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PTSPQNAUNITVIII

# PTSPQNAUNITVIII

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10/11/2011

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PTSP
UNIT

VIII

Questions

&

GRIET
ECE

1

UNIT 8
1. A Gaussian random process X (t) is applied to a stable linear filter. Showthat the random process Y (t) developed at the output of the filter is alsoGaussian.Ans:
A Gaussian random process X (t) is applied to a stable linear filter H (
ω
) as shown,Stable filter must produce a finite mean square value, for the output process Y (t) for all t.The pdf of the input process can be written as
f (x)
=





The output process of linear filter is finite
y(t)
=

0
t

To demonstrate that
y(t)
is also Gaussian, it is sufficient to show that any linear functionaldefined on
y(t)
is also a Gaussian we define this random variable.Z =

The mean square value of Z shall beZ =
. 
dt
0
t

=
 
=


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PTSP
UNIT

VIII

Questions

&

GRIET
ECE

2

Since X (t) is a Gaussian process, Z is Gaussian random variable. Thus a stable linear filter always produces Gaussian output whenever its input is a Gaussian process.
2. A signal
f (t)
=


is passed through an ideal low pass filter withcutoff frequency 1 radian per second. Determine the energies of the inputsignal and the output signal.Ans:
f(t)
=



F(
ω
)
=




=


=
4
4
( t changes 0 to
)
F(
ω
)
=


H(
ω
)
= 1 -1

ω

1Spectrum of output signal =
F(
ω
)
.
H(
ω
)
=

for
-1

ω

1= 0 otherwise
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PTSP
UNIT

VIII

Questions

&

GRIET
ECE

3

Energy of input signal,
E
i
=


=




=


=



(t changes 0 to
) =
= 0.125Energy of output signal
E
0
=
|
|


=



=




= 2



= 2.2
π
.
   
. tan
-1

=
tan

=
0.1225
3. Write short notes on(i) Noise power spectral density(ii) Noise suppression in semiconductor devices.Ans:
(i)

Noise Power Spectral Density
Power spectral density is defined as the power per unit bandwidth,measured in watts/Hz. White noise is the noise signal whose PSD is uniform over theentire frequency range.
G
n
(
f
) =

for -
<
f
<

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