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148-235-1-PB

148-235-1-PB

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Published by arezaean

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Published by: arezaean on Nov 25, 2012
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05/30/2014

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¡¢£¢¤¥¦§¨©       
 
ɷ> >  ɷɷ ʈ ɷ   ɸ  @>2304/1 
ɳ ʆɳ 
 ɳ> <ɳ >ɳɸɮ ʇ  ɳʈ 
  
ɳ >ɳɸɮ ʇɳ> ʈ ʅ ɳʈ ʆɳ 
 
  ʆɷ ɳ 
ʆɳ  ʇɳ>  ɳ> <  ʇɳ> 
)ɷ> :14/1/89- ɺ:22/6/89(
ʇ 
>ʀ ɷ> ʇ ɮ ɷ> ʈ  ʈ <ɷ ɷ <  ɸ  @>   ɳ ɷ>2304/1ʀ> ʀɷ.ʀ  ɸ @> ʈ> ɸɳ ɷ
:
80-ʈ  ɸ @> ʆɳ  >ɳ ɷ>196-ʇ>ʀɳ ʀ ʀɸ @ʀ> ʆɳʀ ʀ >ɳ ɷ> > .>>ʀ ʀ ʄʈɳʀ ɷɳ    ɷ> ʇ ɮ ɷɳ ɷ>  ʈ  ɷ> ɳɳ  ɸ  >ɳ> ʆ .     ɸ ʈ   ɸ  @ɳ  ʈ ɷ> ɳɳ      - ɷ>  5ʀ12%ʈ37ʀ 52% .ʀ ʀ ʆʀ < ɷ>  ʅ  >ɳ> ʆ   ʈ   .>ɳʀ ʀ ʀɸ ʀ ɷ>     ɷ  ʈ ɳɳ ɷ .   ɸ  ɳ>ʀ ʀ ʀɷ @ɷɳʀ ʀ ɷ> ʀ @ʈʀ ɳɳ  .  >  @> @ɸɮ ʅɳ  ɷ > ɷ> ɷ ɳ ʆ ʈ ɿʈ @> .ɿʈʀ @ʀ> >ɳ> ʆʀ )
M
S
(ʈʆ)
M
F
( > ɳ ɷ> ɷ ɳ254ʈ90-ɳ ɷ>ɳ >. 
ʇʺɳʈ@@ 
:
> <ɸ  2304 1@> < ʈ <  
The effect of temperature of cryogenic treatment on microstructure andwear behavior of 1.2304 cold work steel
 
K. Amini
 Islamic Azad University, Majlesi Branch
 S. Nategh
 Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran
A. Shafyei
 
A. Rezaeian
  Isfahan University of Technology Mc Gill University, Canada
 
Abstract
In this study, the effect of temperature of cryogenic treatment on hardness, microstructure, wear resistance and percentage of retained austenite of 1/2304 steel were investigated. For this purpose, two different cryogenic temperatures were used: -80 ºCas the shallow cryogenic temperature and -196 ºC as the deep cryogenic temperature. The results revealed that cryogenictreatment, caused an increase in hardness and a decrease in the percentage of the retained austenite compared to theconventionally treated specimen. Shallow cryogenic (SCT) and deep cryogenic (DCT) treatments increased the wear resistance of 5 -12 % and 37-52 %, respectively. Moreover, the wear debris and worn surfaces showed that the dominantmechanism in the wear test was adhesive. In the case of deep cryogenic treated specimen, the number of carbides increasedwhile the carbides size was decreased. It was considered that the deep cryogenic treatment increased the driving force for thenucleation of carbides. The martensitic transformation start and finish temperatures were also studied using dilatometry tests.The results showed that the start and finish temperatures of the martensitic transformation were 254°C and - 87°C,respectively.
Keywords
:
 
Cryogenic Treatment, 1.2304 Steel, Wear Resistance, Dilatometry.
 
E-mail of corresponding author
: kamini@iaumajlesi.ac.ir 
 
ɳ
¡¢£¤¥¦ 
¨ 
§ 
ɷ> >  ɷɷ ʈ ɷ   ɸ  @>2304/1<
¡¢£¢¤¥¦§¨©     
 

 
@ʀ> @ʺʀɮ ʀ ʈ  ɷ> ɳɳ  > ɷ>   ɳ  ɷ ɳ ʆ ʈ ɿʈ.ʀ ʆʀ @>    ʈ ʺɮ @> ɷ> ɳ  >ɳ  ɷ>  ɸɳ   ɷ ɳ>ʀ ɷʀ ɷ>  @>   ɸɳ  > ɳ  ʀɳ> ɳ >ʈ ʇ ɮ .ʇʀ ʀɮ  ʈ ʀ ʈ <    ɳ ʅ @ɸ  @>ɳ @ɷɳ>> 
]
1
[
.ɳ @ɸ ʇ ɮ  ɳ   ʄɳ ʈ @ɷ ɳ ɷ>  ɷɳʀ ʀ >  ɷ.ʀ ʇʀ ʀ ʇɸʀ ɷ  ʀ ʀ ʇʀ<ʀʀɳ ʇʀ ʈ >ʀ ɷʀ ɳʀ.  ʇɳ ɷ ɳ 4%ʀɳ ʀ ɳɳ. ʈ ʀɳ ʀ  ɳ  ɳ  ɳɳ ɳ>> @>ɳ @ɷɳ
]
2-3
[
.ʀ ɸɳ  ɳ ɮ ʁ  ʈ  > ɷɳ  ɷ>   ɳ ʇ.ɮ ʁ  ʈ  @ʈɷ ɸɳ  ʀɸ  ɸɳ ʇ>ɳ ʇʀɳ
]
4ʈ5
[
.ʀ@ɳʀ ʀ ʀɸ ʀ ɸɳ ʀ ʆɳɸ  ʀ ʀ ʀ @ɷɳ ʈ  ʈ >   ɳ @ɷɳʁʀ ʀɸ ʈ ʀɮ @ʀ ɷ> ʀ >  ʇ>ɳ
]
6
[
.ʀ ʀɸ ɷɳ  ɳ  ɸ > ʈ>   ʅɳ @> ɹɳ 
1
 )@ʀ>  ʆ>>
o
C
80-(ʀ ʀ ʀɸ ʈ
2
)>ʀ@>  ʆ> 
o
C
196-(>  .>ʀ    ɸ ɻɳ ɷ>ʀ ʀɸ ʀ ʀ >>ʀ ʅʀɳ ʀ ɸɳ  ʈ  ɸɳ  
]
7
[
.ɷ>ʇʀ ɮ ɳ  ʇʈ  ɸ  ɷ ɷ> @ɷ ɷ  @ɷ <ɷ >  >ɳ   ɸɳ
]
8
[
.ʇʀ ʅʀɳ ʀ ɷ> >  ʆʀ ʀ ɷ> ʀ ʀɸʀɸ ʈ ɳʀɳ ʀɷ >ɳ ʄʈɳ ɷɳ 
 
1
- Shallow Cryogenic Treatment (SCT)
2
- Deep Cryogenic Treatment (DCT) 
ɮ  > ɷ ɸɳ @ 
]
7-8
[
.ɳ
3
 ɷ>  >
M2
ʀ ʀɸ ʀ ʀɳ ɷ> >ɳ> ʆ>  ɳ ʈ> ɷ  
]
9
[
.ʀ  ɷ>  
4
 @ʈɷ  ʆɳɷ ʈʇʀ >  >
EN353
> ʅɳ>ʀʈ ʀɷ> ʀ ʆ>ʀ ʆʀɷ> ʀ ʀʈ < ʈ  ɸ @   ɸ @ 152%> .ʀɳ ʀ ʀɮ   ɸ  ɷ> ɷ @ɷ ɴɷ ɳɷ ʇɳ ʇ> ʆ
]
10
[
.
5
ʀ ʅɳ ʀ ʀ ʀɸ>ʀʀ @ʈɷ
Fe-12Cr-Mo-V-1.4C
ʆʀʀɸɮ ɸɳ ʇ>ʀʀɳ ʀʀ @ʈɷ  
6
ʆɳʀ ʀ ɳɷ ʀ ʈ >110-600%> ɺɷɳ  @  ɷ>.  >ɳ> ʆ >ʈ ɷ> ʀɷ ʀɷ> ʀ ʅʀ@>
o
C
50-ʈ
o
C
185- @ɳ  ɷ>  ʈ ʀ> ʀ ʇʀ ʅʀɳ ʆɮ @ʈɷ ʀ ʀɸ  ɷ @ɷ ɴɷ
η
)ɳ(  @ >.ʀ> ɷʀ ʆ>ʀ >ɷɳʈ ʈ  ɼɳ ɷ> ɷ ɳ ɴɷ ʀ ʀ ʈɳ @  ʃ ɷ>  @ ɳ .ʀɳ >ʀʀ ʀʀ ʈ ʅʀʀɳ ɳʀʀɳ ʀʀ ʀʀɷ   
]
8
[
.ʀ >  ʆ ʇ ʅɳ ʀ >ʀ   ɸ
]
11-13
[
ʀʈ >ʀ <
]
14-15
[
 ʅɳ ɳɳ <
]
16
[
<@ɷɳʀ@>ʀɳ
]
17
[
ʀʀ ʀʈ ɳʀʀɳ <
]
13
[
ɳʀʀɳ ʈ 
]
16
[
>>ʀ ʀ @>  ɷ>.>ʀ2304/1 ʀ >ʀ > ʀ ɷ> ʀ ʀ ʀ ɷ   >ɷɳ> >ɷ > >ɷ @.ɸ  >ɷ ɷ>  > ɳʀɳ ʇʀ ʅɳ ɳ.ʀ ɷ> ʀʀ ʀʀʈ ʀʀ ʀʀ ʀʀɸ ʀʀ ʀʀ ʀʀʇ ɮ ɷ> ʈ  < ɷɷ <ɷɷ ɳ  ɷɳ ɷ >ɷ ɷ> ɷ>.ɳ  ʇʈ
 
3
- Huang 
4
- Bensely 
5
- Meng
6-
Sample on wheel
 
ɳ
¡¢£¤¥¦ 
¨ 
§ 
ɷ> >  ɷɷ ʈ ɷ   ɸ  @>2304/1<
¡¢£¢¤¥¦§¨©     
 

ʆʀʀʈ ɿʈʀʀ @ʀʀ> @ʀʀ> @ʀʀɸɮ ʅʀʀɳ ʀʀ>  > ɳ ɷ> ɷ ɳ. 
 ɺʈɷ 
ʄʈ ɷ>1>  2304/1ɳɷɳ ɳ ʇ  . ʄ> ʇ> ɸɳ @> @ ʅɳ @ɳ
BAHR805A/D
> ʇ>ɳ. @> @ >ɷɳɳ  
SEP1681
  ɳɳ ɷ 4ʄ ʈ  10>  . ɷ> ʄʈɳ ɷɳ)
QT
(ɷ> ʅ  ɸɳ   
o
C
620 20@> ɷ> <>
o
C
920 20> ʈ ɮ ʆɷɮ ɸ ɳ  >@>  ʈɷ ɷ
o
C
60>  .ɸ   ɷ ɷ   )
SCT
(  ɸ ʈ)
DCT
(ɸɳ  @>
o
C
80-ʈ
o
C
196- ʇ>ɳ.ɸ  ɷ> ʈ ɳ  ɷ> ʆ ʇ>ɳ> ɷɳ ɸɳ     @>   ʆʺʈ
o
C
80-ɳ  ʈ >@ɷɳ>  ɸ   > ɳɷ>24 ʅ  @>  .ɷ> @>      ɸ 
o
C
196-)@>  ʆʺʈ( ɸ  < ɳ ɷ> ʈ ʇ >ʆɸ  ɷ> 24> ʅɳ .@   <ʃ ɷ >ɳ ʈ ɷɳ   ɸɳ> ʈ ʅ  ʆ>  ɸ  ɷ> 
˚C/min
1>. ɷ>   ɸ   @ɳ ɷɳ   ɸɳ1ɳ ʇ ʇ>ɷʈɮ .@ɳ  ɸɳ    
QT
 ɸɳ  ʈ- @ɳ  ɸ 
SCT
ʈ
DCT
@> ɷ>
o
C
150ɳ  ʈ  ʆɷɮ 3 ʅɳ .ɳ ɸɳ   ɷ> 2ɳ ʇ ʇ>ɷʈɮ .  ʈ ɸʈ ɺʈɷ ɸɳ ʇ>ɳ      ɷ ʆɸɮ >ɷɳɳ 
ASTM E384
ʈ
ASTM E92
ʇ>ɳ @ʈ  ʈ     ɷ ʇ> ɸɳ
gr 
500 ʅɳ.@ɳɷɷɸɳ   @ɷ ʈɳ Cʈ
Philips CM200
ʇ>ɳ> .      ɳɳ ɷ 100 ʇ>ɮʈ.    3 >  ɳ  ɸɳ   .  ɷ>     ʈɳ 35  ɳ)
HClO4
(ʈ450ɷ> ʄɳ   ʺʈ20-25ʆ ʈ ʈ10ʄ ʈ ɷɳɮ   >   @ʈɷ  ʁ ʈ>  ɸɳ ʈɳCʈ  ɷ   ʃɸ ɷ >ɮ @ɷ ʈɳ ʇ . 
%Fe%S%P%Mo%Cr %Mn%Si%C Bal.0.0090.0050.53.060.250.850.8
 
ʄʈ1. >2304/1. 1.  ɸ  ɷ> ʇ ʄɳ ɷɳ   ɸɳ . 

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