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A Study of Aircraft- VHF Communication Systems Communication for some time has been an imperative aspect of flight safety

in the aviation industry. It has been essential to enable Pilots to carry out aircraft missions efficiently and without placing the aircraft operation/conduct under potential risks. The Industry and its people have relied on VHF communication systems for an extended period of time, & despite constant advancements of technology the concept of VHF Communication is likely to remain for some time. Communication is a fundamental requirement of Commercial and even private fight operations in todays industry. Flight crew often utilize Very High Frequency (VHF) communication systems to communicate with ground resources such as air traffic control and other aircraft over a short range. The VHF system operates between the frequency range of 118.000 to 136.975, under the line of sight principle. The lower end, 108-118 MHZ is restricted to VOR/ILS operations the remainder is used for civil aviation operations. VHF radio signals travel in straight lines direct from the transmitter to a receiver (hence the term line of sight communications). If there is an obstruction between the line of sight path such as terrain, the transmission may be hindered. Aircraft which are operated within Australian airspace require a 25 kHz spacing between channels (118.025, 118.050). A 25 kHz spacing between frequencies provides 760 VHF channels, a sufficient number to accommodate the air traffic demand. If however a VH registered aircraft was to operate a flight over European airspace, due to the increased traffic congestion flight above flight level 245 (twenty four thousand feet) a 8.33 kHz spacing between channels is required. For flight operation below FL245 a 12.5 spacing between channels required. A reduction in the number spacing between channels increase the number of VHF channels, hence meeting the high demand of VHF communication due to increased aircraft activity. If in the position the operator was unable to meet the channel spacing requirements as mentioned above. The relevant body of authority might pose limitations such as; Placing a Altitude restriction: Not climbing above FL245 Remaining Outside Controlled Airspace (OCTA) in certain regions: avoiding areas of high traffic Meeting other conditions: Crew requirements such as Senior Captain required

Question 4 ideas Unfortunately previous incidents have lead to manufactures and designers taking a what if approach. The 1 VHF communicating system in modern airliners is often powered from either the 28Vdc Battery Bus or the 28Vdc Essential Bus and not from another source , such as a 28Vdc Main Bus or similar power source

Yow ould have interfeicen and cross connections , the quality of radio will be reduced. Efficennt communication will nt be maintained