give presentations ± written or oral, depending on the requirements of your course two types of presentations: i. ii. Written presentation in the form of an assignment; and Oral presentation using transparencies or PowerPoint.

How assign differs from essay:
a.) headings and sub-headings are used to denote relationships or connectivity of issues. b.) a stand on certain issues, argue out the reasons and provide authoritative evidence to support your argument.

Basic steps of writing assignment
1. Select a Topic 2. Analyse the Topic 3. Search for Information 4. Evaluate and Select 5. Take Notes from Resources 6. Plan an Outline 7. Organise and Consolidate 8. Write the Paper 9. Review Assignment y y y y y y y y y y
Have I dealt with the main issue and supporting issues thoroughly? Is the content relevant and thorough? Is there any suf cient supporting evidence to uphold my views, opinions and ideas? Does the paper make sense overall? Is the language clear and precise, or vague and ambiguous? Do the paragraphs connect well? Are the quotations appropriately cited? Are the illustrations properly labelled? Are there spelling errors? Are all the references cited in the assignment properly recorded?

10. Present Before Deadline

and and to the point. Refer again to the topic and make sure your conclusion is consistent with the introduction. Keep Introduction Body of content: to the outline: Badly organised content (poor presentation) y y y y Issue 1 + argument Issue 2 + argument Issue 3 + argument Issue 4 + argument Conclusion References Lack of ow uency and Keep language simple Link points Check spelling and grammar. do not accept whatever is written at face value. Question. Be an active reader. Be open to other views and ideas. Make sure you conclude by providing the answers or solutions to the issues involved. Poor introduction Make sure you introduce the topic and explain how you are approaching the subject. Read more. be less pedantic in style.Common Faults Found in Assignments Faults Unfocused treatment Shallow treatment of topic/subject How to Overcome Keep to the point. do not ramble. Always refer back to the topic. use more examples. paragraphs. Apply evaluation and selection criteria to your reading and information gathering. Have you answered in the conclusion the questions raised in the body of content? Be creative in your approach. back up argument with evidence. Provide suf cient content. question and question! Make sure you read widely and gather enough relevant information so that you do not need to ³pad-up´ your essay with irrelevant information. Poor conclusion Boring presentation Irrelevant information . Put the topic in perspective. and leave out unnecessary points.

publisher) relevant to the type of resource such as a book. year of publication. conference paper. title.4).5.4 Accompanying Information (a) List of References i. author. opinions and facts. journal article. etc. The citation style conforms to the OUM style (please see notes under heading ³Citation Style´ in Section 5.6). as illustrated in Figure 5. according to the names of authors or titles (as shown in Figure 5. iii. ii.2. topic in book.2. edition. explained and argued out systematically and logically. Each item has complete bibliographical details (page. (b) Footnotes or Notes . with each idea or issue or argument owing smoothly from one to another 5. The sources are listed in alphabetical sequence.4.2 WRITING THE FIRST DRAFT Introduction set the scene or clarify what the main issue is and how you intend to approach it Body of Content should contain your ideas.2.3 Conclusion Ensure that your conclusion tallies with the introduction and the body of content 5.

Figure 5. Ausubel (1963) proposes that learners arrange the information in a particular schema. p.7).Quotations and Paraphrasing provide details of the source either in the form of a footnote (Figure 5.8: An example of paraphrasing an author¶s idea in the text . the schema is easily invoked. If you decide to use your own words or paraphrasing Figure 5.7: An example of a quotation with the source following the quotation To enable learners to view ideas globally and to connect different ideas.6) or cite immediately after the quotation (Figure 5." Ausubel (1963.6: An example of a quotation acknowledged in the footnote ³Information should be organised in such a way that when it is needed.12) Figure 5.

Chapter 12 in T. C. Microsoft Word 2002 inside out. Title of book (Edition). WA. (c) Citing Specific Chapters in a Book Name of author of chapter. (1989).. Kania. Kuala Lumpur: Pelangi Press . (2002). Redmond. (2002). (Year)..). Example: Kargoankar. (2001). Web advertising: Banners and beyond. (d) Citing Articles in Journals i. Ministry of Education. National Board of Education. Example: Haig. In Ebrary (OUM Digital Collection). Place of publication: Publisher. Millholon. Web usage.Citation Style (a) Citing Printed Books i. Title of chapter: Chapter number in Name of main author or editor of book.: Premier Press. Title of book (Edition. The B2B e-commerce handbook: How to transform your business-to-business global marketing strategy. Jr. department or ministry.. K. (Eds. Title of Journal: Subtitle of Journal. Implications of computers in the classroom. (Year). New York: John Wiley. Boston. Title of article in the journal. Internet Research: Electronic Networking and Policy. Book by a Single Author Author¶s Name. Article Written by One Author Author¶s Name. 98-104). J. P.. M. iv.. 12(2). society. first page ± last page. In Books24x7 (OUM Digital Collection). Example: Kuegler. pp. first page ± last page). T. (Ed. J. pp. (b) Citing Electronic Books iii. Volume (Issue). (2001). Kuegler. One-to-one web-marketing: Build a relationship marketing strategy one customer at a time (2nd ed. (2001). Place of publication: Publisher.). M. Mass.: Microsoft Press. & Yaeckel. In Books24x7 (OUM Digital Collection). Refer to the following example: Malaysia.). (Year). Jr. (e) Citing Works by Corporate Authors The name of the writer can also be in the form of an institution. advertising and shopping: Relationship patterns. London: Kogan Page. & Murray. 191-204. B. D. Allen. Web advertising and marketing (3rd ed.

(f) Citing Websites Author¶s Name. Ask yourself the following questions: y Is the assignment focused? y Did I plan and prepare well? y Does the content show understanding of relevant issues related to the topic? y Does the writing show evidence of wide reading and research on the topic? y Is there a logical development of issues from one paragraph to another? y Are the arguments convincing and supported by evidence? y Is the analysis clear and logical? y Is the language simple and precise? y Does the conclusion answer questions raised in the body of content? . CA. A12. One Author. No Author New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure. The Washington Post.lib. J. A1.) International Council for Distance Education: One world many voices: Quality in open and distance learning (pp. Allsop (Ed.508). July 15). Title of electronic document. J. 26. (2004. Example: Jones. February 24 literature collection. C.usm. April). ii. Relativity. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica. iv. pp. September 30). 501. P. social status. The de Grummond children¶s http://avatar. Discontinuous Pages Schwartz. Encyclopaedia Article Bergman. [Date document is retrieved]. Newspaper Article. Chicago: Milton Keynes. (Year). [2000. D. The Washington Post. San Diego. Published Conference Paper in Conference Proceedings Gibson. A4. R.edu/~degrum/. p. C. (1993. In S. [Online]. Impact of the larger social context on the distance learner. iii. Available: website address. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. [Online]. (1999). G. Working with the terminally ill: An integrated theoretical model. v. Newspaper Article. (1993). Paper presented at the American Counseling Association World Conference. (1993. (2005). 279-282). Obesity affects economic. Unpublished Conference Paper Martins. pp. Available: (g) Other types of Materials i.

Make assumptions or give your opinion (unless asked for in the question). Be consistent and keep to clear formats when referring to dates. e. Generalise. Be concise.03. Plagiarise. Leave it to your tutor to check. j. ³Nevertheless´. i. in topic sentences. b. j. Check spelling. Assume your tutor knows the abbreviations and acronyms you use. f. Be repetitive. g. Be objective. Use bullet points or lists. Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA). ³However´. DON¶T Use long-winded sentences to convey your ideas. Use complete sentences and link these into logical paragraphs.11. c. Spell out abbreviations and acronyms ¿rst.g. c. d. f. d. State reference sources. . Use suitable linking words e.g. a. State main ideas clearly and concisely in your own words. Use short sentences. g. e. ³In contrast´. i. h. 10 November 2003 rather than 10.g.2 : DOs and DON¶Ts when writing an assignment DO a. b. e. Change formats throughout your assignment. Leave the previous section hanging and start a new section without referring to the previous one. h. grammar and punctuation. e.Table 5.

4. prepare two to three PowerPoint slides/ transparencies for one minute depending on how much text is to be explained). Decide on the type of presentation Check whether appropriate equipment is available Check whether the materials to be used are available Duration of presentation .9: An example of a title page 5. size. the type of attire you need to wear. language to use. the setting of the room. size. 7. 6. OHP/transparencies or oral and audio-video. marker pens. microphone. etc. pointer. layout of chairs and tables. 5. etc. air-conditioning. PowerPoint presentation.Figure 5. paper. Level of education. 2. ipchart. lighting. Understand the breadth and depth of the topic Understand your audience Be comfortable environment with your Research widely and gather as much information as you can about the main issue and sub-issues. etc. Table 5. OHP. Layout of room. audio-video tapes/CD. the language you use (formal or informal. technical or layman). white board. level of expectation. whether to serve refreshments. (As a guide. Transparencies.3 : Guidelines on Planning and Preparing for Presentations 1. etc. Important for PowerPoint and OHP so that the correct number of slides or transparencies can be prepared. diskettes. LCD. 3. the level of preparation you need to make. PC.6 ORAL PRESENTATION Audience and Purpose of Presentation You would need to know the audience and purpose of the presentation because it affects the equipment you use.

Test the equipment PowerPoint/slides Transparencies using or 11. make sure the OHP is available and in working order. make sure ipchart and paper. The PowerPoint examples given below apply to both PowerPoint and OHP presentations: (a) Specify topic and presenters at the outset (Figure 5. PowerPoint Transparencies Keep text to a minimum. Use animation.11. colours etc. Ensure a follow±through of issues as shown below. (d) Use illustrations e. pens and duster are available. appropriate font. make sure the PC and LCD are available and in working order.g. graphics. For PowerPoint. Check on availability of equipment 10. Con dence comes with knowing that you are suitably dressed for the occasion. etc. Test at least a few days before the presentation date to enable equipment to be repaired if necessary. Decide attire on suitable/appropriate Test the presentation Be creative in using y y 14.10). Anticipate reaction by doing a trial run on colleagues. cartoons. For a ipchart or whiteboard presentation. whiteboard and marker. Try out the PowerPoint slides and transparencies to ensure uency and ow of presentation. Click "next" to view next slides. illustrations. clear and easy to read (even from the back Use note form. Start preparations (preferably presentation) early Take at least two weeks to prepare for your presentation. 9. cut-outs. Make sure there is a spare bulb available. The following text can be redone as shown in Figure 5. Ensure smooth ow of ideas. 13. 12. colours. It is better to prepare transparencies that are typed instead handwritten. suitable background colours. etc. Use colours. Use minimum text. . animation. etc.8. summary. For transparencies.