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2. Soil strength.

2. Soil strength.

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Published by Emad Elhussieny
Highway structural design
Highway structural design

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Published by: Emad Elhussieny on Jan 19, 2013
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03/12/2014

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Subgrade Strength
 
Subgrade (SG) Soil Strength
The main factors affecting SG strength are:-
Particle Size
: SG strength increase with the increase in particle size,
Bulk Density
: SG strength increase with the increase of its bulkdensity which increase with compaction,
Moisture Content:
SG strength increase with the decrease of moisture,
Permeability
: SG strength increase with the increase of its permeability, but
Uniform grade are more permeable than well graded but well graded SG are stronger.
Well graded allows the voids between particle are filled with smaller particles whichgive strength.
Uniform graded give large voids which increase permeability but reduce its strength.
 
Shear strength parameters (soil cohesion value and angle of friction), modulus of subgrade reaction and/or CBR values are used to describe SG strength. Fourgroups are used include shear tests, bearing tests, penetration tests, and cyclictests.
Group I: Shear Tests
It used to determine shear characteristics of soil at a point such as:
-
Triaxial compaction (lab test) to determine, (C, Ø)
-
Unconfined compaction test (lab test),
-
Direct shear test (lab test), granular soil,
-
Van shear test (field test).
 
Measuring of SG Soil Strength

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