Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

2.3K views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- IB Math SL Review Worksheet Packet 14
- Math IB Revision Algebra
- Math IB Revision Statistics SL
- Math IB Revision Calcus
- IB Physics Review - Electrostatics %26 Fields - MC
- IB Business and Management Notes
- Math IB Revision Functions & Equations
- All Calculus Sl
- SL Math Trig Practice Sheet 1
- Math SL Probability Questionbank Questions
- Math IB Revision Vectors SL
- Math IB Revision Circular Functions Trigonometry
- IB Biology Study Notes
- IB Maths worksheet Probability
- IB Math SL Topics for Review
- vectors sl
- IB Physics HL Study Guide
- Probability IB
- Math IB Revision Matrices
- Math IB Revision Matrices SL

You are on page 1of 14

d. The disc is

then replaced in the box.

(a) In eight such selections, what is the probability that a black disc is selected

2. For the events A and B, p(A) = 0.6, p(B) = 0.8 and p(A ∪ B) = 1. Find: p(A∩B), p( A ∪ B)

3. The graph shows a normal curve for the random variable X, with mean μ and standard deviation σ .

A

0 1 2 x

It is known that p(X ≥ 12) = 0.1.

(a) The shaded region A is the region under the curve where x ≥ 12. Write down the area of the shaded

region A.

5. In a survey, 100 students were asked ‘do you prefer to watch television or play sport?’ Of the 46 boys in the

survey, 33 said they would choose sport, while 29 girls made this choice.

Television

Sport 33 29

Total 46 100

1

By completing this table or otherwise, find the probability that

2

(a) a student selected at random prefers to watch television;

(b) a student prefers to watch television, given that the student is a boy.

6. The lifespan of a particular species of insect is normally distributed with a mean of 57 hours and a standard

deviation of 4.4 hours.

(a) The probability that the lifespan of an insect of this species lies between 55 and 60 hours is

represented by the shaded area in the following diagram. This diagram represents the standard normal

curve.

a 0 b

(ii) Find the probability that the lifespan of an insect of this species is

(i) Represent this information on a standard normal curve diagram, similar to the one given in part

(a), indicating clearly the area representing 90%.

7. Two ordinary, 6-sided dice are rolled and the total score is noted.

(a) Complete the tree diagram by entering probabilities and listing outcomes.

O u t c o m e s

6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

6

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . . n o t . .6 . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

n o t 6

. . . . . . . n o t . .6 . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

8. The following Venn diagram shows a sample space U and events A and B.

U A B

–1

9. An urban highway has a speed limit of 50 km h . It is known that the speeds of vehicles travelling on the

–1

highway are normally distributed, with a standard deviation of l0 km h , and that 30% of the vehicles using

the highway exceed the speed limit.

–1

(a) Show that the mean speed of the vehicles is approximately 44.8 km h .

The police conduct a ‘Safer Driving’ campaign intended to encourage slower driving, and want to know

whether the campaign has been effective. It is found that a sample of 25 vehicles has a mean speed of 41.3

–1

km h .

(b) Given that the null hypothesis is

H0: the mean speed has been unaffected by the campaign state H1, the alternative hypothesis.

(c) State whether a one-tailed or two-tailed test is appropriate for these hypotheses, and explain why.

10. In a survey of 200 people, 90 of whom were female, it was found that 60 people were unemployed, including

20 males.

Unemployed

Employed

Totals 200

(b) If a person is selected at random from this group of 200, find the probability that this person is

11. A bag contains 10 red balls, 10 green balls and 6 white balls. Two balls are drawn at random from the bag

4

without replacement. What is the probability that they are of different colours?

12. The table below represents the weights, W, in grams, of 80 packets of roasted

peanuts.

Weight (W) 80 < W ≤ 85 85 < W ≤ 90 90 < W ≤ 95

100 105 110 115

Number of

5 10 15 26 13 7 4

packets

(a) Use the midpoint of each interval to ﬁnd an estimate for the standard deviation of the weights.

(b) Copy and complete the following cumulative frequency table for the above data.

W≤ W≤ W≤ W≤ W

Weight (W) W ≤ 105 W ≤ 115

85 90 95 100 ≤ 110

Number of

5 15 80

packets

(c) A cumulative frequency graph of the distribution is shown below, with a scale 2 cm for 10 packets on

the vertical axis and 2 cm for 5 grams on the horizontal axis.

5

8 0

7 0

6 0

5 0

N u m b e r

o f

p a c k e t s

4 0

3 0

2 0

1 0

8 0 8 5 9 0 9 5 1 0 0 1 0 5 1 1 0 1 1 5

W e i g h t ( g r a m s )

(d) Let W , W , ..., W be the individual weights of the packets, and let W be their mean. What is the

1 2 80

value of the sum

(e) One of the 80 packets is selected at random. Given that its weight satisﬁes

85 < W ≤ 110 , ﬁnd the probability that its weight is greater than 100 grams.

13. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in a certain population is normally distributed with a mean of 100 and a standard

deviation of 15.

6

(a) What percentage of the population has an IQ between 90 and 125?

(b) If two persons are chosen at random from the population, what is the probability that both have an IQ

greater than 125?

(c) The mean IQ of a random group of 25 persons suffering from a certain brain disorder was found to be

95.2. Is this sufﬁcient evidence, at the 0.05 level of signiﬁcance, that people suffering from the

disorder have, on average, a lower IQ than the entire population? State your null hypothesis and your

alternative hypothesis, and explain your reasoning.

14. The following Venn diagram shows the universal set U and the sets A and B.

U B

A

(a) Shade the area in the diagram which represents the set B ∩ A'.

(c) An element is selected at random from U. What is the probability that this element is

in B ∩ A′ ?

15. The events B and C are dependent, where C is the event "a student takes Chemistry", and B is the event "a

student takes Biology". It is known that

C h e m i s t r y B i o l o g y

0 . 4 C

B′

C′

B′

7

(b) Calculate the probability that a student takes Biology.

(c) Given that a student takes Biology, what is the probability that the student takes Chemistry?

16. Bags of cement are labelled 25 kg. The bags are filled by machine and the actual weights are normally

distributed with mean 25.7 kg and standard deviation 0.50 kg.

(a) What is the probability a bag selected at random will weigh less than 25.0 kg?

In order to reduce the number of underweight bags (bags weighing less than 25 kg) to 2.5% of the total, the

mean is increased without changing the standard deviation.

It is decided to purchase a more accurate machine for filling the bags. The requirements for this machine are

that only 2.5% of bags be under 25 kg and that only 2.5% of bags be over 26 kg.

(c) Calculate the mean and standard deviation that satisfy these requirements.

The cost of the new machine is $5000. Cement sells for $0.80 per kg.

(d) Compared to the cost of operating with a 26 kg mean, how many bags must be filled in order to

recover the cost of the new equipment?

17. Two fair dice are thrown and the number showing on each is noted. The sum of these two numbers is S. Find

the probability that

18. The mass of packets of a breakfast cereal is normally distributed with a mean of 750 g and standard deviation

of 25 g.

(a) Find the probability that a packet chosen at random has mass

(b) Two packets are chosen at random. What is the probability that both packets have a mass which is less

than 740 g?

(c) The mass of 70% of the packets is more than x grams. Find the value of x.

3 4

19. For events A and B, the probabilities are P(A) = 11 , P(B) = 11 . Calculate the value of P (A ∩ B) if

6

(a) P (A ∪ B) = 11 ;

8

20. In a country called Tallopia, the height of adults is normally distributed with a mean of 187.5 cm and a

standard deviation of 9.5 cm.

(a) What percentage of adults in Tallopia have a height greater than 197 cm?

(b) A standard doorway in Tallopia is designed so that 99 % of adults have a space of at least 17 cm over

their heads when going through a doorway. Find the height of a standard doorway in Tallopia. Give

your answer to the nearest cm.

21. Consider events A, B such that P(A) ≠ 0, P(A) ≠ 1, P(B) ≠ 0, and P(B) ≠ 1.

In each of the situations (a), (b), (c) below state whether A and B are

independent (I);

neither (N).

22. A family of functions is given by

2

f(x) = x + 3x + k, where k ∈ {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7}.

One of these functions is chosen at random. Calculate the probability that the curve of this function crosses

the x-axis.

23. In a school of 88 boys, 32 study economics (E), 28 study history (H) and 39 do not study either subject. This

information is represented in the following Venn diagram.

E( 3 2 ) H ( 2 8 )

a b c

(i) Calculate the probability that he studies both economics and history.

(ii) Given that he studies economics, calculate the probability that he does not study history.

(i) Calculate the probability that none of these students studies economics.

(ii) Calculate the probability that at least one of these students studies economics.

24. A company manufactures television sets. They claim that the lifetime of a set is normally distributed with a

mean of 80 months and standard deviation of 8 months.

(a) What proportion of television sets break down in less than 72 months?

9

(b) (i) Calculate the proportion of sets which have a lifetime between 72 months and 90 months.

(ii) Illustrate this proportion by appropriate shading in a sketch of a normal distribution curve.

c) If a set breaks down in less than x months, the company replace it free of charge. They replace 4% of

the sets. Find the value of x.

25. A painter has 12 tins of paint. Seven tins are red and five tins are yellow. Two tins are chosen at random.

Calculate the probability that both tins are the same colour.

26. It is claimed that the masses of a population of lions are normally distributed with a mean mass of 310 kg

and a standard deviation of 30 kg.

(a) Calculate the probability that a lion selected at random will have a mass of 350 kg or more.

(b) The probability that the mass of a lion lies between a and b is 0.95, where a and b are symmetric about

the mean. Find the value of a and of b.

7

The probability that he will be woken by his alarm clock is 8 .

1

If he is woken by his alarm clock the probability he will be late for school is 4 .

3

If he is not woken by his alarm clock the probability he will be late for school is 5 .

Let L be the event “Dumisani is late for school”.

L′

L

W ′

L′

(c) Given that Dumisani is late for school what is the probability that he was woken by his alarm clock?

10

28. A group of 75 people was asked the question “Are you in favour of banning the use of mobile phones while

driving?” Their answers are shown in the following table.

Men 18 10 12

Women 8 11 16

2

Aχ test will be used to examine the claim that answers to the question are independent of gender.

The following table gives the expected frequencies for the above data.

Men 13.87 a b

Women 12.13 c d

2

(iii) Find χ for this data.

(b) Explain why it is correct to conclude, at the 10 % level of significance, that responses regarding the

use of mobile phones while driving do not depend on gender.

29. The following diagram shows a circle divided into three sectors A, B and C. The angles at the centre of the

circle are 90°, 120° and 150°. Sectors A and B are shaded as shown.

C

1 5 09 °0 °

1 2 0 °

11

The arrow is spun. It cannot land on the lines between the sectors. Let A, B, C and S be the events defined by

B : Arrow lands in sector B

C : Arrow lands in sector C

S : Arrow lands in a shaded region.

30. A packet of seeds contains 40 % red seeds and 60 % yellow seeds. The probability that a red seed grows is

0.9, and that a yellow seed grows is 0.8. A seed is chosen at random from the packet.

G r o w s

0 . 9

R e d

0 . 4

D o e s n o t g r o w

G r o w s

Y e l l o w

D o e s n o t g r o w

(b) (i) Calculate the probability that the chosen seed is red and grows.

(iii) Given that the seed grows, calculate the probability that it is red.

31. Reaction times of human beings are normally distributed with a mean of 0.76 seconds and a standard

deviation of 0.06 seconds.

(a) The graph below is that of the standard normal curve. The shaded area represents the probability that

the reaction time of a person chosen at random is between 0.70 and 0.79 seconds.

a 0 b

12

(i) Write down the value of a and of b.

(ii) Calculate the probability that the reaction time of a person chosen at random is

Three percent (3 %) of the population have a reaction time less than c seconds.

(b) (i) Represent this information on a diagram similar to the one above. Indicate clearly the area

representing 3 %.

(ii) Find c.

32. A factory makes calculators. Over a long period, 2 % of them are found to be faulty. A random sample of

100 calculators is tested.

(a) Write down the expected number of faulty calculators in the sample.

(c) Find the probability that more than one calculator is faulty.

33. The speeds of cars at a certain point on a straight road are normally distributed with mean µ and standard

–1

deviation σ . 15 % of the cars travelled at speeds greater than 90 km h and 12 % of them at speeds less

–1

than 40 km h . Find µ and σ .

34. Bag A contains 2 red balls and 3 green balls. Two balls are chosen at random from the bag without

replacement. Let X denote the number of red balls chosen. The following table shows the probability

distribution for X

X 0 1 2

P(X = x) 3 6 1

10 10 10

Bag B contains 4 red balls and 2 green balls. Two balls are chosen at random from bag B.

(b) (i) Draw a tree diagram to represent the above information, including the probability of each event.

(ii) Hence find the probability distribution for Y, where Y is the number of red balls chosen.

A standard die with six faces is rolled. If a 1 or 6 is obtained, two balls are chosen from bag A, otherwise two

balls are chosen from bag B.

(c) Calculate the probability that two red balls are chosen.

(d) Given that two red balls are obtained, find the conditional probability that a 1 or 6 was rolled on the

die.

35. Two unbiased 6-sided dice are rolled, a red one and a black one. Let E and F be the events

E : the same number appears on both dice; F : the sum of the numbers is 10.

13

Find: (a) P(E); (b) P(F); (c) P(E ∪ F).

36. The table below shows the subjects studied by 210 students at a college.

History 50 35 85

Science 15 30 45

Art 45 35 80

Totals 110 100 210

Let A be the event the student studies Art.

Let B be the event the student is in Year 2.

(ii) Find the probability that the student is a Year 2 Art student.

(b) Given that a History student is selected at random, calculate the probability that the student is in Year

1.

(c) Two students are selected at random from the college. Calculate the probability that one student is in

Year 1, and the other in Year 2.

37. Residents of a small town have savings which are normally distributed with a mean of $ 3 000 and a standard

deviation of $ 500.

(ii) Two townspeople are chosen at random. What is the probability that both of them have savings

between $ 2 300 and $ 3 300?

(iii) The percentage of townspeople with savings less than d dollars is 74.22 %.

Find the value of d.

14

- IB Math SL Review Worksheet Packet 14Uploaded byRebe Serrano
- Math IB Revision AlgebraUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision Statistics SLUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision CalcusUploaded bymykiri79
- IB Physics Review - Electrostatics %26 Fields - MCUploaded bymgupta72
- IB Business and Management NotesUploaded byAlankar Srivastava
- Math IB Revision Functions & EquationsUploaded bymykiri79
- All Calculus SlUploaded byÜlle Koduste
- SL Math Trig Practice Sheet 1Uploaded bynora
- Math SL Probability Questionbank QuestionsUploaded byAnanya Agrawal
- Math IB Revision Vectors SLUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision Circular Functions TrigonometryUploaded bymykiri79
- IB Biology Study NotesUploaded byhdpham
- IB Maths worksheet ProbabilityUploaded byhans
- IB Math SL Topics for ReviewUploaded bymsmaffs
- vectors slUploaded byÜlle Koduste
- IB Physics HL Study GuideUploaded byJosh Smith
- Probability IBUploaded byridhi_puri
- Math IB Revision MatricesUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision Matrices SLUploaded bymykiri79
- IB Biology Plant ScienceUploaded byalekzi
- Math IB Revision Differentiation BasicsUploaded bymykiri79
- Revision 12 IB Paper 1Uploaded bySiddharthChoksi
- IB Economics SL 2 - Supply and DemandUploaded byTerran
- IB Biology Revision Notes FULLUploaded byquahsse
- normal distr IUploaded byÜlle Koduste
- IB Math HL Statistics AnswersUploaded byReckiZiath
- IB Physics AHL Practice Questions on Wave PhenomenaUploaded byeverreadytutor
- 14304223 IB Biology 2009 Syllabus Almost Complete Set of NotesUploaded byalv143
- IB Math HL Functions and Equations AnswersUploaded byReckiZiath

- IB Internal Assessment Geography MarioUploaded bymykiri79
- IB Essay Multinational CorporationsUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision Vectors SLUploaded bymykiri79
- IB Psychology HL, Essay 'Why do relationships end'Uploaded bymykiri79
- The Logic of Life - Presentation NotesUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision MatricesUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision Matrices SLUploaded bymykiri79
- Economics IB - Inflation EssayUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision Circular Functions TrigonometryUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision Functions & EquationsUploaded bymykiri79
- Math IB Revision Differentiation BasicsUploaded bymykiri79
- IB Economics HL Commentary 2Uploaded bymykiri79
- IB MATH PORTFOLIO 1 - Infinite SummationUploaded bymykiri79
- IB Economics - Essay Economic DevelopmentUploaded bymykiri79
- Economics IB - Monopoly EssayUploaded bymykiri79
- IB Physics Super Heating Presentation NotesUploaded bymykiri79
- Interactive Discussion (Advantages of IB)Uploaded bymykiri79
- Home Reading Report - EnglishB IBUploaded bymykiri79

- TRNG-6 Potential TransformerUploaded bybaoHVLAB
- 08 Chapter 1aUploaded byPasha Tan
- TrgeorgisUploaded byloxodromen
- Integral Transforms and Delta FunctionUploaded bysrrisbud
- 9853 1090 01b Overhauling Instructions COP 1532Uploaded bywladimir
- Acoustic Velocities in Petroleum Oils - OnePetroUploaded byRoberto Wallis
- Gearless LiftEquip EnUploaded bya_salehi
- Laboratory Course on Organic AnalysisUploaded bysoumitrasoni
- Hindi-English Cross-Lingual Question-Answering System .pdfUploaded byAb Devilliers
- DatasheetUploaded bynomi_nomi
- Source Test ManualUploaded bySudipto Ghosh
- 4 compass_presentation.pptUploaded byAissaDjekidel
- Dirac Delta FunctionUploaded bySuyog Kulkarni
- Travel cost methodUploaded byyayaskyu
- Pre Ph.D. Mechanical Engg.Uploaded byJv Sudheendra
- Octane RatingUploaded bytaufany99
- (Advances in Stylistics) Yufang Ho-Corpus Stylistics in Principles and Practice_ A Stylistic Exploration of John Fowles' The Magus-Bloomsbury Academic (2011).pdfUploaded byWu Jinshan
- EinsteinUploaded byMarathi Calligraphy
- d101342x012-dataUploaded byTe Te
- Triggers Are Simply Stored Procedures That AreUploaded bySelvaraj V
- danfossdktgeUploaded byjahir23
- Chandra Resume VIT(M.tech-VLSI Design) Analog DesignUploaded byAjay Kumar Mattupalli
- rdbmsUploaded byAlfyong Guadz
- Chapter 2 - Principles of programming languagesUploaded bydileep
- PEER804_STEWARTetalUploaded bybenjamin_barria7765
- 1 - Crude Oil Treatment - SeparationUploaded byHaider
- Ball & Beam Document (3)Uploaded byJorge Porras
- 10+1 pseb changed syllabusUploaded byricky
- Design XML WBXML ConversionUploaded bySantosh Kadam
- Sobre MesasUploaded bySara Silva