This part of the project deals with the matter of cable sizing and calculatingthe voltage drop for each individual circuit. These calculations can be seenon the Microsoft Excel sheet which is attached. Shown below are the manyfactors that have to be taken into consideration when calculating cable size.
Voltage drop is the main deciding factor in which we have to contend withwhen picking the size of a cables. There are many factors which affectvoltage drop these are listed below. According to the 4
edition of the ETCIrules the maximum permissible voltage drop in an installation is 4% of thenominal voltage i.e. 4% of 230 volts is 9.2 volts and 4% of 400 volts is 16volts. As this is a maximum guide a voltage drop of 2.5% (5.75 volts) shall be applied for all final circuits in this installation example 230V = 5.75V and400V = 10V. From the distribution transformer to adequate allowance shall be made also.
Is defined in the ETCI rules as the temperature of the air or other mediumwhere the equipment is to be used. Ambient temperature is taken at 30° C.This factor has to be taken into consideration if the temperature rises thenthe current carrying capacity of the cable is affected.
Current Carrying Capacity
This essentially is the amount of current which a conductor can withstandcontinuously under specified conditions.
All cables regardless of circuit type will have overcurrent protection thisessential. We are required to provide overcurrent protection to the cable inall cases. This is done in our final circuits by MCBs. Overcurrents are theamounts of current which exceed the rated spec of current of a cable. Whenconsidering protection type following shall be taken into accountIB < I
WhereIB = The circuit currentI
= Breaker sizeI
= The current carrying capacity of the cable