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Analysing linear motion
1. Types of physical quantity: i.

Scalar quantity: . ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………..

ii. Vector quantity: ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………..
2. What is distance? i.

Definition: . ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… …………………………quantity

ii.

iii. ………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… iv. ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………
3. What is displacement?

i. Definition: . ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………
ii.

………………………………quantity

iii. ………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… iv. ………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… v. ………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………… 4. Speed i. Definition: . ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………
ii. iii.

…………………………………quantity. Formula & unit:

5.. If an object is moving faster and faster in a specific direction. we can solve problems using the following equation: s = displacement u= initial velocity v= final velocity a= constant acceleration t= time interval . it is said to be ………………… v.. Examples: i. It takes 15 minutes to walk to the 7 Spice Restaurant. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………. ………………………………………quantity iii. calculate the distance to the restaurant. it is said to be …………………. Definition: . Acceleration/ Deceleration i. If an object is moving slower and slower in a specific direction. iv. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… ii. 6. Formula & its unit: 7. ii. 8. The Equation of Motion For an object in linear motion with uniform acceleration. If Ahmad walks with a speed of 2ms-1. Definition: . Velocity i. ………………………………quantity Formula & its Unit: iii.

Which of the following is not a scalar quantity? A. Determine his acceleration. Which is the correct pair? A. Determine the acceleration of the car. His displacement is 50 m. B. Upon reaching B. B. C. A car travelling at 20 ms-1 has a braking distance of 50 m. Distance: m2 Speed: ms-1 Velocity: ms-2 3. the Malaysian sprinter accelerates uniformly for 7 s from rest. ii. the aeroplane then flies to C. C. The total time of flight is 4 hours. which is located 400 km north. Exercises 2. which is located 300 km east of A. Distance Speed Velocity 2. In the 100 m sprint event at the Asian Games. Calculate (i) The speed of the aeroplane (ii) The velocity of the aeroplane Answers: .9. An aeroplane flies from A to B. Examples: i.1 (a) 1.

Comparison between speed and velocity Speed Scalar quantity Has magnitude but no direction SI Unit: Velocity Rate of change of displacement 7. 5. A bus stops at a station to pick passengers up. when suddenly the driver steps on the brakes and it stop 5 seconds later. Calculate the deceleration of lorry.4. Comparison between distance and displacement Distance Total route taken Displacement Vector quantity Has magnitude but no direction SI Unit: 6. It then moves and attains a velocity of 15 msˉ¹ in 8 seconds. A lorry is moving at 30 m s-1. What is the acceleration of the bus? .

25 ms-2 in 52 s from its initial velocity of 2 ms-1.8. Determine its final velocity at the end of the accelerating period. What is his displacement at this time? 9. The light turns red ad the driver applies the brakes at a distance of 25 m from the junction and decelerates at 5 ms-2. Within a given time. Can the lorry come to a complete stop before reaching the stop line at the traffic light? (Yes / No) . 10. it can accelerate 0. A cyclist accelerates uniformly at 1. A cargo ship sails across the Straits of Malacca towards Klang North Port.2 ms-2 in 10 s from rest. A lorry approaches a traffic light at 15 ms-1.