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I.

MORPHOLOGY, DISTRIBUTION AND WHERE TO BE FOUND

Akapulko Scientific Name : Cassia alata Also known as: bayabas-bayabasan,kapurko, katanda, katandang aso, pakagonkon, sonting (Tag.); andadasi, andadasi-a-dakdakel, andadasi-bugbugtong (Ilk.); adadisi (Ting.); ancharasi (Ig.); andalan (Sul.); bayabasin, bikas-bikas (Bik., Tag., Bis.,); kasitas (Bik., Bis.); sunting, palo china (Bis.); pakayomkom kastila (Pamp.); ringworm bush or shrub (Engl.), Acapulco (Engl) Akapulko is used as herbal medicine and is a shrub that grows wild in the tropical climate of Philippines.It is a shrub found throughout the Philippines. Akapulko is widely used in the Philippines as herbal medicine. The akapulko leaves contain chrysophanic acid, a fungicide that is used totreat fungal infections, like ringworms, scabies and eczema.. Akapulko leaves are also known to be sudorific, diuretic and purgative, usedto treat intestinal problems including intestinal parasites. Akapulko is also used as herbal medicine to treat bronchitis and asthma. Because of Akapulko’s anti-fungal properties, it is a common ingredient in soaps, shampoos, and lotions in the Philippines. The Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD) has helped develop the technology for a akapulko herbal medicine lotion. Akapulko is an erect, shrubby legume with dark green compound leaves. Akapulko leaves have orange rachis that has 16-28 leaflets. Akapulko produces an axis of golden yellow flowers that has 4-winged pods containing 50-60 flattened, triangular seeds. Akapulko flowers are enclosed by yellow-orange bracts that are later shed in time.

scabies and itchiness. insect bites. specifically against ringworms. cut the plant parts (roots. stringent. The same preparation may be used as a mouthwash. • The pounded leaves of Akapulko has purgative functions.II. Preparation & Use: • For external use. and the leaves) into a manageable size then prepare a decoction Note: The decoction loses its potency if not used for a long time. Note: A strong decoction of Akapulko leaves is an abortifacient. Dispose leftovers after one day. • As laxative. USES Benefits & Treatment of Akapulko: External Use: Treatment of skin diseases: Tinea infections. ringworms. squeeze the juice and apply on affected areas • As the expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea. eczema. Pregnant women should not take decoction of the leaves or any part of this plant. drink decoction (soak and boil for 10 to 15 minutes) of Akapulko leaves. flowers. . and wash for eczema. pound the leaves of the Akapulko plant.  Mouthwash in stomatitis Internal use: Expectorant for bronchitis and dyspnoea • Alleviation of asthma symptoms • Used as diuretic and purgative • For cough & fever • As a laxative to expel intestinal parasites and other stomach problems.

the study of ecology centers around these relationships between living things (biota) as well as how they interact with the abiotic (nonliving) features of a particular habitat. Not much is known about these fungi. Their smell is described as fruity and/or musty. In 2010. ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIP Animals. It is known. In fact. and named after the cartoon character . yet. where soil is relatively poor in nutrients. It has been estimated that only 5% of fungi have been classified and named.decomposers are equally important in any ecosystem.Spongiforma squarepantsii. Producers (mostly plants) convert sunlight to energy in the form of sugar. . it is important that nutrients are recycled and returned to the soil as usable elements and compounds as quickly as possible. waste. and other organisms interact with each other in the natural world and form various types of ecological relationships. and sunlight often does not reach far into the forest because of all the trees. and dead organisms. a sponge-like mushroom was found in Sarawek. they turn purple when sprayed with an alkaline solution. They are especially important in the tropical forest ecosystem. III. Also. studied. They break down decaying plant and animal matter. and named. although they are bright orange. plants. Thus. New species of fungi are often found. found in Thailand. such as leaves. however. Fungi and bacteria are the main decomposers in most ecosystems. that they have one relative in the Genus Spongiforma. This is where the decomposers come in. Marked improvement may be expected after two to three weeks of continuous application to the affected area(s) where the prepared Akapulko leaves were applied.It should be noted that the pounded leaves of this plant may be applied thinly on the affected part twice a day.

IV. POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL THREAT .

soap and any type of personal used. according to my research that this is that efficient use by a pregnant women because of a strong decoration. . This plant is useful it can be ingredients in making lotion. COMMENT This medicinal plant is been included and known to be one of the medical plants here in the Philippines. Acapalco is used may way this can be used in different part of our bodies. It has also side effect.V.

Ramos saw the promising potential of traditional medicines both in the health of Filipinos and the economy and timely approved the Republic Act 8423. with its main function of promoting and advocating the use of traditional medicine across the country. . Many herbal plants have been tapped because of its efficacy against common ailments and the practice of the use of herbal plants as medicines have stretched as far as during pre-Spanish era. These 10 DOH-approved herbal plants are found within the country and have been proven to treat common ailments. Then by 1997. according to the thorough research done by National Science Development Board. This herbal medicine is used to treat ringworms and skin fungal infections. In 1994. the drafting of a traditional medicine law was initiated in order to institutionalize the program. This program was known as the Traditional Medicine Program.VI. 12. also known as the Traditional and Alternative Medicine Act (TAMA) of 1997. It is attached to the DOH in delivering safe. Known as “bayabas-bayabasan” and “ringworm bush” in English. effective and affordable proper traditional and alternative (TAHC) health care products and services to the people. through former Health Secretary and Senator Juan M. Flavier made a health program by virtue of Administrative Order No. President Fidel V. and other government and private agencies and persons.approved herbal medicine is the acapulko plant. One of the 10 DOH. Its importance in providing better health care was not overlooked. The DOH. and are still being practiced until these modern times. The Department of Health (DOH) advocated the use of herbal plants as what is considered as form of primary health care and as an answer to the increasing cost of synthetic drugs in the market. GOVERNMENT PROGRAM Traditional and Alternative Health Care Practice The tropical climate of the Philippines has made it possible for thousands of plants and vegetation to thrive more in lush forests. In 1992. This law then. gave rise to the government owned and controlled corporation known as the Philippine Institute of Traditional and Alternative Health Care (PITAHC).

PICTURES .VII. REFERNCE.

http://www.htm http://www.html http://pearsonbio.studymode.com/essays/Traditional-And-Alternative-Health-Care-Practice1611884.com/Ecological+Relationships .philippineherbalmedicine.wikispaces.org/akapulko.medicalhealthguide.htm http://www.com/articles/akapulko1.