Magnetic Particle Inspection Quiz

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1

A location where a magnetic field can be detected exiting or entering a material is called: A magnetic pole A magnetic field A flux field Polarity

2

An object that has a magnetic pole on one end and a second equal but opposite magnetic pole on the other is called a: Dipole Inductor Capacitor A ferromagnetic material

3

When performing a magnetic particle test with a coil, the part should be placed: Along the outside edge the coil

copper Iron only 5 When all the magnetic domains are aligned. cobalt Nickel.Along the inside edge of the coil Centered in the coil None of the above 4 Magnetic particle inspection can be performed on parts made from which materials? Iron. the material is said to be: Magnetically saturated Partially magnetized Magnetically stable Unmagnetized 6 The magnetic flux density that remains in the material when the magnetizing force is zero is called: Retentivity Residual magnetism Coercive force . copper Iron. nickel. cobalt. nickel.

8 When using the direct induction method: The part must be placed in the center of the coil Good electrical contact must be established between the test equipment and test component The part may be tested in only one direction It is not necessary to demagnetize the part 9 Since all matter is composed of atoms: All parts can be tested with MPI if they are heated to their curie temperature All materials can be tested with a MPI regardless of temperature All materials are affected in some way by a magnetic field None of the above The amount of reverse magnetic field which must be applied to a .Permeability 7 Faraday’s Law of Magnetic Induction states that: The flow of electrons can be used to generate a magnetic field The magnetic forces of the material's electrons will be affected by an external magnetic field Iron filings can be used to produce an indication of a flaw Flux leakage is the byproduct of magnetic fields when testing aluminum alloys.

the circular field is usually established first because: It is more difficult to establish a circular field It is easier to flip the domains of a circular field to a longitudinal field It is easier to measure a longitudinal field None of the above 12 A material with a narrower hysteresis loop has: Higher residual magnetism Higher permeability Higher residual magnetism Higher retentivity 13 A material with a wider hysteresis loop has: Higher reluctance Higher permeability .10 magnetic material to reduce the magnetic flux to zero is called: Retentivity Residual magnetism Coercive force Permeability 11 When using both a circular and longitudinal magnetic field.

Lower retentivity All of the above 14 The best detection of defects occurs: When the magnetic field is 10% beyond its saturation point When the hysteresis loop shifts from positive to negative When the lines of magnetic force are parallel to the longest dimension of the defect When the lines of magnetic force are perpendicular to the longest dimension of the defect 15 Which of the following has a very weak and negative susceptibility to magnetic field? Ferromagnetic materials Diamagnetic materials Paramagnetic materials None of the above 16 Dry magnetic particles: Cannot be reused Come in only one color Are all of uniform size None of the above .

17 A current carrying conductor induces a magnetic field: By direct induction By direct induction That is longitudinal That is circular By magnostriction 18 The area where the exit poles are concentrated is called the magnet’s: South pole North pole Dipole Flux density 19 A material is considered demagnetized when: Its residual magnetic field measures less than 5 gauss It no longer produces an indication It's no longer attracted to a magnet Its residual magnetic field measures less than 3 gauss 20 A property of a material that describes the ease with which a magnetic flux is established in a component is called: Retentivity Residual magnetism .

Coercive force Permeability 21 The force required to remove the residual magnetism from the material is called the: Inverse force Reciprocal force Coercive force Residual force 22 Magnetic particle inspection has several advantages over liquid penetrant inspection which include: Components with thin coatings can be inspected without removing the coating Components can be inspected more rapidly The technique is more portable Both A and B 23 The opposition that a ferromagnetic material shows to the establishment of a magnetic field is called: Retentivity Reluctance Coercive force Permeability .

24 A material with a wider hysteresis loop has: Lower reluctance Lower residual magnetism Higher residual magnetism Higher premeability 25 Magnetic lines of force: Almost never cross each other Commonly cross each other Will shift 90 degrees when a direct current is applied Never cross each other 26 A material with a wider hysteresis loop has: Lower permeability Higher retentivity Higher coercivity All of the above 27 A hysteresis loop shows the relationship between the: Induced magnetic flux density and the magnetizing force Induced magnetic flux density and the electron force Electron flow and magnetic field strength .

Flux density and number of coil turns 28 A volume of space where there is a change in magnetic energy is called: A magnetic field A magnetic dipole A magnetic pole A magnetic domain 29 Components generally must be demagnetized because residual magnetism can: Affect machining and welding processes Interfere with near by electronic components Increase wear by attracting abrasive particles All of the above 30 Ferromagnetic materials are made up of small polarized regions known as: Photons Quarks Electrons Domains Magnetic lines of force: .

31 Form closed loops from pole to pole Will shift 180 degrees when a direct current is applied Were discovered by Wilhelm Hurst None of the above 32 A longitudinal magnetic field has magnetic lines of force that run: Parallel to the long axis of the part 90 degrees to the long axis of the part Transverse to the long axis of the part Opposite the waveform of the magnetic particle machine used 33 A circular magnetic field has lines of force that run: Parallel to the long axis of the part 90 degrees to the long axis of the part Circumferentially around the perimeter of the part Opposite the waveform of the magnetic particle machine used 34 Magnetic lines of force: Have the same strength Seek the path of least resistance Decrease in density with increasing distance from the poles .

All of the above 35 When testing parts with magnetic particles. it is best to magnetize the part: In two directions at right angles to each other With AC whenever possible With DC whenever possible With an amperage of at least 1000 amps Bottom of Form .