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Solved Examples Based On Center Of Gravity Example: Determine the coordinates xc and yc of the centre of a 100 mm diameter circular

hole cut in a thin plate, so that this point will be the centroid of the remaining shaded area shown in figure.

Solution:
If a circular hole is cut from the plate, in such a way that the centre of the circle coincide with the centre of gravity of the plate, the centre of gravity of the remaining plate will remain unchanged. Thus, we need to find out the centroid of the pentagonal solid plate, without taking the view of circular hole.

Now, from figure

A1 = 200 150 = 30,000 mm2

A2 = 1/2 100 75 = 3750 mm2

x1 = 100 mm

= 100 mm

y1 = 75 mm

x2 = 100 + 2/3 (100) = 166/67 mm

y2 = 75 + 2/3 (75) = 125 mm

xc = A1x1 A2x2 / A1 A2

= (30000 100) (3750 166.67) / 30000 3750 = 90.47 mm

yc = A1y1 A2y2 / A1 A2

= (30000 75) (3750 125) / 30000 3750 = 67.85 mm

[Ans: xc = 90.47 mm from y axis. yc = 67.85 mm from x axis]

Example: From a circular plate of diameter 10 mm, a circular part is cut out whose diameter is 50 mm. Find the centroid of the remainder.

Solution: By definition

Where, A1 = Area of the circle with 100 mm

A2 = Area of the circle with 50 mm

x-= Position of centroid on x axis

y- = Position of centroid of y axis

Here A1 = /4 (100)2 = 7853.98 mm2

A2 = /4 (50)2 = 1963.5 mm2

x1 = 100/2 = 50 mm

x2 = 100 25 = 75 mm X- = (7853.98 X 50) - (1963.5 X 75)/(7853.98 - 1963.5) = 41.67mm

Since, the figure is symmetric about x axis the centroid will lie on x axis.

Solved Examples Based On Moment Of Inertia About The Centroidal Axis II

Example.:
Find the moment of inertia about the centroid X-X and Y-Y axes of the angle section shown in figure. Solution: As the given section is not symmetric about any axis, both X-X and Y-Y should be considered.

Let the distance of centroid from X-X be and from Y-Y be

Then y- = a1 y1 + a2 y2/a1 + a2 y- = (100 X 20 ) (100/2) + (80 - 20) X 20 X (20/2)/(100 X 20) + ((80 - 20) X 20)

y- = 35mm

=35

Y = 25mm Now, moment of inertia about centroidal X-X axis is IXX IXX = (Moment of inertia of rectangle 1 about X-X axis) + (Moment of Inertia of rectangle 2 about X-X axis) = (IG1 + a1h12) + (IG2 + a2H22) where IG is moment of inertia about an axis through the CG of section and parallel to X-X axis and h is the distance of centroid of rectangle from centroidal axis.

IG1 + 20 X (100)3/12 = 1.67 X 106 mm4


1=50-35=15 IG2 = 20 X (100)3/12 = 0.04 X 106mm4 h2 = 35 - 10 = 25mm IXX = [(1.67 106) + (100 20 (15)2)] + [(0.04 106) + (60 20 (25)2] IXX = (2.12 106) + (0.79 106) = 2.91 106 mm4 Similarly, the moment of inertia about centroidal Y-Y axis is IYY

Iyy = (IG1 + a1 h21 ) + ( IG2 + a2 H22) where, IG is moment of inertia of rectangle about at axis through the centroid of the section parallel to Y-Y axis, and h is the distance of centroid of rectangle from centroidal axis.

Now,
1=25-10=15 h2 = 50 - 25 = 25mm IYY [(0.067 106) + (100 20 (15)2)] + [(0.36 106) + (60 20 (25)2)] IYY = (0.517 106) + (1.11 106) = 1.627 106 mm4 IXX = 2.91 106 mm4 IYY = 1.627 106 mm4