EM1LAB,BVCR,RAJAHMUNDRY ,Prepared by K. Nagesh & V.D.Neelima
BRAKE TEST ON D.C. COMPOUND MOTOR
To conduct brake test on D.C. Compound Motor and to draw its performance curves.
APPARATUS REQUIRED:S. No Name of the Equipment Type Range Qty.
1 Ammeter M.C 0
2 A 1No.2 Voltmeter M.C 0
300V 1No.3 Ammeter M.C 0
20 A 1No.4 Rheostat Wire wound
50 Ω/ 5A
1No.5 Rheostat Wire wound
1.2A 1No.6 Tachometer Digital 0
10,000 rpm 1No.
The series field may be connected in the circuit so as to help the shunt field or oppose.,in firstcase the motor is cumulatively compounded and in the second case differentially compounded. If the seriesfield of the differentially compounded motor is so adjusted that at full load, the decrease in flux produced byit is just sufficient to make the full load speed and to no-load speed, then for and other load with in its range,
it’s speed will be approximately constant.
The cumulative compounded motor experiences an increase in flux so that, as load increase, thespeed decreases, the fall in speed affords relief to the motor. When differentially compounded motor isstarted. First series field flux will be established and the motor start is wrong direction, when the shunt fieldis fully established, the total flux is so small that the motor draws a large current from the supply. When themotor is overloaded speed will increase like a series motor on no-load.It is a direct method and consists of applying a brake to a water
cooled pulley mounted on themotor shaft. The brake band is fixed with the help of wooden blocks gripping the pulley. One end of theband is fixed to earth via a spring balance S
and the other is connected to a suspended weight W
. Themotor is running and the load on the motor is adjusted till it carries its full load current.The net pull on the band due to friction at the pulley is ( S
S2 ) Kg Wt.Shaft torque T
= 9.81 ( S
) R N- MR = Radius of brake drum in MtMotor output Power = T
x 2πN Watt.
Efficiency = OutputInput
Make the connections as per the circuit2.
Give Supply to the motor, by closing DPST switch3.
Start the motor with the help of 3- Point starter.4.
Adjust the speed of the motor to its rated value by varying either field or armaturerheostat as per the requirement.5.
Note down the no load readings.6.
Apply load on the motor by tighting the belt of the pulley.7.
Note down the readings.8.
Take the readings for different loads.9.
Do the necessary calculations and draw the graphs.