A simple, sensitive metal detector

This is a implementation of a project 561 from a Electronics Today International.
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Schematics in PDF format PCB in Protel Easyedit 2.06 format PCB in Protel Easyedit 2.06 format (as above) WinZipped Parts list in ascii text

The Protel MS-DOS freeware software can be downloaded as ZIP-File from Protel Site.
ETI Project 561 Simple, Sensitive Metal Detector Phil Wait Electronics Today International

The Search Coil (abbreviated from the original article)
The greater the coil diameter the greater the penetration depth, but the less sensitive it is to small objects. As a general rule the penetration is about equal to the search coil diameter, while the sensitivity is roughly proportional to the cube of the object diameter. Sensitivity is also inversely proportional to the sixth power of the distance. The chosen coil has 150 mm diameter to give good sensitivity to small objects giving about 100 150 mm penetration. Remember that if the coil diameter is increased the number of turns have to be reduced to maintain constant frequency.

Faraday Shield
To remove the effect of capacitance to the search coil it is enclosed in a Faraday shield. The field consists of a wrapping of aluminium foil around the coil but broken at one point so it does not make a shorted turn. This shield is then connected to the ground potential of the detector.

Construction
The search coil is mounted on a 165 mm diameter plastic pot stand. The connection to the search coil is via a length of shielded cable. The search coil is wound so that it can be tucked inside the rim of the up-turned plastic pot stand. First make a cardboard former of the appropriate diameter. Wind then the coil into this former. The coil contains 70 turns of 0.4 mm enameled wire. Wind two layers of insulation tape around the coil leading the ends out at the same place. Next wind the Faraday shield. Cut some aluminium kitchen foil into 15 mm wide strips and wind over the coil to make two layers but leaving a small gap about 5 mm to 10 mm wide where the coil ends come out. Wind a length of tinned copper wire around the shield. Wind it tight with around 10 mm between successive turns. The end of this wire is taken out at the same place as the coil connections. Now wind another two layers of insulation tape around the whole assembly. Drill a hole in the side of the pot stand and the press the coil down into the rim. Pass the wires thru the hole. Pour epoxy over the coil to hold it in place. Solder the coil connections to the twin shielded cable, the Faraday shield connecting to the cable's shield, and glue the cable and wires underneath the pot stand to hold them rigid.

7k 8 ohm SWITCH 3.C6.fi Revised: September Revision: A 9.Q2 RV1 RV2 RV3 R5. 2010 Go Back to My EFFECTIVE AUG 1.BT1 C1.IC3 L1 Q1.2768MHz "Gary's Pulse Induction Metal Detector" Go Back to My "Home Page" Or "Projects Page" Origonally Created: Mar 16 2002 Latest Revision.C4.IC1 IC4.C8 C2 C3 C5 C7 IC2. 1998 23:17:11 Page 1 Item Quantity Reference Part ____________________________________________________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 2 4 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 BT2.5mm BC548 10k LIN 100k LIN 100k LOG 100 1k 100k 1M 10M 22k 4.7nF polystyrene 47pF 10p 4001 4013 80r 0.R9 SP1 S1 Y1 9V IEC 6F22 100nF 1nF polystyrene 4. 2010: I NO LONGER will give Any help to persons that did Not Buy at least the Basic Kit of parts from me. Aug 6. .METAL DETECTOR ETI Project 561 Pekka Ala-Mayry pam(at)iki.R1 R2 R3 R4 R6 R7 R8. 1998 Bill Of Materials September 9.

than expect me to solve there mistakes. I have found some detectors Won't adjust propery with VR1. using the Current Resistor values. (Where only 220 volt bulbs are available. Built by Others *Click Here. This detector Features Either a Single Coil Metal Detector. It definately Requires Good Soldering Skills and at least a basic working knowledge of electronics is Needed. This should limit current to a reasonable level. So I have changed R18 to 4K7 and R19 to 1K. (Less than 300 Ma. This will correct this problem for Both these IC's. there is no reason to make this change. generating heat. use a 150 watt bulb or two 75 watts in parallel works well. preventing any damage to parts. Pictures of My Metal Detector Project. by Dave in Australia Warning: I Do Not Recommend this project for the "Beginner". a 60 Watt/110 volt standard light bulb can be placed in series with the positive battery lead. IT WILL NOT WORK CORRECTLY IF YOU DON'T! It is Also Recommended to use a Current Regulated Power Supply when first testing this unit. But if your using the TL081. Before Testing the Completed Unit Wash the board to Remove All Flux Residue. Failing a Regulated Supply.As Too many persons make Substitutions or Errors. Some Comparison Test Results. Also Changing R26 to a 33K will give a better adjustment range for VR2. IMPORTANT NOTE: Due to Variations between using the TL071's instead of TL081's. is quite satisfactory) Excessive Current. Good Soldering is a Must! . will Distroy the REG1117A.) I Repeat. *Click Here. Or 2 possible Dual Coil Configurations! You Choose which you want.

Hope this helps. Charles . the faster the eddy currents disipate. The longer the pulse delay on your detector is. The only metal that I have found that my metal detector will NOT DETECT is some Better Qualities of "Stainless Steel".) NOTE: It is Important to use a Good Soldering Iron.However. Not Including Postage Charges and Possibly subject to replacement parts cost. Good luck. the eddy currents have disipated by the time the pulse delay has ended and you begin to sample the signal. and most I haven't even charged for the parts. the conductivity of stainless steel is about 1. The conductivity of silver is 108 so its the best on range. Gold is in the 60 to 80 range depending on the alloy.3 or so. I Didn't know why! Here is a Much Appreciated explaination from one of my readers: Well the reason why you can't detect it is because the conductivity of Stainless is very low. without prior confirmation from that person. the less likely you will be able to pick up lower conductive metals. Note: This metal Detector was Not specifically designed to Detect Gold Nuggets. This is true for all pulse induction metal detectors. If you build this project and have problems. Additionally. (No parts charges will be made. Rated at 15 to 25 Watts and having a Small Clean Tip! Note also the Revision Dates on All My Articles. If I remember right the conductivity of copper is 100. The lower the conductivity of the metal. I update most articles quite regularly. Because of the low conductivity. Always check for changes. I will offer you as much assistance as possible in e-mails. Even to the extent of Free Repairs.

as listed below. I will attempt to help you as much as possible with any problems. .A Note from me: Well I was aware of the Delay times. If Needed. However I have no control of your abilities or skills. but I will Not assume any liability for any "Errors or Omissions" in this article. I have tried to make this article as complete as possible. I can supply a small Pizo Transducer that works Excellent well on this unit. so build it totally at your own risk! This unit is Extremely Stable. Thanks Charles! If You Have PROBLEMS when you build this Unit? Don't Overlook Anything! Some Guys Problems Click Here to read them **This project is offered totally Free for those who are interested in it. I didn't realize that stainless was so low in conductivity. and features three possible configurations with the coils.

Click Here for Detector Prices It would be Greatly Appreciated to recieve Feedback from ALL persons building this Detector. Decades ago this style of coil was used for AM Antennas in some Old Tube Type Radios. Here is a Pretty Good Coil.8 inches & OD = 8 inches with 34 turns. and reasonably easy to make. 3) Third is a dual coil.The 3 possible coil Configurations are: 1) First configuration is just a single coil. Reguardless weither you purchase . Coils wound on Ferrite Rods are also good. I may use a 20. Other than the PCB and coils. ID = 39. For Medium Objects: ID = 5.62 inches & OD = 6 inches with 52 turns. 21 or 22 AWG Wire. And I can Supply these Flat Coils. Good for most applications! 2) Second is a dual coil. Here is A Very Simple Coil that Will Work. one for transmit and one for recieve. Up to about 13 Inches OD: For Really Small Objects: ID = 2.4 inches & OD = 12 inches with 25 turns. My Recommended: "Optium Flat Coil Sizes". For Larger Objects: ID = 8.2 inches & OD = 10 inches with 28 turns ID = 10.2 inches & OD = 40 inches with 12 turns.6 inches & OD = 15 inches with 21 turns. For Really Large Objects: A 48 inch Square Coil = 8 to 10 turns. **A Convential Kit of parts Is Available if you want it. Depending on my current Stock. most parts are supplied at my Landed Cost. Its Best to use this size coil for finding Coins. At least for testing purposes. with noise and ground effects cancellation. Or "YOU" can make even Larger Coils: ID = 13.

Well over 200 units have been built with boards from me. and From Replies recieved none have been unsatisified with it. I am also aware of a few who have built this detector using boards they made themselves.the Circuit board from me or not! As of May 2003. Latest Update: Feb 23 2007 . but if you double the two resistor values for a 100 Ua meter or Quadruple these values for a 50 Ua meter. Do This" These values are for a 200 uA Meter. this should also work fine. "Want a More Sensitive Meter.

.00 each. "Click on the Titles below to open them" *********************************************************************** Facts about Gold and its detection. This should print OK. Not beside it as shown here. R32 is above the IC. horizontally on a 8.I can Now Supply this Vu Meter These Meters are Rated at 100 uA at the -3 Db and about 240 uA at the + 3Db.5 x 14 paper. NOTE: On this Newest Circuit Board. I now have some Coils for sale! A Very Detailed Picture Overlay of the Assembled PCB. Reasonably Priced at $8.

Corrections & Re-Drawn as of Dec 2009. The Printed Circuit Board A New Circuit Board design is coming. shapes. A HELP File. However there are too many Variables in Coil Construction. But it will only be available through me. Additionally. sizes and soil conditions to try to predict exact ally .A Large Printable Schematic. if you have problems. IMPORTANT NOTE The only claims I will make as to the sensitivity of this unit is: The one I made for myself does detect a Canadian Quarter (made of Nickel) and also an American Quarter at a distance of 12 inches in free air and at a good 10 inches in the soil in my yard. AND it could get depths to 25 Inches or More. Revised April 5 2004 Additional Pictures and More Info on my Pulse Induction Metal Detector. as well as materials. Calibration and Setup Procedures (Revised Mar 15 2010 Parts List (Revised Mar 6 2006) Updated Coil Winding Info "UPDATED"Some technical Info and coil pics. If built correctly: This Metal detector should detect a "Pop Can" at an "Absolute Minimum Distance" of 15 Inches. But a Newer Design is coming. depending on the meter used.

"SKILLS" AND "PATIENTS" in using it PROPERLY! All Imformation in this Article is "Copyright protected".what other units will do under various conditions. Remember This: THE MOST IMPORTANT THING WITH ANY METAL DETECTOR. ADDITIONALLY. Chemelec *Copyright © 2002 & 2009* . IS THE OPERATORS "ABILITIES".