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# FORCE

AND
MOTION
Roller Coasters- Force and Motion.mp4

## Describe the motion of

an object by tracing
and measuring its
change in position
(distance travelled)
over a period of time
( S4LT-IIIa-1-)
Process Skills: inferring,
contrasting,

A.Engagement:
1. Motivation
. Motion Song / Dance
. Play a game of charade.
Pick a card, then act the word in
class. The group that answers as
(words: action / motion)

B.
B. EXPLORATION:
EXPLORATION:
LETS
LETS DO:
DO:
THE
THE "" BLOW
BLOW AND
AND GO
GO "" ACTIVITY.
ACTIVITY.

C. EXPLANATION:

## Explain" Why do objects move?"

1. How do you compare the distance travelled by
the TISSUE BALL when you blew it with
varying
strength of forces?
2.Which degree of force applied made the TISSUE
BALL travelled the fastest from the starting
point?
3.What factors do you think affected the
movement of the TISSUE?
4. In which direction does it move?
*

D. Elaboration:
What is motion?
When an object
changes position over
time when compared
with a reference point
we say that the object
is in motion.

A force is simply a
push or a pull.
All forces have both
size and direction.

DO YOU REMEMBER

## Unbalanced: when the

net force on an object is
not zero. These produce
a change in motion.
Balanced: when the net
force on an object equals
zero. These do NOT
produce change in motion.

## CENTRIPETAL AND CENTRIFUGAL FORCES

CENTRIPETAL FORCE
Centripetal force can be thought of as a
center seeking force.
Centripetal force is always directed
toward the center

CENTRIFUGAL FORCE
Just like we have an inward seeking force
with circular motion, we can also have
an outward seeking motion.
This outward seeking motion is called
Centrifugal force.

Velocity
The speed of an
object in a particular
direction
***Dont confuse this
with speedthey
dont mean the same

NEWTONS
LAWS OF
MOTION

NEWTONS 1
LAW

ST

INERTIA

## An object at rest tends to stay at

rest and an object in motion
tends to stay in motion unless
acted upon by an unbalanced
force.

NEWTONS 2
LAW

ND

## If more force is applied, an object

will be accelerated _____ more

NEWTONS 3
LAW

RD

## For every action, there is an equal

and opposite reaction.
Forces occur only in pairs
Act on different objects
Equal and opposite

## Action and Reaction on Different Masses

Consider you and the earth
Action: earth pulls on you

## Reaction: gases push on rocket

Action: rocket pushes on gases

D. ELABORATION/
EXTENSION
Another Activity
Spring Balance ( Garter /
1. Do this activity with three
groups.
2. Measure the length of the
garter before the game starts.
3. First padlock will be hanged

## 4. Followed by the second

5. Up to the last padlock.
measure the length of the
is hanged.
6. What did you observe with
the spring balance when you
7. What was the effect on the

FORMATIVE
ASSESSMENT:
1. How did you find the
activity?
2. Was it easy to hang the
3. What strategies did your

PRACTICAL
APPLICATION:
built of the group
members help the
group to win?

E. Evaluation:
Choose the letter of the correct
1. What causes object to move?
A. weight B. gravity C. force D.
magnets
2. When you step on a boat to ride,
the boat makes a little backward
motion. Which law of motion explains
this?
A. Force is equal to the product of
the mass and acceleration.
B. Force every action, there is an

## 3. The laws of motion explain why objects

move. Who formulate these laws?
A. Galileo Galilei C. Benjamin Franklin
B. Thomas Edison D. Isaac Newton
4. The hullahoop moves around your body in
a circular motion. What force pulls the
object away from the circle?
A. gravity
C. centrifugal force
B. acceleration D. centripetal force
5. If a boy will have to kick one object,
which one from the list below will move the
farthest upon kicking?
A. shot put ball C. golf ball
B. soft ball
D. tennis ball

IV. Assignment:
A delivery truck stopped in front
of your house. They will deliver a
Balikbayan Box which your
mother sent for you. The box is
quite heavy for the delivery men
to carry. What can you suggest so
that they can carry the box
easier? List down your
suggestions.