# Problem Set 8 (Posted for Tuesday Nov.

7/06)
8.1 Using voltage divider :

10O
Vo = 7 ∠45 o .

-j5O

ZL
Z R + ZC + Z L

j15
= 7 ∠45 .
10 − 5 + 15

j15O

7∠45°V

o

= 7 ∠45 o .

15∠90 o
10 + j10

V0

( * Note : According to the convention
in this course, the arrow point to the

= 7 ∠45 o .

15∠90

o

higher potential , which might be the

10 2∠45 o

opposite to those physics background)
= 5.25 2 ∠90 v
0

8.2 Using current divider:

I o = 12 ∠60 o .

= 12 ∠60 o .

=

12
12 + 3 − j15

3O

12

Io

15 2∠ − 45 o

12 O

12∠60° A

-j15O

24 2
∠105 o A
5

Vo = Io (-j15Ω)
=

24 2
∠105 o . 15 ∠ − 90 o
5

= 72 2∠15 o V

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

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V0

8. Zo = -2j // 1 =

=

−2j
− 2 j (1 + 2 j )
=
1− 2 j
1 − 2 j (1 + 2 j )

4−2j
= 0.8 – 0.4j Ω
5

j1O

2O

VO

I0

-j2O

100 ∠90 ° V

1O

Using voltage divider:
Vo = 100 ∠90 o .

= 100 ∠90 o .

ZO
ZO + 2 + j

ZO

0.894∠ − 26.6 o
0.8 − 0.4 j
= 100 ∠90 o .
0.8 − 0.4 j + 2 + j
2.86∠12.1o

= 31.26 ∠51.3o V
Io =

vO
= 31.26 ∠51.3o A

8.4 Power is absorbed only by the resistor. Inductors and capacitors only store energy.
They do not consume.

Using current divider:
IR = 10 ∠45 o .

IR

2j−4j
2j−4j+4

10∠45° A

= 10 ∠45 o .

−2j
4−2j

= 10 ∠45 o .

2∠ − 90 o
4.47∠ − 26.6 o

j2O
4O
-j4O

= 4.47 ∠ − 18.4 o
Average power PA =

1
| IR |
2

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

2

R=

1
(4.47) 2 . 4 ≈ 40 W
2
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8.5

Zc =

1
jC

Using Voltage Divider

Vout=

V out
Vin

R2
R 2 + R1 +

1
jC

. Vin

R2
jω CR 2
R 2 + R1
=
=
1
1 + jω C(R 1 + R 2 ) jω +
C(R 1 + R 2 )

Examine the denominator:
1
D(ω)= jω +
C ( R1 + R2 )
1
1
, D(ω)=
C ( R1 + R2 )
C ( R1 + R2 )
1
At very high frequency jω >>
, D(ω)= jω
C ( R1 + R2 )
1
Somewhere in between when jω =
we call this cut off frequency ω0. In this
C ( R1 + R2 )
1
example ω0=
C ( R1 + R2 )
Therefore
At very low frequency jω <<

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

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R2
1

V
R1 + R2
≈ jωR2 C
When ω0<< C ( R1 + R2 ) ; out =
Vin

1
C ( R1 + R2 )

R2
1

V
R1 + R2
When ω0>> C ( R1 + R2 ) ; out =

Vin

R2
R1 + R2

High pass filter

8.6

R2
100Ω

VIN

100Ω

1mH
L

VOUT

R1
Vs=(1/2)Vin
Rs=100//100=50Ω

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

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Using Voltage Divider
V
jω (1mH )
. in
50Ω + jω (1mH ) 2
Vout 1
0.5 jω

= •
=
2 50
Vin
jω + 50000
+ jω
1m
∴ ω 0 = 50000rad / s

Vout=

Vout 0.5 jω
1

Vin
50000 ω
V
0 .5 j ω
= 0 .5
When ω>> 50000rad / s ; out =
Vin

When ω<< 50000rad / s ;

8.7

10mH
L
VIN

21.6 kΩ

R2
10 kΩ

VOUT

R1
Using Voltage Divider
Vout=

10k
. Vin
10k + 21.6k + 10m • jω

Vout
10k
=
Vin
31.6k + 10m • jω
1M
=
3.16M + jω

∴ ω 0 = 3.16 × 10 6 rad / s
When ω<< 3.16 ×106 rad / s ;

Vout
1 × 10 6
1
=

6
Vin
3.16
3.16 × 10

When ω>> 3.16 ×106 rad / s ;

Vout 1 × 10 6
1
=

Vin

ω

It’s a low pass filter
Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

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1

ω

ω0
Vout
1
10
1
=
=
∴ω0 =
1
10
Vin 1 + 10 • jω
+ jω
10
V
1
1
= ∠ − 90
When ω>> ω0 ; out ≈
Vin
jω ω
V
1
10
10
=
=
∠ − 45
When ω= ω0 ; out =
1
1 1+ j
Vin
2
+j
10
10
V
1
= 10∠0
When ω<< ω0 ; out ≈
1
Vin
10
Magnitude plot:
8.8

20log(Vout/Vin)
20log(10/√2)=20dB

20log(10/√2)=20dB-3dB

constant

0

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

1

ω

ω0

Page 6 | 10

Phase plot:

VOUT
100
∴ ω 0 = 10rad / s
=
VIN
jω − 10
V
100 100
=
∠ − 90
When ω>> ω0 ; out ≈
Vin

ω
V
100
= 10∠ − 180
When ω<< ω0 ; out ≈
− 10
Vin
Magnitude plot:

8.9

Phase plot:

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

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8.10

VOUT
=
VIN

1
1+

1
j10ω

=

jω +

1
10

=

jω + 0.1

∴ ω 0 = 0.1rad / s
Vout

=1
Vin

V
0 .1 j
1∠90
1
When ω= ω0 ; out =
=
∠45
=
0.1( j + 1)
Vin
2∠45
2
V

= 10. jω = 10ω∠90
When ω<< ω0 ; out ≈
Vin
0 .1
Magnitude plot:

When ω>> ω0 ;

Phase plot:

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

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VOUT
10 jω
200 jω
=
=
V IN
1 + 20 jω 0.05 + jω
∴ ω 0 = 0.05rad / s

8.11

Vout 10 jω

= 10∠0
Vin

V
10 j (0.05)
10 j
10
When ω= ω0 ; out =
=
=
∠45
Vin
0.05 + j (0.05) 1 + j
2
V
10 jω
= 200 jω = 200ω∠90
When ω<< ω0 ; out ≈
Vin
0.05

When ω>> ω0 ;

Magnitude plot:

20 Log |

Vout
|
Vin

20 dB

.
Log (w)

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

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Phase plot:

8.12

10
100∠135
=
= 9.95∠51
1 + j10 10.05∠84
100
100∠135
= 10∠135.
=
= 9.95∠ − 39.3
j − 10 10.05∠174.3

8.8

Vout = 10∠135.

8.9

Vout

8.10

8.11

Vout = 10∠135.

Vout = 10∠135.

j
1∠90
= 10∠135 •
= 9.95∠141
j + 0.10
1.004∠84

10 j
10∠90
= 10∠135 •
= 99.9∠138
0.05 + j
1.0012∠87

Solution_Set_8_Rev00h

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