Biology and You

Section 4

Section 4: What is Biology?
Preview
• • • • • Bellringer Key Ideas The Study of Life Properties of Life Summary

Biology and You

Section 4

Bellringer
List all the characteristics that you have in common with a beetle.

Biology and You

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Key Ideas
• What are some of the branches of biology? • What are seven characteristics that all living things share?

Biology and You

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The Study of Life
• Biology is the scientific study of living organisms and their interactions with the environment. • It would be impossible for one person to become an expert in all aspects of biology, so scientists specialize. • Some of the branches of biology are biochemistry, ecology, cell biology, genetics, evolutionary theory, microbiology, botany, zoology, and physiology. • Throughout this course you will learn about each of these branches and have the opportunity to practice techniques used in careers in each of these fields.

Biology and You

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Properties of Life
• All living organisms share certain properties. • The seven properties of life are cellular organization, homeostasis, metabolism, responsiveness, reproduction, heredity, and growth. • Cellular Organization: – All living things are made of one or more cells. – A cell is the smallest unit capable of all life processes.

Biology and You

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Properties of Life, continued
• Homeostasis – All living organisms must maintain a stable internal environment in order to function properly. – The maintenance of a stable internal environment in spite of changes in the external environment is called homeostasis.

Biology and You

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Properties of Life, continued
• Metabolism – Living organisms carry out different chemical reactions in order to obtain energy. – The sum of all the chemical reactions carried out in an organism is called metabolism. – Almost all of the energy used by living things originally comes from the sun.

Biology and You

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Properties of Life, continued
• Responsiveness – In addition to maintaining a stable internal environment, living organisms respond to their external environment. – Can you think of a way that you have responded to your environment today?

Biology and You

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Properties of Life, continued
• Reproduction
– Most living things can reproduce. Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more of their own kind from one generation to the next.

• Heredity
– When an organism reproduces, it passes on its own traits to its offspring in a process called heredity. – Inherited characteristics change over generations. This process is called evolution

Biology and You

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Visual Concept: Heredity

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Biology and You

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Properties of Life, continued
• Growth – All living organisms grow. – As organisms grow, many change. This process is called development. – Development differs from evolution because development refers to change in a single individual during that individual’s life.

Biology and You

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The Seven Properties of Life

Biology and You

Section 4

Summary
• Branches of biology include biochemistry, ecology, cell biology, genetics, evolutionary theory, microbiology, botany, zoology, and physiology. • The seven properties of life are cellular organization, homeostasis, metabolism, responsiveness, reproduction, heredity, and growth.