³job satisfaction is the extent of positive feelings or attitudes that individuals have towards their jobs´

Definition
³job satisfaction will be defined as the amount of overall positive affect or feelings that individual have towards their job´

` ORGANISATIONAL

FACTORS ` WORK ENVIRONMENT FACTORS ` WORK ITSELF ` PERSONAL FACTORS

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Salaries and wages Promotion changes Company policies

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SUPERVISION WORK GROUP WORKING CONDITIONS

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Job scope Variety Autonomy and freedom Role ambiguity and role conflict Interesting groups

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Age and seniority Tenure personality

³job dissatisfaction produces low morale among workers and low morale at work is highly undesirableµ

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JOB SATISFACTION AND PRODUCTIVITY JOB SATISFACTION AND EMPLOYEE TURNOVER JOB SATISFACTION AND ABSENTEEISM JOB SATISFACTION AND UNION ACTIVITIES JOB SATISFACTION AND SAFETY

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Need fulfillment theory Equity theory Two factor theory Discrepancy theory Equity discrepancy theory Social reference group theory

Morale is an overall attitude of an individual and group towards all aspects of their work´

Flippo-´morale is a mental condition or attitude of individual and groups which determines their willingness to co-operate´

³INDIVIDUAL MORALE IS A SINGLE PERSONS ATTITUDE TOWARDS WORK ,ENVIRONMENT ETC.}

³GROUP MORALE REFLECTS THE GENERAL ATTITUDE OF A GROUP OF PERSONS}

..Morale is the attitude of a person forward his work and environment while ««««««..motivation is a process to inspire peopleµ

There is positive relation among both morale and productivity «.high the morale ««high will be productivity«««

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The organisation The nature of work The level of satisfaction The level of supervision Concept of self Workers perception of reward system The employees age Occupational level

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High rate of absenteeism Tardiness High labour turnover Strikes Lack of pride in work Wastage and spoilage

Internal cohesiveness ` Absence of sub groups within a group  Ability to cope changing environment ` Feeling of belongingness ` Commonness of goals
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Two way communication Proper incentive system Human relation approach Welfare schemes Participation in management Improve workers training Job enrichment

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