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What is Adjective

What is Adjective

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Published by Benediktus R. Rattu

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Published by: Benediktus R. Rattu on Nov 23, 2010
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11/02/2013

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What is Adjective?
An adjective is a word which modifies a noun, that is, shows or points out some distinguishingmark or feature of the noun. 
List of Descriptive Adjectives
Descriptive adjectives can be divided into different categories such as colors, sizes, sound, taste,touch, shapes, qualities, time, personality and ages.
Colors
are adjectives : black, blue, white, green, red
Sizes
: big, small, large, thin, thick
Shapes
: triangular, round, square, circular 
Qualities
: good, bad, mediocre
Personality
: happy, sad, angry, depressed
Time
: Yearly , monthly, annually
Ages
: new, young, old, brand-new, second-hand
Sound related Adjectives
: loud, noisy, quiet, silent
Touch related Adjectives
t: slippery, sticky
Taste related Adjectives
: juicy, sweet
(* Exercise 1-3: Find the adjective)
Attributive and Predicative Adjectives
Most adjectives can occur both before and after a noun:the
blue
sea~ the sea is
blue
the
old 
man~ the man is
old happy 
children~ the children are
happy 
 Adjectives in the first position - before the noun - are called ATTRIBUTIVEadjectives. Those in the second position - after the noun - are calledPREDICATIVE adjectives. Notice that predicative adjectives do not occur 
immediately 
after the noun.
A predicate adjective modifies the subject of the sentence. In the sentence “The flowersare blue,” the subject is “the flowers.” In this example, “blue” is what modifies thesubject, “the flowers,” and is connected to the subject by what is known as a linkingverb.
 
Having predicate adjectives means that we can describe subjects without putting theadjectives before him. Instead of having to say, “The good boy” followed by a verb, wecan simply say, “the boy is good.” In this sentence, we can identify that “the boy” is thesubject, “is” is the linking verb, and “good” is the predicate adjective. “Good” effectivelyrenames the subject of the sentence.More examples:her new dressa kind personthe phonetic alphabetaccuracy is importantShe had a beautiful smileHe bought two brown bread rolls.Her smile is beautifulShe didn’t seem happyHe handed me a bucket of hot water. (attributive position)I put my hand in the bucket, the water was very hot. (predicative position, emphasisinghot.)There are a few adjectives which cannot occur in both predicative and attributive position. Some only occur in attributive position (they can't function as a predicate).Examples include "main" and "former".
2. Position: attributive only
There are some adjectives which can only be used before a noun, in the attributive position. For instance, we talk about the main problem but cannot say, the problem wasmain.Adjectives which occur only in the attributive position are generally those which identifysomething as being of a particular type. For instance, we can talk about a financialdecision where financial distinguishes this from other types of decision, e.g.: medical, political. This group of adjectives are often referred to as classifying adjectives, andrarely occur in the predicative position unless we specifically want to emphasise acontrast, e.g.:For example:
This is the
main
reason.* This reason is
main
. (ungrammatical)
This is the
former
president.* This president is
 former 
. (ungrammatical)a chemical reaction not, e.g.: a reaction which was/is chemical

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