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ADA Cellworks

IBS TRAINING
PREPARED BY:
JAYAN.Y
ADA CELLWORKS,PUNE

ADA Cellworks

CONTENTS







IBS SURVEY
LINK BUDGET CALCULATION
IMPLEMENTATION
QUALITY CHECKLIST
VENDOR HANDLING TIPS
REPEATER
BASIC OF LOS SURVEY
BASIC OF RF SURVEY

ADA Cellworks
What is IBS/DAS ?
1.In-building Solution (IBS) / Distributed Antenna System
(DAS)
2.Small Cell Coverage within building premises
3.Signal is restricted inside the building
4.Antenna installed inside the building
5.Low Transmit Power of Antenna
6.Smaller Antenna size

ADA Cellworks

What drives the need for IBS ?
1. Demand of Continuous coverage
2. Indoor Activities generating high traffic
3. Poor indoor coverage of outdoor sites
4. Offloading outdoor cells with high utilization
5. Improvement of Network Performance.

ADA Cellworks
IBS Project
1.Site Survey (IBS and LOS)
2.Design report preparation of the survey
3.Implementation work
4.Frequency planning and database
preparation
5.Walk test
6.Optimization and site handover

ADA Cellworks PLANNING PROCESS Survey. IBS Planning .

With target buildings -> Preliminary site survey 2. -> Area survey to locate possible Without target buildings target buildings -> Approval: customer accepts target buildings .ADA Cellworks IBS Planning Process Flow Chart SITE ACQUISITION Customer request 1.

4.PLANNING 1. Building Information. 3. Draft Solution Design. . Budgetary Cost Estimation. Surrounding Network Information. 2.ADA Cellworks PRELIMINARY SITE SURVEY/PRE.

2. BTS Location. Final BTS & Antenna location. Final Cable routing. Microwave Pole location. Photos of Antenna Location. 4.ADA Cellworks SITE SURVEY 1. 3. Propagation Measurement. .

4. 3. . System Diagram (Trunking Diagram). TSSR (Technical Site Survey Report) for BTS & Microwave details. Solution Description Template.ADA Cellworks DETAIL DESIGN REPORT 1. 2. Power Budget Calculation.

11.Hospitals.Office Complex 2. 5. 7.Railway Stations. 9.Government Buildings.ADA Cellworks TYPES OF TYPICAL BUILDINGS COVERED IN IBS 1. 3.Hotels & Restaurants.Exhibition Centre. 4.Factories & Industries .Airports.Shopping Malls. 10. 8.Corporate Residential Complex.VIP Guest House. 6.

ADA Cellworks IBS SURVEY & PRE-PLANNING .

Magnetic Compass. Net Monitor Phone. 7. 5.ADA Cellworks TOOLS REQUIRED FOR IBS SURVEY 1. 4. Binoculars. Measuring Tape. 6. Digital Camera. Floor Plan of that Particular Site . 3. GPS 2.

Understand the requirements need in terms of Coverage. Capacity. Survey on each floor using net monitor and floor plan. 6. Study the building architecture.ADA Cellworks STEPS IN IBS SURVEY 1. 4. antenna locations and mark on the floor plan. with the help of floor plans & guidance from Building authorities 2. 5. 3. future Subscriber growth etc. Identify the BTS location. Identify the duct for the cable routing & component location. Note down all the present serving cell information like CELL ID. Also not down the type of ceiling. whether pop cutting is required or not . Rx. Mark the present signal level and the antenna location to be installed in the floor plan. 7. 8. etc. BCCH. Level.

g POLE. ( DO NOT COMPROMISE WITH BTS LOCATION IT AFFECTS POWER CALCUTAION ) .RTT. GBT )REQUIREMENT ( ALSO CONSIDER CUSTOMER SPECIFICATION .ADA Cellworks LOS SURVEY MAKE TERRACE LAY OUT TAKE LAT – LONG BY GPS ASK FOR FAR END TO SURVEY CO ORDINATOR DECIDE TOWER HEIGHT( e.THEN MAKE NOTE THAT PCM CABLE LENGTH IS NOT EXCEEDING BY THAT OF GIVEN SPECIFICATION( UPTO 250 M). NOT MENDATORY ) CHECK POSSIBILITY OF CABLE ROUTING UPTO BTS LOCATION IF PCM CABLE OR A-BTS IS REQUIRED FOR TX .

.  Indoor propagation is dominated by the same mechanisms as outdoor • reflection. diffraction..  The propagation inside a building is influenced by • Layout of the building • Construction materials  Typical building type • Sports arena. factory.ADA Cellworks INDOOR PROPOGATION  Indoor channels are different from traditional mobile radio channels in two different ways • The distances covered are much smaller • The variability of the environment is much greater for a much smaller range of Tx-Rx separation distances.. residential home. scattering. .

• The level of floors  In building path loss factors • Partition losses (same floor) • Partition losses between floors . conditions are much more variable • Doors/windows open or not  The mounting place of antenna • On the wall. ceiling. etc.ADA Cellworks  However.

ADA Cellworks PARTITION LOSSES  There are two kind of partition at the same floor: • Hard partitions: the walls of the rooms • Soft partitions: moveable partitions that does not span to the ceiling • The path loss depends on the type of the partitions PARTITION LOSSES BETWEEN FLOORS  The losses between floors of a building are determined by • External dimensions and materials of the building • Type of construction used to create floors • External surroundings • Number of windows • Presence of tinting on windows .

railway station where BTS is mounted on the wall connected to the Integrated antenna system  Antennas Distributed Via Coax Feeder Network This is the most simplified method used in IBS. where it is tough to install with Coax feeder network. flexibility in the Design when shaping the coverage area. open premises like sports arena. It also has flexible design but it is costly  Antennas Distributed Via Fibre Optic Network Low attenuation is the key factor for the deploying IBS thro fibre .g.ADA Cellworks o Antenna System used in IBS  Integrated Antenna System An Indoor area covered by one location e.. robust and well proven technique  Leaky Cable This type is mainly used in Train tunnels. It has some advantage like low cost.

ADA Cellworks 14M SP4W5F01 27M SP3W5F01 24M 15M AN6F001 3M SP2W5F03 10M 25M 10M J SP4W5F02 A 5M AN5F001 14M 10dB CP10dB5F01 SP3W5F03 AN5F006 AN5F007 AN5F008 AN5F009 09M 11M 6M 7dB 08M CP7dB5F01 AN5F015 SP2W5F05 13M 19M AN5F012 AN5F014 04M AN5F011 AN5F016 AN5F021 08M 12M 23M SP3W5F02 14M AN5F013 AN5F025 09M AN5F010 30M 03M SP2W5F04 17M AN5F002J SP2W5F02 06M 06M 11M AN5F004 AN5F003 9M 15M 08M J SP2W5F01 AN5F005 7dB SP2W5F06 07M CP7dB5F02 AN5F022 AN5F023 10M 20M 7dB CP7dB5F03 AN5F017 J 15M 15M SP4W5F03 10M 21M AN5F018 AN5F019 AN5F020 AN5F025 .

ADA Cellworks 11M 17M AN5F011 AN5F010 J 10M 15M 23M AN5F018 AN5F0139 21M SP4W5F01 SP3W5F02 AN5F003 13M 5M 7M AN5F019 SP2W5F03 10M SP2W5F01 CP7dB5F01 AN5F002 SP2W5F02 14M 6M 8M AN5F001 10dB J 23M AN5F012 25M AN5F004 7dB 30M AN5F013 08M AN5F020 14M AN5F008 8M 8M AN5F022 7dB CP7dB5F02 19M AN5F016 SP2W5F06 09M SP3W5F03 SP2W5F05 3M CP10dB5F01 SP4W5F02 23M AN5F021 4M AN5F140 AN5F006 DUCT – 1( ELECTRICAL) AN5F007 AN5F014 AN5F023 11M 13M 09M 14M 10M 14M 20M SP3W5F01 3M J AN5F005 J 7dB CP7dB5F03 AN5F009 24M SP2W5F04 18M AN5F017 Cable goes to the sixth floor 08M SP4W5F03 AN5F015 .

IT DEPENDS ON THE COMPONENTS THAT HAS BEEN USED FROM BTS TO ANTENNA THAT IS ERP( EFFECTIVE RADIATED POWER ).which is defined below. EIRP( Effective Isotropic Radiated Power )= ERP( Effective Radiated Power ) + Gain of that component LIST OF COMPONENTS WITH LOSSES ARE AS FOLLOWS:: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) SPLITTERS COUPLERS CABLES ANTENNAS COMBINER JUMPER CABLE . We generally deal with EIRP ( Effective Isotropic Radiated Power ).LINK BUDGET CALCULATION ADA Cellworks IT IS BASICALLY FOR POWER THAT REQUIRED AT ANTENNA END.

25 3 WAY -5. LOSS (dB) TYPE 2 WAY -3.05 4 WAY -6.ADA Cellworks 1) SPLITTERS:: Generally 3 types of splitters are used in IBS which are as follows.25 .

ADA Cellworks 1) SPLITTERS ( Continue ):: 2 WAY 3 WAY 4 WAY .

.5 -0.3 NOTE: Ideally there should be 0 dB loss at through port. which is mentioned in table.5 -0.ADA Cellworks 2) COUPLERS:: TYPE 7 dB 10 dB 15 dB LOSS AT COUPLE PORT (dB) -7 -10 -15 LOSS AT THROUGH PORT (dB) -1. But there is always some loss.

ADA Cellworks 2) COUPLERS ( Continue ):: THROUGH PORT COUPLED PORT INPUT .

ADA Cellworks 3) CABLES:: TYPE ½ ‘’( LDF4-50 A) 7/8 ‘’( LDF5-50 A ) 1-5/8’’ ( LDF7-50 A ) LOSS (dB per meter) -0.03 .06 -0.11 -0.

3) CABLES ( Continue ):: ADA Cellworks .

which are as follows.ADA Cellworks 4) ANTENNAS:: Generally 3 types of antenna are used in IBS. Gain (dBi ) TYPE PANEL ANTENNA 2 7 FLAT PATCH OMNI ANTENNA 5 OMNI ANTENNA .

ADA Cellworks 4) ANTENNAS ( Continue ):: OMNI ANTENNA .

ADA Cellworks 4) ANTENNAS ( Continue ):: PANEL ANTENNA .

ADA Cellworks 4) ANTENNAS ( Continue ):: 12 cm 12 cm FLAT PATCH OMNI ANTENNA ( Vendor : Kaweri ) .

1 O/P ) TX 1 e. g TRX TX 2 A N T E N N A 3 dB . TYPE LOSS HYBRID COMBINER( 2 I/P.ADA Cellworks 5) COMBINER:: A combiner is the device that enables several transmitters to transmitter from the same antenna.

ADA Cellworks 6) LINK BUDGET CALCULATION :: Example with Trunking Diagram: .

ADA Cellworks NOTE:BTS POWER IS MENTIONED AS 37 CONSIDERING 3dB COMBINER LOSS. .

.6) DIFFERENT CONNECTOR USED IN IMPLEMENTATION: ADA Cellworks ( 1 ) ½ N MALE CONNECTOR( L4PNM-RC ) Connect with antenna port Or splitter port. Connect with ½ cable To connect female port of other component like our antennas and splitter.

.( 2 ) ½ N FEMALE CONNECTOR( L4PNF-RC ) ADA Cellworks Connect with male port like 7/8 to ½ inch connector Or Kaveri combiner Connect with ½ cable To connect male port of other component like 7/8 to ½ connector.

( 3 ) 7/8 to ½ inch CONNECTOR( L5PNM-RC ) ADA Cellworks Connect with female port like Our antannas and splitter Connect with 7/8 cable( LDF 5-50A ) To connect female port of 7/8 cable at one side and female port of ½ cable or splitter .

( 4 ) DIN Male for LDF5-50 A 7/8 inch Cable( L5PDM-RPC ) ADA Cellworks Connect with female port of jumper cable or directly to Port of BTS which is Generally at the top of Ultra BTS Connect with 7/8 cable( LDF 5-50A ) To connect female port of 7/8 cable at one side and BTS port or jumper cable .

( 5 ) EXTERNAL COMBINER(AVANTEL) ADA Cellworks Female Port Female Port Female Port .

( 6 ) EXTERNAL COMBINER(KAVERI) ( 6 ) EXTERNAL COMBINER(KAVERI) ADA Cellworks Female Port Female Port Female Port .

( 7 ) EXTERNAL JUMPER CABLE ADA Cellworks THIS PORT HAS SIZE SAME AS 7/8 CABLE AT COMBIER END AT BTS END .

power Demand:1.5KVADC .7) BTS Types: Generally 3 types of BTS Available. 1) Ultra BTS ADA Cellworks Configuration: 4+4+4 Power: 43 dBm Nominal Voltage:230AC/-48VDC Cabinet Max.8KVVAC / 1.

ADA Cellworks 2) METRO BTS 85cm 25cm 35cm Configuration: 2+2 Power: 40 dBm .

ADA Cellworks SECTOR’S JUMPER CABLE MW CABLE FOR CONNECTIVITY .

3) ULTRA MINI BTS It looks same as Ultra BTS. Configuration: 2+2 Power: 43 dBm ADA Cellworks .

Link Budget Calculations – EIRP calculation at all antenna ports. Bill of Quantity .Schematic Presentation of Antenna to BTS connection via different components like. . Building Information: Co-ordinates. Lobbies. 6. TSSR Form – Transmission & RF details if planned with outdoor sectors also) 4. 5. BTS Information: BTS Type. Sectorization. considering all the losses. 7. No. splitters. Basements. Trunking Diagram .Material Requirement for the Implementation of DAS. BTS O/P power. 3. TRX Configuration. 2. combiners & couplers. of Floors. Planned Antenna Location with coverage area.ADA Cellworks DETAILED DESIGN REPORT 1.

It amplifies and converts weak signal into stronger signal by adding some gain to it. . There are 2 types of repeaters. 1) BAND SELECTIVE: It amplifies and boost frequency of particular BAND 2) FREQUENCY SELECTIVE: It amplifies and boost particular frequencies only (Generally 2 / 3 frequency.ADA Cellworks REPEATER : Generally used where capacity required is low.

ADA Cellworks TYPICAL REPEATER INSTALLATION .

ADA Cellworks PICK UP ANTENNA(HIGHLY DIRECTIONAL ) NEARER SITE .

( 33 dBm ) BAND SELECTIVE INDOOR REPEATER .ADA Cellworks CONNECTED TO ANTENNA CONNECTED TO PEAK UP ANTENNA POWER: 2W GENERALLY.

ADA Cellworks IBS IMPLEMENTATION .

ADA Cellworks TYPICAL IBS INSTALLATION .

typical requirement is as follows i.5mtr cable is to be tied  REQUIREMENT OF EXTRA MATERIAL Clamps FOR Antennas/cable . coupler port is open  COUPLER Couple port/through port is reversed Input port/through port is reversed  LABELING All the splitters and couplers should be labeled for easy identification  ANTENNA PLACEMENT OR ORIENTATIONS IS NOT AS PER PLAN Shift in antennas if any due to route / customer problem.  THERE IS NO PROPER SADDLING. TYING OF CABLES No Saddling/tying done on site. splitter.ADA Cellworks GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION ISSUE IN IBS  OPEN CONNECTION Antenna.. every 1mtr or 1.e.

Get the BOM (Bill of Material) from the vendor and generate cam Form for the site after reconciling the material . Ask all details after completion of full site. 3. 4. 2. 5. Ask vendor for daily update.ADA Cellworks VENDOR HANDLING 1. Get the material details from the vendor 7. proper cable routing. Must visit site 2-3 day in week. 6. Generate MRF for delivery of material to this site. Handover site to vendor with all details like work permission. material storage space.

. cable routing etc.) . permission.ADA Cellworks IMPLIMENTATION AUDIT Visit site daily if possible otherwise 2-3 day in week Check installation is as par plan or change Decide any changes in antenna location (if require according to aesthetic.

Feeder Installation for all the sectors should have appropriate bending radius for both 1/2” & 7/8”. No Extra Cable is left rolled near the BTS Equipment. 4.ADA Cellworks IBS IMPLEMENTATION QUALITY STANDARDS. 5. Aesthetic rectification should be completed with cleanliness . Combiner is clamped and the various cables to and from the combiner are secured properly on the Cable tray or Wall mount. Connector have to be weather proofed 6. 1. Feeders & components should be anchored at fixed intervals by saddling/cable tie 7. Feeder Cable and components have to be independently & properly clamped (saddling) to the wall or laid over the cable tray . 2. 3.

ADA Cellworks THANK YOU… .