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Future Perfect and

Past Simple
04
Modul ke:

Try to utilize your English in progress until you


become a user of English as naturally as possible

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Desain dan Drs. Masari, MM
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Program Studi
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Present perfect and past simple
(I have done and I did)

The present perfect is a present


tense. It always tells us something
about now.

The past simple tells us only


about the past.
Examples:

Jack grew a beard but now he


has shaved it off.

They went out after lunch and


they have just come back.
Next..

Do not use the present perfect if


there is no connection with the
present (for example, things that
happened a long time ago):

The Chinese invented printing.

How many plays did Shakespeare


write?
Compare:

Shakespeare wrote many plays.

My sister is a writer. She has


written many books.
Next ..

We use the present perfect to give


new information or to announce a
recent happening:
Ow! I have cut my finger!

The police have arrested two


men in connection with the
robbery.
You can use the present perfect
with just, already and yet.
Just = a short time ago
Hello. Have you just arrived?
We use already to say that something
happened sooner than expected.
Hes already gone.
Yet = until now and shows that the
speaker is expecting something to
happen. Use yet only in questions and
negative sentences.
Ive written the letter but I havent
posted it yet.
Next ..

Do not use the present perfect


when you talk about a finished
time (for example, yesterday / in
1985 / ten minutes ago). Use a
past tense:

I went to bed early last night.

They arrived an hour ago.


Next ..

Use a past tense to ask When...?


What time...?

When did they arrive?

What time did you finish work?


Compare present perfect and
past simple:
Present perfect Past simple
We use the present perfect We use the past simple for
for a period of time that a finished time in the
continues from the past past.
until now. For example, yesterday,
For example, today, this last week, from 1985 to
week, since 1985. 1991.
It hasnt rained this It didnt rain last week.
week. Did you see Ann on
Have you seen Ann Sunday?
recently? Tom lived in Scotland for
Tom lives in London. ten years. Now he lives in
He has lived there for London.
seven years. I didnt play golf when I
EXERCISES
Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form, present perfect or past simple.
Mary ______________ to Australia for a while but shes back again
now. (go)
Wheres Ken? He ______________ out. Hell be back in about
an hour. (go)
I did German at school but I ______________ most of it. (forget)
I meant to phone Diane last night but I ______________ . (forget)
I ______________ a headache earlier but I feel fine now. (have)
Look! Theres an ambulance over there. There ______________ an
accident. (be)
Theyre still building a new road. They ______________ it.
(not/finish)
Is Helen still here? No, she ______________ out. (just/go)
The police ______________ three people but later they let them
go. (arrest)
Ann ______________ me her address but Im afraid I
______________ it. (give, lose)
Wheres my bike? It ______________ outside the house. It
______________ ! (be, disappear)
What do you think of my English? Do you think I
______________ ? (improve)
Are the underlined parts of these sentences
right or wrong? Correct the ones that are
wrong.
How many plays has Shakespeare
written?
Have you read any of Shakespeares
plays
Aristotle has been a Greek philosopher.

Ow! Ive cut my finger. Its bleeding.


My grandparents have got married in
London.
Where have you been born?
Are the underlined parts of these
sentences right or wrong? Correct the
ones that are wrong.
Ive bought a new car. Do you want to see it?
______________
Ive bought a new car last week.
______________
Where have you been yesterday evening?
______________
Jenny has left school in 1991. ______________
Im looking for Mike. Have you seen him?
______________
Im very hungry. I havent eaten anything today.
______________
Diane hasnt been at work yesterday.
______________
When has this book been published?
Put the verb into the correct
form, present perfect or past
When I _____________ (get) home last night, I
simple.(be) very tired and I ______________ (go)
______________
straight to bed.
Your car looks very clean. ______________ (you/wash)
it?
George ______________ (not/be) very well last week.
Mr Clark ______________ (work) in a bank for 15 years.
Then he gave it up.
Molly lives in Dublin. She ______________ (live) there all
her life.
______________ (you/go) to the cinema last night?
Yes, but it ______________ (be) a mistake. The film
______________ (be) awful.
My grandfather ______________ (die) 30 years ago. I
______________ (never/meet) him.
I dont know Carols husband. I ______________
Next
A: Is your father at home?
B: No, Im afraid he ______________ (go) out.
A: When exactly ______________ (he/go) out?
B: About ten minutes ago.
A: Where do you live?
B: In Boston.
A: How long ______________ (you/live) there?
B: Five years.
A: Where ______________ (you/live) before
that?
B: In Chicago.
A: And how long ______________ (you/live) in
Chicago?
B: Two years.
Thanks so much
Drs. Masari, MM