10. Continue rolling until the mat is fully rolled and the top edge is facing you.

11. Invite a child to repeat the activity, and return the mat to the mat basket.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To teach the child to roll a mat/napkin.


Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials
 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6 years old.

Materials

 2 small bowls.

 1 scoop.

 1 tray.
Preparation

Presentation

Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

1. Teaching the child control of using a scoop.


Variation

Links

Handouts/Attachments
Serving and sharing food
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

Preparation
This is a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Discuss about what to do during snack or mealtime.

2. Some schools provide each child with a tray and they will go to the Directress and the Directress
will serve them.

3. Some will have already prepared the food on trays, all ready on the table, one per child.

4. Some schools encouraged children to help serve the food.

5. Hence, the older ones helped served and the younger ones will have to be seated, place their
hands on their lap and wait to be served.

6. Remind them to say 'Thank you' when they are served.

7. This is a good opportunity to reinforce hand washing before touching food.


Control Of Error
Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To develop the child's self esteem and good manners.


Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's language.

 To develop the child's independence.

Serving and sharing food


Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

Preparation
This is a group presentation.

Presentation
1. Discuss about what to do during snack or mealtime.

2. Some schools provide each child with a tray and they will go to the Directress and the Directress
will serve them.

3. Some will have already prepared the food on trays, all ready on the table, one per child.

4. Some schools encouraged children to help serve the food.

5. Hence, the older ones helped served and the younger ones will have to be seated, place their
hands on their lap and wait to be served.

6. Remind them to say 'Thank you' when they are served.

7. This is a good opportunity to reinforce hand washing before touching food.


Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To develop the child's self esteem and good manners.


Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's language.

 To develop the child's independence.

Sharpening pencils
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation
 9Handouts/Attachment
Age

Materials

 Pencil sharpener.

 Pencils.
Preparation
This can be done as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. The Directress shows how to sharpen the pencil by taking one pencil, insert it into the sharpener
and turn the pencil.

2. Show the children how much to sharpen and throw the left over from the sharpening into the
dust bin.

3. Tell them the danger of sharpening the pencil too sharp.

4. It is dangerous and also breaks easily.

5. Encourage the children to keep the pencil colors, which are normally placed in containers in the
classroom, sharpened at all times.
Control Of Error

Silence game: Whispering names; whispering


directions; Opening a door silently
<videoflash>0fSnae6S-iM&NR</videoflash>
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials
Preparation
To play the Silence Game, the children must first understand what is silence.
Maria Montessori first introduces silence by bringing a baby into the classroom and show the children
how still the baby lies and does not make a sound. When Maria Montessori brings the children's attention
to the baby stillness and quietness, a great silence fell upon the room and the children themselves tried
to keep themselves quieter.

The Silence Game must never be played in order to get peace in a noisy classroom. It is not
possible to play it with new classes that are disorderly. Before a child can play the Silence Game, he
must have the ability to keep still. The Directress must know the child well, and the children trust and
obey her.

Presentation
To calm the children before playing the Silence Game - Get the children to sit on chairs and get them to
start singing from a fast tune and end with a soft, slow song till almost silence is achieved. Ask them to
close their eyes and invite them to listen to the sound of the environment. Say out what you hear, 'I can
hear the fan blowing', 'I can hear the ticking sound of the clock'. Get the children to say out what they
hear. Ask the children to stay really quiet. The Directress may say that she can hear feet moving, or
heavy breathing. The children will soon understand that to get silence, one must be quiet still.
When silence is achieved, the Directress says, 'we are going to play Whispering names. If you hear me
calling your name, come to me'. The Directress stands behind the children in a corner of the room where
the children cannot see her. She called out the children's names very softly at the end of the silence. She
calls them one by one and the children must come quietly or they will break the silence. It is important to
call every child, starting from the quieter ones first. If a child does not hear his name, the Directress must
call some of the other children, then call his name again. The children need to listen very carefully.

As soon as the children understand the exercise, a card on which is written the word "Silence" is hung
face to the wall in the classroom. The children can turn it around when they want to place the Silence
Game.
"Whispering Directions" - When silence is achieved, the Directress whispers a gentle order to the
children, 'Stand up, walk about for a minute on tip-toe, and then return to your seats in silence'.

"Opening a door silently' - May incorporate this part in the first exercise. The Directress stands outside
the door, whispers the children's name from a small window. When the child heard his name being
called, he will rise up and go to the door and tries to open the door silently in order to go out to the
Directress.

Control Of Error

Points Of Interest
Silence is a type of controlled movement. It is not the quasi-silence obtained by sitting still and saying
nothing but a perfection that is attained only gradually. It consists in not uttering a single sound, in not
causing the slightest noise, such as is made by a movement of the feet or stroke of the hand or heavy
breathing. Absolute silence resembles complete immobility.
Attempts to obtain silence normally interest the children. They are pleased with its quest and with
knowing the means to obtain it.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To develop the child's auditory sense.

 To become aware of the sounds in the environment.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's self control.

 To introduce the feeling of unity amongst participants.

 To develop spiritual awareness.

Variation
Silver Polishing
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Tray.

 Felt cloth mat.

 Silver objects.

 Silver cleaner (for polishing silver).

 Cotton balls in a bowl for putting on cleaner.

 Felt Cloth for polishing.


Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress takes out the felt cloth mat from the tray and places it in front of the child, followed by
the silver objects, the silver cleaner, the bowl of cotton balls and the polishing felt cloth and
places them in a line along the top of the mat. This serves to encourage order.
2. The Directress takes one cotton ball and dab it with the silver cleaner and cleans the silver
object in a circular motion.

3. Throw the dirty cotton ball into the dust bin.

4. Subsequently, she uses the felt cloth to polish the silver by rubbing it in a circular motion.

Control Of Error
Visual - Marks left on the silver object.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach a child how to clean silver objects.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To develop the child's self esteem.

Variation
The exercise can also be carried out for polishing of wood, mirrors and brass materials.
The only difference is the type of cleaner used.

When a child has mastered a particular skill, he may then be encouraged to polish the silver bells, school
bell, etc.

Handouts/Attachment
Snapping frame

Contents
[hide]

 1Age
 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Two flaps of cloth with five press-studs and five corresponding press-stud buttons, on a wooden
frame.
Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to undo the press-studs.

2. Starting from the top, she places the left hand's thumb near the studs.

3. Use the right hand to pull the flap up by holding near the stud's edge with the right hand's thumb
and index finger to snap it apart.

4. Repeat for the rest of the studs.

5. When she has undone all the studs, the Directress folds back the two flaps so as to clearly
demonstrate to the child that the function of the studs is to hold two pieces of cloth together.

6. The Directress then brings the flaps back together again, starting from the top, shows the child
how to do up the press-studs.

7. Place the left hand on the left side of the flap with the index finger near the stud button.

8. Use the right hand with the thumb and index finger holding on to the edges of the press-stud.

9. Snap the stud into the stud button with the index finger right on top of the studs.

10. Repeat for all the rest of the press-studs.

Control Of Error
There is one press-stud button opposite each press-stud.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach a child how to do and undo press studs.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

Sorting Cutlery
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials
 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6.

Materials

 A large tray.

 A cutlery tray

 A basket with a set of cutlery: knives, forks, tablespoons and spoons.

 A vegetable peeler.

 An ice cream scoop.


Preparation
This can be an individual or a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Ask the child to carefully carry the tray from the shelf to the table.

2. Remove each item individually from the basket and place them in the correct compartment of
the cutlery tray.

3. Once the basket is empty, take all of the cutlery and utensils out of the cutlery tray and put them
back in the basket.

4. Place the basket and cutlery back onto the large tray.

5. Invite the child to repeat the activity and return it to its proper place on the shelf when she is
finished.
Speaking to a group
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

Preparation
This is a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Tell the child about how you spend your weekend.

2. Then, encourage them to take turns telling others what they did, where they went during the
weekend.

3. This is a form of public speaking.

4. Besides that, the Directress may also get the children to be involved in a drama or making a
speech.
5. Getting the children to speak out aloud and in front of everybody else builds their self esteem
and confidence.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To develop the child's public speaking skills.


Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's language.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To develop the child's self esteem and confidence.

Special occasions
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials
Preparation
This is a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Discuss about the various special occasions, for e.g. birthday parties, having a concert, during
speech time, sports day, etc.

2. For birthday parties, explain to the child who is the birthday boy/girl. Who are the presents and
cake meant for? Who should blow the candles?

3. For concerts, speech time, etc, explain to the children about keeping quiet and be on their best
behavior.

4. You may even go on to telling them what is acceptable behavior when they go on shopping trips
with their parents.

Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To develop the child's self esteem and good manners.


Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's language.

 To develop the child's independence.

Sponge Squeezing
<videoflash>E2g9IXEGoWA&NR</videoflash>
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error
 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6 years old.

Materials

 A bowl.

 A tray.

 Several sponges, different colors.

 Water.
Preparation

1. Fill the bowl with water.

2. Set the sponges in the water, let them soak fo a little bit before presenting the exercise.
Presentation

Sweeping
<videoflash>orr8C8cMSLQ&NR</videoflash>
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Broom.

 Dustpan and brush


Preparation
This can be carried out as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress introduces the broom to the children and explains that the broom is meant for
sweeping the floor.

2. Directress introduces the brush and dustpan and explain that they are meant for sweeping dirt of
the tabletop.

3. First, the Directress demonstrates how to use the broom.

4. She draws a circle on the floor and place scraps of paper in the circle.

5. Directress shows how to sweep from outer to inner till the scraps of paper are piled up in a heap
in the center of the circle.

6. Then the Directress shows how to scoop the scraps into the dustpan.

7. Place scraps of paper on the table. place the dustpan against the edge of the table and use the
brush to sweep the scraps of paper off the table into the dustpan.

8. Allow the children to take turns trying it.


9. When exercise is completed, Directress shows the children where to place the broom, dustpan
and brush.

10. Explain to the children that they could always make use of them, whenever necessary.

Control Of Error
Visual - A circle drawn on the floor.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach a child how to use the broom, dustpan and brush.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To develop the child's self-esteem.


able manners and use of eating utensils
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

Preparation
This is a group presentation.

Presentation
Discuss about what is good table manners.
1. Wait to be served. Place their hands on their lap while they are waiting.

2. When served, say 'Thank you'.

3. Do not talk with their mouth full.

4. When they want more, say 'Some more please' then 'Thank you'.

5. Do not play with the eating utensils.

6. Discuss about what eating utensils are for.

7. Explain to them what are place mats for and how to clean them.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To develop the child's self esteem and good manners.


Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's language.

 To develop the child's independence.

Table Scrubbing
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose
 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Scrubs for scrubbing tables (short and small, either plastic or make of coconut husk).

 Detergent.

 Cloth.

 A pail.
Preparation
This is a group presentation.
Gather the children in a group around the washing area (preferably outdoor near a drain).

Presentation
Get the children to put an apron and they may go barefooted.

Directress shows the children how to scrub the table:

1. Wet the table with water.

2. Put a few drop of detergent on the table.

3. Scrub the table with the brush in a circular motion.

4. Finally, take a cloth and wipe and squeeze the water into a pail.

5. Repeat this until the table is clean and dry.

6. Remember to throw the dirty water away into the drain.

Table Setting
Contents
[hide]
 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6.

Materials

 A large tray.

 A placemat.

 A small plate.

 A set of cutlery: fork, knife and spoon.

 A drinking glass.

 A napkin.
Preparation
Individual or group presentation.

Presentation

1. Introduce the activity on the shelf.

2. Show the child how to carry the tray to the table.

3. Explain to the child that you are going to set the table for one person.

4. Remove the placemat from the tray and unroll it onto the table.

5. Place the plate on the placemat. Make sure it is on the center.

6. Place the fork on the left side of the plate.


7. Place the napkin on the left side of the fork.

8. Place the knife on the right side of the plate.

9. Place the spoon to the right of the knife.

10. Place the drinking glass above the knife.

11. Invite the child to replace the items onto the tray and repeat the activity.

12. Remind the child to return everything to the shelf when she is finished.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To teach a child the proper way to set a table.


Threading beads on a shoelace
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Beads of different colors in a bowl. Begin exercise with large beads to medium and then small
beads.

 Shoe laces in a small plate.


Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress ties a knot at the end of the shoelace.

2. Then, the Directress shows the child how to take the shoelace in the right hand and a bead in
the left hand.

3. Hold the unknotted end of the shoelace with the left hand and move the bead with the right hand
till the beads reach the end of the shoelace, ensuring the threaded beads stay on the table.

4. Continue threading the rest of the beads.


5. When finished, show the child how to remove the beads.

6. Make sure the threaded beads stay on the table.

7. Use the left hand to hold the bead to be removed and slide it out of the shoe lace, while the right
hand hold the shoelace in between the bead removed and the rest of the beads.

8. Place the beads into the bowl.

9. Allow the child to take over ass soon as he wishes.

Control Of Error
The color of the beads.

Points Of Interest
When child is familiar with threading, then we may do some counting activity with the child. Count as you
thread. Make some pattern as you thread, playing with the colors, for e.g. alternating red and yellow
beads. Say the names of the color of the beads as you thread.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To develop a sense of pattern.

 To prepare for counting.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's fine motor patter.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

Tracing
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation
 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age

Materials

 Tracing paper.

 Pictures.

 Paper clips.

 Pencil.
Preparation
This can be done as a group presentation or as an art and craft session.

Presentation

1. The Directress shows the children how to do tracing.

2. The Directress places a tracing paper on top of a picture that she wants to trace.

3. Place paper clips to hold the pieces of paper together.

4. Take a pencil and trace the picture.

5. Tracing improves coordination and helps the children in figure recognition


Transfering water with a pipette
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. Two identical bowls, one half filled with water.

2. A pipette.

3. A sponge.
Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray and shows the child how to use a
turkey baster.

2. Directress shows the child how to hold the pipette by grasping the rubber top with the thumb and
index finger, press both the fingers together, holding it and placing it into the bowl till the glass
tip touches the bottom of the bowl.

3. Release gently and you will find water being soaked up the pipette.

4. Then transfer it to the other bowl by placing it just over the bowl, and gently press the rubber top
to let the water come out into the bowl.

5. Repeat the exercise by transferring all the water from left to right-hand and then back from right
to left-hand side of the bowl.
Control Of Error
Spillage - visual.
If water is spilled, Directress shows the child how to mop it using the sponge.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to use the pipette.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.


Transfering water with a sponge
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. Two identical bowls, one half filled with water.

2. Sponge.

3. Tray.
Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to use the sponge.

2. Start transferring from left to right.

3. Directress shows the child how to soak up the water from the left bowl.

4. Place the sponge into the bowl, squeeze and slowly let go the sponge to soak up the water.

5. Then, take the sponge and hold it over the right-hand bowl, gently squeeze the sponge to let the
water drip back into the bowl.

6. If any water is spilled, the sponge is used to mop it.

7. Repeat step two till water is completely transferred to the right bowl.

8. When completed, transfer the water back to the left bowl.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual. The sponge is used to mop up spills.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to use the sponge.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.


Transfering water with a turkey baster
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation
 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. Two identical bowls, one half filled with water.

2. A turkey baster.

3. A sponge.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray and shows the child how to use a
turkey baster.

2. Directress shows the child how to hold the turkey baster by grasping the tube at the top with
whole hand, squeeze, and place it into the bowl till the end touches the bottom of the bowl.

3. Release gently and you will find water being soaked up the tube.

4. Then transfer it to the other bowl by placing it just over the bowl, and gently squeeze the top to
let the water come out into the bowl.

5. Repeat the exercise by transferring all the water from left to right-hand side of the bowl and then
back from right to left-hand side of the bowl.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual.
If water is spilled, Directress shows the child how to mop it using the sponge.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:
 To teach the child how to use the turkey baster.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation
Transferring and sorting objects with tongs
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. One large plate with colored pebbles.

2. 3 similar plates.

3. A tong.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to use th tongs.
2. Place the top of the tongs at the palm of the hand, holding the two flexible ends in between the
thumb and the index finger.

3. Press the two fingers together, bringing the two ends together till it touches at the tip and then
releasing it.

4. Directress sorts the pebbles by color.

5. Start by placing one of each color in one plate so that the child could see what we are trying to
do.

6. Directress may allow the child to continue sorting the rest of the pebbles.

7. When all the pebbles had been sorted, pour back all the pebbles into the larger plate.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual and audible.

Points Of Interest
Remember to transfer objects gracefully and quietly.
If there is a spillage, Directress shows the child how to pick up the pebbles and place them back into the
plate

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to sort objects.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation
Vary the level of difficulty by using from smaller to larger tongs and changing the objects to be sorted. We
may also sort by shapes, sizes, colors, etc.
Transferring and sorting objects with tweezers
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. One large plate with colored pebbles.

2. 3 similar smaller plates.

3. A tweezers.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to use the tweezers.

2. Place the top of the tweezers at the palm of the hand, holding the two flexible ends in between
the thumb and the index finger.

3. Press the two fingers together, bringing the two ends together till it touches at the tip and then
releasing it.

4. Directress sorts the pebbles by colors.

5. Start by placing one of each color in one plate so that the child could see what we are trying to
do.

6. Directress may allow the child to continue sorting the rest of the pebbles.

7. When pebbles had been sorted, pour back all the pebbles into the larger plate.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual and audible.

Points Of Interest
Remember to transfer objects gracefully and quietly.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to sort objects.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.


 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation
Vary the level of difficulty by changing the objects to be sorted. We may also sort by shapes, sizes,
colors, etc.

Handouts/Attachment
Transferring corn with a spoon
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. Two identical bowls.

2. Corn.

3. A spoon.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to use a spoon.

2. Directress shows the child how to hold the handle of the spoon by grasping the handle between
the thumb and index finger.

3. Start by transferring from left to right.

4. Scoop the corn with the spoon. (May tilt to easy scooping at end).

5. Transfer it to the other bowl till corn is finished.

6. Repeat the exercise by transferring the corn back to the original bowl.
Control Of Error
Spillage - visual and audible.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to use the spoon.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation

1. Have different sizes of material to be transferred to cater for children's capability, e.g. from
bigger sizes to smaller ones, kidney beans, Soya beans, barley, rice, etc.

2. Have different sizes and types of bowls and spoons.

Handouts/Attachment
Transferring glue with a paste applicator
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

1. A piece of paper.

2. Small colored papers cut into various shapes.

3. A bottle of gum with the paste applicator.


4. A wet towel.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress takes a piece of paper, writes down the child's name and date on the piece of paper,
reading aloud what she is writing.

2. Directress introduces the gum, ' This is a gum tub' and 'This is the gum stick'.

3. Directress takes the gum stick, shows the child how much glue to take and then apply it on the
piece of shaped paper.

4. Smoothen the gum on the back of the shaped paper until is covered with gum.

5. Then paste the shaped paper onto the piece of paper.

6. Smoothen it.

7. Allow the child to try.

8. When the exercise is completed, let the piece of work dry in the drying area.

9. Show the child how to clean the gum stick by wiping it with the wet towel, close the gum tub and
place the applicator in its place.

10. When exercise is completed, Directress shows the child how to take and place the materials
back to the shelf.

11. Explain to the child that he needs to return the materials back to its place so that others can
work on it.

12. He may work on the materials anytime he wishes to, on his own.

13. Remind the child to write their name of their piece of work and if they need help, they may come
to you.

14. Finally, remind them to wash their hands in the bathroom.

Control Of Error
Visual. Directress guided.

Points Of Interest

1. Always remind the children to write their name and date on the piece of paper they are working
on. They may ask the Directress or older children to help.

2. Have the shaped papers prepared ready on the tray all the time.
Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to use the paste applicator.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation

Handouts/Attachment

Use of a hole punch


Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Hole punch.

 Paper.
Preparation
This can be done as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. The Directress shows the children how to use the hole punch.

2. The Directress first shows the children how to punch holes in the right place.

3. Fold a piece of paper into two, mark the middle line.

4. Place the piece of paper into the hole punch slots, match the middle line pointer on the hold
punch.

5. Push the paper into the slots completely.

6. Press the hole punch.

7. Then show the children how to insert insert the piece of paper into two ring files or their home
made folder with paper fasteners on it.

Control Of Error
Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To show the children how to use the hole punch.

 To teach children independence.


Variation

Handouts/Attachment
Use of a ruler
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Ruler.

 Pencil.

 Paper.
Preparation
This can be done as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. The Directress shows the children how to use a ruler.


2. The Directress shows the children how to draw a straight line with the ruler.

3. She also shows them how to draw geometric shapes with the ruler.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To show children how to use a ruler.


Variation

Handouts/Attachment

Use of a work space - Learning to roll a floor mat


Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials
 A floor mat.
Preparation
This can be a collective presentation.

Presentation
The Directress invites all the children to sit on a chair, listen and watch carefully. The Directress
shows how to take a floor mat:

1. Take a floor mat from the rack, carry it vertically against the body with both hands around it, one
hand on the upper portion and the other on the bottom portion.

2. Place it down horizontally on a selected working place, and unroll it.


Directress then explains the definition of a working space:
"This is my area" . Never step nor sit on the work mat, walk around it. Directress then invites the children
to walk around the mat, reminding them not to step on the work mat.

How to roll the work mat:


When the child has completed the exercise, they must also roll up the work mat and returned it to its
place. Directress shows how to roll up the work mat:

1. Kneel down at one end of the work mat.

2. Place two hands in the middle part of the work mat, rolling them up slowly.

3. Always check that the ends are rolled up tidily. If not, place one hand at the untidy end and
gently pat, adjust it to a tidy finishing. Continue rolling.

4. As the mat is being rolled up, the mat will get further away from your body. So, tuck your fingers
firmly on the mat and pull it back, nearer to your knees. Continue rolling.

5. When all rolled up, hold it vertically as before and place the mat to its original place on the mat
rack.

Control Of Error
Directress directed exercise.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach children the definition of a workspace.

 To teach children respect and patience.

 To teach the children how to carry, roll and unroll a work mat.

Indirect aims:

 Teaches coordination of th eyes and hands and concentration.


Variation

Handouts/Attachment

Use of books
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation
 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 A book.
Preparation
This can be a collective presentation.

Presentation

1. The Directress invites a small group of children to sit in a circle, listen and watch carefully.

2. The Directress shows them how to flip the pages in a book.


Place the book on the table.

1. Place the left hand in the middle of the book, holding the pages down.

2. Place the right hand, with the fingertips at the top corner of the book and turn the page with the
index finger.

3. Explain to the child the importance of taking care of the physical outlook of the book.

4. Take care of it.

5. Do not fold nor tear the pages.

6. Do not wet it.

7. Always place the book back to its place on the bookshelf.

8. Teach the children to appreciate the books.

9. Tell them it contains knowledge.

10. It is interesting and can show us many things.

11. For the older children, show them how to look at indexes, bibliography and how to study the
contents of the book.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest
Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach children how to handle books.

Indirect aims:

 Teach the children independence and to appreciate books.

Variation

Handouts/Attachment
Use of clothes pegs
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Basket.

 Clothes pegs.
Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress introduces the clothes pegs.

2. Directress shows how the clothes pegs work by opening and closing the clothes pegs by
pressing and releasing the clothes pegs with the thumb and index finger.

3. Directress then takes one cloth peg and clips it into the edge of the basket.

4. Allow the child to try some.

5. Then the Directress shows how to take the clothes peg off the basket and place it back into the
basket.
Control Of Error
Visual.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach a child how to use the clothes pegs.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To develop the child's self esteem.

Variation
For a more purposeful activity, demonstrate the same technique using a real (child-size) clothesline.
Show the child how to lay the wet cloths on the line by first, holding a cloth by the two top corners,
second, move the cloth half-way down and behind the line, then drape the cloth forward so the child can
see how the cloth lays over the line. Last, attach the clothes peg as described previously.
Control of error: Cloth will fall if not place satisfactorily. Cloth will remain wet/damp if not hung on the
line.
Use of elastic bands
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Elastic bands-rubber bands.


 Paper.
Preparation
This can be carried as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. The Directress shows the children how to use elastic bands.

2. The Directress rolls up a piece of paper and place the rubber band around it in a loop.

3. When the children are familiar with using the rubber band, then the Directress may show them
how to make a double loop with the elastic bands.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To teach the children how to use a rubber band.


Use of paper clips
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Paper clips.

 Paper.
Preparation
This can be done as a group presentation.

Presentation

1. The Directress shows the children how to make use of paper clips.

2. The Directress takes up a few pieces of paper, puts them together in a pile.

3. She then places the paper clip at the top corner of the pile of paper, holding them together.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To teach the children how to use a paper clip.


 To teach the children independence.
Variation

Handouts/Attachment

Use of the tables


Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Wash basin with soap.

 A drying towel.

 Non-skid stool for the children to stand on.

 A toilet with toilet seat and toilet paper.


Preparation
This can be a Collective presentation.

Presentation
The Directress invites a small group of children to the vicinity of the toilet, listen and watch carefully. The
Directress then shows how to make use of the toilet.
For boys:

1. Go into the toilet.

2. Lift up the toilet seat.

3. Unzip, take their penis out and aim into the toilet bowl.

4. Wash their penis with water wipe dry with the toilet paper.

5. Put the penis back into their pants and zip up.

6. Put the toilet seat back down.

7. Remember to wash and dry their hands.

For girls:

1. Go into the toilet.

2. Pull panty down.

3. Show the child how to seat on the toilet seat.

4. Urine.

5. Wipe dry with toilet paper.

6. Stand up.

7. Put on panties by pulling it up.

8. For the very young ones, ask them to sit down on floor, hold their panties with two hands and put
their legs through the panty and pull it up.

9. Remember to wash and dry their hands.


Control Of Error
Directress directed exercise.

Points Of Interest

 If the boys and girls are sharing a common toilet. Tell them that if boys are inside the toilet, then
the girls will have to wait for their turn outside and vice-versa.

 If the boys and girls have separate toilets, then show them how to read the signs.

 If they are not tall enough for the toilet, make use of the non-slip stool. Stand on it.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach children how to use the toilet.


Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's independence and hygiene.

Variation

Use of Tongs
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation
 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Two identical plates.

 Pebbles.

 Thongs

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to use the thongs.

2. Place the top of the thongs at the palm of the hand, holding the two flexible ends in between the
thumb and the index finger.

3. Press the two fingers together, bringing the two ends together till it touches at the tip and then
releasing it.

4. Start by transferring the pebbles from left to right.

5. Pick up the pebbles with the thongs by pressing the ends together with the pebble in the middle.

6. Transfer it to the plate by releasing the ends of the thongs, letting the fingers apart.

7. Transfer all the pebbles to the other bowl and then repeat the exercise by transferring them back
to the original plate.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual and audible.

Points Of Interest
Remember to transfer object gracefully and quietly.
If there is spillage, Directress shows the child how to pick up the pebbles and place it back into the plate.

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to use thongs.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's motor skills.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip .

Variation
Vary the level of difficulty by using from smaller to larger tongs and changing the objects to be
transferred.
Use of Tweezers
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Two identical plates;

 Pebbles.

 Tweezers.

Preparation
This is an individual presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table shows the child how
to transfer with tweezers.
2. Place the top of the tweezers handle at the palm of the hand, holding the two flexible ends in
between the thumb and the index finger.

3. Press the two fingers together, bringing the two ends together till it touches at the tip and then
releasing it.

4. Start by transferring the pebbles from left to right.

5. Pick up the pebbles with the tweezers by pressing the ends together with the pebble in the
middle.

6. Transfer it to the other plate by releasing the ends of the tweezers, letting the fingers apart.

7. Transfer all the pebbles to the other plate and then repeat the exercise by transferring them back
to the original plate.

8. When Directress has finished demonstrating, allow the child to try.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual and audible.

Points Of Interest

Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to use the tweezers.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's eye hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To develop the child's need of order.

 To build their muscles for pencil grip.

Variation
Vary the level of difficulty by changing the objects from smaller to larger objects.
Walking on the Line
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6.

Materials
Preparation
Make a shape using electrical tape resembling an ellipse. (There should be one meter clearance on each
side of the tape)

Presentation

1. Show the children how to place their whole foot on the line; heel first and walk slowly along it.

2. Instruct the children to carefully walk on the line.


3. Play a soft background music.

4. For further control of movement place a selection of objects on a table in the center of the ellipse
(flags, beads, a cup, etc).

5. Encourage the children to pick an object and hold it in front of them, keeping it as still as
possible.

6. As their skill develops, allow the children to hold an object in each hand.

7. Increase the difficulty by adding water to the cup, a bell, etc.


Control Of Error
The ellipse.

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To practice fine motor skills.


Variation

 Instead of placing objects in the middle of the ellipse, try inviting children to select objects
themselves from around the room.

 You can use chalk instead of tape. When the children are ready, they can draw the ellipse
themselves each day (it will vacuum up or be worn off during the morning).
Weaving with strips of paper
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Cut paper for weaving.

 Templates.
Preparation
This can be an individual or a group presentation.

Presentation

1. Directress takes the tray of materials from the shelf and brings it to the table.

2. Directress shows the child how to weave.

3. She takes a strip of paper and put it through the prepared paper for weaving by slipping the
paper 'down through' and 'up through' the spaces of the prepared paper to form a paper weave.

Control Of Error
The paper and templates provide guidelines for the child.

Points Of Interest
May present this exercise during art and craft session.

1. The children should be given a prepared set of materials for them to do the similar exercise after
the demonstration.

2. Give a brief introduction of what is the use of weaving, for e.g. to make a basket, ketupat. Show
them samples.

Purpose
Direct aims;

 To introduce the child to sewing.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child's fine motor control.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To prepare the child's skill for later project.

Variation
Laminate the paper weave that the children made and it can be used a s a place mat, coaster, etc.
May use different materials for weaving, for e.g. banana leaves, wool, etc.

Handouts/Attachment
Wet pouring
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest
 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Handouts/Attachment
Age
3-6

Materials

 Two identical small jugs.

 Water.

 A tray.

 A sponge.

Preparation
This is an individual preparation.

Presentation

1. Directress shows the child how to carry the materials on a tray to the table and shows the child
how to pour.

2. Directress shows the child how to hold the handle of the jug by grasping the handle between the
thumb and index finger.

3. Start by pouring from left to right.

4. Tilt the jug.

5. Support the jug by placing the index and middle fingers of the other hand just below the spout of
the jug.

6. Make sure that the tip of the spout is not touching the other jug, which is placed on the tray.

7. Pour the water into the other jug slowly.

8. Take the opportunity to introduce the sponge by dabbing the spout with the sponge to dry up
dripping water or if there is spillage, dry it by using the sponge.

9. Repeat the exercise by pouring the water back.

Control Of Error
Spillage - visual. The sponge is used to wipe.

Points Of Interest
If water is spilled on the tray, Directress shows the child how to dry it up by dabbing the water with the
sponge.
Purpose
Direct aims:

 To teach the child how to pour.

Indirect aims:

 To develop the child eye-hand coordination.

 To develop the child's fine motor skills.

 To develop the child's concentration.

 To develop the child's independence.

 To satisfy the child's need for order.


Wrapping a Present
Contents
[hide]

 1Age

 2Materials

 3Preparation

 4Presentation

 5Control Of Error

 6Points Of Interest

 7Purpose

 8Variation

 9Links

 10Handouts/Attachments
Age
3-6.

Materials

 A basket.

 Scissors.

 Tape.

 Fabric ribbon.

 Small sheets of wrapping paper.

 Tray with a variety of small boxes or small interesting items to be wrapped.


Preparation
Individual or group presentation.

Presentation
1. Introduce the activity.

2. Select an item from the tray to be wrapped.

3. Carry the basket to the table.

4. Take each item out of the basket and place them on the table.

5. Place a piece of wrapping paper on the table and center the item to be wrap on top.

6. Show the child how to measure if the wrapping paper is a suitable size for the item.

7. If required, cut the paper to fit the size of the item.

8. Wrap the item, securing with the tape when needed.

9. Tie the ribbon around the item, centering the bow.

10. Ask the child to replace all the materials into the basket.

11. Invite the child to repeat the activity and return the basket to the shelf when he is finished.
Control Of Error

Points Of Interest

Purpose

 To teach a child to wrap a present independently.


Variation