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Magnetic Circuit

# Magnetic Circuit

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05/03/2014

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ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY 1( EEE 230 )EXPERIMENT 1MAGNETIC CIRCUITOBJECTIVES
To obtain the B – H curve for a single – phase transformer.
To obtain result for total magnetic flux.LIST OF REQUIREMENTSEQUIPMENT
single phase variac 20V (164)
2A a.c ammeter
300V Voltmeter (x3)
Laminated core transformer 800/400, 50 HzPart A: Magnetic CircuitTHEORYA magnetic field exist around a conductor of electric current. The magnetic field is called amagnetizing force (H), and it can be concentrated by winding the conductor into loops. Themagnetic flux per unit area of a magnetic field at right angles to the magnetic force. Magneticflux density (B), also known as the magnetic induction. B and H are related as follows:B = μHwhereμ = μ
o
μ
is permeability of the material; andμ
o
=
4
n x
10^-7H/m and μ
is the relative permeability of the material.The relative for non-magnetic material is 1. the relative permeability of common transformer grade steel lamination, on the other hand, is in the order of thousands. For a transformer having its primary winding excited with a current,
I,
its secondary winding open circuited, therelation between the peak magnetic field intensity, H
m
and the exciting rms current,
is asfollow:H
m
L = N√
2

The magnetic core of the transformer is assumed to have a uniform cross-section are andeffective length of L. N
1
is the number of turns of the primary winding. Hence,H
m
α
The value of electromotive force (e.m.f) induced in the secondary winding N
2
isV
2
= 4.44 fAB
m
N
2

The V
2
is the secondary e.m.f in r.m.s, where f is the frquency, and B
m
is the magnetic fluxdensity in the coil's core.By relating the V-I from the experiment, the B-H curve can be determined. The plotted graphobtained from the experiment can be further studied to clarify the relationship between V andI.Procedure
1.
The transformer is examined and the value of number of turns N
1
, N
2
and the length of the transformer's core is measured and recorded, and the lenght L is measured and itsarea A is calculated.2.The magnetic circuit is set up by following the instruction of the circuit diagram.3.By setting the variac reading into zero, the variac is switched on.
4.
The input primary voltage is started up with a low input ( started with 100V ), and theprimary current, I
1
and the open-circuited secondary voltage, V
2
values are recordedand tabulated.5.The step 4 are steadily reapeted by increasing the primary voltage with averagely 10Vin difference starting from 100V until 220V.
6.
The information obtained from the experiment is used to obtain the B-H curve, wherethe B
m
versus H
m
graph and μ
versus H
m
graph are plotted.