A Insight into the history of the Hybrid cars
The Hybrid car has finally leaded to the ends meet wherein everyone consumes fewer amounts of fuel and thus contributing in the reduction of air pollution. The rapid advancements taking place in thefield of Gasoline engine has lead to the increased popularity of Hybrid cars. Hybrid cars use twopower sources, one recharge and another fuel driven to drive the internal combustion engine. Thisleads to less consumption of fuel and air pollution.The credit of invention of the concept of Hybrid car goes to Ferdinand Porsche. He was the one whomade the first Hybrid electric vehicle way back in 1989. Following his footsteps many people havepursued their interest in the field of Hybrid vehicles. However till twentieth century none of the major car manufacturers neither invested in the field of Hybrid cars nor produced them in mass quantity.From its invention till the twentieth century the hybrid technology was mainly used in the submarinesoperating on diesel and electricity. The submarines operating on both diesel and electricity functionsvery much the same as the hybrid car. However the main difference was that in submarine the mainmotive was to conserve as much oxygen in the submarine rather than to cut on the usage of gasolineas in the case of Hybrid car. Now nuclear submarines have evolved and they have substituted thediesel ±electric submarines.Victor Wouk, an idealistic inventor is the father of today¶s modern hybrid car. He was the one whoinstead of focusing on making a complete electric car came up with a brilliant idea of combining lowemission benefits of a electric car and the huge power generating capacity of a gasoline engine. Atthat Wouk did not get any encouragement to his ideas. He was heavily criticized from the idea of building a car fully operated on electricity. Wouk along with his colleague, Charlie Rosen stated acompany to develop on their new Hybrid car idea and to make the hybrid car very much similar to theones running everyday on the busy streets of America but emitted fat less air pollutants than theconventitional vehicles.In the late 19
century the Honda Insight and the Toyota Pirus emerged as the first two successfulHybrid cars ,they were the pioneers in the concept of hybrid cars .With their looks and Technologysuperiority they introduced a new dimension in the automobile industry called the Hybrid cars. It istrue that the conventional and the older versions of the Hybrid car looked like alien and wereextremely bulky and high priced. But new technology has now enabled the manufacturers to designand build Hybrid cars that closely resemble the conventitional gasoline cars and also cut down on thecost involved in building a Hybrid car. In fact modern Hybrid car looks very much like a conventionalgasoline car plus the reduced emissions coupled with fuel consumption is reduced by a whopping50%. For Example, Honda Civic hybrid model which in appearance is very similar to the conventionalversion one gives an average of 50 miles per gallon. Ever since its launch Toyota Pirus has remainedthe premium choice among the Hybrid cars. During Year 2004 Ford also entered the Hybrid car segments with the launch of Model Ford Escape, a hybrid SUV, a first of its kind. A year later Toyotaalso came up with a Hybrid SUV called highlander. Nissan is now planning to introduce a Hybridversion of the Model Nissan Altima in the market. The growing demand and the popularity of theHybrid car have forced other manufacturers to follow the footsteps of other auto giants who alreadyhave launched a version in the hybrid car market.
Working of a Hybrid car: A Glimpse
In simple terms a Hybrid car makes use of both electricity and gasoline to power the car. When thecar is in idling mode at the petrol station or at a traffic junction the gasoline engine shuts off .The car is then purely running on the support of the electric motor. This can explain the high fuel efficiency of the Hybrid car compared to the gasoline car. Also as the operation on the electric motor is smoothprocess, that¶s why Hybrid cars are generally very quiet on roads. Once the accelerator is pressedagain, the internal combustion engine automatically takes over.