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CCNA course 1-1

...

Cisco CCNA

% 80

. ICND

Routers Cisco
Software Operating System
Interconnecting Operating System IOS

Switches
. Routers

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

: v

Router /

Router

. IOS

Processor •
4 RAM ( Random Access Memory)
.

( )

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

RAM (1
PC
.

Boot Strap ROM (2


Password Recovery
.

Hard Disk Flash Memory (3


IOS

( ) Non Volatile RAM NVRam (4


Startup Configuration File

2600 Series

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

800 Series

1700 Series

2600 Series

3700 Series

7600 Series

10000 Series

12000 Series

Carrier Routing System

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

( Boot Process ) : /

ICND

: 6

POST ( Power On Self Test )

ii

Boot Strap

iii

IOS
. 12 7

iv

. RAM Flash

NVRam Startup Config


.

vi

Setup Mode
.

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

Router /

2501-f
.

2609 2601 .

Zoom 2500

Zoom 7500

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

. ...

:
Console .1
Auxiliary .2
Telnet .3

: Console (1
-------------------------------------------------

.
:

: -
Console Cable Roll Over
. 8 UTP Console

( Console )

8
6 3 7 2
.

: -
Connector
. Serial RJ45

( )

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

Serial

CPU
Serial
.

RJ45 Console
Console
. Auxiliary .

( Auxiliary Console )

.
Software

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

: Auxiliary (2
--------------------------------------------------
Modem Pins Aux Port
Analog Line
.
CCNA

" " . Console

( AUX )

: Telnet (3
----------------------------------------------
Telnet Sessions
Logical Telnet
.

Windows Command Prompt


.
.Windows Command Prompt
:

Start à Run à cmd " Windows XP, Windows2000, Windows2003 "


Start à Run à command " Widows9x, WinMe, NT "

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-1

Aux Console

Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

IOS Access Commands

Console Port
. Tera Term
.

GUI Graphical User Interface


.

IOS
.

.
.

Router Login /

1- Router Con0 in now available


2- Press RETURN to get started
3- Router>

0 Console -1
Console . 1 0
.Con1 1

Enter -2
.

-3
.
">" .
. "Router"
"User Exec Mode" .
.

1 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

: /

:
"enter" " " -1
.
( )

. " tab " -2


. " tab " Configure

: -3
ena enable
conf config Configure
t terminal

. Router Simulator

2 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

Global Configuration Mode /

:
User Mode -1
Privileged Mode -2
Global Configuration Mode -3

: User Exec Mode (1

Ping Telnet
"> " . Show
: .
Router>

: Privileged Mode (2
enable
Setup User Mode
Debug
. "#" .

:
Router> enable
Router#

: Global Configuration Mode (3

Host
Configure Terminal . Name
"#" .Privileged Mode
: . (config )

Router> enable
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)#

.
. Exit

. .

3 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

Access Points /

Auxiliary Console
.telnet
.
.User Mode

. Telnet
.

.
.

Enable Mode Password /

Enable Mode Password .


Privileged Mode User Exec Mode

. IP

enable mode password


.

Secret Password /

Clear ) Privileged
(Text

.
.

4 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

: /

:enable mode password (1


Privileged Mode User Mode
.
:

Router> enable Privileged


Router#config t
Router (config)#enable password ciscogitex

:
">" User Mode •
.Privileged enable
"#" Privileged •
. configure terminal config t
(config) Global Configuration Mode •
enable password ciscogitex ." # "
) ciscogitex
.(

ciscogitex
.
. exit

5 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

:enable secret (2

: enable secret

Router> enable Privileged


Router#config t
Router (config)#enable secret ciscogitex

.ciscosecret

6 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

.enable

J Privileged

:Access Points (3

:Console •
User Mode
.Console

Router>ena Privileged
Router#config t
Router(config)#line con 0
Router(config-line)#login Console
Router(config-line)#password console console
Router(config-line)#^z z ctrl
Router#

7 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

Console

Console

8 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

:AUX •
User Mode
.AUX

Router>ena Privileged
Router#config t
Router(config)#line aux 0
Router(config-line)#login Console
Router(config-line)#password aux aux
Router(config-line)#^z z ctrl
Router#

.Aux con0 aux0


Aux
.

:telnet •

. .

Router>ena Privileged
Router#config t
Router(config)#line vty 0 4
Router(config-line)#login telnet
Router(config-line)#password telnet telnet
Router(config-line)#^z z ctrl
Router#

Virtual Terminal vty :


telnet .
38
. 198

. .
.

9 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil


CCNA course 1-2

: Encrypt all passwords (4

Clear Text
.enable secret Privileged .

Privileged
:
. •

.

Router>ena Privileged
Router#config t
Router(config)# service password-encryption

service password-encryption
.( )
IOS
.

.gitex@forislam.com

J .

10 Explained By: Ahmad Nabil