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Animal Adaptations Lesson Plan

Animal Adaptations Lesson Plan

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Published by: uredtech on Oct 21, 2009
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Animal Adaptations: Physical and Behavior Characteristics- 3
rd
Grade
 Introduction
Animal adaptations for survival
Length of Lesson – 45 min.
VA SOL 3.4b
 Learning Objectives
Students will:
Describe and explain the terms hibernations, migration, camouflage, mimicry,instinct and learned behavior.
Compare the physical characteristics of animals and explain how the animalsare adapted to a certain environment.
Explain how an animal’s behavioral adaptations help it live in its specifichabitat.
Distinguish between physical and behavioral adaptations of animals.
Teaching and Learning Sequence
 Introduction/Anticipatory Set 
 Gather students on the carpet for the reading of: Animals of the Jungle
by Isabel Fonte , Marco Ferraris(Illustrator)
Review the 4 things that animals need to survive by asking students torecall examples from the book of food, water, shelter and shape.
Ask the following questions:
Do animals all gather food and water the same? Ask for examples.
Do animals have the same types of shelter and the same amount of space? Ask for examples.
We know bears sleep or 
hibernate
in the winter, what wouldhappen is we took its cave away and wouldn’t let him sleep?
What if we made a polar bear black in the frozen arctic instead of white?
How would this effect their survival?
Today we will learn about the physical and behavior adaptations animalshave that help them satisfy their basic needs to survive.
As students return to their seats ask them to prepare a response to thequestion, “What is a physical adaptation?”
 Lesson Development 
 
Share several student responses to the question and then offer thefollowing definition for clarification:
 
 Physical adaptations help animals survive in their environment. Examplesinclude camouflage and mimicry.
Brainstorm ideas about our human body’s adaptation and demonstrate.Ex: Walking on two feet instead of 4 limbs.Trying to pick up a pencil without using your thumbs.
What is a behavior adaptation? Listen to student responses then offer thedefinition:
Behavioral adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs. Examples include hibernation, migration, instinct, and learned behavior.
 
Brainstorm ideas about our behavior adaptations.Ex. Our natural sleep pattern is to sleep when it is dark.
Begin the PowerPoint presentation which will show picture examples of the each adaptation, provide a definition and discuss. Ask for other examples.
 Hibernation- Some animals go into a deep winter sleep in whichtheir body activities slow down and they can live off stored food.
Migrations - Some animals go on a long-distance journey fromone place to another as seasons change.
Camouflage - Various animals blend into their environments to protect themselves from enemies.
Mimicry - Some animals look like other animals to avoid being eaten.This adaptation helps protect them from their predators. (For example, the viceroy butterfly tastes good to birds, but the monarchbutterfly tastes bad. Because the viceroy looks like the monarchbutterfly, it is safer from predators.)
 Instinct - Some animals are born with natural behaviors that theyneed in order to survive in their environments. These behaviors arenot learned but are instinctive, such as a beaver building a dam or a spider spinning a web.
 Learned Behavior - Some behaviors need to be taught in order  for the animal to survive, such as a bear cub learning to hunt.
Group students into pairs and hand out the Animal AdaptationActivity Sheet.
Explain that they will use information gathered in the PowerPointto complete the activity.
Circulate as the students are working to monitor their understanding of adaptations and the terms learned today.
Closure
Review the activity sheet as a class allowing different pairs toshare their answers.
Answer any questions about the terms learned today. Havestudents put this sheet in their science notebook.
 
Explain the homework assignment: Using the computer, studentswill:1.Look for 3 different examples of animal adaptations, (physical or  behavior)2.Print the picture for our adaptation collage bulletin board to be creatednext week 3.Copy the URL and bring to class Thursday for a class createdPowerPoint on animal adaptations that will be shown to the other 3
rd
grade classes.
 Homework 
Students will use the computer to find 3 examples of an animal adaptationseither behavior or physical. Copy the picture and URL for future classroomactivities. Class time will be provided to complete this homework toaccommodate those students without computer access.
 Assessment 
 
 Formative
– Monitoring of pair activity using the Adaptation Activity Sheet andreview of student pictures for PowerPoint. Looking for understanding of thevocabulary terms and the ability to detect physical characteristics of animals andexplain how the animals are adapted to a certain environment.
Summative
– Unit test to be given once unit activities are completed: Students will be tested on the following vocabulary terms, hibernations, migration, camouflage,mimicry, instinct and learned behavior. Compare the physical characteristics of animals and explain how the animals are adapted to a certain environment.Explain how an animal’s behavioral adaptations help it live in its specific habitat.Distinguish between physical and behavioral adaptations of animals.
 References
Science Standards of Learnubg Enhanced Scope and Sequence grade 3. (2005).
Virginia Department of Eduacation
(animal adaptations: physical characteristics).Retrieved October 9, 2009, from Virginia Department of Education website:http://www.doe.virginia.gov

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