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Final Report Vol1-River Basin Study

Final Report Vol1-River Basin Study

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Published by Sorn Somoline

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Published by: Sorn Somoline on Dec 02, 2009
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12/16/2012

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Version 2
NORTH WEST IRRIGATION SECTOR PROJECTADB Loan No. 2035 - CAM (SF)AFD Grant No. CHK 3003.01RIVER BASIN AND WATER USE STUDIES, PACKAGE 2Boribo and Dauntri Sub-basinsFinal ReportVolume 1: Methodology and general findings5 December 2006Prepared forMINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES AND METEOROLOGYbyPRD Water & Environment in association with DHI Water & Environment
 
North West Irrigation Sector ProjectRiver basin and water use studies, Package 2
 
Version 2
Revisions
Version 1: Summary expandedVersion 2: Summary expanded with
'Management issues and scope for development' 
(drawnfrom Chapters 8 and 9)Section 6.3 (floods) expanded with new estimates of flood flowsNew Section A2.6, briefly introducing the
'Pocket calculator' 
, with locations of candidate sub-projcets addedChapter 9: Title changed, chapter re-structured; new Section 9.2 (storage capacity)with comments and suggestions about storage capacity; Section 9.4 (monitoring of water resources) expanded, with suggestions on future monitoring of rainfall andstreamflow; Section 9.8 (fish yield and fish migration) expanded, with observationson fish passages
Acknowledgement
The Package 2 Team expresses its sincere thanks to the staff members from the ProvincialDepartments, the district officers, and the many individual persons who have kindly taken time out toshare their knowledge for the purpose of the present study. MOWRAM, the PMO, the PIUs and theTA Consultant have provided valuable guidance and shared data and knowledge, including resultsfrom monitoring programmes and previous related studies. MRC has kindly made data and GIS layersavailable for the purpose of the study.
 
North West Irrigation Sector ProjectRiver basin and water use studies, Package 2
 
Version 2
Summary
General
The Northwest Irrigation Sector Project (NWISP) is being implemented by MOWRAM, withassistance from Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Agence Française de Développement (AFD). Ithas the overall objective of supporting the effort of the Royal Government of Cambodia to reducepoverty in rural areas of northwest Cambodia through enhanced agricultural production. Theimmediate objectives are to improve the use of water resources and to take advantage of the potentialfor irrigated agriculture.One activity of the NWISP is a series of river basin and water use studies with the over-all objective
'to provide a framework leading eventually to institutional means for installing a scientificallyinformed approach for management of water quantity and quality in the target river basins'.
 The river basin and water use studies will provide a part of the basis for subsequent master planning,and for design and feasibility studies of irrigation schemes to be conducted later on under the NWISP.Package 2 of these studies covers Dauntri Sub-basin in Battambang and Pursat Provinces, and BoriboSub-basin in Pursat and Kg Chhnang Provinces (and with a small corner in Kg Speu Province).The work has been based on data and information available from the Commune Database,MOWRAM, MRC and others, as well as comprehensive field surveys conducted under the presentstudy. The analyses have been supported by numerical river basin modeling of water balance andwater quality.Findings are presented in three reports:Volume 1: Methodology and general findingsVolume 2: Boribo Sub-basinVolume 3: Dauntri Sub-basin
Water balance and water availability
Summary water balances for the sub-basins are as follows:
Boribo - Thlea Maam Sub-basinArea: 1,499 km2 (39 percent of which is more than 100 m above mean sea level)Cultivated (rice) area (2005): 288 km2, of whichwet season irrigated: 109 km2 (actual), 239 km2 (potential)dry season irrigated (2 crops per year): 20 km2 (actual), 72 km2 (potential)Population (2004): 52,774
Annual water balance, present conditions, 4 out of 5 years 
Rainfall Evaporation Storage and
 
lossesWateravailabilityDomesticusesIrrigation
 
usesLivestockusesOutflow
m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s 
54.1 35.0 -0.3 19.4 - 1.1 - 18.3
l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 
36.1 23.3 -0.2 12.9 - 0.7 - 12.2
'-' means 'less than 0.05' 

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