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#Discuss how the studied approaches, theories and models would lead to effective classroom management. #Simulate a situation in a classroom where the three theories / approaches could be applied.

Theories of Democratic Teaching (Rudolf Dreikurs). Theories of Instructional Management (Jacob Kounin). Theories of Congruent Communication (Haim Ginott).

Theories of Democratic Teaching (Rudolf Dreikurs)

Pupils need MOTIVATION = Belong + Accepted Four Mistaken Goals:

Seeking attention Gaining power Taking Revenge Displaying inadequacy

Teacher models the act of democracy, provides teaching environment that

supports the sense of belonging, provides lessons with social interest in mind. Setting of the rules together as a class. Encourage pupils who display inadequacy. Provide logical consequences to the mistaken goals. Build good relationship between teacher and students.

Situation: The Attention Seeker

Alvin is an attention seeker who always interrupts in the middle of the
lesson by talking to his friends or walking around from one place to another. Miss Fressie believes that he does that, just to gain attention from both the teacher and the other classmates. Thus, what can Miss Fressie do? lesson.

Strategy: Miss Fressie asks Alvin to stop talking and walking during the Method: Logical Consequences
If he does not stop doing so, Alvin has to bring his chair and sit in front so that Miss Fressie can control his movement from time to time. Alvin will be re-located to different group instead of being with his friends.

Result: Alvin might stop his misbehaviours and start to pay attention
to the lesson.

Theories of Instructional Management (Jacob Kounin).

The Ripple Effect- the spread of desists. Withitness ability of teachers to know what is going on in
the classroom at all times. thing moving.

Momentum Teacher gets things started promptly and keeps

Smoothness Transitions seem to flow with no abrupt changes. Group alerting System to getting student attention and
clarifying expectations. time.

Overlapping teacher who can manage several things at one Enjoyable & challenging teacher is enthusiastic, students are
more interested.

Situation: Trifle Noises

Miss Mariam is writing on the board the main points of the
lesson and asking the pupils to copy them down. However, it seems like the pupils are not only working with their hands, but also with their mouths. It begins to be noisier and noisier by time and there this particular voice who makes it a bit annoying. What should Miss Mariam do? the chit-chatting and ask them to work quietly.

Strategy: Call out the names of the pupils who are involved in

Method : Withitness. Result: Pupils may halt their chit-chatting for a while. The
pupils will become aware that the teacher does know them well even without looking at them.

Theories of Congruent Communication (Haim Ginott).

Addressing pupils misbehaviours and problems without
embarrassing them. messages.

The appropriate usage of the I-messages instead of YouAs a teacher I possess tremendous power to make a child's life miserable or joyous.
I can be a tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal. Ginott.

Situation: Arguments among pupils

During a reading lesson, Mr Teo discovers that two pupils are
talking with high tones. He has to stop the reading session and asks the pupils what the problem is. These two pupils are having arguments and it has to be stopped before things get worse. messages to solve the problem.

Strategy: Get the two pupils to stop and try to use the I Method : I-messages:
I believe that the reading session will not end without this argument ends
also. I need the two of you to apologise to each other. Alright, I would love to have one of you to start reading the sentences.

Result: Pupils stop their arguments and Mr Teo gets the

reading session back on track.

Notes: Write down your point of views on these theories.