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COURSE: Commercial Equipment Laboratory 211/E

PARTICIPANTS:

Rommel Smith 212178


Jorge Manon 218490
HaashimMcCorkle 217414
Michael Hudson 213223
Joaquin Velez 217460

EXPERIMENT #9
BEVERAGE COOLER
SUBMITTED ON: 11/01/07

SUBMITTED TO: Mr. ASRAFALI, H

Introduction:

The cabinet refrigerator used in restaurant, supermarket and many places for fresh
food, desserts, salad etc. there are two magnetic gaskets door. Widths of the door are 30 to
85. Also height of the cabinet from 5 5 to 6 5. Size of the refrigerator range from 20 cu/ft to
100 cu/ft. the temperature minimum 35 F and maximum 45 F. also humidity 80%
necessary.
MACHANICAL SEQUENCE OF OPERATION

Unit #4 has the following system components

Interoir Rear:

A. Water distributer tube. A. Suction line thermodisc


B. Evaporator.
B. Harvest rack.
C. Float valve.
D. Water pump intake baffle.
E. Sump overflow tube.
F. Bin control thermobulb.
When the unit turned on, the compressor will start pumping the refrigerant causing a
difference in pressure will cause the refrigerant to boil (change the state from liquid to
vapor) in the evaporator by absorbing heat from the inside of the cabinet (food). The
refrigerant will exit the evaporator as saturated vapor. it will start to superheat and will
reach the compressor as low pressure ,low temperature, superheat vapor. After the
refrigerant pumped in the compressor, it will go the discharge line as high pressure,
high temperature, and superheated vapor. Then the refrigerant will go thorough the
condenser where it will superheat sensible heat, then condense latent heat and last will
sub-cool. Therefore, when it exits the condenser the refrigerant will be high pressure,
high temperature, and sub-cooled liquid. The refrigerant then will go through the filter
drier, which will trap any particles and absorb any moisture it contains, and the
through metering devise which in this case is a capillary tube. After going through
capillary tube, part of liquid refrigerant will turn to vapor because of change of
pressure. At this point the refrigerant is low pressure, low temperature 90% liquid and
10% vapor, is called flash gas. Since the refrigerant entering the evaporator is saturated
liquid, it will start to boil off turning from liquid to vapor. Once the refrigerant leaves
the evaporator, a new cycle will begin.
ELECTRICAL SEQUENCE OF OPERATION

The electrical components are cabinet light, evaporator fan motor, condenser fan motor,
CSIR type compressor, external overload switch; temperature control normally closed two
light switch, two mullion heaters, perimeter heater, and current relay

When the cooling cabinet is turned on, current will flow from the source to the two
mullion heaters and back to the power source through the neutral line. Current will also
flow from the live line to the perimeter heater, to the neutral line and back to the power
source. If cabinet doors are closed, the cabinet light will be off because the current can not
flow throw the light switches that are kept open by the doors. If the cabinet doors are open
then the light will be on because current will flow through the normally closed light
switches to the light bulb and to the neutral line. Current will also flow from the live line to
the evaporator fan motor, to the neutral line.
Another path that current will flow from the live line to the thermostat and then will
split onto two separate paths. Current will go through the condenser fan motor and into the
neutral line, and the second path will go through the overload to the compressor motor
where the current will flow through run winding, drawing LRA, to the current relay
winding to the neutral line. The current relay coil will close the current relay contact
closing the circuit for the current to flow through the start winding of the compressor, to
the relay switch to the start capacitor and neutral line. After the compressor reach 75% of
its capacity, the current relay switch will open and will disconnect the start winding from
the circuit. In this case, if the thermostat opens, then the both the compressor motor and
the condenser fan motor will stop running. And the set point temperature has been
satisfied.

Observation;

It is a cooling cabinet. Its purpose is to keep food products cool and in high humidity all the
time. This cabinet has the temperature range of 35 F to 45 F. The humidity is kept around
80%.

FLA; the current drawn by an electric motor while operating under a full-load
condition.

LRA; the current an electric motor drawn when it is first turned on. This is normally
five times the full load amperage.

Saturation; when liquid and gas exist at the same time, and any change in temperature,
because more molecules to turn from the gas state into liquid state or versa.

Superheat; the temperature of vapor above its saturation change of state temperature.
Sub-cooling; the temperature of liquid when it is cooled below its condensing
temperature.

Compressor data;

Model number; AFT 12CL - 1 AA -901.

Type of compressor motor; hermetic.

Type of compressor motor; CSIR

Voltage ; 115v /60 Hz

Phase ; single phase

Full load amperage; 6A

Locked rotor amperage; 30 A

Type of starting relay; current relay.

Internal or external protection; external protection.


Condenser data;

Type of condenser construction; tube and fin

Voltage; 115 v / 60 Hz
Phase ; single

Type of motor ; shaded pole

Full load amperage; 65 A

Motor rotation; counterclockwise

Induced or forced draft; induced draft

Evaporator data;

Type of evaporator construction; tube and fin

Type of motor; shaded pole

Full load amperage; 5A

Voltage; 115 V / 60 Hz

Phase; single

Induced or forced; induced draft.


Discharge line; ¼ inches
Suction line 5/8 inches
Liquid line ¼ inches

Temperature control (cut in 45 F / cut out 35 F)

Start capacitor
Light switches (two of them)

Condition of system is good.

Discussion;

The unit is running properly. It is noticed that after 20 minutes the unit started to
cycle on and off every one or two minutes. This short cycling is due to having no load in
side the cabinet. In additional it is noticed that the data almost perfect according what the
unit suppose to do. The suction temperature and (FLA) were going down as we were going
along super heat was a little bit high but we think it is ok for capillary tube the cabinet
temperature did not look bad at all first 5 min it was 50 F; 10 min it was 41 F; after 30 min
wet down to 35 F. we noticed also head pressure to be a little high than normal it can be
because of iffegular air flow but we think more likely the unit was doing it is perpus ok.
Conclusion;

Machine operates correctly according the results


GENERAL MAINTENANCE;

Unit #$ should be maintained and checked regular intervals. The things that
should be checked and maintained are;

1. Is the cuber level?


2. Water level in sump though should be as high as possible, but to high a water
level wastes water and reduces ice making capacity.
3. Turn the ice cuber on and off several times to flush clean water through the
system and to observe that the water drains proberly.
4. Check water distributing tube above the evaporator to check that the water is
distributed evenly and properly.
5. Check all refrigerant and conduit lines to guard against vibrations and possible
failures.
6. Check that there is at least 4 inches of clearance space around ice machine for
proper air circulation.
7.

Before start 5 min 10 min 30 min


Suction pressure(psig) 55 17 15 13

Evaporating temperature 58 14 11 7
(F)
Suction Temperature (F) N/A 71 50 45
L.S superheat Temperature N /A 57 39 36
( F)
Head pressure (psig) 60 140 135 135

Condensing temperature 62 113 109 109


(F)
Ambient temperature (F) 74 74 74 74

Liquid line Temperature N/A 97 94 90


(F)
Sub cooling Temperature N/A 16 15 19
(F)
Compressor (L R A) 30 N/A N/A N/A

Compressor (F L A) 5 6.3 5.5 5.1

Cabinet temperature (F) 74 50 41 35