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Skill Sheets

# Skill Sheets

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03/25/2014

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1

To add larger numbers, write them in columns according to place value and then add them.
Try these
1
Add these numbers, setting them out in columns as shown.
a
+
34
b
65
c
86
+
65
+
77
+
95
d
482
e
123
f
1418
+
517
+
89
+
2765
2
Add these numbers, setting them out in columns as shown.
a
419
b
68069
c
1231708 317 48097
+
20111 8 34
+
4254
+
6276
d
347
e
696
f
3992818 3421811 1489692
+
63044 2798180
+
8943
+
1000
Arrange these numbers in columns, then add them.1462
+
78
+
316
THINK WRITE
Set out the sum in columns.1 4 6 27 8
+
3
1
1
1
61 8 5 6Add the digits in the units column in yourhead (2
+
8
+
6
=
16). Write the 6 in the unitscolumn of your answer and carry the 1 to thetens column as shown in red.Now add the digits in the tens column (1
+
6
+
7
+
1
=
15). Write the 5 in the tens columnof your answer and carry the 1 to thehundreds column as shown in orange.Add the digits in the hundreds column (1
+
4
+
3
=
8). Write 8 in the hundreds column of your answer as shown in green. There isnothing to carry.There is only a 1 in the thousands column.Write 1 in the thousands column of youranswer.
12345
1
WORKED
Example

2
3
Arrange these numbers in columns, and then add them.
a
137
+
841
b
723
+
432
c
149
+
562
+
55
d
47
+
198
+
12
e
376
+
948
+
11
f
8312
+
742
+
2693
Subtraction of whole numbers
For subtracting numbers, the digits are lined up vertically according to place value, as we saw for addition.The most commonly used method of subtraction is called the decomposition method. This is because thelarger number is decomposed or ‘taken apart’.The 10 which is added to the top number is taken from the previous column of the same number.So 32
14 is written as32
14and becomes
2
3
1
2
2
1
2
4Now 4 can be taken from 12 and 10 from 20 to give 18.
2
3
1
2
1
1
41 8

3
Try these
4
Evaluate:
a
98
54
b
167
132
c
47836
12713
d
149
63
e
642803
58204
f
3642
1811
g
664
397
h
12900
8487
i
69000
3561
Evaluate:
a
6892
467
b
3000
467.
THINK WRITE
a
Since 7 cannot be subtracted from 2, take oneten from the tens column of the largernumber and add it to the units column of thesame number. So the 2 becomes 12, and the9 tens become 8 tens.
a
6 8
8
9
1
2
4 6 76 4 2 5Subtract the 7 units from the 12 units(12
7
=
5).Now subtract 6 tens from the 8 remainingtens (8
6
=
2).Subtract 4 hundreds from the 8 hundreds(8
4
=
4).Subtract 0 thousands from the 6 thousands(6
0
=
6).
b
Since 7 cannot be taken from 0, 0 needs tobecome 10.
b
2
3
9
0
9
0
1
0
2
3
9
4
9
6
1
7
2
2
9
5
9
3
1
3We cannot take 10 from the tens column, as itis also 0. The ﬁrst column that we can takeanything from is the thousands, so 3000 isdecomposed to 2 thousands, 9 hundreds,9 tens and 10 units.Now the subtraction will be straightforward.Subtract the units (10
7
=
3).Subtract the tens (9
6
=
3).Subtract the hundreds (9
4
=
5).
1

234512345
WORKED
Example