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Report on Rapid Assessment Water & Sanitation

Report on Rapid Assessment Water & Sanitation

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Published by Sorn Somoline

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Published by: Sorn Somoline on Jun 17, 2010
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11/26/2010

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2010
EXTENSION OF WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION INKAMPOT DOWNTOWN PROJECT OF UN-HABITAT
 
COMMUNITY-BASED WATER SUPPLY ANDSANITATION PROJECTOutput Under The Cooperation Agreement BetweenUN-HABITATATandKampot Water Supply UtilityReport on Town Rapid Assessment (A1)
 
KAMPOT
 
WATER
 
SUPPLYCAMBODIA
Mekong Regional Water and Sanitation Program (MEK-WATSAN)
 
 
2
 
Contents
 
1.
 
Introduction.............................................................................................................................3
 
2.
 
Objective.................................................................................................................................3
 
3.
 
Methodology...........................................................................................................................4
 
4.
 
Location and Target Area........................................................................................................7
 
5.
 
Socio-Economic Context........................................................................................................8
 
5.1. Population.............................................................................................................................8
 
5.2. Employment.......................................................................................................................12
 
5.3. Household income and expenditure...................................................................................17
 
5.4. Social Structure and Zoning...............................................................................................21
 
5.5. Poverty Spatial Distribution...............................................................................................24
 
5.5.1 Poverty Mapping..........................................................................................................25
 
5.5.2 Result of poverty mapping...........................................................................................27
 
6.
 
Gender Issue..........................................................................................................................27
 
7.
 
Dwelling................................................................................................................................28
 
8.
 
Present Situation of Water Supply in Kampot Downtown...................................................32
 
8.1 Health and Sanitation..........................................................................................................32
 
8.2 Water Sources used in the target area covered by the pipe by Kampot Wtare Supply......34
 
8.3 Water sources used in the target area..................................................................................36
 
8.3.1 Sources Water for drinking..........................................................................................38
 
8.3.2 Source of water for cooking.........................................................................................39
 
8.3.3. Sources of water for bathing.......................................................................................41
 
8.3.4 Sources of water for washing.......................................................................................42
 
9.
 
Willingness to pay for water connection fee.........................................................................43
 
10.
 
Sanitation and Waste Disposal..............................................................................................44
 
10.1 Toilet Type........................................................................................................................46
 
10.2 Disposal of household waste water...................................................................................46
 
11. Solid waste management.........................................................................................................46
 
12. View on future development of water and sanitation............................................................47
 
12.1 Commune Development Plan............................................................................................47
 
12.2 Urban Planning for Water Supply.....................................................................................49
 
ANNEX: Questionnaire Related to Willingness to Pay for Water Connection fee.
 
3 
1.
 
Introduction
The primary purpose of the project is to improve water supply and environmentalsanitation for at least 7,500 poor people or 75% of the poor in Kampot Town. The targeted areathat was selected for water supply are: Kampong Bay ,Traeuy Kaoh , Kampong Kraengcommune. For improving the sanitation condition in the Kampot town the project selected fivemore commune as Kampong Kandal, Andoung Khmaer, Maekprang, Krang Ampil, Chum Kriel,Trapaeng Thum.The household survey questionnaires identified the general condition of family in thetarget area related to water and sanitation include the willingness to pay for water supply. Thisinformation provides the backdrop to one of the fundamental tasks assigned in the Terms of Reference of the Community and Sanitation specialist. In this mission aim to expand and refinethis information by developing a more comprehensive understanding of household identificationand the behavior of household participants in water supply and sanitation. This is expected toprovide a basis, together with other parallel efforts such as those to strengthen local community,for recommending project interventions to improve local community's ownership on safe wateruse and environmental development. Potential project interventions would include promotespro-poor urban water governance, urban water conservation and demand management, integratedurban environmental sanitation and income generation for the urban poor through communitybased water and sanitation services.
2.
 
Objective
The principal objectives of community and sanitation specialist are:-
 
Conducting a rapid town assessment to determine the status of water and sanitation andthe prevailing urban planning and investment capacities to address those;-
 
Undertaking an assessment of demand for improved water supply and sanitation throughwillingness to pay and affordability surveys;-
 
Establishing community based financing mechanisms and tariff policies for sustainableaccess for the poor to improved water supply and sanitation;-
 
Extending a community based master plan for solid waste management system anddemonstration of solutions at the community level;-
 
Implementing a water sanitation and hygiene awareness component based on theprinciples of Human Values Based Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Education and;Demonstrating approaches for improved Water Conservation and Demand Management.

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