North West Irrigation Sector ProjectRiver basin and water use studies, Package 2
The Northwest Irrigation Sector Project (NWISP) is being implemented by MOWRAM, withassistance from Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Agence Française de Développement (AFD). Ithas the overall objective of supporting the effort of the Royal Government of Cambodia to reducepoverty in rural areas of northwest Cambodia through enhanced agricultural production. Theimmediate objectives are to improve the use of water resources and to take advantage of the potentialfor irrigated agriculture.One activity of the NWISP is a series of river basin and water use studies with the over-all objective
'to provide a framework leading eventually to institutional means for installing a scientificallyinformed approach for management of water quantity and quality in the target river basins'.
The river basin and water use studies will provide a part of the basis for subsequent master planning,and for design and feasibility studies of irrigation schemes to be conducted later on under the NWISP.Package 2 of these studies covers Dauntri Sub-basin in Battambang and Pursat Provinces, and BoriboSub-basin in Pursat and Kg Chhnang Provinces (and with a small corner in Kg Speu Province).The work has been based on data and information available from the Commune Database,MOWRAM, MRC and others, as well as comprehensive field surveys conducted under the presentstudy. The analyses have been supported by numerical river basin modeling of water balance andwater quality.Findings are presented in three reports:Volume 1: Methodology and general findingsVolume 2: Boribo Sub-basinVolume 3: Dauntri Sub-basin
Water balance and water availability
Summary water balances for the sub-basins are as follows:
Boribo - Thlea Maam Sub-basinArea: 1,499 km2 (39 percent of which is more than 100 m above mean sea level)Cultivated (rice) area (2005): 288 km2, of whichwet season irrigated: 109 km2 (actual), 239 km2 (potential)dry season irrigated (2 crops per year): 20 km2 (actual), 72 km2 (potential)Population (2004): 52,774
Annual water balance, present conditions, 4 out of 5 years
Rainfall Evaporation Storage and
m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s
54.1 35.0 -0.3 19.4 - 1.1 - 18.3
l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2 l/s/km2
36.1 23.3 -0.2 12.9 - 0.7 - 12.2
'-' means 'less than 0.05'