Seminar on “THE ESCALATORS”

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Contents        Introduction Components of the escalators Working of the escalator Advantages Disadvantages Applications Conclusion 2 .

a Latin word which is a combination of “elevator” and “scala”.61 m) per second. 3 .30– 0. like moving walkways.Introduction • Charles Seeberger discovered the early escalator in the year 1900. are powered by constant-speed alternating current motors and move at approximately 1–2 feet (0. • The term “escalator”. • Escalators.

consisting of individual. which keep the treads horizontal. linked steps that move up or down on tracks.Definition An escalator is a conveyor transport device for transporting people. 4 .

COMPONENTS OF THE ESCALATOR The main components of the escalator are • Motor drive gear system • Landing platforms • Truss • Tracks • Steps • Handrail Assembly truss Handrail set Landing platforms 5 .

6 .5kw for medium and large sized escalators.Motor drive gear system    The escalators work with the alternating current motors. The power consumption for escalators is 3. The range of the motors lie between 50HP to 100HP depending on the type and size of the escalator used and also the area of application.75kw for small and 8.

Landing platforms    These two platforms house the curved sections of the tracks. 7 . The top platform contains the motor assembly and the main drive gear. while the bottom holds the step return idler sprockets. as well as the gears and motors that drive the stairs. The maximum angle of inclination of an escalator to the horizontal floor level is 30 degrees with a standard rise up to about 60 feet (18 m).

8 .Truss and Tracks   The truss is a hollow metal structure that bridges the lower and upper landings. The track system is built into the truss to guide the step chain. which continuously pulls the steps from the bottom platform and back to the top in an endless loop. It is composed of two side sections joined together with cross braces across the bottom and just below the top.

The position of the tracks controls the orientation of the steps.Steps    The steps themselves are solid. die-cast aluminum or steel. The steps are linked by a continuous metal chain that forms a closed loop. The front and back edges of the steps are each connected to two wheels. 9 . one piece.

to give riders some stability. 10 .Handrail Assembly • A handrail is simply a rubber conveyer belt that is looped around a series of wheels. This belt is precisely configured so that it moves at exactly the same speed as the steps. the handrail is pulled along its track by a chain that is connected to the main drive gear by a series of pulleys. • The handrail provides a convenient handhold for passengers while they are riding the escalator. • In an escalator.

which rotate the chain loops. Each stair has a pair of wheels on each side. A typical escalator uses a 100 horsepower motor to rotate the gears.Working of the Escalator    An escalator is a continuously moving staircase. The motor and chain system are housed inside the truss. one at the front of the step and one at the rear. a metal structure extending between two floors. An electric motor turns the drive gears at the top. 11 .

HOW DO ESCALATORS WORK? 12 .

and they can be placed in the same physical space as stairs would be. They have no waiting interval. 13 . They have the capacity to move large numbers of people.Advantages     Decrease the traffic flow of the people in different crowy areas leading to the comfortability of living. except during very heavy traffic they can be used to guide people towards main exits or special exhibits. Higher efficiency(η).

hence safety measures are to be considered as a very important criterion. 14 .Disadvantages    High cost for the installation. Risk factors are more. Technical Calculations required are more.

15 .Applications     Departmental stores and shopping centers. Military purpose. Factories and other production environments. Public transportation.

in the future. products and passengers up and down in the vertical as well as horizontal distances. escalators are expected in more different fields of applications. • • 16 . They are implemented at places where installation of the elevators are seemed to be impossible and hence playing a vital role in the present era.Conclusion • Escalators are power-driven. continuous moving stairway designed to transport goods. Hence.

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