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Khlil ur Rehman M.Tayyab Waqar M.Talha Rizwan Fareed

Polyurethane, commonly abbreviated PU, is any polymer consisting of a chain of organic units joined by urethane (carbamate) links. Polyurethane polymers are formed through stepgrowth polymerization by reacting a monomer containing at least two isocyanate functional groups with another monomer containing at least two hydroxyl (alcohol) groups in the presence of a catalyst.

Polyurethane formulations cover an extremely wide range of stiffness, hardness, and densities.

These materials include: Low-density flexible foam used in upholstery and bedding Low-density rigid foam used for thermal insulation and RTM cores Soft solid elastomers used for gel pads and print rollers Hard solid plastics used as electronic instrument bezels and structural parts

Properties of polyurethane
Polyurethanes can be manufactured in an

extremely wide range of grades, in densities from 6 to 1,220 kg/m3 and polymer stiffness from flexible elastomers to rigid, hard plastics. Although an over simplification, the following chart, Figure 1-1, illustrates the broad range of polyurethanes, with reference to density and stiffness.

Properties of polyurethane

Practical work
In the lab we select the polyurethane which is product of TANATEX and the name is BAYPERT USV. Product information This polyurethane is free formaldehyde, self cross linking and permanent hydrophilic polymer

Properties and field of Application

Additive for low formaldehyde resin finishing Additive for resin finishing For use in felt-free finishes Improves abrasion resistance and rub

fastness Reduce pilling Fiber bonding agent

General properties

Iconicity = Amphoteric , sometimes reacts as

if weakly anionic Density (23 oc) = 1 .1 g /cm3 Viscosity (20 oc) = Approx 50 mPa pH value = 4 5 Dilution = Readily miscible with in water Stability = Stable to hard water salts and weak to acids and weak alkalis

General note

preparation of modified polyether polyurethane. BAYPERT USV is a self cross linking polyether polyurethane polymer which forms a permanent highly elastic film around the fibers. This film is formaldehyde free. The basic handle is soft and high bulk. The properties form the basis for a number of applications.

General note
Application Preferably by padding, foam application, slop

padding and exhaust process may also be used. Curing The goods should be cured at over 130 c after drying to complete crosslinking and fix the product on the fiber. Curing conditions 130 180 c 3 minutes 15 seconds.

Recipe and Advantages

Recipe 20 40 g / l BAYPERT USV 30 g / l Synthetic Thickener 100% cotton Twill mercerized Advantages of BAYPERT USV The BAYPERT USV film between the fibers is clearly visible. This film is the main reason for the advantages of finish with BAYPERT USV. Special soft and elastic handle Improves the anti- pilling effect Improves abrasion resistance

Testing Standard:
Pilling test for cotton fabric according to ASTM

D 4970-05 or ISO 12945-2 with 2000 rubs on the Martindale. Results

The result shows that after polyurethane coating the pilling is reduced because the BAYPERT USV bonds the fibers together, preventing mechanical migration of individual fibers and thus pilling on the surface of the fabric.

Testing Standard:
Use ASTM D2261 method for testing the Tearing Strength of fabric. RESULTS

Here we can see that by applying polyurethane on fabric increases the strength of the fabric because it makes a film on the fiber surface which bonded the fibers.