Tekla Structures

Detailing Guide

Product version 18.0 February 2012

© 2012 Tekla Corporation

© 2012 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Tekla NIS, Tekla DMS, Tekla Municipality GIS, and Tekla Civil are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a thirdparty product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Industry Software Limited. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2010 Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology, information and creative works owned by Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. and their respective licensors, if any. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any Flexera Software, Inc. and/or InstallShield Co. Inc. intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent Nos. 7,302,368, 7,617,076, 7,765,240, 7,809,533, 8,022,953, 8,041,744 and 8,046, 210. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2005285881, 20110102463 and 20120022848.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions The following typographical conventions are used in this guide: Font Bold Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself. Noteboxes The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

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.................................................................... 24 Example: Adding a base plate and anchor rods........................................................................................................... 32 Using the Components tab .......................................................................................................................................3 1 1............................................................................................................................. 15 Design and Design type tabs ...... 31 Using the Components tab ............................................................................................ 14 General tab ................................................................. 10 Component dialog box ...........................................................................................................................................1 Getting Started ........................................................................4 1............................................................................................................................................ 27 Conceptual components ........................................ 30 Using the dialog box................................................................................................3 1................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 20 Descriptions and keywords ............................................................................................................................................................................... 28 Tips on working with components.......................................................... 9 Basics of components ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Viewing components .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 21 Grouping components ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 33 Defining bolts and welds................................. 13 Up direction.................................... 22 Customizing and saving components ........ 13 Automatic and default properties...........................5 4 .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 11 Selection order ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 30 Plates ................................................................................................................................................ 19 Thumbnail images.............................................................................. 31 Defining materials .................................................................. 30 Dimensioning parts ............................ 29 Defining parts and plates...................................................................................................................................................................... 35 1................................................................ 31 Part position number ....................................................................................................................................................................... 30 Beams .......................................................................................................................................................................... 23 Creating components ........ 9 Component concepts...........................................Contents Conventions used in this guide ..................... 17 Symbols ............. 16 Component catalog........... 27 Modifying components ....................................................... 22 Using components........... 17 Using the component catalog................................................................2 1........................................................................................................................................................................................... 28 Converting a conceptual component to a detailed component . 24 Example: Adding an end plate ................................................................................................. 19 Pop-up menus ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 33 Using the Bolts tab...................................................................................................... 21 Copying components to another folder ........................................................... 33 Defining bolts ................................................ 25 Example: Adding a beam to column connection................................................................

................................................ 51 Combining and iterating properties ...def .................... 36 Bolt group pattern......................................................... 50 Editing connection properties ............... 58 Entering values ..........def file................................................................................................................. 53 Limitations ............... 48 Connection properties files .7 1......................................................................................................................... 59 5 1....................................................................................... 51 How to use AutoDefaults effectively ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 55 Iteration with connection check .... 42 AutoConnection rule groups ....................... 49 Saving connection properties ............................................................................................................................... 51 Checking AutoDefaults rules .................................................. 37 Vertical bolt position ................................................................................. 38 Horizontal bolt position .......................................................................................................................6 1.............. 37 Bolt position....................................................... 51 AutoConnection and AutoDefaults rules ............................................................................................................................................................. 51 Checking AutoDefaults properties ............................................................................................................................................................................... 39 Deleting bolts..................................................... 41 AutoConnection ...........................................def works ............ 46 AutoDefaults ........................................................................................................................................... 56 Reaction forces and UDL ................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Changing a connection ............................ 54 Combining properties .................. 38 Defining slotted holes ...................................zxt .................................................................................Contents Increasing bolt length ......................................... 41 Welds..................... 58 How joints..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 AutoConnection setup.............. 35 Number of bolts and spacing ....................................................................................... 49 Access to properties files ............................... 37 Edge distance......................................................................................................................................................... 46 Using AutoConnection ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 44 AutoConnection rule sets .......................................8 .............................................................................................................def....................................................................................... 44 Rules................................................................................................................................................................................... 50 Priority of rule sets ............................................zxt ...................................................................................................................... 57 About joints................................................................................................................................................................................ 57 Using the joints.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 36 Bolt group orientation................................................................................................................................... 50 Using AutoDefaults .............................def.................................................................................................................................... 35 Creating holes.................................................................... 58 How to read joints.............................................................................................. 47 AutoDefaults setup.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 40 Defining bolt assemblies........ 49 Defaults................................................................ 59 Connections that use joints...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................... 92 Circular reinforcing bar group ... 83 User-defined attributes of reinforcement ............................................................................................................. 61 Clip angle................................................ 68 How Tekla Structures uses joints..............................................................5 6 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Contents Defining general defaults.................................................... 93 Reinforcement mesh. 102 Reinforcement geometry validity.............................................. 77 Getting started with reinforcement......................................... 69 Using Excel in connection design....................................................................... 62 Defining other bolt and part properties ........................................................................................................................................................... 74 1................................................................................. 81 Spacing reinforcing bars.......................................................................................................................................................... 97 Reinforcement splice ................ bar groups............................................................................................. 107 Adding points to a reinforcement......... 105 Modifying reinforcement ................................................................................ 108 2........................................................................ 64 Diagonal connection properties ..... 77 Basic reinforcement properties ..................................... 67 Profile type-dependent bolt dimensions ............................................................................................................................................... 84 Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog..... 61 Gusset connections ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 Attaching reinforcement to parts ........................................................................................................................................................................ 83 Meshes................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 Hooks................................... 60 Defining bolt diameter and number of rows .................................................................... 105 Grouping reinforcements.................................................................. 89 Curved reinforcing bar group ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. and meshes .................... 71 Indicating component status ............ 94 Reinforcement strand pattern.................................................. 70 Setting up Excel files .......................................................................... 85 Reinforcing bar........... 62 Gusset connection properties ................................................................................ shear plate..1 2....... 101 Using reinforcement handles ......................................................................................4 2........................................................................................... 99 Working with reinforcement ............................................................................................. 83 Single bars....................................................3 2.........9 2 2......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 Using adaptivity ......................................................def ...............2 Reinforcement ...................................................... 62 Diagonal connections .................... and end plate connections ............. 82 Omitting reinforcing bars................................................................................................. 79 Concrete cover........................................................................................................................... 71 Sample implementation................................................................................................ 105 Ungrouping a reinforcement ..................................................................................................................................................... 87 Reinforcing bar group............................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................. 112 Defining custom reinforcement components ......................................................... 118 Reinforcing bar bending types ......................2...................................... 113 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager..........................6 2............................................ 116 Bending shape rule settings ................ 110 Exploding reinforcement .xml file ..................................................................... 114 Defining reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager.................................................................................................................................................. 109 Splitting reinforcing bar groups .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 120 Reinforcement in templates ............7 Removing points from a reinforcement ................................... 110 Combining two reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups into one............... 116 Bending schedule fields in Rebar Shape Manager.......................... 114 Adding new bending shape rules manually .............................................................. 140 7 .......................................... 110 Customizing reinforcement meshes ................................................................................................................................................................ 110 Splitting reinforcing bars in a group.................................................................................................................... 113 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in the RebarShapeRules.........................................................................................

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When you modify the size of a profile.j*. and use it for several projects. 2. the associated component also changes. For example. We will begin with the basic concepts. and bolts required to connect parts. Topics Component concepts (10) Component catalog (17) Benefits Getting Started 9 Basics of components . You can save the properties of a component using an easily-identifiable name and keep it for future use. When you copy or move objects. welds. Tekla Structures contains a wide range of components that you can use to automate the process of creating a model. you will need to connect those parts to complete the model. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the relevant components.what they are and how to create them using Tekla Structures. They are linked to main parts. This chapter explains the basics about components . so. we will show you how to use components in practice. 3. Contents This chapter is divided into the following topics: • • • • • • • • • Basics of components (9) Component catalog (17) Using components (23) Defining parts and plates (30) Defining bolts and welds (33) AutoConnection (42) AutoDefaults (47) Using the joints. when you modify a main part. followed by a general description of components properties. you could save the properties of a W12x65 column base plate connection as W12x65.1 Basics of components Introduction Components are tools that you can use to automatically create the parts. Finally.1 Introduction Getting Started Once you have created a frame of parts in your Tekla Structures model.def file (57) Using Excel in connection design (70) 1. Tekla Structures automatically includes all the associated components. The main benefits of working with components are: 1.

Corbel connection (14) Symbol Getting Started 10 Basics of components . etc. which means that Tekla Structures automatically modifies a component if you modify the parts it connects. bolted gusset. To see information about the connection. Components adapt to changes in the model. and welds. Select the secondary part. Component types Components have the following subtypes: Component type Description Connection Connects two or more parts. bolts. fittings. Examples Two-sided clip angle. fittings. The connection automatically creates the required parts. and creates all the required objects such as cuts. click the connection symbol.Component dialog box (11) Selection order (13) Up direction (13) Automatic and default properties (14) General tab (15) Design and Design type tabs (16) Component concepts Components are tools that automate tasks and group objects so that Tekla Structures treats them as a single unit. This is an example of how to apply a connection: Select the main part. parts. bolts.

For more information. base plates. Load. Examples Stiffeners. weld and DSTV dialog boxes. Save as buttons. You can also create your own components.Component Description type Detail Adds a detail or a reinforcement to a main part. Upper part Use the upper section of the dialog box to save and load predefined settings. followed by a point to place the detail. When you create a detail. see Save. frames. Tekla Structures prompts you to select a part. see Connection properties files (49). To open the component catalog. See also What is a custom component Creating custom components Component dialog box The component dialog box is in two sections. A detail is only connected to one part. For some components the upper section also contains buttons for accessing the bolt. pad footing reinforcement Stairs. use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + F. Getting Started 11 Basics of components . Modeling tools can include connections and details. For information on handling the saved properties. towers Symbol Modeling tool System and custom components Tekla Structures contains hundreds of system components by default. Automatically creates and assembles the parts to build a structure. custom components. lifting hooks Beam reinforcement. They have following subtypes: • • • • connection detail part seam All components are stored in the Component catalog (17). but does not connect the structure to existing parts.

etc. The parts you select appear in blue. but you can usually use one component in many situations.) Getting Started 12 Basics of components . The most common tabs that appear here are: • • • Picture illustrates the component. for stiffeners.Tabs Tekla Structures uses the automatic property value The parts the component creates appear in yellow The green symbol indicates the correct direction for the connection or detail. It shows just one example. end plates. Parts is where you define the properties of the parts the component creates Parameters is where you set parameters to control the component (for example. Tekla Structures uses the default property value Lower part The lower section of the dialog box is divided into tabs. chamfers. This is where you define the properties of the parts and bolts that the component creates.

Modeling tools The default picking order for a modeling tool is: 1. Main part. Tekla Structures also indicates the up direction in the connection symbol: Getting Started 13 Basics of components . +z. The default selection order for a connection is: 1. 2. Tekla Structures rotates the connection around the main part. Select the parts in the order shown in the picture: Details The default selection order for a detail is: 1. -z. Pick one to three point(s) to show the location of the objects the modeling tool creates. Up direction The up direction of a connection or a detail indicates how the connection is rotated around the secondary part. Some connection dialog boxes illustrate the selection order for parts using numbers.• • See also Bolts is where you define the number of bolts and their edge distances General is where you define the direction of the connection or detail and AutoDefaults rules Defining parts and plates (30) Defining bolts and welds (33) Selection order To create a connection you need to select or pick existing parts or points. +y. If there are no secondary parts. If there is more than one secondary part. -x. Secondary part(s) 3. as shown below. The Picture tab in the dialog box shows the up direction Tekla Structures will use. -y. Main part 2. click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts and create the connection. The options are: +x. relative to the current work plane. A point in the main part to show the location of the detail.

On the General tab. Automatic and default properties Some connection dialog boxes contain list boxes that show property options as graphics. or have Tekla Structures automatically set the properties. Tekla Structures creates the connection using the system default property. If you use AutoDefaults for the connection. If AutoDefaults have been used. automatic and properties in the joints. or z direction. Tekla Structures uses the system default properties. 2. select the option marked with this symbol. Default and automatic properties Icon Description To have Tekla Structures use a default property in a connection.Manually defining up direction To manually define the up direction: 1. More information Using AutoDefaults (51) Getting Started 14 Basics of components . y. Manual entries. If you are not using AutoDefaults. AutoDefaults. the actual picture in the default option does not necessairly match the outcome. You can select system defaults. all override these system defaults. 3. You cannot change system default properties. Click Modify to use the new values.def file. Double-click the connection symbol to open the connection dialog box. Try positive directions first. change the x. Tekla Structures uses the property defined in the AutoDefaults rules. default. System default properties If you leave fields in connection dialog boxes blank.

Icon Description To have Tekla Structures automatically determine which option to use for a property.and the lower one for x.def file (57) General tab Connections and details have the same General tab. It contains the following properties: Field Up direction Description Rotates the connection around the secondary part or detail around the main part. Example. Select a checkbox next to the images to indicate the position of the definition point of the detail. Use the Horizontal offset and Vertical offset fields to define the horizontal and vertical alignment of the detail. Locking objects Color settings for parts More information Up direction (13) Getting Started 15 Basics of components . Position in relation to primary part Available only for details. You can use class to define the color of parts in the model. See also Using the joints. Locked Class Prevents modifications. A number given to all parts the connection creates. relative to the main part.and y-axis of the secondary. Boomerang bracing connection (60): More information Use the Automatic option on the Gussetbolt1 tab to have Tekla Structures determine how the clip angle is connected to the gusset plate and beam. select the option marked with this symbol. The fields next to the image define rotation angle around the x. The upper one is for y. relative to the main part.

To define which AutoDefaults rule group to use. 2. • Design tab To check the design of a component that has a Design tab page: 1. To switch AutoDefaults off. 5. More information AutoDefaults Rule Group Using AutoDefaults (51) AutoConnecti on Rule Group Design and Design type tabs Some component dialog boxes include a Design tab. Tekla Structures can display this connection code in connection marks in drawings. red indicates it will not. see Reaction forces and UDL (57).The inquire object window opens. select the rule group None. This design check is intended for use with imperial units. This is useful when you want to check connection design according to other design codes. Select a connection in the model and click Modify. 4. Enter the information you want to use in the calculation in the remaining fields. For more information. Enter the information you want to use in the calculation in the remaining fields. To use information in an Excel spreadsheet in the UDL calculation. right-click the component symbol and select Inquire from the pop-up menu. To view the results of the check. Automatically sets connection properties according to the selected rule group. Go to the Design type tab and select Yes in the Check connection list box. See also Using Excel in connection design (70). The Design tab also contains options to: • Use AutoDefaults rule groups to automatically modify component properties to take the calculated load. See Using Excel in connection design (70). select Excel in the External design listbox. Open the component properties dialog box. 3. Tekla Structures checks the component. go to the General tab and select the rule in the AutoDefaults rule group list box. Getting Started 16 Basics of components . 2. Select a connection in the model and click Modify. A green component symbol indicates that the connection will bear the UDL. 4. Automatically switches the connection to another according to the selected rule group. others include a Design type tab.Field Connection code Description Identifies the connection. 3. which contains a summary of the design checks and related information. Go to the Design tab and select Yes in the Use UDL listbox. Design type tab To check the design of a component that has a Design type tab page: 1. Tekla Structures will check the connection each time it is used or changed in a model. Use information in an Excel spreadsheet to check connection design and automatically update component properties to bear the UDL. Use the options on these pages to check if the component will bear the UDL (uniform distributed load).

1. To view the results of the check. number. or click the Search component icon on the component toolbar (see Component catalog example (17)). the results and possible solutions. The summary of the design check shows the part checked. which contains a summary of the design check.2 Component catalog Tekla Structures contains a component catalog.6. the applied and allowed force and how much capacity has been used. use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + F. use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + F. where all components and sketched cross sections are stored. Topics Using the component catalog (17) Thumbnail images (20) Descriptions and keywords (21) Grouping components (21) Customizing and saving components (22) Using the component catalog To open the component catalog. the name of the check. The inquire object window opens. You can do the following with components and sketched cross sections: • • • • • • • Component catalog example search using name. right-click the component symbol and select Inquire from the pop-up menu. To open the component catalog. or click the Search component icon on the component toolbar. See also Sketched cross sections. or keywords start creating view properties collect your own favorites define keywords edit or add descriptions import/export This example shows the search results for the search term "Part": Getting Started 17 Component catalog .

To sort a column. click the header cell. Double-click the name to set the properties and create the component. Getting Started 18 Component catalog .Search View folders View details View thumbnails Show/ hide descriptions Create a component using the component tool you used last with its current properties. System components have blue symbols. Component description Custom components have yellow symbols.

\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. and then select Add to Favorites in the pop-up menu.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. If you modify the file..txt file that is located in the . For more information. You can add and remove components. If you modify the file. Creating new folders By default.txt file that is located in the . see Copying components to another folder (22). To add a component to your list. The default tree settings for the Folders view are stored in the ComponentCatalogTreeView. Modifying Search and Folders views • The default view settings for the Search view are stored in the ComponentCatalog. • Symbols The first column in the catalog indicates the component types with following symbols: Symbol Component type System connections System detail System modeling tool Custom connections and seams Custom details Custom parts Sketched cross sections Pop-up menus System components Right-click a system component in the Search view list to open a pop-up menu containing the following commands: Getting Started 19 Component catalog .txt file that is located in the .You can create a list of favorite components.. the Folders view changes. the Search view and the Search results branch in the Folders view change. right-click the component name in the component catalog.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\attributes\ folder. components are grouped in folders based on their type and framing condition.. and create folders and subfolders. right-click a level in the tree and select an option from the pop-up menu: • • Create New Folder to create folder at the same level Create New Sub-folder to create a folder one level below Information on the folders you create is stored in the ComponentCatalogTreeView. To create new folders in the Folders tree view.

Remove from Search Result Change picture....... For example. Remove from Search result Change Picture..... Add to Favorites Add to Search Result... Right-click a custom component in the Search view list to open a pop-up menu containing the following commands: • • • • • • • • • • Sketched cross sections Properties.. Import.. Edit Keywords..... Add to Favorites Add to Search Result. AutoDefaults.. Add to Favorites Add to Search Result. Edit keywords. Edit Custom Component Delete Custom Component Right-click a sketch in the Search view list to open a pop-up menu containing the following commands: • • • • • • • • • See also Properties.. this is what the thumbnail image for Bolted gusset (11) connection looks like: Getting Started 20 Component catalog ......... Remove from Search Result Export.. Import. Delete Thumbnail images (20) Descriptions and keywords (21) Grouping components (21) Managing custom components Sketched cross sections Thumbnail images Most system components have a default thumbnail image in the component catalog.. which shows you a typical situation where the component can be used.. Import. Export.• • • • • • • • Custom components Properties..... Edit Keywords.. Change Picture.

5. 2. right-click a component in the component catalog. Keywords you add or edit are saved in ComponentCatalog..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system. Press Ctrl + F to open the component catalog. type text in the description field. Locate the thumbnail and select it. You can create new descriptions and edit existing ones: • • • Keywords The default component descriptions are stored in the xslib. Use the button to show or hide descriptions.. Tekla Structures links the thumbnail to the component. located in the model folder.To edit a thumbnail image for a component: 1. To add or edit a description... Tekla Structures prompts you to save the description you added or edited. for example.db1 file. When you select another component in the component catalog. 3. You can combine ComponentCatalog. After you have saved the description. you can use Create View > Default Views of Component and Screenshot commands. 4. To add or edit keywords..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. save the model also. Grouping components To create a new folder based on the results of a search: Getting Started 21 Component catalog .txt file in the current model folder.. Edited component descriptions are model-specific. Create an image and save it in bmp format in . Click OK. Descriptions and keywords Descriptions To view a component description. To create the image. Right-click the component and select Change picture. select the component in the Component catalog.txt files and move them to the system folder:. 6. and select Edit keywords.

Removing components from groups In the Component catalog. click Store. enter a name for the folder and click OK. 3. Getting Started 22 Component catalog . right-click and select Copy. The new folder appears in the tree. To group the search results in a new folder. we’ll use the Bolted gusset (11) component to connect a single brace at the base plate of column. store the component temporarily to a new folder. 2. 4. go to the new folder and copy the component from there to the desired folder. right-click the component and select: • or Remove.1. 4. To remove components from a group. Remove from search result if the folder was created from a search. then save a copy in the component catalog to use in similar situations. if it is a default group. • Copying components to another folder To copy components from one folder to another: 1. enter your search criteria and click Search. 5. Go to the folder where you want to copy the component. Customizing and saving components Many components are suitable for use in different situations. If the copying does not succeed for some reason. In the Store search result dialog box. For example. Select the component. In the Folders view. 2. click the Folders icon to open the Folders view. Click the Search icon and search for the component to be copied. You can define the properties of a component to use in a specific situation. Right-click and select Paste. 1. In the component catalog. 3. Go to the folder where the component to be copied is located. Select the component and click Store to create a new folder for the component. 3. 2.

. the component is added to the All group.. It also includes examples.. Creating components (24) Example: Adding an end plate (24) Example: Adding a base plate and anchor rods (25) Example: Adding a beam to column connection (26) Viewing components (27) Modifying components (27) Tips on working with components (29) Getting Started 23 Using components . To save a copy of the component. To change the thumbnail. By default the component uses the same thumbnail image as the original component. we’ll right-click the component symbol in the model. 1. The Publish in catalog dialog box appears. 2.1. We can add the component to a specific group.3 Using components Introduction Topics This section explains how to use components. and select Publish in catalog. see Thumbnail images (20). By default. 3.

Getting Started 24 Using components . Click Apply to create the component using the default properties. For an example of using a connection. Tekla Structures prompts you to select the main part (column) and then the secondary part (beam). or a beam to a column. Tip Red When applying a component that you are unfamiliar with. accept the default properties and apply the component. Tekla Structures prompts you to select the main part (the part secondary parts connect to). The End plate (144) connection connects two beams. See also Selection order (13). 3. When you create connections. A common reason is that the up direction is not appropriate. enter 144 and click Search. You need to pick points to indicate the location or length of a detail or a modeling tool. Often occurs when bolts or holes have an edge distance less than the default value for that component. Status Tekla Structures uses different-colored component symbols to show the status of connections and details: Color Status Component created successfully. To create the end plate connection: 1. using a bolted end plate. 2. see Example: Adding an end plate (24). Tekla Structures creates the connection. See Up direction (13). Then look to see what needs to be modified. This is quicker than trying to set the values for the component before seeing what the component actually creates. then the secondary part(s). In the component catalog. but has problems. Example: Adding an end plate This example shows how to create an end plate connection. Double-click the End plate (144) component. 4. Tekla Structures displays the component dialog box and starts the End plate (144) command. you select existing parts to indicate which members a connection or a detail is attached to.Creating components You create different types of component in different ways. For example. Green Component created. Yellow Component failed.

you need to modify the component.5. 2. 3. Example: Adding a base plate and anchor rods Component catalog contains several base plate details. Open the component catalog. If you use incorrect properties. Select the next main part or interrupt the command. For more information. For more information. see Modifying components (27). Before you start: • • create a column create an elevation view To add a base plate to a column: 1. Open an elevation view. see Creating components (24). Enter base plate in the Search field and click Search. Tekla Structures may fail to create the component. Getting Started 25 Using components . for example. If you need to change the number of bolts or plate dimensions. click the Thumbnails icon . This example shows how to create a base plate and anchor rods. To view pictures of the components in the search results. 4.

Pick the point at the base of the column to indicate where to create the base plate. Double-click the component to open the Tekla Structures Base plate (1004) dialog box. The prompt Pick part appears on the status bar. Example: Adding a beam to column connection Component catalog contains several beam to column connections. 14. This example shows how to create a beam to column connection. Change the dimensions of the anchor rods. Click Modify. Click Base plate (1004). Change the dimensions of the anchor rods. 13. To change only this base plate. This component creates a base plate with anchor bolts. To make it easier to select components. Examine the component to see if you need to make any changes. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to end the command. Click OK to close the dialog box. 11. 16. 12. Select the column. Tekla Structures creates the base plate. The prompt Pick position appears on the status bar. Tekla Structures changes the dimensions of the anchor rods. Before you start: • • create a beam and a column create an elevation view To create a beam to column connection: Getting Started 26 Using components . 6. 17. which indicates that the connection was created successfully. 9. click the Select component icon . select Ignore other types in the list in the top section of the dialog box: 15. Check that the connection symbol is green. Go to the Anchor rods tab. 8.5. 18. which indicates that the connection was created successfully. 7. Check that the connection symbol is green. 10.

1. Open the component catalog. 2. Select Beam to column connections in the list. The list of beam to column connections appears in the main pane. 3. Select Column with stiffeners (186). 4. The prompt Pick main part appears on the status bar. Select the column. 5. The prompt Pick secondary part appears on the status bar. Select the beam. 6. Tekla Structures creates the connection. 7. Click OK to close the dialog box. 8. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to end the command. 9. Check that the connection symbol is green, which indicates that the connection was created successfully. 10. Examine the component to see if you need to make any changes.

Viewing components
You can create several views of a component to view it from different viewpoints. To create views of a component: 1. Click the component symbol to select the component. 2. To create views, right-click and select Create View > Default Views of Component from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures creates four views: front, end, top, and perspective.

To check dimensions, such as bolt locations and edge distances, work in the Component front view and use the Measure tool.

Modifying components
To modify a component, double-click the component symbol in the model. The component dialog box appears. This is where you modify the component properties.

If you have Select component switched on , you do not have to pick component symbol, but you can just pick any object belonging to a component. This is the only method for selecting custom parts, because they do not have any symbol. You can also indicate which connections and details are affected by the modifications:

Modify connection type: If you have selected several connections and details, clicking the Modify button modifies all the selected connections and details irrespective of their type. If the connection type is not the same as in the dialog box, Tekla Structures changes the connection type. Ignore other types: Tekla Structures only modifies connections and details of the type shown in dialog box.

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Using components

Conceptual components
Depending on the Tekla Structures configuration you are using, you can create either detailed or conceptual components. Conceptual components are meant to be used as reference information for further fabrication detailing. Conceptual components look similar to detailed components but do not include the option to change part numbering or assembly numbering settings. Conceptual components can be created only with Engineering and Cast in Place configurations. However, you can edit conceptual components in Full, Steel Detailing, or Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. Conceptual components can be converted to detailed components that include all the information needed for fabrication, such as assemblies, cast units, and reinforcing bars. The conversion to detailed components can be done in Full, Steel Detailing, or Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. Modifying part properties, such as the size of the component main part, does not automatically convert a detailed component to a conceptual one, or vice versa. For example, if you use the Engineering configuration and modify the model, detailed components do not convert to conceptual components. Component Conceptual Symbol Configuration Engineering Cast in Place Description Conceptual component does not create assemblies or cast units. The dialog box is the same as in detailed component, but does not contain fields for part and assembly positions. Full Steel Detailing Precast Concrete Detailing Round Detailed component contains part and assembly numbering fields, and creates needed assemblies and cast units.

Rectangular

Detailed

Detailed components can be converted to conceptual components in Engineering and Cast in Place configurations.

See also

Converting a conceptual component to a detailed component (28) Converting a conceptual component to a detailed component An individual conceptual component that has been created with Engineering or Reinforced Concrete Detailing configuration can be converted to a detailed component in Full, Steel Detailing, and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. To convert a conceptual component to a detailed component:

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Using components

1. Select the component symbol. 2. Click Detailing > Component > Convert to Detailing Component.

If you want to convert a detailed component to a conceptual component in Engineering or Reinforced Concete Detailing configuration, right-click and select Convert to Conceptual Component. See also Conceptual components (28)

Tips on working with components
No component created If you have difficulty applying a component, check the status bar for prompts. For example, you may need to click the middle mouse button to stop selecting parts, before Tekla Structures creates the component. If you are applying a connection that only allows for one secondary part, you may see the message Many parts found on the status bar. This means that Tekla Structures cannot determine which parts to connect. You may have several parts in the same location, or the view may be set too deep. If the component does not create the parts you need by default (for example, stiffener plates), look for a switch to turn them on. If there is no switch, try entering a value in the thickness field for that part (for example, on the Stiffeners tab). If the component creates parts you do not need, look for the switch to turn them off. If there is no switch, enter a zero (0) in the thickness field for that part.

Many parts found

Switch parts on/ off

Default: Tekla Structures creates stiffeners or uses value retrieved from AutoDefaults. Automatic: Tekla Structures creates or omits stiffeners depending on the situation in the model. Tekla Structures does not create stiffeners

Tekla Structures creates stiffeners.

Entering valid profiles

You need to specify profiles for some components. If a component fails, try entering a valid profile.

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Using components

1. One Parts tab Where there is one tab. in connection 56.4 Defining parts and plates Use the Parts tab to define the parts that Tekla Structures creates when you use a component. Plates Enter the following dimensions for plates: Getting Started 30 Defining parts and plates . the parts appear on both the Gusset and Brace conn tabs. To delete a part. Topics Using the dialog box (30) Dimensioning parts (30) Defining materials (32) Using the dialog box Some components list all parts on one tab. Corner tube gusset. others list parts on separate tabs as shown in the following examples. Several Parts tabs Parts can also appear on separate tabs. enter zero (0) in the t (thickness) field. the label is usually Parts or Plates. Dimensioning parts Use the Parts tabs to dimension specific part types in components. For example.

> Components tab. Specify a prefix and a start number. Click Help in a component dialog box to check which dimensions you need to enter. and select a profile from the profile catalog. You define different prefixes and start numbers according to the part’s relationship to other parts in the component. Tekla Structures calculates width and height using the number of bolts and bolt edge distances. Part position number Use the Pos_no field to enter the part position number for each part the component creates.Dimension t b h Description Plate thickness Plate width Plate height You do not have to enter these dimensions for every component type. For example. as Tekla Structures determines the plate shape differently for different components.... Or click . Prefix Start number Some component dialog boxes have a second row of Pos_no fields for you to enter the assembly position number. Beams To specify a library or parametric profile to use for beams: • • Enter the profile name. Using the Components tab To set the default prefix and start number for all the parts that components create. Separate the prefix and part number using the \ character (for example. p\1). Getting Started 31 Defining parts and plates . The profile must exist in the profile catalog.. as shown below. in end plate connections. > Components. This overrides the settings on the Tools > Options > Options. click Tools > Options > Options.

click next to the Material field. Click a material type. then click the material to use for the part.Prefix Part number Defining materials To define the materials for the parts that components create. Getting Started 32 Defining parts and plates . Tekla Structures opens the Select Material dialog box.

Using the Components tab To set the default part material for the parts that components create. 1. > Components tab.. assemblies.. click Tools > Options > Options. and welds to use in specific components. Topics Using the Bolts tab (33) Defining bolts (35) Creating holes (35) Number of bolts and spacing (36) Bolt group orientation (36) Bolt group pattern (37) Edge distance (37) Bolt position (37) Defining slotted holes (39) Deleting bolts (40) Defining bolt assemblies (41) Welds (41) Using the Bolts tab This illustration shows the properties you can set on the Bolts tab of component dialog boxes: Getting Started 33 Defining bolts and welds . Tekla Structures uses this default if you leave the Material field blank in the component dialog box when you apply the component. and use the Part material field.5 Defining bolts and welds Use the Bolts or Welds tabs to define which bolts.

Slotted hole dimensions Slotted to create slotted hole in part Check bolt components to include (bolt, washer, screw). Shank length protruding from the nut Bolt spacing - vertical

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Defining bolts and welds

Number of bolts Enter bolt order number of bolt to delete. Edge distance Bolt spacing (horizontal) Number of bolts Bolt group pattern Horizontal Vertical

Defining bolts
Use the following fields on the Bolts tab to specify the type of bolts to use in individual components: Dialog box text Description Bolt size Bolt standard Tolerance Thread in mat Must be defined in the bolt assembly catalog. See also The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs. The bolt standard to use inside the component. Must be defined in the bolt assembly catalog. Gap between bolt and hole. Indicate if the thread can be inside bolted parts when using bolts with a shaft. Has no effect if using fullthreaded bolts. Location where bolts should be attached.

Site/Workshop

Increasing bolt length To allow for additional material thickness, increase the length of the bolt on the Bolts tab. For example, you could use this for painted parts. Enter extra bolt length

Tekla Structures uses this value in bolt length calculation. See Bolt length calculation.

Creating holes
To only create a hole, deselect all the components in the illustration on the Bolts tab.

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Defining bolts and welds

Number of bolts and spacing
Use the Bolts tab to specify the number of bolts and bolt spacing, both horizontally and vertically. Enter the number of bolts in the shorter field, and the spacing between bolts in the longer field, as shown below. Use a space to separate bolt spacing values. Enter a value for each space between bolts. Example For example, if there are 3 bolts, enter 2 values.

Number of bolts Bolt spacing The settings above result in this bolt group layout:

Bolt group orientation
Some connections include the following options on the Bolts tab to orientate bolt groups: Option Description Square.

Staggered in the direction of the secondary part.

Sloped in the direction of the secondary part.

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Defining bolts and welds

Bolt group pattern For some components you can select different bolt group patterns. Then enter the dimension in the fields indicated below. Enter top.def file (57). left. You have the following options: Option Edge distance Edge distance is the distance from the center of a bolt to the edge of the part. Edge distance dimension line Enter edge distances here Bolt position In the list box on the Bolts tab. A dimension line on the illustration shows each dimension. bottom. select an option to indicate how to measure dimensions for vertical and horizontal bolt position. If you leave this field blank. Tekla Structures uses a system default value. Getting Started 37 Defining bolts and welds . and right edge distances on the Bolts tab. See also Using the joints.

.Enter dimensions Measure dimension from.. Bottom Lower edge of secondary part to lowest bolt. Vertical bolt position Use these options to indicate how Tekla Structures measures vertical dimensions: Option Top Dimension from Upper edge of secondary part to uppermost bolt.. Illustration Middle Centerline of bolts to centerline of secondary part. Horizontal bolt position Use these options to indicate how Tekla Structures measures horizontal dimensions: Getting Started 38 Defining bolts and welds .

3. enter the x or y dimensions of the hole. To produce a round hole. Getting Started 39 Defining bolts and welds . enter zero (0) for both dimensions. Defining slotted holes To define slotted holes in components: 1. Open the component properties dialog box and click on the Bolts tab. Set Hole type to Slotted.Option Left Dimension from Left edge of secondary part to far left bolt. Different bolt groups may appear on different tabs in different dialog boxes. 4. Right Right edge of secondary part to far right bolt. To shape slotted holes. 2. Select which parts have slotted holes from the Slots in list box. Select No to create round holes. Illustration Middle Centerline of bolts.

Bolt numbers run left to right and top down. Double click the component symbol to open the component dialog box. separated by a space. Shear plate simple (146). Go to the Bolts tab. For example. Click Modify to change the selected component. Example You start with this bolt group: You enter the following bolt numbers: The bolt group now looks like this: 40 Getting Started Defining bolts and welds . Clip angle (141). For more information. Check Delete. 4. 2. Deleting bolts To delete bolts from a bolt group: 1. Enter the bolt number(s) of the bolt(s) to delete. Click OK to exit the component dialog box.Slotted hole length = x or y dimension + Bolt size + Tolerance For some components you can specify which parts have slotted holes using the Bolts tab. 6. You can also use the Bolt command to modify bolt groups after creating components. see Holes. 3. 5.

Check the pieces to use.Defining bolt assemblies On the illustration on the Bolts tab. Check Effect in modify. 3. The illustration identifies each weld using a number. 4. use row 1 to define the arrow side of the weld. Click the component symbol to select it. Click the Modify button. Welds To define the properties of the welds Tekla Structures uses in a component. For each weld. 2. washers. Getting Started 41 Defining bolts and welds . Tekla Structures displays the appropriate weld dialog box. click the Welds button in the component properties dialog box. check the pieces to use in the bolt assembly (bolt. To change the bolt assemblies in the current component: 1. and row 2 for the other side. and nuts).

Tekla Structures automatically creates similar connections for similar framing conditions. Test model Before using AutoConnections and AutoDefaults in a working model. you can create connections automatically. without having to select each connection and define its properties individually. we recommend that you create a test model. With AutoConnection. Tree structure To access the AutoConnection Setup dialog box. manufacturers. You can also use AutoDefaults to define connection properties and apply them to a single connection.. It also acts as a quick reference for connection information.. The connection types used in various cases are shown in a tree structure: Getting Started 42 AutoConnection . You can use AutoDefaults together with AutoConnection to define connection properties.6 AutoConnection Introduction Use AutoConnection to automatically select and apply connections with predefined properties to selected parts in a model. AutoConnection setup (42) AutoConnection rule groups (44) AutoConnection rule sets (44) Rules.. and create all the connection conditions in it that you need for a particular project. You can define rule groups and rule sets for both AutoConnection and AutoDefaults to use for different conditions within the model. You can then use this test model to check the rules and properties of various connection types.See also Welds 1. For example.zxt (45) Changing a connection (46) Using AutoConnection (46) AutoDefaults (47) AutoConnection and AutoDefaults rules (51) See also AutoConnection setup With AutoConnection you can define groups of rules which Tekla Structures automatically applies when you use AutoConnection to create connections in a model. you can create separate rules for different standards. AutoDefaults allows you to modify standard connection properties and save them for use in specific circumstances. and even individual models. projects. By using a rule group to select connections and connection properties. click Detailing > AutoConnection > AutoConnection Settings.

The connection to apply if the rule set criteria are met. manufacturers. The framing conditions include the following: beam to beam web. The 2nd level shows the different predefined framing conditions (connection types). Tekla Structures creates them automatically and you cannot change them. beam to column flange. and column splice. projects. beam splice. and models. Connection Getting Started 43 AutoConnection . They help you to group the rules according to different standards. beam to beam flange. beam to column web.Icon Type Rule group Description The 1st level in the tree shows the rule groups. Framing condition Rule set Under each framing condition you can create rule sets to specify which connection to use for specific conditions within the model. These are userdefinable.

you need to define rule groups. A New entry appears in the tree. For example. shear tabs. projects. you have beam to beam connections... Give the rule group a name that reflects the group of connections that you want to create.. Open your test model.). For more information on rules. some require clip angles. You only need to create AutoConnection rule sets if you plan to use different connections to connect similar framing conditions. so that you can group the rules according to different standards. AutoConnection uses profile height and ID number as the criteria for determining 1. beam to beam flange etc. AutoConnection rule sets Each framing condition can contain rule sets. lowest. Click Detailing > AutoConnection > AutoConnection Settings. Right-click an existing rule set. 2. right-click the connection name and then select No connection from the pop-up menu. A pop-up menu appears. see AutoConnection rule groups (44) and AutoConnection rule sets (44). Give the new rule set a descriptive name. see Using AutoConnection (46). end plates. 3. which you can use to specify which connection to use for specific conditions within the model. Right-click the framing condition. the project name. Right-click an existing rule group. Double-click the group New and rename it. others need shear tabs. or any name that will clearly identify the connection rules that you want to use for a specific model. Tekla Structures automatically adds the framing conditions branches under it (beam to beam web. 2. In this case. Restrictions AutoConnection has the following restrictions: • • See also You can have a maximum of two secondary parts in the connection (for example. Select Create additional rule sets. AutoConnection rule groups Before using AutoConnection. and welds. etc. When you create a new rule group. AutoDefaults cannot change beam profiles or the connection number. If you do not want to apply a connection for certain rules sets. The order of the rules in the tree is important. so you should place the most limiting rule highest in the tree. AutoDefaults only affects connection parts (clip angles. Give it a distinctive name. Creating a rule set To add a new rule set under a framing condition: 1. 1. A pop-up menu appears. secondary parts. …).To apply a particular connection. you need to set up rule sets to determine where each connection type should be used. bolts. A New entry appears in the tree. and the most generic. For example. Select New rule set. To create a new rule group: 1. you cannot use complex gussets with several secondaries). Tekla Structures uses the first rule that matches the conditions within the model. Creating a subrule set Getting Started 44 AutoConnection . and select New rule group from the pop-up menu. the conditions within the model have to match all the rules in the branch containing the connection. For more information on how to use AutoConnection. manufacturers. use the fabricator's name. 2. secondary and 2. 3.

so you should place the most limiting rule highest in the tree. or minimum and maximum values. For more information on rules. Right-click the rule set. lowest. See AutoConnection (42).zxt. 3. You need to define its contents separately.3. Getting Started 45 AutoConnection . Click the right arrow button to move the selected rule into the list of rules in the rule set. Select Edit rule set. to open the AutoConnection Rules dialog box. Select a rule from the Available rules list.. When you copy this file for use in other projects. Tekla Structures uses the first rule that matches the conditions within the model. You can change the priority of a rule set by right-clicking the rule set and selecting Move Up or Move Down. Each time you modify AutoConnection setup you need to recopy this file to the firm and/or project folders. Tekla Structures creates an Attributes subfolder in the current model folder and saves the AutoConnection information in a zipped text file called rules. see AutoConnection and AutoDefaults rules (51). Editing a rule set You can edit the contents of a rule set (for example. You can copy this file to the project or firm folders to make it available for other models (see also Project and firm folders). remember to restart Tekla Structures to use the new setup. The order of the rules in the tree is important. In the right pane under Rules in rule set.. 6. The name you enter in the Rule set name field is shown in the setup tree. 5. 4. A pop-up menu appears. Give the new subrule set a descriptive name. Creating a new rule set or subrule set only adds a rule set to the setup tree. Rules. You can either define an exact value. fill in the acceptable values for the rule.zxt When you use AutoConnection. and the most generic. change the name or add rules to it): 1. 2.

or rule group. Using AutoConnection Use AutoConnection to have Tekla Structures automatically create connections using a predefined set of rules. beam to beam flange. Additional options Use the options on the Advanced tab to indicate which rule groups you want to use for each Framing condition (beam to beam web. Select a connection and click OK to update the tree. This also deletes its subrule sets. Rule group for AutoConnection Rule group for AutoDefaults 4. or to apply a specific connection. You can change the properties of connections you create using AutoConnection. and indicate a particular connection to use for that framing type. 3. Tekla Structures ignores the properties in the connection dialog boxes and creates connections using the properties defined in the rule group.). 2.. Tekla Structures does not modify existing connections. Creating connections To create connections using AutoConnection: 1. to open the Component catalog dialog box. > Create connections to display the AutoConnection dialog box. Click Detailing > AutoConnection.. Deleting an item Use the Delete rule set command in the pop-up menu to delete a rule set from the Setup tree. 3. You also have the option not to apply a rule group. Example Getting Started 46 AutoConnection .Changing a connection To change the connection in a rule set.. etc.. When you use AutoConnection. You can use a rule group for all framing types other than beam to column flange. Right-click a connection in the AutoConnection Setup tree. Click the Create connections button. To open the Component catalog: 1. Pick the parts to connect. Select Select connection type. 2. use the Component catalog dialog box which lists all the Tekla Structures connections available in the connection toolbars. Select a rule group in the first list box on the Rule groups tab as shown below. A pop-up menu appears.

Tekla Structures applies the connection defined in the rule group you have indicated in the first list box on the Rule groups tab. Use Parameters selection to indicate which connection properties you want to use. Tekla Structures applies the default connection properties. The options are: Option AutoDefaults Result Tekla Structures applies the properties of the rule group you have indicated in the first list box on Rule groups tab.Options Use Connection selection to indicate your preferences for each framing condition. A named connection No AutoDefaults 1. Tekla Structures creates the connection you specify using the default properties. If the main part profile changes. then OK. See Automatic and default properties (14). See Automatic and default properties (14). When you use AutoDefaults. See also AutoConnection (42) AutoDefaults setup (48) Connection properties files (49) Saving connection properties (49) Access to properties files (49) Defaults. You have the following options: Option None AutoConnection Result Tekla Structures does not create a connection. Click Select to pick from a list of available connections. you can use AutoDefaults to automatically adjust the thickness of each base plate you create. For example. Tekla Structures will also automatically adjust the thickness of the base plate. according to the main part profile.zxt (50) Priority of rule sets (50) Editing connection properties (50) Using AutoDefaults (51) How to use AutoDefaults effectively (51) Checking AutoDefaults properties (51) Checking AutoDefaults rules (51) 47 Getting Started AutoDefaults . Tekla Structures automatically creates connections with predefined properties. Click a connection.7 AutoDefaults Introduction Use AutoDefaults to automatically apply connections.

Tekla Structures automatically redefines the connection properties using AutoDefaults setup. Tree structure To open the AutoDefaults setup dialog box. When you modify connections (for example changing the beam size). Connection page Connection Getting Started 48 AutoDefaults . The connection types used in various cases are shown in a tree structure: Icon Type Rule group Description The 1st level in the tree contains rule groups. The rule groups are userdefinable. Use AutoDefaults to modify standard connection properties and save the modified properties for use in specific situations..AutoConnection and AutoDefaults rules (51) AutoDefaults setup With AutoDefaults you can create rules defining when to use different predefined connection properties. The next two levels show all the connections available on the toolbars.. click Detailing > AutoConnection > AutoDefaults Settings. projects. They help you to group rules according to different standards. and models. They are predefined and you cannot change them.. manufacturers.

You can save connection properties that you want to use again in separate properties files and give them a distinctive name. Tekla Structures creates the properties file in an Attributes subfolder in the current model folder.j144). you can save them in a properties file: 1. Saving connection properties To save connection properties for later use in similar conditions within the model. Connection properties file Rule sets You define AutoDefaults rule sets in the same way as AutoConnection rule sets.jXXX.Icon Type Rule set Description Under each connection you can create rule sets to specify which connection properties to use when specific conditions within the model are met. In the Save as field. Tekla Structures displays the Attribute File List dialog box. In the AutoDefaults Setup tree. Getting Started 49 AutoDefaults .j141) to the firm or project folders to use in other models. Connection properties files By default. This means you can easily check later which properties Tekla Structures used in specific situations.j144). When you save connection properties to use with AutoDefaults. where XXX is the connection number (for example. bolt. Access to properties files To view the list of properties files for a certain connection: 1. sec_0-190.j141). Tekla Structures saves the AutoDefaults rules in the defaults. it is a good idea to enter the same name in the Save as and Connection code fields on the General tab.. Set the properties you want to save (for example. Tekla Structures does not automatically show the AutoDefault values in the connection properties fields..zxt (50). material properties).zxt file in the current model folder. Enter the same name in the Connection code field and click Save as. 3. each connection has a standard properties file which defines the standard properties for the connection (for example. See Defaults. enter a distinctive name for the connection properties. See Saving connection properties (49). sec_0-190..zxt and all the connection properties files associated with it (for example. standard. You can save connection properties that you want to use again. Click Select connection parameters. standard. containing the existing properties files for the connection. Every branch in the tree ends with connection properties file(s) (for example. 2. Right-click the selected properties file. select a properties file (for example. 2. profile.j144). You may want to copy defaults. The filename consists of the name you entered in Save as and the extension . A pop-up menu appears. standard. See AutoConnection rule sets (44).

Select Edit connection parameters to open the connection dialog box. Tekla Structures creates an Attributes sub-folder in the current model folder and saves the AutoDefaults setup in a zipped text file. 4. 5. See also Project and firm folders. Set the properties as you would when manually creating connections. This ensures that AutoDefaults can modify the properties. When you copy this file for use in other projects. Click Select connection parameters. Tekla Structures can also read the unpacked file. Where there is no match. Change the extension back to zxt when you have finished. You can now apply any of the properties that have been saved in a rule set. AutoDefaults selects the first one to match (in this case. Use a name that distinguishes these as AutoDefaults setup. Priority of rule sets Tekla Structures processes AutoDefaults rule sets in the order in which they appear in the tree.zxt file using a text editor. check that you use the right syntax. Example For example. if you have properties files and rules for maximum profile heights of 150. so you can control the selection of properties. Right-click the standard.. 7. You do not need to repack the file after editing it. Each time you modify the AutoDefaults setup. or project folders. and AutoDefaults is selecting properties for a height of 158 mm.Defaults. three properties files are valid. We do not recommend that you edit the defaults. you need to load the default properties next time you use this connection. a different profile height. 8.j file (for example.zxt file is to change the file extension zxt to txt. one framing condition. but if you do so. standard. Getting Started 50 AutoDefaults . Usually.j again. A pop-up menu appears. If you click OK to close the dialog box. The easiest way to unpack the . and orientation can have several property combinations. You can copy this file to the project or firm folders to make it available in other models. 170 and 190 mm. Click Cancel to close the dialog box and return to the AutoDefaults setup dialog box. 6. Editing connection properties To edit connection properties in the AutoDefaults Setup tree: 1.. profile type.zxt When you use AutoDefaults.zxt. you need to recopy this file to the firm.gz and unpack the file using WinZip.You should set the default rule so that it does not define the profile height and is the last item in the branch. remember to restart Tekla Structures to use the new setup. The Attribute File List opens.. It contains the properties that have been set and saved in the connection dialog box. 2. 3. 160. 160 mm). Type a descriptive name for these properties in the Save as text box and click Save as. you will need a default rule and properties file. Right-click a connection standard. defaults. for example.j144). In this way the default rule will always be the last one to match and any properties file that matches the profile height will override it.

set the fields that you want AutoDefaults to override to Default by selecting the options marked with the arrow symbol . If you manually modify connection properties after using AutoDefaults. Open the connection dialog box. To quickly set all the fields in a dialog box to Default. even if AutoDefaults is active. 4. Checking AutoDefaults properties To check the properties AutoDefaults has applied to a connection: 1. Tekla Structures does not update the base plate thickness. 3. For example. You can also see all the combined properties used for that connection. If you modify the main part profile. 3. AutoDefaults is active and sets plate thickness according to the main part profile. Tekla Structures shows the applied properties in the fields. Select Inquire. In the list box in the upper left corner of the dialog box. On the General tab. On all the tabs. you have manually set a base plate thickness of 20 mm in the Base plate dialog box of a connection. How to use AutoDefaults effectively Use default values when you create a connection. Select the connection symbol and right-click. Checking AutoDefaults rules You can check which rules AutoDefaults has used for a particular connection. Getting Started 51 AutoDefaults . then use AutoDefaults to modify the properties. 2. Using these rules you can create your own standards to apply project or company defaults. select <AutoDefaults>. Double-click the connection symbol to open the connection dialog box. AutoDefaults does not change connection properties that have been modified. 2. You can also see all the properties files used for that connection. The rule group cannot be None.Using AutoDefaults To use AutoDefaults for a single connection: 1. AutoConnection and AutoDefaults rules Introduction You can use the rules listed in the sections below to accurately select connections and connection properties when using AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. 1. select a rule group from the AutoDefaults rule group list. It only modifies connection properties in fields containing the default properties. Click Apply to create the connection using AutoDefaults. Tekla Structures will not automatically update the connection properties. Tekla Structures shows the rule group and rule sets that the connection passed. load <Defaults> in the connection dialog box. 2. Click Load. It remains at 20 mm.

Number of primaries. Material name.General The general rules are: • • Profile name: the name in the Name field in the Profile catalog dialog box. Profile type: use the following table to find the correct number: Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 15 16 17 51 Profile type I L Z U Plate Round bar Pipe Square pipe C T ZZ CC CW Polygon plate • • • Orientation Number of secondaries. the connections can be classified as: • Sloped angle (relative to main part cross section) The longitudinal axis of the secondary part follows the slope of the longitudinal axis of the main part. The angle is the smaller of the angles between the longitudinal axis of the secondary part and the main part Z or Y axis. • Skewed angle (relative to main part longitudinal axis) The longitudinal axis of the secondary part is skewed according to the main part cross section. Depending on the relative angle a beam. Getting Started 52 AutoDefaults .

• • Forces and strengths Web thickness Flange thickness Shear force Axial force Bending moment • • • Combining and iterating properties AutoDefaults includes these features: Getting Started 53 AutoDefaults .t2 . Sloped. Dimensions • • Profile depth Web depth For profiles with an upper and lower flange. web depth is h .t . and cant angle value can be between .2*r1 Or. web depth is: h .2*t . skewed.r1 . if t2 is zero: h .r2.t1 .90 and 90 degrees.• Cant angle For rotated secondary parts.2*r1 For profiles with one flange.

Use a single iteration rule set and place it just before the default rule set. the iteration results in connection properties that have passed the check. Limitations Tekla Structures cannot iterate properties files directly. Browse the tree and right-click a rules set. the most recent files (the lowest in the tree) override previous ones. since the last overrides.. Use a single iteration rule set with sub rule sets. You cannot have many parallel iteration rule sets. Tekla Structures tests properties until the connection symbol is yellow or green. even if the rules would match. then use these files to define many rules. When Tekla Structures combines the properties files. If you leave properties blank... Tekla Structures checks sub rule sets until it finds matching properties that leave the connection symbol yellow. Iterating Using these features To use either of these features for a rule set: 1. 4. 2. Tekla Structures does not override previous properties with blank properties. Click Detailing > AutoConnection > AutoDefault Settings. The order of properties files is important. Iteration changes connection properties automatically if connection fails. For example you can have one file for bolt properties and another for profile properties. Select Edit rule set. Set Parameters files selection to one of the following options: Description Tekla Structures uses the properties files it finds in the first matching sub-rule set and does not check other rule sets. Tekla Structures checks all rule sets and uses properties files in all matching rule sets. 3. Tekla Structures combines the files when it runs AutoDefaults.. Option Use combination of first parameters Iterate until the connection symbol is green Iterate until the connection symbol is yellow Use combination of all parameters The order of files in the tree is important.Feature Combining Description You can save connection properties files covering different groups of properties. If Connection Check is set on. Tekla Structures checks sub rule sets until it finds matching properties that leave the connection symbol green. 54 Getting Started AutoDefaults .

Combination rule sets can only be one level deep. See the image below. Tekla Structures uses the last property it finds. because you use one file for several rules. This means you define fewer files.Place the combination rule sets above the iteration rule set in the tree. See also Combining and iterating properties (53) Getting Started 55 AutoDefaults . See also Combining properties (55) Iteration with connection check (56) Combining properties The AutoDefaults combine feature combines separate properties files into one file. Tekla Structures disregards empty rule sets. If files contain different values for the same property. so include at least one rule in each rule set.

j144.. Right-click it and select Create additional rule sets. 12.. Set Parameters file selection to Use combination of first parameters. Right-click the connection properties file standard. Click OK. Browse the tree and find connection 144.. Select the properties file for two bolts and click OK. 3.. 14. 13. 8. Click Detailing > AutoConnection > AutoDefaults Settings. Right-click the tree and select New rule group. 4. 7. Click the rule group and rename it to "Iteration example". 1. 11. Right-click the rule set and select Edit rule set. 9. Right-click the new rule set and select Edit rule set. and click Select connection parameters. Getting Started 56 AutoDefaults . The iteration rule forces Tekla Structures to tests sub rules until the connection symbol is green in the model.. 6.. Repeat steps 8 to 13 for other rule sets... To create a rule set "2 bolts". Creating iteration rules First. When using this rule group for a connection in the model.. right-click the first rule set and select Create additional rule sets. Click OK. In this example iteration sets the number of bolts according to the result of the connection check... to open the Attribute File List dialog box.. See Editing connection properties (50). 2. Set Parameters file selection to Iterate until the connection symbol is green. Change the Rule set name to "ITERATION". 10...Iteration with connection check This example shows how you can use the iteration feature of AutoDefaults. AutoDefault rules dialog box appears.. to open the AutoDefault rules dialog box. Select rule Secondary 1 depth and set the minimum and maximum depth values for two bolts. create connection properties files for each number of bolts. AutoDefaults sets the number of bolts until the connection symbol is green. 5.

When you use reaction forces in a rule and AutoDefaults is activate. Load the <Defaults> properties. but connection do not pass the check and symbol remains red. If you have not given any reaction force values. If they do not contain reaction forces. 4. 2.def text file to set the default properties for different connection types.def. and select Inquire. Getting Started 57 Using the joints. To switch on UDL calculation for AutoConnection: 1. Click OK to create the connection. set the field Use UDL to Yes. Reaction forces and UDL You can save reaction forces: • • Using reaction forces In the user-defined attributes of a part (for AutoConnection and AutoDefaults). On the Design tab in the connection dialog box (for AutoDefaults). double-click the connection symbol to open the connection dialog box. If this field is blank.8 Using the joints. right-click the connection symbol. then click Load. 5. and UDL percentage to calculate the maximum allowable shear force. Tekla Structures uses a default percentage (set using the advanced option XS_AUTODEFAULT_UDL_PERCENT). Tekla Structures searches the user-defined attributes of the secondary part of the connection.def file . Enter the UDL percentage in the UDL % field. Use the advanced option XS_AUTODEFAULT_UDL_PERCENT to set the UDL percentage. profile dimensions. 2. On the Design tab in the connection dialog box. Not all connections use joints. AutoDefaults continues testing other rules and properties until the connection symbol is green. Open the connection properties dialog box. shear force is calculated using the UDL shear force routine. Tekla Structures compares the result with the Shear force rule in AutoDefaults. Tension. The UDL calculation is mainly intended for use with imperial units. Click General tab and set AutoDefaults Rule Group to the "Iteration example" you created. Click Design type tab and set Connection check to Yes. If Tekla Structures finds no forces there. To apply a rule group and connection check for a connection: 1. Moment. you cannot use reaction force rules. It uses the yield stress value. 3. Tekla Structures first searches for reaction forces in the corresponding connection’s properties. To switch on UDL calculation for AutoDefaults: UDL for AutoDefaults • • Set the advanced option XS_AUTOCONNECTION_USE_UDL to TRUE. Enter the load from secondary members in the fields Shear. To see which values AutoDefaults set. Shear force calculation • • • UDL for AutoConnection Yield stress is defined in the material catalog. Checking To see which rules AutoDefaults used. UDL percentage is taken either from the connection dialog box or from an advanced option. Profile dimensions come from the profile catalog.Using rules and check together You can use the connection check result when applying AutoDefaults with iteration. 1.def file This section explains how to use the joints. If a rule matches. select <AutoDefaults>. Shear force calculation is the exception. 6.

def Lines beginning with // are comment lines.def (59) About joints. The first few lines contain some general settings: 58 Getting Started Using the joints. If you use joints. Tekla Structures uses bolt diameter to assign other bolt and part properties. To force Tekla Structures to use the system default for a particular property.def works For each connection type.def file changes the default values for different connection types. Tekla Structures does not use the information in comment lines.def. Tekla Structures determines bolt diameter and number of bolts according to the following criteria: Connection type Clip angle Shear plate End plate Gusset Diagonal According to Secondary beam height Secondary beam height Secondary beam height Length of angle profile Profile height 2.def.def for blank fields. Tekla Structures only uses the values in joints. 1. Tekla Structures includes the joints.If you are new to using joints. Tekla Structures follows these steps to assign bolt and part properties. How to read joints.def (69) Connections that use joints. How joints.def in the standard search order. Tekla Structures searches for joints.def file in the system folder.def file .def (58) Defining general defaults (60) Defining bolt diameter and number of rows (61) Defining other bolt and part properties (62) How Tekla Structures uses joints.def. Topics About joints. AutoDefaults and manual entries override joints. They are there to help you read the file.def file in any standard text editor. give it the value -2147483648 in joints. You can open the joints.def Changing the joints. we suggest you read each of the topics in this section thoroughly before making any changes. By default.def. you can still use some system default properties.

set the following line to 1.def. Properties for each connection type appear in individual sections. To have Tekla Structures use the default values in joints.def file . Connections that use joints. Entering values When you edit joints. Each section begins with a header row containing the column labels. Set it to 0 to have Tekla Structures use the system defaults.def Only the following connections use the joints.def: • • • • Enter absolute values or names Do not use feet and inch symbols Ensure that profiles exist in the profile catalog Ensure bolts exist in the bolt catalog. Do not add columns to the file. inches in the Imperial version).Set the following line to the unit of measure appropriate to the version you are using (for example.def file: Connections Welded gusset (10) Bolted gusset (11) Bracing cross (19) Tube gusset (20) Tube crossing (22) Two sided angle cleat (25) Corner tube gusset (56) Corner bolted gusset (57) Wraparound gusset (58) Hollow brace wraparound gusset (59) Wraparound gusset cross (60) Wrapped cross (61) Gusseted cross (62) Corner wrapped gusset (63) Beam with stiffener (129) Column with shear plate (131) Connections Clip angle (141) Two sided end plate (142) Two sided clip angle (143) End plate (144) Shear plate simple (146) Welded to top flange (147) Welded to top flange S (149) Moment connection (181) Column with stiffeners W (182) Full depth (184) Full depth S (185) Column with stiffeners (186) Column with stiffeners S (187) Column with stiffeners (188) Shear plate tube column (189) Bent plate (190) Getting Started 59 Using the joints. as shown below.

Size of the angle profile.def file . End plate thickness. Example In clip angles. The properties in the General section of joints. Tekla Structures adds bolt to bolt distance and web thickness. Tekla Structures uses the default bolt diameter in the General section if the secondary beam height is larger than the highest value in the Clip angle section of joints. Distance from the upper edge of the angle profile to the top of the secondary beam. Edge distance. Edge distance for bolts (clip angles only). Haunch plate height (h). Determines notch size. Determines notch size. Haunch plate width (b). Size of angle profile (clip angles only). Tekla Structures rounds the angle profile gap up by this value. Size of weld. it looks for the default property in the General section. No longer used. Size of slotted hole.Connections Bolted moment connection (134) Connections Defining general defaults If Tekla Structures cannot find a property for a connection in the connection-specific sections of joints. Complies with US AISC standard. clipweld angle-cc-inc lprofgapinc lsize copedepth copelength boltedge webplatelen webplatewid beamedge knifeclr clipedge gap shearplatethk endplatethk shearweld cliplsize flangecutclear slotsize Getting Started 60 Using the joints. then rounds the result up by this value. Weld size. Complies with US AISC standard. Distance from the center of one bolt to the center of the next. Shear plate thickness.def. No longer used.def. Flange cut clearance.def are: Properties boltdia pitch Description Bolt diameter.

and end plate connections Tekla Structures calculates the default bolt diameter and number of rows vertically according to the height of the secondary beam. shear plate. copedepthinc Tekla Structures rounds cope depth up using this value. and end plate connections (61) Gusset connections (62) Diagonal connections (62) Clip angle. clipattach How the clip angle is attached to the secondary and main parts: 1 is Both bolted 2 is Main bolted / Secondary welded 3 is Main not welded 4 is Main welded / Secondary bolted 5 is Both welded 6 is Main not bolted 7 is Secondary not welded 8 is Secondary not bolted 9 is Both bolted / welded Refers to the attachment type list box options on the Bolts tab.Properties clipslots Description Which part gets slotted holes: 1 for beam 2 for angle profiles 3 for both Refers to the Slots in list box options on the Bolts tab. Use the rows beginning with BOLTHEIGHT in each connection-specific section of joints.def to define the default bolt diameter and default number of bolt rows for the following connection types: • • • Clip angle. read How joints. See individual connection help for details. Tekla Structures rounds cope length using this value. You can enter the following properties: Property name part Description Use the name BOLTHEIGHT Use the part name ANGLECLIP Getting Started 61 Using the joints. See individual connection help for details.def file . copelengthinc Defining bolt diameter and number of rows Before you start.def works (58). shear plate.

See Gusset connection properties (64) and Diagonal connection properties (67). according to connection type.def works (58). Example Enter the default properties for bolts and parts in clip angle connections in the rows beginning ANGLECLBOLTPART in the CLIP ANGLE section of joints. Must exist in bolt catalog Number of bolts horizontally Diagonal connections Tekla Structures calculates the default bolt diameter and number of bolt rows horizontally according to the profile height.height Description Use the name BOLTHEIGHT Use the part name DIAGONAL Profile height or profileheight diameter number_of_bolts Bolt diameter.def to calculate bolt diameter.pl. Must exist in bolt catalog. You can enter the following properties: Property name part conn.Property sec. read How joints. Getting Started 62 Using the joints. Must exist in the bolt catalog. Gusset and diagonal connections have additional properties. You can enter the following properties: Property name part lproflength Description Use the name BOLTHEIGHT Use the part name GUSSET Length of angle profile or angleproflength diameter number_of_bolts Bolt diameter. The table below lists the properties you assign for bolts and parts for each connection type. Number of bolts vertically diameter number_of_bolts Gusset connections Tekla Structures calculates the default bolt diameter and number of bolt rows horizontally according to the length of the angle profile.def file Properties lookup table . it uses the result to assign other properties to bolts and parts. Number of bolts horizontally Defining other bolt and part properties Before you start.def.height Description Maximum height of secondary beam for a certain number of bolts Bolt diameter. Once Tekla Structures has used joints.beam.

Must exist in the bolt catalog.Key to lookup table Connection type C S E G D Full name Clip angle Shear plate End plate Gusset Diagonal Property name Description Identifies the connection type. Example GUSSETBOLTPART for gusset connections. plate thickness angle profile Thickness of shear plate Thickness of end plate Thickness of the gusset Thickness of the connection plate Name of the angle profile to use: * * * * * * * or L profile • • • number Must exist in the profile catalog Enter the exact name Example: L100*100*10 Number of bolts in each row: * * * * * • • vertically horizontally Getting Started 63 Using the joints. Connection Type C S E G D * * * * * bolt diameter Bolt diameter. See also Profile typedependent bolt dimensions (68) * * * * * shear plate thickness end plate thickness gusset thickness conn.def file .

Perpendicular distance from last secondary part selected to the nearest secondary. See illustration.Property pitch Description Distance between bolts from the center of each bolt.bolt firsthole * * * Gusset connection properties Enter these additional default properties in the row beginning GUSSETDEFDIM. See illustration.def.def file . Clearance between braces. Leave the Bolt size field blank in the dialog box to have Tekla Structures use the value in joints. For vertical and horizontal bolts Distance from the center of a bolt to the edge of the part. See illustration. Bolt edge distance for the bolt groups on the Gusset tab. Not all gusset connections use all these properties: Affects plate shape Option name boltdia_def Description GUSSETDEFDIM Bolt diameter for all bolt groups. Clearance between the first secondary part selected and the main part. See illustration. See illustration. For vertical and horizontal bolts Position of the first vertical row of bolts Connection Type C S E G D * * * * * edge distance * * * * vert. See illustration. On the Gusset tab: Yes Yes tol_prim tol_sec dist_diag_prim dist_diag_sec angle_first_corner angle_sec_corner dist_between_diag first_bolt_from_lin e corner_dx corner_dy movey movey Getting Started 64 Using the joints.

The length of the edges of the gusset plate perpendicular to the braces. The length of the edge of the gusset plate perpendicular to the uppermost brace. Dimensions of stiffener chamfer on the Gusset tab: chamfer_corner_dx Yes Yes Yes dist2 dist3 tol_lprof tol_stiffener chamfer_dx chamfer_dy chamfer_corner_dx chamfer_corner_dy chamfer-corner_dy side_length diafit_length Fit length in Bracing cross (19) connection. Tolerance of stiffener. Leave this field empty on the Parameters tab to have Tekla Structures use the value in joints.Option movez Description On the Gusset tab: movez Affects plate shape dist1 The length of the edge of the gusset plate that is perpendicular to the lowest brace. Getting Started 65 Using the joints. The illustration below shows the properties on the Picture tab of the Boomerang wrapped diagonal (58) connection dialog box.def file .def. See illustration.

def file .tol_lprof corner_dy corner_dx dist_diag_sec tol_sec angle_sec_corner dist3 dist_between_diag dist2 dist1 dist_diag_prim Getting Started 66 Using the joints.

If tube profiles are closed with end plates. Depth of the cut in the brace. Distance from the edge of the brace to the edge of the connection plate. Enter a negative value to prevent the connection plate from being inside the tube brace.def. the gap between the gusset plate and the end plate. Gap between the gusset plate and the brace. Not all diagonal connections use all these properties: Property name boltdia_def Description DIAGDEFDIM Bolt diameter for all bolt groups. Leave the Bolt size field blank in the dialog box to have Tekla Structures use the value in joints. On the Brace conn tab: dist_gus_diag dist_in dist_dv sec_cut_tol slot_length_tol sec_cut_tol slot_length_tol tube_cut_tol On the Brace conn tab: tube_cut_tol conn_cut_dx conn_cut_dy On the Brace conn tab: conn_cut_dy conn_cut_dx round_plate_tol On the Brace conn tab: end_plate_thk Getting Started 67 Using the joints. This dimension changes the width of the connection plate.def file .tol_prim Diagonal connection properties Enter these additional default properties for bolts and parts in the rows beginning DIAGDEFDIM.

This illustration shows the properties that appear on the Picture tab of the Tube crossing (22) connection: dist_dv dist_in dist_gus_diag Profile type-dependent bolt dimensions For some connections. In this type of connections.def file if you leave the corresponding fields blank on the Bolts tab: BOLT DIMENSIONS Getting Started 68 Using the joints. such as Clip angle (141) and Two sided clip angle (143).def file .Property flanges_cut_angle dist_flanges_cut dist_skew_cut Description On the Brace conn tab: flanges_cut_angle dist_flanges_cut dist_skew_cut end_plate_thk End plate field t in the Tube diag tab. Tekla Structures takes the bolt size from the PROFILE TYPE-DEPENDENT section of joints. Tekla Structures calculates the bolt size according to the profile size.

def. Distance between bolts from the center of each bolt. The height of the diagonal profile is 10".def. Tekla Structures searches the rows beginning PROFILEBOLTDIM for L6X6X1/2 in the PROFILE TYPE-DEPENDENT BOLT DIMENSIONS section of joints. • Tekla Structures assigns the bolt and part properties according to the bolt diameter. For two bolts. We are using a Bolted gusset (11) connection. How Tekla Structures uses joints. This sets the bolt diameter to 0.0 but less than 12.The options are: Option width one bolt firsthole Description Width of the profile For single bolts. distance from the heel of the profile angle to the first hole.def file . • • Tekla Structures calculates bolt size and number of bolts according to profile height. distance from the heel of the profile angle to the first hole. It searches the DIAGBOLTPART rows for a bolt diameter of 0.0. The profile height is greater than 8. two bolts firsthole pitch Example To find the bolt dimensions to be used with an L6X6X1/2 profile in a clip angle connection: 1. For vertical and horizontal bolts. It searches the BOLTHEIGHT rows for a profile height of 10". so Tekla Structures uses the row with the profile height 8.def.75.0. If there is no match. Tekla Structures searches the rows beginning ANGLECLBOLTPART in the CLIP ANGLE section of joints. 2.75.def This example explains how Tekla Structures calculates bolt diameter and other properties using joints. Getting Started 69 Using the joints.

The configuration information is passed from the component to the spreadsheet. 4. 1.Result Property Bolt diameter Number of bolts horizontally Edge distance horizontally Edge distance vertically Distance between bolts horizontally Distance between bolts vertically Value 0. 6. so when a component is applied or modified. 3. calculation run within the spreadsheet and component properties passed back to the connection. Create the Excel spreadsheet for connection type. You can use Excel in connection design for all steel components that have the Design tab in their properties dialog box. Getting Started 70 Using Excel in connection design . or use a predefined file. The connection properties are transferred from Tekla Structures to a connection type specific Excel spreadsheet. 5.9 Using Excel in connection design You can link system components and Excel spreadsheets. Click Modify. 2. where the properties are calculated. Before you start: • • Create the connections and parts.5 2. Double-click the connection to open the connection properties dialog box. To use the Excel spreadsheet for connection design: 1.5 system default Tekla Structures does not use the connection plate thickness or angle profile properties in this connection.75 2 1. Tekla Structures includes sample spreadsheet for connection design and a template spreadsheet you should use to create your own spreadsheet applications to use with Tekla Structures components. Go to the Design (or Design type) tab and select Excel in the External design list box. an associated Excel spreadsheet application can be run. The modified properties are transferred back to Tekla Structures and the connection is modified according to the changes. The calculated properties are saved to an output file.5 1. See more in Setting up Excel files (71).

• • • • File names and locations This file is created automatically from the Calculation sheet of the spreadsheet. Contents The sample spreadsheet includes the following sheets: Inputs (user inputs on connection dialog). Excel searches for the spreadsheet in the following order and with following name: 1.. Connection specific result file.. • When you run the connection design. Excel. the connection properties and information of the main and secondary parts are transferred to the Input and Component sheets of the spreadsheet.xls 2. Excel spreadsheet containing calculations. • Component type specific spreadsheet. depending on how calculation spreadsheet is configured. .Topics Setting up Excel files (71) Sample implementation (71) Indicating component status (74) Setting up Excel files The following list describes what kind of files are needed for performing connection design with Excel: • • Visual Basic script file linking Tekla Structures with external software.vb file calls Excel spreadsheet named component_144. For example. which contains predefined calculations.xls" By default.xls. The file is updated each time you modify the connection. Calculation results can be stored as Excel spreadsheet. Excel. Sample implementation Below is descibed the contents of an Excel spreadsheet which is used for End plate (144) connection: When user clicks Modify in the End plate (144) properties dialog box.\test_model\exceldesign\component_144.xls.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\exceldesign folder) defines the Excel spreadsheet file names and the locations. File named component_ + number or name + . the result file is stored in the model folder and named with component ID.\<model>\exceldesign For example. Getting Started 71 Using Excel in connection design . File name and path defined with advanced option XS_EXTERNAL_EXCEL_DESIGN_PATH: XS_EXTERNAL_EXCEL_DESIGN_PATH (=%XS_DIR%\environments\common\exceldesign\) + "component_" + number + ". • Tekla Structures transfers the component properties from the component properties dialog box to this sheet. HTML or PDF format. from the current model folder: .vb file (located in the . which displays the modified connection properties is stored to model folder.. component_9502_res.xls.

This sheet includes calculations (the calculations can be as Visual Basic macros in the sheet). See more about .inp file.inp files in Input files. Getting Started 72 Using Excel in connection design .Component • • Tekla Structures transfers the component geometry and information on the main and secondary parts (for example. The component attributes in the spreadsheet are the same as in the corresponding . part profiles) into this sheet.

Getting Started 73 Using Excel in connection design . This page or full Excel spreadsheet can be stored as a report of the calculation.Calculation • Summary of calculation is collected to the Calculation sheet.

Indicating component status When you use Excel in connection design. These values are tranferred back to the connection and connection in the model is modified accordingly. The possible values are: Getting Started 74 Using Excel in connection design . include the error attribute on the Output page of the Excel spreadsheet for the component.Outputs • Excel adds the modified values to the Output sheet. you can have Tekla Structures use different colored component symbols to indicate the status of a component in the model. To do this.

Tekla Structures cannot calculate the component properties. Getting Started 75 Using Excel in connection design .Value 1 Color Green Status Bolt edge distances are sufficient. Passes the connection design check using the UK and US design codes embedded in the system.. Possible reasons include: 3 Red • • • • Incorrect connection direction Incorrect workplane Inappropriate connection selected The connection design check was carried out using the embedded UK and US design codes and the connection cannot support the loading defined by the user.. 2 Yellow Bolt edge distances are insufficient according to the value in Tools > Options > Options. > Components.

Getting Started 76 Using Excel in connection design .

2
Introduction

Reinforcement

Once you have created a model of concrete parts, you will need to reinforce the parts. This chapter explains how to create reinforcement in Tekla Structures. It also includes a general description of reinforcement properties and an overview of reinforcement commands.

Audience Assumed background

This chapter is aimed at concrete detailers and designers. Before you start to create reinforcement, you need to have concrete parts in your model, as explained in Concrete Detailing. Running the structural analysis as explained in Analysis and Design gives you the required area of reinforcement. Read Loads for instructions on how to create loads.

See also

Numbering reinforcements

2.1 Getting started with reinforcement
In Tekla Structures, you can use different methods to create reinforcement. You can create:

• • • •
Concepts

Single reinforcing bars Reinforcing bar groups Reinforcement meshes Reinforcement components.

We recommend that you use reinforcement components to create reinforcement whenever possible. They are adaptive, attached to a concrete part, and updated automatically if the dimensions of the reinforced part change, for example. Then create additional reinforcing bars using other tools.
Reinforcing bar groups Reinforcement meshes

consist of several identical, or very similar, bars. Tekla Structures always treats these bars as a group, modifies them in the same way, deletes them all at the same time, etc.

include bars in two perpendicular directions, i.e. main bars and crossing bars. Tekla Structures treats mesh bars as one unit but distinguishes the main and crossing bars. Reinforcement properties Every reinforcement object has properties which define it (for example, grade, diameter or size, minimum bending radius). Use the reinforcement properties dialog boxes to view or modify the properties of reinforcement. Click Detailing > Properties > Reinforcement to open reinforcement properties dialog boxes, or double-click an existing reinforcement object in the model. You can use reinforcement properties in filters. For example, you can select, modify, or hide reinforcing bars based on their properties.For more information, see Filtering objects.

Filtering by properties

Reinforcement

77

Getting started with reinforcement

In reports and drawings See also

You can include reinforcement properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates. Basic reinforcement properties (78) Getting Started (9) with Detailing

2.2 Basic reinforcement properties
This section explains properties that are common to most types of reinforcement in Tekla Structures. Name Grade You can enter names for reinforcing bars. Tekla Structures uses names in reports and drawing tables. The strength of the steel used in reinforcing bars. Can also indicate other factors, such as the weldability or surface deformations of the bar. Depending on the environment, the nominal diameter of the bar, or a mark that defines the diameter. Complies with the design code you are using. Main bars, stirrups, ties, and hooks usually have their own minimum internal bending radii, which are proportional to the diameter of the reinforcing bar. The actual bending radius is normally chosen to suit the size of the mandrels on the bar-bending machine. Tekla Structures reinforcing bar bending types are recognized using internal bending type definitions. Internal bending types are hard coded to the software. However, these internal bending types are mapped to area specific reinforcing bar bending type codes in the rebar_schedule_config.inp file in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder. This file can be localized to match local requirements. For more information on internal bending types, see Reinforcing bar bending types (120). Reinforcement catalog Grade–size–radius combinations are predefined in the reinforcement catalog. You can select which catalog to use, and add, modify, and delete the information it contains. See The reinforcing bar catalog. To define the grade, size, and bending radius of a reinforcing bar, click Select... next to the Grade, Size, and Bending radius fields in the Reinforcing bar properties dialog box. The Select reinforcing bar dialog box appears, showing the available bar sizes for the chosen grade. You can also define whether the bar is a main bar or a stirrup or tie:

Size

Bending radius

Bending types

Select...

Reinforcement

78

Basic reinforcement properties

You can also enter the grade, size, and bending radius of individual reinforcing bars using the appropriate fields in the Reinforcing bar properties dialog box.

Class

Use Class to group reinforcement. To display reinforcing bars of different classes in different colors, click View > Representation > Object Representation... and select Color by class from the Color list box. For more information, see Color settings for parts. Reinforcing bar groups mainly have the same properties as single reinforcing bars. They can also have the following extra properties:

Bar groups

• • •
See also

Number of bars Spacing (see Spacing reinforcing bars (82)) Tapering (see Tapered bar group (89))

Hooks (79) Concrete cover (81) Spacing reinforcing bars (82) Omitting reinforcing bars (83) User-defined attributes of reinforcement (83) Meshes (83) Numbering reinforcements

Hooks
To add hooks to the ends of reinforcing bars for anchoring purposes, use the Hooks section of the Reinforcing Bar Properties dialog box, or the Hooks tab in the Reinforcement Mesh Properties dialog box:

Reinforcement

79

Basic reinforcement properties

Custom hook To manually define the angle. Length Length of the straight part of the hook. Tekla Structures does not recognize the shape of the reinforcing bar. See The reinforcing bar catalog. select the Custom hook option and enter values to the following fields in the Reinforcing Bar Properties dialog box: Field Angle Description Enter a value between –180 and +180 degrees. Angle Radius Length Radius Reinforcement 80 Basic reinforcement properties . If the length is set to zero. Use the same radius for the hook and for the reinforcing bar. radius. If the hook and the reinforcing bar have different radiuses. no hooks are created.The options for the hook at the beginning and end of the bar are: Option Description No hook Standard 90-degree hook Standard 135-degree hook Standard 180-degree hook Custom hook The reinforcement catalog contains predefined dimensions for all standard hooks (minimum bending radius. and length of a hook. minimum hook length). Internal bending radius of the hook.

Tekla Structures uses the last value for remaining legs. Cover thickness Use the Cover thickness fields in the reinforcement properties dialog boxes to define concrete cover. When you create single bars. To define the length of an ultimate leg of a bar. If you enter less values than there are bar legs. Concrete cover Description Concrete cover on the plane For example. the distances from a beam’s bottom. Reinforcement 81 Basic reinforcement properties . You pick points to define the shape and plane of the bar. Option Cover thickness Leg length Description Defines the distance from the bar end to the concrete surface. such as the weather and fire. perpendicular to the stirrup plane. Example Leg length At the start and end point of a reinforcing bar. Tekla Structures uses the thickness of concrete cover to determine the position of the bar. Defines the length of the ultimate leg of the bar. the distance from a beam’s end surface to the closest stirrup. in the order you pick points to create the bar. enter a thickness value for each leg in the On plane field. and side surfaces to a stirrup. top. top. pick the corner points on the cross-sectional end plane of the beam to define the bar shape and plane. use the Leg length option and the Snap to nearest points switch. The cover thickness from the plane is the distance from the end surface of the beam to the stirrup. you can also define the concrete cover in terms of cover thickness or leg length. The cover thickness on the plane is the distance from beam’s bottom. Concrete cover from the plane For example. To specify different concrete covers on the different legs of a reinforcing bar. to protect them against harmful elements. and perpendicular to the bar plane. To create a beam stirrup.Concrete cover Reinforcing bars need a concrete cover. Then pick anywhere on a part edge or line to indicate the direction for the bar leg. and side surfaces to the stirrup.

Distributes the bars using the information you specify in the Exact spacing values field. On the Group tab. the other middle space adjusts to even out bar distribution. open the Reinforcing Bar Properties dialog box. but the last space adjusts to even out bar distribution. equal spaces between the bars. Tekla Structures aims the spacing value as close as possible to the value in the Target spacing value field and determines the number of bars compatibly. e. Enter the number in the Number of reinforcing bars field.g. If there are an odd number of bars (two middle spaces). By exact spacing value with flexible last space By exact spacing value with flexible middle space By exact spacing value with flexible first and last space By exact spacings Equal distribution by number of reinforcing bars Equal distribution by target spacing value Reinforcement 82 Basic reinforcement properties . or the graphic fields shown below: Spacing reinforcing bars Bar groups There are several ways to distribute bars in a reinforcing bar group. but the middle space adjusts to even out bar distribution. Tekla Structures determines the spacing value based on the fixed number of bars. so you can enter every spacing value manually. Same as the first option. Same as the first option.Reinforcement components When you use reinforcement components. The options are: Option By exact spacing value with flexible first space Description Creates fixed. but both the first and last spaces adjust to even out bar distribution. Same as the first option. Tekla Structures removes one bar. to create five spaces of 200. 5*200. To create a bar group. Use the multiplication character to repeat spacings. select an option from the Creation method list box. The first space adjusts to even out bar distribution. If the first space is less than 10% of the exact spacing value. Enter the spacing value in the Exact spacing value field. Tekla Structures places the reinforcement using the dimensions of the part and the values in the Cover thickness field.

when several reinforced areas intersect. Attributes can consist of numbers. text. or when you want to start bar distribution at a specific distance from the end of a part. click the User-defined attributes button in the reinforcement properties dialog box. To indicate which bars to omit. causing reinforcing bars to overlap. Diameter 2 Spacing 2 Overhang Spacing 1 Reinforcement 83 Basic reinforcement properties . To create user-defined attributes. For example.inp file. or reinforcement meshes. or lists.. bar groups. Meshes A reinforcement mesh consists of reinforcing bars in two directions. select an option from the Reinforcing bar(s) not to be created to the group list box: • • • • See also None (all reinforcing bars included) First Last First and last Spacing reinforcing bars (82) User-defined attributes of reinforcement Create user-defined attributes to add information about reinforcing bars. For more information. You can define the following properties.. by editing the objects. You can also change the name of these fields.4 fields to define the attributes you need. and add new ones. see Adding properties.See also Omitting reinforcing bars (83) Omitting reinforcing bars You may occasionally need to omit specific reinforcing bars. Use the User field 1.

and Right overhang fields. Left overhang. Tekla Structures creates a pattern with one size 20 bar and two size 6 bars. if you enter bar diameters 20 2*6 in the longitudinal direction. For example.Tekla Structures automatically calculates the width and length Unevenly-spaced meshes .manually define the size Polygonal and bent meshes .Diameter 1 Length Overhang Width Create mesh Create mesh using the Detailing > Create Reinforcement > Reinforcement Mesh command or a component. you can use several system components for creating reinforcement. Reinforcement 84 Single bars. bar groups. bar groups. For more information. and meshes .3 Single bars. see Reinforcements. and meshes Tekla Structures includes the following tools to create single reinforcing bars. Reinforcement mesh (94) 2. Mesh size The way you define the size of the mesh depends on the shape of the mesh and how it was created: • • • See also Evenly-spaced rectangular meshes . bar groups. and reinforcement meshes. For more information.Tekla Structures calculates the size of the mesh using the values in the Distance(s). Multiple bar sizes enable pattern creation. This pattern can be repeated in the mesh along the longitudinal direction. see Customizing reinforcement meshes (110). You can also define a different bar size or multiple different bar sizes for the longitudinal bars and the crossing bars. In addition. Reinforcement meshes can be: Mesh shape • • • Distribution pattern of bars Rectangular Polygonal Bent You can create meshes with unevenly-spaced bars.

Without parenthesis: the exact value of the leg length is used. Reinforcing bar group (89) Curved reinforcing bar group (92) Circular reinforcing bar group (93) Reinforcement mesh (94) Reinforcement strand pattern (97) Reinforcement splice (99) Creates a reinforcing bar group. Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog Create a reinforcement by selecting a reinforcement shape from a list of predefined shapes. Create new category folders. 2. 4. Select one of the predefined shapes from the tree view on the left. Click OK. Joins reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups together with reinforcement splices.. To add more shapes or categories to the tree view: 1. Change the names of the folders.. hook properties. if needed. Reinforcement 85 Single bars. 6. Creates a curved reinforcing bar group. Creates a reinforcement mesh.xml file. Modify the leg lengths. Click Organize catalog. and meshes . You can add frequently used shapes to the tree view. if needed. • • With parenthesis: the leg length is calculated automatically according to the object dimensions. 5. general reinforcement properties. To create a reinforcement: 1. or the reinforcing bar group properties. The predefined shapes are based on the shapes that have been defined in Rebar Shape Manager and saved in the RebarShapeRules. 2. The leg length value can be entered with or without parenthesis. Creates prestressed strands. Creates a circular reinforcing bar group. Click Detailing > Create Reinforcement > Shape Catalog. Drag and drop the selected shapes to the folders.Command Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog (85) Reinforcing bar (87) Icon Description Creates a single reinforcing bar or a reinforcing bar group based on predefined reinforcement shapes. 3. or delete the shapes that you do not need.. Creates a single reinforcing bar. bar groups.

and meshes . The reference point defines the insertion point of the first reinforcing bar leg. Change the reference point of the reinforcement by double-clicking the different legs or hooks in the preview of the shape. the properties of that reinforcement are displayed in the Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog dialog box.If you select an existing reinforcement in the model and click the Get button. The hook properties are visible only if you have set the advanced option XS_REBAR_RECOGNITION_HOOKS_CONSIDERATION to FALSE. 9. Reinforcement 86 Single bars. if needed. In the model. A preview showing the placing and dimensions of the reinforcement is displayed. 7. Click OK to close the Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog dialog box. bar groups. 8. place the mouse pointer over a part face or edge.

and meshes .10. Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog works mainly with flat. Tekla Structures attaches the bar to the part. Pick the starting point of the bar. 2. select a location for the reinforcement and click the left mouse button. Pick the other bar reference points. or delete the reinforcments. Limitations Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog does not work with tapered reinforcing bar groups. 4. You can modify. copy. If you need to adjust the reinforcement: • move or drag the start and end handles • use Mini Toolbar to modify the properties • use Reinforcing Bar Properties dialog box to modify the properties. 6. Reinforcement 87 Single bars. 11. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Based on the preview. Click Apply or OK to save the properties. Create the part to reinforce. Enter or modify the bar properties. See also Reinforcing bar group (89) Working with reinforcement (100) Modifying reinforcement (105) Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (113) Reinforcing bar Synopsis Preconditions This command creates a reinforcing bar. 2D shapes. Usage 1. Select the part to reinforce. The reinforcement with handles is created. and the reinforcements adapt to the changes made to the part they are placed in. Calculate the required area of reinforcement. bar groups. 3. 7. 5. Double-click the Create reinforcing bar icon. Reinforcements created with Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog behave in the same way as reinforcements created with the other reinforcement commands.

Separate the values with spaces. User-defined attributes of reinforcement (83) Concrete cover (81) Hooks (79) More information Numbering reinforcements Basic reinforcement properties (78) Cover thickness on plane Cover thickness from plane Start End User-defined attributes. bar groups. and meshes . The concrete cover thickness or leg length at the first end of the bar.Description Tekla Structures creates the reinforcing bar using the properties in the Reinforcing bar properties dialog box. The length of the straight part of the standard or custom hook. See also Reinforcing bar group (89) Working with reinforcement (100) Reinforcement 88 Single bars. You can enter a separate value for each bar bend. The concrete cover thickness or leg length at the second end of the bar. or bar end.. The distances from the part surfaces to the bar on the same plane as the bar. perpendicular to the bar plane. The internal radius of the bends in the bar. The angle of the custom hook. Field Series and Start no Name Size Grade Bending radius Description The mark series of the bar. User-defined reinforcement properties. The filename extension of a saved bar properties file is rbr. The user-definable name of the bar.. The diameter of the bar or a mark defining it. The internal bending radius of the standard or custom hook. Class Shape Angle Radius Length Used to group reinforcement. The distance from the part surface to the bar. The shape of the hook. The steel grade of the bar.

Double-click the Create reinforcing bar group icon. Tekla Structures attaches the bar group to the part. Tapered curved Tapered N Reinforcement 89 Single bars. 1. On the Group tab. Calculate the required area of reinforcement.Modifying reinforcement (105) Reinforcing bar group Synopsis Preconditions This command creates a reinforcing bar group. Tapered bar group To create a tapered bar group: 1. Enter the number of ridges in the Number of cross sections field. 7. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Enter or modify the bar group properties. 9. or very similar. 4. then the direction in which Tekla Structures distributes the bars. 6. and meshes . Pick the end point of the bar group. 3. Pick the starting point of the bar group. select an option from the Bar group type list box: Option Normal Tapered Tapered ridge Description Not tapered. 2. One bar dimension changes linearly in the group. Pick the other bar reference points. Double-click the Create reinforcing bar group icon. Enter or modify the bar group properties. Pick the bar starting point. Click Apply or OK to save the properties. You first define the shape of a single bar. 5. bar groups. The second set of points to indicates the distribution direction and length of the bars. One bar dimension changes linearly. reinforcing bars. 8. The dimension is longest in the middle of the group. Create the part to reinforce. Select the part to reinforce. 2. One bar dimension changes along a curve. 3. Usage A reinforcing bar group includes several identical. The first set of points defines the plane of the first bar and the shape of a single bar in the group. One bar dimension changes linearly between N ridges. The dimension is longest in the middle of the group.

Tekla Structures adjusts the number of handles. select Spiral from the Bar group type list box: Click Apply or OK. For the second and subsequent cross sections. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking. and meshes . You can then drag handles to modify the group. 2. For the second and subsequent cross sections. More information Numbering reinforcements Reinforcement 90 Single bars. 4. 6. Tekla Structures attaches the bar group to the part. Enter or modify the bar group properties. 5. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking.Option Spiral Description The reinforcing bars rise in a polygonal or circular shape along the longitudinal axis of the part. Click Apply or OK. Field Series and Start no Description The mark series of the bar. Pick points to define the shape of the bar at the first cross section. 6. 4. 7. On the Group tab. If you change the type of a tapered bar group. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 7. If you select the Normal option. Double-click the Create reinforcing bar group icon. The filename extension of a saved bar group properties file is rbg. Pick points to define the shape of the bar at the first cross section. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking. you only need to define bar shape and bar distribution length. bar groups. Spiral bar group To create a spiral bar group: 1. Select the part to reinforce. Description Tekla Structures creates the reinforcing bar group using the properties in the Reinforcing bar properties dialog box. 5. Tekla Structures attaches the bar group to the part. pick points to define the shape of the bar. pick points to define the shape of the bar. Select the part to reinforce. 3.

bar groups. and meshes . The internal bending radius of the standard or custom hook. User-defined attributes of reinforcement (83) Spacing reinforcing bars (82) Omitting reinforcing bars (83) Tapered bar group (89) Concrete cover (81) Hooks (79) Cover thickness on plane Cover thickness from plane Start End User-defined attributes. The distance from the part surface to the bar. The length of the straight part of the standard or custom hook. User-defined reinforcement properties. You can enter a separate value for each bar bend. The shape of the hook. or bar end... The concrete cover thickness or leg length at the second end of the bar. The internal radius of the bar bends. How to create the bar group. The steel grade of the bar. Additional actions See also Reinforcement mesh (94) Reinforcement 91 Single bars. More information Basic reinforcement properties (78) Class Shape Angle Radius Length Used to group reinforcement. The angle of the custom hook. The diameter of the bar or a mark defining it.Field Name Size Grade Bending radius Description The user-definable name of the bar. The distances from the part surfaces to the bar on the same plane as the bar. perpendicular to the bar plane. Separate the values with spaces. The concrete cover thickness or leg length at the first end of the bar. Creation method etc.

4. Enter or modify the reinforcing bar group properties. Tekla Structures attaches the bar group to the part.Working with reinforcement (100) Modifying reinforcement (105) Curved reinforcing bar group (92) Circular reinforcing bar group (93) Curved reinforcing bar group Synopsis Creates a group of curved reinforcing bars. and meshes . Usage To create a curved bar group: 1. 5. Select the part to reinforce. Calculate the required area of reinforcement. Click Apply or OK. Pick three points on an arc to define the curve: 6. Preconditions Create the part to reinforce. 2. Pick two points to indicate the distribution direction of the bars: Reinforcement 92 Single bars. 3. Double-click the Create curved reinforcing bar group icon. bar groups.

3. Enter or modify the reinforcing bar group properties. Preconditions Create the part to reinforce. 4. 5. Usage To create a circular bar group: 1. Pick three points to define the circlular bars Reinforcement 93 Single bars. bar groups. 2. Double-click the Create circular reinforcing bar group icon. See Reinforcing bar group (89) for more information on the common properties in this dialog box.Description Tekla Structures creates the curved reinforcing bar group using the properties in the Reinforcing bar properties dialog box. Calculate the required area of reinforcement. Select the part to reinforce. Working with reinforcement (100) Modifying reinforcement (105) Reinforcing bar group (89) Circular reinforcing bar group (93) See also Circular reinforcing bar group Synopsis Creates a group of circular reinforcing bars. Click Apply or OK. and meshes . Tekla Structures attaches the bar group to the part.

Double-click the Create reinforcement mesh icon. Usage You can create the following types of reinforcement meshes: • • • Rectangular Polygonal Bent Rectangular To create a rectangular mesh: 1. 3.6. Create the part to reinforce. Select the part to reinforce. See Reinforcing bar group (89) for more information on the common properties in this dialog box. and meshes . Pick two points to indicate the distribution direction of the bars. Description Tekla Structures creates the circular reinforcing bar group using the properties in the Reinforcing bar properties dialog box. Pick the starting point of the mesh. 4. 7. 2. Calculate the required area of reinforcement. Working with reinforcement (100) Modifying reinforcement (105) Reinforcing bar group (89) Curved reinforcing bar group (92) See also Reinforcement mesh Synopsis Preconditions This command creates a reinforcement mesh. 5. bar groups. Tekla Structures attaches the mesh to the part. 94 Reinforcement Single bars. 6. Click Apply or OK to save the properties. select Rectangle. Enter or modify the mesh dimensions and the other properties. Set the work plane parallel to the plane where you want to create the mesh. In the Mesh type list box.

Select the part to reinforce. Field Prefix and Start no Name Description The mark series of the mesh. 4. 5. Polygonal To create a polygonal mesh: 1. The user-definable name of the mesh. Tekla Structures creates the mesh parallel to the work plane. 3. 10. 2. select Bent. In the Mesh type list box. Double-click the Create reinforcement mesh icon. More information Numbering reinforcements Basic reinforcement properties (78) Reinforcement 95 Single bars. Tekla Structures attaches the mesh to the part. bar groups. Pick two points to indicate the length and direction of the longitudinal bars. 4. 2. Select the part to reinforce. 9. Tekla Structures attaches the mesh to the part. 7. 7. 8. Click Apply or OK to save the properties. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking points. 6. Description Tekla Structures creates the reinforcement mesh using the properties in the Reinforcement Mesh Properties dialog box. select Polygon. 6. 5. Enter or modify the mesh properties. 8. Pick the corner points of the mesh. The filename extension of a saved mesh properties file is rbm.8. Pick points to indicate the bending shape of the crossing bars. to the left of the points you picked. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the longitudinal bars. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Bent To create a bent mesh: 1. In the Mesh type list box. 9. and meshes . Click the Create reinforcement mesh icon. 3. Click Apply or OK to save the properties. Pick the starting point of the mesh. Double-click the Create reinforcement mesh icon to open the Reinforcement Mesh Properties dialog box. Pick two points to indicate the direction of the longitudinal bars. Enter the bending radius. Enter or modify the other mesh properties.

The distance from the part surface to the main bars on the same plane as the bars. The shape. Used to group reinforcement. Used for bent meshes. and length of hooks at the start and end of the crossing mesh bars. bar groups. radius. Meshes (83) Cross bar location Cut by father part cuts Cover thickness on plane Cover thickness from plane Cover thickness start Cover thickness end User-defined attributes. For rectangular meshes.. Thickness of concrete cover or leg length at the end point of the bar. and meshes . perpendicular to the bar plane. angle. The shape of the mesh. enter the bending radius. For bent meshes. Select Polygon. The distance from the part surface to the bar. enter the width and length of the mesh. Rectangle. or bar end.. More information Meshes (83) Customizing reinforcement meshes (110) Basic reinforcement properties (78) Grade Class Mesh type Width Length Bending radius The steel grade of the bars in the mesh. Hooks tab Meshes (83) Concrete cover (81) User-defined attributes of reinforcement (83) Hooks (79) Reinforcement 96 Single bars. or Bent. Defines whether the crossing bars are located above or below the longitudinal bars.Field Mesh Description Select a mesh from the mesh catalog. Thickness of concrete cover or leg length from the mesh starting point. Defines whether the polygon or part cuts in the part cut also the mesh. You can also use a customized mesh. User-defined reinforcement properties.

. In the Number of cross sections field. Click the middle mouse button to finish picking. For example: Strand profile Number of patterns 1 2 3 4 4. 5. 6. Pick points to position the strands (for example. Pick the part you are creating strands for.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\ profil folder. 2. enter a number based on the strand profile. located in the . 3. at the end of a part): The points you pick define the first cross section. Reinforcement 97 Single bars. See also Working with reinforcement (100) Modifying reinforcement (105) Reinforcement strand pattern Synopsis Usage This command creates prestressed strands for concrete parts. Click Apply or OK.The properties of standard meshes are defined in the mesh_database. Define the lenghts of the debonding zones. Click the Create reinforcement strand pattern icon. 8. bar groups. Enter or modify the strand properties. To create prestressed strands for a concrete part: 1.inp file. and meshes . Double-click the Create reinforcement strand pattern icon. 7.

3. 5. 2. Description Tekla Structures creates straight or deflected strands based on the strand profile you indicate using the properties in the Reinforcing bar properties dialog box. or as a broken line in wire frame views. pick two points to define the length of the strands. Debonded strands appear as broken lines in drawings. enter the debonding properties. Pick the strand positions in the same order as for the first cross section. enter all the strand numbers. 10. Debonding lengths: 6. • To set separate values for each strand. click the middle mouse button to finish picking. After each cross section.g. Tekla Structures displays the debonded section of the strand in red in rendered views. separated by a space (e. Click Modify and Apply. Double-click the Create reinforcement strand pattern icon. If you chose to create a single cross section. Reinforcement 98 Single bars.9. 4. for each cross section. bar groups. On the Debonding tab. Enter the strand numbers in the Debonded strands field. and meshes . Click the middle mouse button to finish picking. then enter the strand number in the Debonded strands field. Click Add button to create a new row in the table. 1 2 3 4). If you chose to create two or more cross sections. pick points to indicate the strand positions. Debonding strands To debond strands: 1. Define the debonded lengths: • To set symmetrical lengths. The strand number is the picking order number of the strand: • To set the same values for all the strands. click Add to add a new row. select the End lengths = start lengths checkbox and only enter values in the From start or Middle to start fields.

2.. The diameter of the bar or a mark defining it. The internal radius of the bar bends. Enter the strand number in this field.. 1.. and meshes .. If you select the Symmetry checkbox. bar groups. Defines if the end and start lengths are symmetrical. Preconditions Usage Create the reinforcing bars or bar groups to join. Debonded strands Description The mark series of the bar.. Click Detailing > Properties > Reinforcement > Reinforcement Splice. The user-definable name of the bar. There can be a gap between them. The steel grade of the bar. Used to group reinforcement. Enter or modify the splice properties. More information Numbering reinforcements Basic reinforcement properties (78) User-defined attributes of reinforcement (83) Debonding strands (98) From start Middle to start Middle to end From end Symmetry See also Working with reinforcement (100) Modifying reinforcement (105) Reinforcing bar group (89) Reinforcement splice This command joins reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups together with reinforcement splices. Defines the number of cross sections of the strand pattern. User-defined reinforcement properties. Reinforcement 99 Single bars. Enter the length of the debonding. values in fields From start and From Middle to start are copied to From end and Middle to end fields.Field Series and Start no Name Size Grade Bending radius Class Pull per strand Number of cross sections User-defined attributes. The pull per strand (kN). The strand number is the picking order number of the strand.

double-click the blue modeling tool symbol (M). Field Joint type Description The type of the splice. To modify the properties of a reinforcement component. you can move the splice along reinforcing bars.3. click Modify. Tekla Structures indicates reinforcement splices in the model using blue splice symbols: If needed. The offset of the splice center point from the point where the bars originally met. 3. Description Tekla Structures creates the reinforcement splice using the current properties in the Reinforcement Splice Properties dialog box. 4. Pick an origin and a destination point for the splice. 6. To update the reinforcing bar. Lap both centers the lap between the bars or bar groups. reinforcement mesh. Defines whether the lapping bars are on top of each other or parallel to each other. or component you selected. Right-click and select Move. Click Detailing > Create Reinforcement > Reinforcement Splice. To move the splice: 1. Lap right to the direction of the second. double-click the reinforcement to open the properties dialog box. Select the splice symbol. or reinforcement mesh. Select the second reinforcing bar or bar group. Bar positions 2.4 Working with reinforcement To modify a single reinforcing bar. Select the first reinforcing bar or bar group. Click Apply or OK to save the properties. 5. Topics Attaching reinforcement to parts (101) Using reinforcement handles (101) Using adaptivity (102) Reinforcement 100 Working with reinforcement . The filename extension of a saved splice properties file is rsp. • • • • • Lap length Offset Lap right Lap left Lap both Muff joint Welded joint The length of the lap joint. The options are: More information Lap left creates the lap to the direction of the first reinforcing bar or bar group selected. bar group. 2. bar group.

Attaching manually To manually attach reinforcement to a part or cast unit: 1. etc. 2. Tekla Structures automatically attaches a reinforcement to the part you pick before you place the reinforcement. Right-click and select Detach from Part from the pop-up menu. Detaching Using reinforcement handles Tekla Structures uses handles to indicate: • • • The ends and corners of a reinforcing bar The distribution length of a bar group The corners and main bar direction of a mesh When you select a reinforcement. To detach reinforcement from a part: 1. Select the reinforcement to detach. the handles turn magenta.Reinforcement geometry validity (105) Attaching reinforcement to parts Attach reinforcement to a part or cast unit when you want the reinforcing bars to follow the part or cast unit if it is moved. Right-click and select Attach to Part from the pop-up menu. You can also manually attach reinforcement to a part or cast unit. 3. You must attach reinforcement to a part or cast unit to have Tekla Structures merge automatic reinforcing bar marks. See Merged reinforcement marks. Examples Here are some ways to use handles to modify reinforcement: Reinforcement 101 Working with reinforcement . copied. deleted. Select the part to attach the reinforcement to. Select the reinforcement to attach. 2.

Tekla Structures highlights the handle. Moving an object using drag-and-drop and Polygon cuts. 102 Reinforcement Working with reinforcement . Using adaptivity Reinforcements follow the shape of the part also when their handles are located on the face or edge of the part. see Moving an object. Select the reinforcement to display its handles. 3. Click the handle you want to move. 2. Move the handle(s) like any other object.Handles to change group distribution length Handles to move bar corners Handles to move mesh corners Handles to change main bar direction To use handles to modify reinforcement: 1. If Drag and drop is active. For more information. just drag the handle to a new position.

The following types of adaptivity are available: • • Fixed adaptivity: handles retain their absolute distances to the nearest part faces. Example • Reinforcing bars in their original positions: • Fixed adaptivity: Reinforcement 103 Working with reinforcement . You can modify the adaptivity settings for each part separately. To modify the general adaptivity settings. These modifications override the general settings. go to Tools > Options > Options... > General. Relative adaptivity: handles retain their relative distances to the nearest part faces in relation to the part’s overall size.

• Relative adaptivity: Reinforcement 104 Working with reinforcement .

Only reinforcements where each reinforcing bar is in one plane can be ungrouped. bar groups. too big bending radius can cause invalid reinforcement geometry. The reinforcements become visible when the geometry is corrected. The single bars get the same properties and offsets as the group. Tekla Structures displays a warning message. and bent meshes Remove points from reinforcing bars. and bent meshes Change the direction of the longitudinal mesh bars Change the distribution length of bar groups Ungrouping a reinforcement (105) Grouping reinforcements (107) Adding points to a reinforcement (108) Removing points from a reinforcement (109) Splitting reinforcing bar groups (110) Splitting reinforcing bars in a group (110) Combining two reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups into one (110) Customizing reinforcement meshes (110) Exploding reinforcement (112) Defining custom reinforcement components (113) Ungrouping a reinforcement You can ungroup reinforcing bar groups and reinforcement meshes.5 Modifying reinforcement To change the shape of the reinforcement. the reinforcements are not shown in the drawings. The invalid geometry is visualized in the model. Limitations You cannot ungroup circular or curved reinforcing bar groups. Reinforcement 105 Modifying reinforcement . If a model contains reinforcements with invalid geometry. For example. The reinforcing bar group is replaced with single reinforcing bars. you can: • • • • • • • See also Add bar corners Remove bar corners Move bar and mesh corners Add points to reinforcing bars. the offsets for single bars are zero. The report lists the reinforcements with invalid geometry. 2.Reinforcement geometry validity Reinforcement creation or modification can result in invalid reinforcement geometry. and draws a thin line between the reinforcement handles to show the invalid geometry. If you ungroup a reinforcement mesh. Select one of the reinforcing bars in a reinforcing bar group or in a reinforcement mesh. Click Detailing > Create Reinforcement > Ungroup. bar groups. To ungroup a reinforcement: 1. You can correct the reinforcement geometry by selecting the line and modifying the reinforcement properties. 2. Limitations Reinforcement geometry validity check does not work with circular or curved reinforcing bar groups. You can check the reinforcement geometry validity by running the command Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Dianose Model.

Example Before ungrouping: After ungrouping: See also Grouping reinforcements (107) Reinforcing bar (87) Reinforcing bar group (89) Reinforcement mesh (94) Reinforcement 106 Modifying reinforcement .

Limitations Example Before grouping: You cannot create circular or curved reinforcing bar groups by grouping. Only reinforcements where each reinforcing bar is in one plane can be grouped. Click the middle mouse button. To group single reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups: 1. The reinforcing bar or reinforcing bar group that you copy the properties from is also added to the group. 2. Click Detailing > Create Reinforcement > Group.Grouping reinforcements You can group single reinforcing bars and reinforcing bar groups. Select all the reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups that you want to group. 4. The new group gets the same properties as the selected reinforcing bar. Select one reinforcing bar or reinforcing bar group to copy the properties from. that you cannot copy properties from a separate reinforcing bar group which you do not want to include in your new reinforcing bar group. for example. All groups are created with exact spacings. Single reinforcing bars need to have the same bending shape. This means. 3. After grouping: Reinforcement 107 Modifying reinforcement .

4. Pick new points (2. Pick the second existing polygon point (4). 5. or a bent mesh by adding points to the reinforcement. or a bent mesh. a reinforcing bar group. reinforcing bar group. Select a single reinforcing bar. 2. 3. To add points to a reinforcement: 1. 3). and the shape of the reinforcement is modified. The new points are added to the reinforcement. Reinforcement 108 Modifying reinforcement . Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Pick the first existing polygon point (1).See also Ungrouping a reinforcement (105) Reinforcing bar (87) Reinforcing bar group (89) Adding points to a reinforcement You can modify the shape of a single reinforcing bar.

2. To remove points from a reinforcement: 1. a reinforcing bar group. or the shape of tapered reinforcing bar groups by adding points. or a bent mesh by removing points from the reinforcement. 3. reinforcing bar group. The points are removed from the reinforcement.Limitations You cannot modify the shape of polygonal or rectangular meshes. Pick a point to be removed (3 or 4). Pick the first existing polygon point (1). Limitations You cannot modify the shape of polygonal or rectangular meshes. The point to be removed needs to be in between the two previously picked (1) and (2) points. or the shape of tapered reinforcing bar groups by removing points. Pick the second existing polygon point (2). Adding points to a reinforcement (108) Modifying the shape of a polygon See also Reinforcement 109 Modifying reinforcement . Select a single reinforcing bar. 5. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. or a bent mesh. Removing points from a reinforcement (109) Modifying the shape of a polygon See also Removing points from a reinforcement You can modify the shape of a single reinforcing bar. 4. and the shape of the reinforcement is modified.

2. For example. See also Splitting reinforcing bar groups (110) Combining two reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups into one (110) Combining two reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups into one You can combine two single reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups into one. 3. Select the second single bar or bar group to be combined. The combined reinforcement gets the same properties as the first selected bar. 3. 1. Select the reinforcing bar group. Once split. Pick two points to indicate where to split the bars. To combine two single reinforcing bars or two reinforcing bar groups into one: 1. However. Reinforcing bars can be combined if their end points are connected.Splitting reinforcing bar groups You can split normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups into two groups. Click Edit > Combine. Limitations See also You cannot combine Tapered N reinforcing bar groups. in certain cases it is possible to combine reinforcements that are not connected nor parallel. or the bars are parallel and close to each other. Splitting reinforcing bar groups (110) Splitting reinforcing bars in a group (110) Customizing reinforcement meshes You can customize reinforcement meshes using the Select Mesh dialog box. You cannot split reinforcing bar groups diagonally. Select the reinforcing bar group. each new reinforcing bar group retains the properties of the original group. 3. 1. Modify the properties of the new groups if needed. Click Edit > Split. 2. See also Splitting reinforcing bars in a group (110) Combining two reinforcing bars or reinforcing bar groups into one (110) Splitting reinforcing bars in a group You can split reinforcing bars in normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups using a split line. if the bars in the original group had hooks at both ends. bars in the new groups also have hooks at both ends. Reinforcement 110 Modifying reinforcement . 2. Click Edit > Split. Pick two points to indicate where to split the group. Select the first single bar or bar group to be combined.

To later use saved mesh properties in the Reinforcement Mesh Properties dialog box. Enter a name for the mesh in the Selected mesh field. 6. click the Select button next to the Mesh field to open the Select Mesh dialog box. Click OK to close the Select Mesh dialog box and to save the properties. Custom mesh properties You can define the following properties for the customized reinforcement meshes: Longitudinal distance Cross distance Longitudinal left overhang Longitudinal right overhang Cross left overhang Cross right overhang Length Width Reinforcement 111 Modifying reinforcement . The default name is CUSTOM_MESH. In the Reinforcement Mesh Properties dialog box. enter a name in the Save as field in the Reinforcement Mesh Properties dialog box and click the Save as button. Modify the mesh properties. select a standard mesh from the mesh catalog and use it as a basis for the customized mesh. 2. In the Select Mesh dialog box. select the name of the mesh properties in the Load list box and click the Load button. 4.1. 3. To save customized mesh properties for later use. 5.

For example. Enter all the diameter values. The Right overhang is calculated automatically. using the Distance(s) and Left overhang values. Distance(s) Spacing values of longitudinal or crossing bars. Tekla Structures calculates the Width and Length based on the Distance(s). you need to use the Explode Component command to ungroup the bars that the reinforcement contains. Length of longitudinal bars. the spacing method changes back to Same distance for all. enter all spacing values. For example: 2*150 200 3*400 200 2*150 Left overhang Right overhang Extensions of longitudinal bars over the outermost crossing bars. If you do not change any of the values. The options are: • Same distance for all: Use to create meshes with evenly-spaced bars. the Left overhang and the Right overhang values. Exploding reinforcement Before you can modify or remove single bars in a reinforcement component. separated by spaces. To ungroup reinforcing bars: Reinforcement 112 Modifying reinforcement . Tekla Structures distributes as many bars as possible for the length of Length or Width. If you select the Multiple varying distances spacing method.Property Spacing method Description Defines how the mesh bars are distributed. The steel grade of the bars in the mesh. Diameter Width Length Grade See also Reinforcement mesh (94) Meshes (83) Length of crossing bars. Diameter or size of longitudinal or crossing bars. Extensions of crossing bars over the outermost longitudinal bars. You can use multiplication to repeat diameter values. You can use multiplication to repeat spacing values. You can define multiple diameters for the bars in both directions. • Multiple varying distances: Use to create meshes with unevenly-spaced bars. and it cannot be zero. separated by spaces. 12 2*6 in longitudinal direction and 6 20 2*12 in crossing direction.

see About variables. Click Detailing > Component > Explode Component. 4. On the Type/Notes tab. Result You have now defined a simple custom reinforcement component.. Select the reinforcing bars to use in the custom reinforcement and click Next. and thus increase the amount of recognized reinforcing bar shapes. You can create the reinforcement either by exploding and modifying an existing reinforcement component. User-defined bending shapes are useful when Tekla Structures does not recognize the bending shape and assigns the UNKNOWN bending type to the shape. Click Next. 7. Preconditions Create a concrete part and reinforce it in the way you want the reinforcement to appear in the custom component.1. or by creating the reinforcing bars individually. Select the main part and click Next. Click Finish. and enter a name for the custom reinforcement.. 6. 3. 1. See also Exploding components Creating a custom component Adding a custom component to a model Usage 2. With Rebar Shape Manager you can • • • • • customize the existing bending shapes and create new bending shapes establish your own rules for defining the bending shapes customize your own dimension mappings that are used in templates and reports import and export user-defined bending shapes use user-defined bending shapes in bending schedules and pull-out pictures Reinforcement 113 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager . which you can use in locations similar to the one where it was originally created.6 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager You can define your own reinforcing bar bending shapes with Rebar Shape Manager. 2. To create a parametric custom component. Tekla Structures ungroups the reinforcing bars. Click Detailing > Component > Define Custom Component. Defining custom reinforcement components You can create customized reinforcement details and save them in the component catalog for later use. In DETAIL POSITION. 2. This component is not parametric and Tekla Structures does not adjust dimensions to suit any changes in the model. select Main part to position the reinforcement by the main part. Select the blue modeling tool symbol (M) on the reinforcement. select Detail in the Type list box.. 5.

\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.xml file (114) Reinforcing bar bending shapes in the RebarShapeRules. Click Tools > Rebar Shape Manager. • • The Model rebars list shows the ID number and the shape codeof the selected reinforcing bars.. Rebar Shape Manager does not automatically read any rule file but you need to open the file if you want to view or edit it. and lists the selected reinforcing bars in the Model rebars list. The tool is meant for users who need to customize the bending shapes based on company or project requirements.xml.xml file When you define your own reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager.xml rule file can be appended to your own shapes.xml rule files in the model. 3. or size.xml rule file.. See also Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (113) Defining reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (114) Defining reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager To define your own reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager: 1. Select one unknown shape from the Model rebars list. To define the needed information for a bending shape. You cannot control the reinforcing bar creation properties. All the found bending shapes are displayed in Rebar Shape Manager. Click Get selected to add the reinforcing bars to the Model rebars list. Reinforcement 114 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager . and merges the files. Rebar Shape Manager opens. an XML file called RebarShapeRules. and it is located in the . with this tool.. such as cover thickness. When you define new shapes. you can first open Rebar Shape Manager and then select reinforcing bars in the model. In addition. do the following: To define Shape code Do this Enter a shape code for an unknown shape. See also Defining reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (114) Reinforcing bar bending shapes in the RebarShapeRules. Alternatively. the shapes in the default RebarShapeRules..Rebar Shape Manager is a tool for recognizing reinforcing bar shapes. The Shape catalog list shows the shapes that exist in the default RebarShapeRules. reinforcing bar grade.xml is created in the currect model folder. project and system folders. This file contains the most typical bending shapes of your environment. Tekla Structures installation contains by default an XML file called RebarShapeRules. 2. firm. Tekla Structures reads valid RebarShapeRules. 4. Select reinforcing bars in the model.

bending shape rules or the contents of bending schedule fields.To define Bending shape rules Do this Add or delete a bending shape rule by clicking the Add and Delete buttons on the right. When defining the bending shapes. and finally on leg lengths.xml file. Click Save to save the RebarShapeRules. 5. Bending schedule fields Define the content for a bending schedule. This means that the modeling direction has no effect on the shape definition and shape code.xml file. click Add to add the bending shape definition to the RebarShapeRules. Right-click a field to select a bending shape property or to enter a formula. for example. we recommend that you use the same DIM_XX fields as in the rebar_schedule_config. hooks are considered as hooks. and it allows bars that have different hooks to have different shape code or schedule fields regardless of the value of the advanced option. Check hooks Select the check box if you want to define different shape codes or bending schedule fields for two bars that otherwise have exactly the same geometry. If you clear the check box. and so on) are used in templates and reports.inp file. This means that radius 1 may not always be less than radius 2 or vice versa. Rebar Shape Manager is able to recognize bending shapes regardless of the modeling direction of the bars. the start or the end of modeling direction is always sorted based first on bending angles. When you have finished defining the new shape. If you select the check box. When you create. Update Update the existing shape code definition of the selected reinforcing bar. See also Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (113) Reinforcement 115 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager . but one bar has hooks and the other one does not. By default. 6. recognizes the added bending shape and assigns a correct shape code to it. Use the Reset button to restore the original values. Note that the Check hooks option works independently from the advanced option XS_REBAR_RECOGNITION_HOOKS_CONSIDERATION. The names of the Bending schedule fields (A. You can update the definiton if you have modified the shape code. However. B. the file is located in the current model folder. hooks are considered as normal legs. Tekla Structures uses the updated bending shape information. enter a shape code or select the Check hooks check box. To enable the Add button you need to change the bending shape rule. To make sure that old reports also work correctly. a bending schedule. then on twist angles. bending radius is not taken into account in the sorting.

Click the Add button next to the Bending shape rules list. The New bending rule dialog box opens.Adding new bending shape rules manually (116) XS_REBAR_RECOGNITION_HOOKS_CONSIDERATION Adding new bending shape rules manually If needed. Straight length 2 = 0. (RX) Radius of the bending. depending on the type of the conditions used. the bending shape rules that Rebar Shape Manager defines automatically are not sufficient to distinguish certain bending shapes. Twist angle (T) Angle around the reinforcing bar center axis before the bar is bent. Bending angle is always between 0 and +180 degrees. The left and right condition of a rule need to be of the same type. Click OK to add the new rule to the Bending shape rules list. for example. To manually define a rule for a reinforcing bar bending shape: 1. All the rule options are available in the New bending rule dialog box. Straight length (S) Straight length between the start and the end of adjacent bendings. The angle cannot be negative. you can manually add new bending shape rules for reinforcing bars in Rebar Shape Manager. Rule Radius * = Radius 1 means that all the radius values are equal to the first radius. The content of the lists depends on the shape and the bendings of the reinforcing bar. For flat bars the twist angle is either 0 or +180 degrees. Select the options from the lists to define the new rule. even though only certain selections are valid. The OK button is enabled only when the rule is valid. Radius (R). Reinforcement 116 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager . The rule is generated only when there is no straight part. For other bars the twist angle is between -180 and +180 degrees. Option Angle (A) Description Bending angle between the legs. 3. The values in the parentheses are the values that were used to create the bar shape. Radius * means that the same radius is used in all bendings. See also Bending shape rule settings (116) Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (113) Bending shape rule settings Use the New bending rule dialog box in Rebar Shape Manager to manually define rules for reinforcing bar bending shapes. 2. In some cases.

Example: Point/arc distance off from leg (H) Distance perpendicular to a leg from outer edge to outer edge. or tangential to the bending The distances are positive or negative depending on the leg direction. Leg direction as a vector value. Leg to leg distance.Option Leg length (L) Leg (V) Leg distance from leg (D) Point/arc distance along leg (K) Description Length of the leg. Example: Reinforcement 117 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager . or tangential to the bending The distances are positive or negative depending on the leg direction. Distance parallel to a leg from outer edge to outer edge.

Constant value of the angle. Enter the value in the rightmost box. (DIAX) Center line length (CLL) Sum of leg lengths (SLL) Weight per length (WPL) Constant angle Diameter of the reinforcing bar. Weight per leg length.Option SHA SHR SHS SHLA SHLB EHA EHR EHS EHLA EHLB Description Start and end hook properties. Leg length according to the center line. Constant radius Constant value of the radius. Bar diameter (DIA). Sum of all leg lengths. When you right-click in a Bending schedule fields cell. Each of the Bending schedule fields can contain a shape property or a formula. Use method A or B for the hook length calculation: Standard radius (RS) Standard minimum bending radius. See also Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (113) Defining reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (114) Adding new bending shape rules manually (116) Bending schedule fields in Rebar Shape Manager Use the Bending schedule fields in Rebar Shape Manager to define content for templates and reports. Enter the value in the rightmost box. you can: Reinforcement 118 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager . The bending radius depends on the size and the grade of the bar.

for example sin(A1). or direct references to other non-empty bending schedule field cells. The content of the list depends on the reinforcing bar geometry. and they will shows as blank in reports. The variables in the formula can either be the shape properties visible in the pop-up menu. You can use the same functions in the formulas as in custom components: • • • • mathematical functions statistical functions string operations trigonometric functions When you map angles and trigonometric functions in Schedule field formula. cos. Capital letters are not recognized. write the functions (sin. a question mark and text describing the error is shown. Example Formula is L1+L3+L5-2*DIA • • • L1.• • • Select a shape property from the list. tan) in small letters. Bending schedule fields cell shows the result of a valid formula. If the formula is not valid. Select the (empty) option to clear the content of the current cell. Select the (formula) option to enter a formula. L3 and L5 are the leg lengths measured from outer edge to outer edge H1 is the total width to achieve H1: L1+L3+L5 minus 2*bar diameter See also Functions in variable formulas Defining reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager (114) Reinforcement 119 Reinforcing bar bending shapes in Rebar Shape Manager .

) of reinforcing bars are internal dimensions and angles. 3_1 3_2 Reinforcement 120 Reinforcing bar bending types .2. 2_2 Non-standard bending radius. The leg dimensions (D1. it assigns the UNKNOWN bending type to it. Type 1 2_1 Image Requires standard bending radius. You can map internal types.) and bending angles (A1. hard-coded types of Tekla Structures. etc. The bending type identifiers in the table below are internal.) follow the outer edge. D2. A2. See Reinforcement in templates (140). or the edge extension. Reinforcing bar bending dimensions are calculated so that the leg dimensions (D1. of the reinforcing bar. If Tekla Structures does not recognize the shape of a reinforcing bar. etc. The magenta points in the images represent the points you pick in the model when you create reinforcing bars. The total length is calculated according to the center line of the reinforcing bar. The table below lists these reinforcing bar bending types.7 Reinforcing bar bending types Tekla Structures recognizes different reinforcing bar bending shapes and assigns bending type identifiers to them. to country. for example. D2.or project-specific types.inp file. and internal dimensions and angles to specific template attributes. You do this in the rebar_schedule_config. etc.

Type 4 Image 4_2 4_3 4_4 5_1 5_2 5_3 Reinforcement 121 Reinforcing bar bending types .

10 11 D1 = Radius from center of circle to the center line of reinforcing bar.Type 6_1 Image 6_2 7 8 9 Requires 180 degree hook. Reinforcement 122 Reinforcing bar bending types .

14 Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends.e.Type 12 Image 13 Can also be modeled using hooks at both ends (i. 14_2 14_3 Reinforcement 123 Reinforcing bar bending types . model D1 and D5 using 90 degree hooks).

15 Requires hooks at both ends. 16_1 16_2 Reinforcement 124 Reinforcing bar bending types .Type 14_4 Image Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends. If XS_REBAR_RECOGNITION_HOOKS_CONSIDERATION is set to FALSE. reinforcing bars with hooks (types 14 and 48) are recognized as 14_5. 14_5 Recognized when the start point and end point are in the same location and no hooks are used.

Type 17 Image 18 19 20_1 20_2 21 Reinforcement 125 Reinforcing bar bending types .

Reinforcement 126 Reinforcing bar bending types . 28 Requires 180 degree hooks at both ends.Type 22 Image 23 24 25 26 Requires 180 degree hooks at both ends. 27 Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends.

Type 29 Image Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends. 29_2 29_3 29_4 29_5 30 Requires 180 degree hooks at both ends. Reinforcement 127 Reinforcing bar bending types .

34 35 Requires 180 degree hook. 32_2 33 Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends. Reinforcement 128 Reinforcing bar bending types .Type 31 Image Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends. 32 Requires 180 degree hooks at both ends.

36_2 Can also be modeled using hooks at both ends. 36_3 Can also be modeled using hooks at both ends.Type 36 Image Requires 180 degree hook. 38 Requires 180 degree hook at one end and 90 degree hook at the other end. 37 Requires 180 degree hook. 38_2 Reinforcement 129 Reinforcing bar bending types .

42 Requires 180 degree hooks at both ends.Type 39 Image 40 Requires 180 degree hooks at both ends. 41 Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends. 43 43_2 Reinforcement 130 Reinforcing bar bending types .

46 Requires hooks at both ends. 45 Requires hooks at both ends. 45_2 Requires 180 hooks at both ends. 44_2 Requires 180 degree hooks at both ends. Reinforcement 131 Reinforcing bar bending types .Type 44 Image Requires hooks at both ends.

48 Requires hooks at both ends. 48_2 Requires hooks at both ends. Reinforcement 132 Reinforcing bar bending types .Type 47 Image Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends. 48_3 49 D1 = Reinforcing bar center line diameter.

Reinforcement 133 Reinforcing bar bending types .Type 49_2 Image 50 Requires hooks at both ends. 54 Requires hooks at both ends. 52 Requires hooks at both ends. 51 Requires 90 degree hooks at both ends. 53 Requires hooks at both ends.

Reinforcement 134 Reinforcing bar bending types .Type 55 Image 56 57 58 59 60 61 Requires hooks at both ends.

64 Requires hooks at both ends. 63 Requires hook. is set to 61_3 Requires hooks at both ends.Type 61_2 Image Recognized if XS_REBAR_RECOGNITION_HOOKS_CONSIDERATION FALSE. 62 Requires hook. Reinforcement 135 Reinforcing bar bending types .

is set to 65 Requires hooks at both ends. is set to 66 Reinforcement 136 Reinforcing bar bending types . 65_2 Recognized if XS_REBAR_RECOGNITION_HOOKS_CONSIDERATION FALSE.Type 64_2 Image Recognized if XS_REBAR_RECOGNITION_HOOKS_CONSIDERATION FALSE.

Type 67 Image 67_2 68 69_1 69_2 70_1 Reinforcement 137 Reinforcing bar bending types .

Type 70_2 Image 71 72 73_1 73_2 73_3 Reinforcement 138 Reinforcing bar bending types .

Type 74 Image 75_1 75_2 76 77 Reinforcement 139 Reinforcing bar bending types .

Type 78 Image 79_1 79_2 80 UNKNOWN For example: Reinforcement in templates Audience This topic is aimed at Tekla Structures users who need to localize reinforcing bar bending types or to create templates for reinforcing bar bending schedules. Reinforcement 140 Reinforcing bar bending types .

. ANG_S.inp file.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder to map: Mapping dimensions • • Tekla Structures internal reinforcing bar dimensions and angles with specific template attributes Tekla Structures internal reinforcing bar bending types with specific bending types These mappings are environment-specific by default. see the Template Editor (TplEd) online help. You can modify them to suit your company or project needs. and DIM_E and DIM_F the horizontal and vertical dimensions of the fourth leg D4: rebar_schedule_config. For more information on creating templates.inp file in the .inp (Example 2) BEND_TYPE_6_2[1]="XY" BEND_TYPE_6_2[2]="DIM_A=D1" BEND_TYPE_6_2[3]="DIM_B=D2*COS(A2*PI/ 180)" BEND_TYPE_6_2[4]="DIM_C=D2*SIN(A2*PI/ 180)" BEND_TYPE_6_2[5]="DIM_D=D3" BEND_TYPE_6_2[6]="DIM_E=D4*COS(A1*PI/ 180)" BEND_TYPE_6_2[7]="DIM_F=D4*SIN(A1*PI/ 180)" BEND_TYPE_6_2[8]="DIM_G=D5" BEND_TYPE_6_2[9]="DIM_TD=TD" The following example maps the internal bending type 4 to the bending type identifier A if the dimensions D1 and D3 are the same. You can use equations. and if statements to calculate the dimensions and angles you need to show. such as DIM_A.inp (Example 1) BEND_TYPE_5_1[1]="E" BEND_TYPE_5_1[2]="DIM_A=D1" BEND_TYPE_5_1[3]="DIM_B=D5" BEND_TYPE_5_1[4]="DIM_C=D2" BEND_TYPE_5_1[5]="DIM_TD=TD" BEND_TYPE_5_1[6]="ANG_U=A1" BEND_TYPE_5_1[7]="ANG_V=A2" With this mapping. and SHAPE_INTERNAL. Use any standard text editor (for example. and bending types of reinforcing bars in drawings and reports by including reinforcement-specific attributes. SHAPE. functions. and the leg dimensions and bending angles to specific template attributes: rebar_schedule_config. Use the rebar_schedule_config. Otherwise it maps 4 to B: Reinforcement 141 Reinforcing bar bending types . Notepad) to edit the rebar_schedule_config.inp file maps the internal bending type 5_1 to the bending type identifier E. the internal bending type 6_2 becomes XY. bending angles. in template fields. Examples The following example of the rebar_schedule_config.Reinforcement templates You can show dimensions. and the template attributes DIM_B and DIM_C will show the horizontal and vertical dimensions of the second leg D2.

DIM_Y ANG_S. DIM_J. DIM_R. In the rebar_schedule_config. DIM_R_ALL.. DIM_TD.rebar_schedule_config. DIM_K1.inp (Example 4) BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[1]="???" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[2]="DIM_A=D1" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[3]="DIM_B=D2" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[4]="DIM_C=D3" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[5]="DIM_D=D4" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[6]="DIM_E=D5" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[7]="DIM_F=D6" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[8]="ANG_S=A1" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[9]="ANG_T=A2" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[10]="ANG_U=A3" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[11]="ANG_V=A4" BEND_TYPE_UNKNOWN[12]="DIM_TD=TD" See also DIM_A . and list all leg dimensions and bending angles: rebar_schedule_config. For example. DIM_I.. DIM_L.inp (Example 3) BEND_TYPE_4[1]=if (D1==D3) then ("A") else ("B") endif BEND_TYPE_4[2]="DIM_A=D1" BEND_TYPE_4[3]="DIM_B=D2" BEND_TYPE_4[4]="DIM_C=D3" BEND_TYPE_4[5]="DIM_TD=TD" If Tekla Structures does not recognize a reinforcing bar bending shape. DIM_X. ANG_U. DIM_K2.inp file you can also define how unknown bending types appear in drawings and reports. DIM_H1. DIM_G. it uses the internal bending type UNKNOWN for it. DIM_H2. ANG_V SHAPE SHAPE_INTERNAL Reinforcing bar bending types (120) Reinforcement 142 Reinforcing bar bending types . DIM_O. you may just want to use the bending type identifier ???. DIM_WEIGHT. ANG_T.

...108 reinforcing bar ....................................................................................................................................102 add anchor rod......................................................................................................26 adding points bent mesh .......................................................................... 54 priority of rule sets............. 50 reaction forces............113 bent mesh adding points ................................116 bending types reinforcement ........................................................................................... 51 saving connection properties files.................................................................................. 49 setup............................. 49 defaults............................... 42........................................................ 41 143 ............................................................................................51 rules............................................................ 42.... 51 automatic properties ..................................................................................................................................................... 50 iterating............................................ 14 b base plate add ..................... 48............................zxt ... 53............... 51 combining .............Index a adaptivity reinforcement ........................................108 reinforcing bar group............................................................................... 25 beam profiles selecting ..........25 base plate.........................................................................42 using ......... 116 reinforcement .................25 anchoring hooks....................... 47 accessing connection properties files...........33 attaching reinforcement to parts .............................zxt........................................................................................................................... 31 beams connect to column ..............................................................................42 rule groups.........114..................................... 49 checking properties.....................................................108 reinforcement ................................................................................ 47 changing a connection....................................101 AutoConnection .... 48 using......... 53... 50 editing connection properties.................... 57 rules........................................... 26 bending radius.................................45 setup....................................46 restrictions..44 rules ................... 55 connection properties files .................................................................108 anchor rods add .................46 AutoDefaults .......114 rebar shape manager...............................................................................................................................................................................113 rules..............................................................108 removing points ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................44 rule sets ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 78 bending shapes defining ........................................... 51 checking rules................................................................................109 bolt assemblies defining in connections .... 56 limitations...............................25 beam to column connection....................................................79 assemblies defining.........................................

..36 defining.........105 ....................................................................................... 50 Excel ........................ 110 columns connect to beam ...35 number of................................... 28 c cast-in-place...................................118 framing conditions ...............10 using Excel.......................................................33 connections beam to column ........................ 109..................................................................................36 bolt group pattern .............................................................................................. 16 detailed components ............ 14 default values setting with the joints...26 Connection Browser...................................16 components concepts ................................................................... 109..........................................................................................................................................................................110 component catalog ............. 105.................................................. 105..... 107..........................................27 conceptual components.............. 71 example ....... 70 Excel............. 113 d default properties ...................................................................................... 108..81 connect beam to column ..........22 symbols ..........Index bolts bolt group orientation................... 110 CIP ..................................... 33... 57 defaults.... 107................36 overview of properties on the bolts tab ....................................10 conceptual .................................................................................................................. 71 using for components............................................................................................................................22 creating view.........................................37 bolt spacing...............................37 increasing bolt length ................... 108. 50 Design type tab .......................................................40 edge distance .. 35 deleting.... 42 g general tab ......................zxt......20 types ..................................... 110 cast-in-situ.....28 dialog box ..............................................70 viewing ..........................................................................................17 144 e edge distance bolts......................... 71 exploding reinforcements .................112 exploding reinforcements.................................................................................................................def file ..........................................28 copying .......... 109............................ 108............110 customizing reinforcement ...................vb..................................................................................17 component design checking ........................................................................................... 107.................. 22 custom reinforcement meshes.......................................................................46 connection library...26 combining reinforcing bar groups.....................110 reinforcing bars ................................................................................................... 15 geometry reinforcement ......................... 105.........................................................11 publish in catalog ..37 bolt position ...................................................................110.......................................................28 concrete cover .........................................................................................................................................27 detailed........................................................................................................................ 26 defining bolt assemblies...................... 41 copying components...............................112 f formulas rebar shape manager.............................................19 thumbnails............................................................................................................. see component catalog ................................................................................................................................................................................ 37 editing connection properties ..................................................................

.............................................62 bolt properties in end plate connections .............61 bolt properties in gusset connections.....................................................................................................................................107 polygonal........................................................... 94 m materials defining.................................... 94 ungrouping ...................................................................62 bolt properties in shear plate connections.......................................................................................................................................................105 modifying reinforcement ................................74 iterating AutoDefaults ...................................32 145 ............120 rebar group.............................. 94 bent...........................................69 how it works.......................................................................................................... 30 dimensioning. 30 prestressed strands debonding .... 30 dimensioning................................................58 r reaction forces...............................58 bolt and part properties.................... 31 plates defining .....def .................................................................. 94 grouping ............................................................59 defining bolt diameter and number of rows..................................................................................59 example of how Tekla Structures uses .... 30 part position number........................................................................................................................................ 30 dialog box tabs.............................. 22 j joints............................................................................................................................................................. 57 rebar ...62 bolt properties in clip angle connections ......................................................Index grouping mesh ................ 83 i indicating component status with Excel design.......107 mesh ...........................................100 moving reinforcement splice ................................................................. 97 properties automatic..........................61 connections that use joints..............................56 p part position number................................................35 o omitting reinforcing bars ..................................... 14 publish in catalog .................................................107 reinforcement ............ 87 bending types ..............................................................................................................def about .. 31 setting default prefix and start number ..... 31 parts defining .................................... 14 system default ........................................................................................................................................................ 89 rebar mesh.......................61 bolt properties in diagonal connections .................................................58 interpreting.....................61 defining global defaults...........................101 holes creating.................................................................................60 entering values ................................................................ 14 default..............107 reinforcing bar group...................................................................................................................................... 99 h handles of reinforcement .........................

...............................94 customizing .............................................108 basic properties .......................................................................................................... 44 rule sets ..............99 strands ..........................................................................................................................116 reinforcement adaptivity ..........................140 invalid geometry ........................................85 removing points ............................................................140 rule groups................. 82 146 ........... 85 reinforcing bar shape catalog .97 rebar shape manager ...............................................................................................................................................................................................109 reinforcement .................................. 113..............................109 removing points bent mesh ........................ 87 adding points .......................................................... 50 rules ........................................... 85 shear force calculation....................... 44 editing.....................................................................................................................................................................Index rebar shape manager bending shapes........................... 44 priority ...............................................................................112 geometry .............................................83 reinforcement mesh ...................................99 reinforcing bar group..........................................................................82 splice .............................................118 rebarshaperules...78................114 rules ............................ 39 spacing reinforcing bars .....................109 spacing.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................83 prestressed strands...................113 exploding.............................................107 removing points ...110 reinforcing bar shape catalog ...............................................................................................................................................113 defining as custom components ...........107 hooks .. 113.....78 bending radius ....................................................................110 ungrouping ...................... 114 rebarshaperules..............116 rules............ 71 shape catalog....................................................................97 ungrouping ............................................................................................ 114 customizing ........... 45 s setting up Excel files.......................... 114 formulas .....................................78 bending shapes...........79 in templates................... 57 slotted holes defining .........................................105 grouping ......................................................................................................................................................... 42 creating .......................................................................................................... 85 removing points ............... 113............102 adding points .......................xml ......................................109 reports on reinforcement .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................110 curved .........................................................................................................xml .............................................110 reinforcement splice moving ... 42 creating .105 modifying ..................................................................................................................................108 bending types .................................................... 93 combining .......................... 85 reinforcing bars ............... 114 bending types......105 reinforcing bar groups reinforcing bar shape catalog ..........................................................................................zxt .................. 51 bending shapes...............................................................................................109 reinforcing bar group ............................................................................................................................ 92 grouping ... 89 adding points ........................................................................116 rebar shape manager..........................................................108 circular...............................................................105 user-defined attributes ..............114 reinforcing bar shape catalog ................................................................................120 combining ......................109 splitting .............100 omitting bars.....................................109 reinforcing bar............................................ 113.................

...................................................................................110 reinforcing bars in a group ..................... 13 user-defined reinforcement attributes.................105 up direction ..............................................................................................................................14 ungrouping mesh .......... 50 147 ................................................20 w welds defining .................................................... 33..........Index spiral reinforcing bar groups ............... 41 u UDL..................89 thumbnail images ................57 z zxt files ............................110 strand pattern reinforcement ............................................................................................................................... 83 v viewing components................................................................................................................................................................................105 reinforcing bar group ..............................................97 system default properties.................. 45............................................................................................................... 27 t tapered reinforcing bar groups ........105 reinforcement ...........89 splice..............................99 splitting reinforcing bar group.

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