HSPA for Improved Data Transfer

where each Transmission Time Interval (TTI) consists of three slots (or 2 ms.” The TTI has been significantly reduced from the 10 ms TTI sizes supported in R’99 in order to better achieve short round trip delay between the UE (User Equipment) and the Node B .channel multiplexing occurs in the time domain.) The TTI is also referred to as a “sub frame.

with a maximum of 15 parallel codes allocated. . These codes may all be assigned to one user during the TTI. a constant Spreading Factor(SF) of 16 is used for code multiplexing. QoS requirements and the UE code capabilities (five. 10 or 15 codes). or may be split across several users. The number of parallel codes allocated to each user depends on cell loading.Within each 2 ms TTI.

The encoding scheme is based on (1/3 Turbo encoder) In order to achieve very high data rates. Different combinations of modulation and the channel coding-rate . HSDPA adds a higher order modulation (16QAM) to the existing QPSK modulation used.

.The retransmission mechanism selected for HSDPA is Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) with Stop and Wait protocol (SAW). HARQ allows the UE to rapidly request retransmission of erroneous transport blocks until they are successfully received.

a hard handover algorithm has been proposed to switch between Node Bs because it was simple to support. Instead.HSDPA does not use soft handover. .

• Multi code transmission • Short Transmission Time Interval • Fast hybrid Automatic Repeat request • Adaptive Modulation .

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