General Questions to All Manufacturers

Gas Turbine Advancements in Landfill Applications

January 19, 2006
Mark Hughes Colin Etheridge

General Questions to All Manufacturers

Presentation Agenda

Expanding Solar’s LFG Range Emissions Testing and Development Introduction of the Mercury 50

1

500 kW) Titan 130 – (14.500 kW) 2 .General Questions to All Manufacturers Expanding Solar’s LFG Range General Landfill Manufacturers Solar’s History -Questions to AllGas Market LFG Shipments since 1981 Sales Model Saturn R (800 kW) Centaur 40 (3000 kW) Taurus 60 (5000 kW) Mars 90 (8000 kW) Total Units 8 units 40 units 20 units 4 units 72 units Recent Additions: Mars 100 (10.

000 hours before overhaul • Operate with natural gas skid edge pressure range General Questions to All Manufacturers Injector Modifications Standard size pigtails Variable size orifices Standard injector body Various injector tip details to suit specific fuel Btu range 3 .Titan and Mars LBTU Injector Design General Questions to All Manufacturers Parameters • Fit into existing Mars and Titan combustor casings • Function with the existing Mars and Titan combustor liners • Meet 30.

General Questions to All Manufacturers Titan Gas Manifold Design Twin gas manifold feed Package fuel delivery system modified as well General Questions All Manufacturers Mars Gas ManifoldtoArrangement Twin gas manifold feed 4 .

598 & 642 Wobbe − Commissioning in January 2006 Wobbe = Fuel Btu/Square Root of Fuel Specific Gravity General Questions to All Manufacturers LFG Emissions Testing 5 .General Questions to All Manufacturers Recent Projects • REP Landfill near Paris. Offshore Malaysia − 3 Titan 130s − 3 gas streams 531. France − − − − 1 Mars 100 462 Wobbe gas Delivered in December 2004 Commissioned in May 2005 • Stranded Natural Gas.

Puente Hills • Taurus 60. Paris. France General Questions to All Manufacturers The Mobile Emissions Lab .MEL • Drive in − Tow with rented vehicles • Plug − Self sufficiency − On board power − Run a data highway link − Insert probe − Run sample hose • Play − Sample inside 2 hours 6 . West Covina.General Questions to All Manufacturers • Field Emissions Testing Projects • Centaur 40. California • Mars 100.

0 10 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 100.Questions to All Manufacturers Centaur 40 emissions General Questions Covina – 3/05 Minnesota Methane. Westto All Manufacturers Taurus 60 emissions T60-7001 s/n 0733T at Minnesota Methane West Covina site .ppmv NOx 350 Wobbe 18 NOx 300 Wobbe NOx 280 Wobbe CO 390 Wobbe 16 CO 350 Wobbe CO 300 Wobbe 14 CO 280 Wobbe 300. Sanitation.71 deg F 800.0 500.A.0 ISO NOx @ 15% O2 .0 4500 Load kW CO @ 15% O2 .0 7 .0 22 700.General Puente Hills – 11/04 L.0 12 200.ppmv 20 NOx 390 Wobbe 600.0 400.All data 8 Mar 2005 24 Tamb ~ 54 .

0 28.92 0.0 38.0 22.0 14.0 16.0 10.0 18.02 1.4 0.94 0.06 Normalized absolute adiabatic flame temperature 8 .4 1.REP Landfill.6 1.0 26.0 NOx CO Tamb ~ 20 deg C 850 800 750 700 650 600 550 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 10 20 30 40 50 Load % 60 70 80 90 0 100 NOx ISO emissions ppmv 34.2 0.0 Landfill gases 0.90 Associated gases and high Hydrogen fuels 0.0 30.0 20.00 1.0 40.0 General Questions to All Manufacturers Effect of Stoichiometric flame temperature on NOx 1.2 Standard Natural gas Normalized NOx 1.0 0.0 24.0 36.Questions toFrance – 5/05 General Paris.04 CO @15% O2 ppmv 1.98 1.0 32.0 12.6 0.8 0.0 42.96 0. All Manufacturers Mars 100 emissions Mars 100S s/n 0947M at at REP Paris Landfill May 2005 44.

General Questions to All Manufacturers Introducing… Recuperated Gas Turbine General Questions to All Manufacturers Air/Gas Flow Path AIR INTAKE TURBINE EXHAUST RECUPERATOR COMBUSTOR TURBINE COMPRESSOR GEARBOX 9 .

goal of sub 10 ppm for both 10 .General Questions to All Manufacturers Factory Assembled Package • Compact • Self-Contained • Low Noise Profile • Designed for Fast Installation • Advanced Controls • Remote Monitoring and Diagnostics Performance Specifications General Questions to All Manufacturers • Power Output (ISO Conditions) – 4900 kW • Fuel Consumption – 44 MMBtu/hr • Efficiency (LHV) – 38% • Heat Rate (LHV) – 8980 Btu/kW-hr • Fuel Pressure Requirement – 250 psig • NOx and CO emissions – sub 25 ppm @15% O2.

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