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1. An ideal Otto cycle has a compression ratio of 8. At the beginning of compression, air is at 14.4 psia and 75oF. During constant-volume heat addition 480 Btu/lbm of heat is transferred. Calculate: (a) The maximum temperature using ITEM B1, a. 4063.34oR b. 3500oR c. 3925.44oR d.4029.11oR (b) same as (a) but using ITEM B2, a. 3456.87oR b. 3467.43oR c. 3546.78oR c. 3565.96oR (c) etc using ITEM B1 and ITEM B2, a.56.47%, 51.48% b. 54.7%, 45.38% c.56.47%, 48.56% d. 54.7%, 57.56% (d) Work net using ITEM B1 and ITEM B2, a. 280.45 and 276.45: Btu/lb b. 245.12 and 220.45: Btu/lb c. 271.06 and 246.12: Btu/lb d. none of the above

2. An engine equipped with a single cylinder having a bore of 12 cm and a stroke of 50 cm operates on an Otto cycle at 300 rpm. At the beginning of the compression stroke air is at 100 kPa, 25°C. The maximum temperature in the cycle is 1100°C. (a) If the clearance volume is 1500 cm3/s. Determine: Ideal thermal efficiency. a. 71.45% b. 54.55% c. 80.45% d. 69.73% (b) Work net, a. 7.45 KJ/s b.6.778 KJ/s c. 6.985 KJ/s d. 5.542 KJ/s (c) mep a.239.723 KPa b. 240.542 KPa c. 324.234 KPa d. 28.452 KPa

0.0325 kg/s (c) the specific fuel consumption in kg/kW. 0.01504 kg/s b.2012 kg/s . The cylinder bore and stroke are 100 mm and 200 mm respectively.3. 0. 0.hr.4678 kg/s c.0214 kg/s c. A six-cylinder engine with a volumetric efficiency of 90% and a thermal efficiency of 38% produces 200 kW of power at 3000 rpm. If the condition of air in the intake manifold is 95 kPa and 300 K. 0. Assume the heating value of the fuel to be 35 MJ/kg of fuel. a.06452 kg/s d. 0.2545 kg/s b. and a. a.2707 kg/s d. 0. Determine: (a) the mass flow rate of air in kg/s. 0. 0.5124 kg/s b.2451 kg/s d. 0. 0.3451 kg/s c.6542 kg/s (b) the fuel consumption rate in kg/s. 0.

54. a. 110. 114.45 kW c. the MEP is measured as 0. and the thermal efficiency is 35%. 125. 116.797 N-m b.69 kW b.89 kW (b) the waste heat in kW.45 N-m .15 kW d. The bore and stroke are 100 mm each.23 kW c.10 kW (c) torque develop if the indicated and mechanical engine efficiency are 89% and 80% respectively a. 125.4.45 N-m c. 103. Determine (a) the power produced by the engine in kW. 106.83 kW d. a.24 kW b.6 MPa.45 N-m d. 65. 215. A four-cylinder four-stroke engine operates at 4000 rpm. 46. 62.

62 kW . An ideal otto engine is used that burns 30 kg/hr of fuel with a lower heating value of 50000 kJ/kg in 400 kg/hr of air. 265. a.62 kW d.62 kW c. 245. Find the Worknet if the compression ratio is 15. 255. 275.62 kW b.5.

hr of fuel consumption with a LHV of 18750 BTU/lb.59 psi. Determine the Bmep and the brake engine efficiency using k = 1. 56. 3.33 with 0. Automotive engine with rk = 8.59 psi. 48. A 8-cylinder. a.59 psi.5 x 3.94% . 41.94% d.94% c. 56. develops 119 bhp at 3600 RPM. 56. 42.48 lb/bhp.59 psi.5 in.6. 40. 56.94% b.

33 in. d. b. Diameter to stroke ratio is a.2 and from experiment.7. 3 x 4. . 4 x 4.33 in. c. 4 x 3. it is concluded that the brake mep = 150 psi. Determine the approximate cylinder dimension of a 6cylinder. a.44 in.44 in. 3 x 3. four stroke spark-ignition engine to deliver 200 Bhp at 3500 RPM.

110.4 psia and 120 F . 14. 269. An ideal otto with 8% clearance operates on 20 lb/min of air initially at 14. 816 lb/min c.3 ft3 /min . 276. 10.8.3 ft3 /min . 816 lb/min b. 14. 267.3 ft3 /min . Vd and the mass drawn during suction for a volume efficiency of 80%. 816 lb/min d. 816 lb/min . a. 276.3 ft3 /min . Determine.

P2. the compression ratio is rk=9. 150 F.125. P2 = 423.P2 = 433. Find the clearance.48 psia. T2 = 1469 R b) c=0. the state at the beginning of compression is 20 psia. if cold air is the working fluid respectively. T2 = 1469 R c) c=0. An air standard Otto Cycle.48 psia.9. T2.14. a) c=0. P2= 433.48 psia.T2 = 1469 R .125.

P2 = 355.125.10. the compression ratio is rk =9. P2. T2.T2 = 1469 R . a) c=0.44 R c) c=0.70 psia.125.31). T2 = 1205. T2 = 1205.70 psia.70 psia.14. P2= 355. 150 F. Find the clearance. the state at the beginning of compression is 20 psia.P2 = 355. An air standard Otto cycle whose working fluid is hot air(k=1.44 R b) c=0.

P2.21 R .83 psia. P2 = 415.12. T2 = 1411. the state at the beginning of compression is 20 psia.73 psia.125. P2= 415. P2 = 415. 150 F. a) c=0. T2 using ITEM B2. T2 = 1411.21 R c) c=0. Find the clearance.11.73 psia.125. An air standard Otto Cycle. T2 = 1411. the compression ratio is rk= 9.21 R b) c=0.

594 . whose rk=9? a) 0.585 b) 0.12.494 c) 0. What is the cycle efficiency in an air standard Otto Cycle.

a) P = 1325.46kPaa c) P = 1324.46kPaa b) P = 1324.46psia . For an ideal Otto engine with 18% clearance and an initial pressure of 95 kPaa.13. determine the pressure at the end of compression using ITEM B1.

94 BTU/kg.478% b) W=427. Find the work and efficiency if rk =7. For an ideal Otto engine operating on the air standard (ITEM B2). temperature at the end of expansion is 2490 F and at the end of isentropic compression is 860 F.14.478% c) W=427. etc=0.94 kJ/kg.94 BTU/lb. etc=0.478% . a) W=427. etc=0.

0.15. V1 = 283 L. T1 = 333. a.9 kgm . 0.3 kgm b. rk = 5 and T3 = 2000 K. Solve for m1.8 kgm c. 0. Sketch an otto cycle on PV and TS planes with point 1 being the beginning of the isentropic compression process. 0.4 kPaa. These data apply for the air standard cycles P1 = 101.6 kgm d.3 K.

6 L .8 L c.6 L b. From the previous problem 15. find V2.16. a.0 L d.56. 60. 56. 65.

5 K. From problem 15. 600.42 kJ b. 594.35 kJ c.35 kJ . 394.88 kJ d. a.17. find QA that have T2 = 634. 294.

88 kJ d. Find also QR in problem 15 with T4 = 1050.99 kJ .77 kJ c. 254.18. a. 154. 354.66 kJ b.6 K. 545.

47.8% d. Find the thermal efficiency of the otto engine in problem 15. 66.5% . 57.5 % b.19. 37.9 % c. a.

003m3/min d.8361 m3/min c. 0. 0.20. a. 0. A four stroke Otto cycle engine has four cylinders with 10X10 cm in size. It has an ideal thermal efficiency of 52% running at 200 rpm.7475m3/min b.5639 m3/min .4. 1. What is the volume before the compression if k=1.

3 Kpaa and a temperature of 29°C at the beginning of compression. What is the mass of air needed for an Otto cycle engine with a pressure of 101. and if the ideal thermal efficiency is 50% with two cylinder (9X10 cm) running at 500 rpm? (apply air standard cycle) a.21. 0.303 kg/min c.822 kg/min . 1kg/min b. 1. 0.903 kg/min d.

92 Kpaa b.22. Use k = 1. and it has a compression ratio of 8.1592. An Otto cycle with pressure and temperature of 101.3 Kpaa and 340 K respectively before the compression. a. 4334. 2871. 3336. Find the pressure during the power stroke if its temperature is 1400K.46Kpaa .32.22 Kpaa d.1 Kpaa c.

What is the main effective pressure for a Otto cycle having a compression ratio of 10 and the heat added is 100 KW if volume displaced is 0. 5392.12 Kpaa d. 3429.4932.6 m3/min and k=1.9 Kpaa b. a.75Kpaa .4.23. 6018.3 Kpaa c.

3183.) rk-= 7. P4= 74.5psia.24. P2= 244.09.5psia. T2= 1455.8psia. P4= 74.) rk-= 9.) none of the above . 3183.) P and T at each corner c. P2= 422.) etc a.36. P3= 1295. etc=52.) rk b.1 psia. P3= 1295.9% b. An ideal Otto Cycle operates an 0. and also has a clearance of 15%.194. P2= 422.09.667.726% c.36.09.194.16.) rk-= 9. T2= 1355.36. P4= 74. P3= 1295.9% d.16. etc=53. T2= 1355.5 lb/s of air and at the beginning of the compression is 14. The energy released during combustion is 500 Btu/s.17. etc=62.194. 5113. 140 F. Compute for a.

Find mep. mep= 1005.8 psia c. V2= 0.4. mep= 509. For an ideal otto engine.25. mep= 950. T4= 2840 F. the overall value k=1.5 ft3/s. a.8 d.9 psia b. C= 15%. none of the above . T1= 120 F and 1 lbm/s.

a. Let rk= 7 and k=1.) etb and imep b. QA and QB.2%.) etb= 28.92hp.05 psi.6 hp b. QR= 150.05 psi. imep= 126.26. It has a bmep= 110 psi.27%. imep= 126. the mechanical efficiency. Calculate the a.556 hp c. ) etb= 48.) etb= 48.4. QR= 160.5 lbmfuel-/ bhp-hr and LHV qin-= 18000 Btu/ lbmfuel. QA= 318. A 4 stroke 4 cylinder gasoline engine to deliver 90 bhp at 1800 rpm w/ D=L= 5in. QA= 318.2%.05 psi. imep= 126.6 hp d. QA= 419.92hp. QR= 160. nme= 80% and has specific fuel consumption of 0.) none of the above .25hp.

T2= 1306.08% c. etc= 54.744 R.) P2= 310.744 R.) P2= 210.) P2= 310.386 psia.08% d.08% b. T2= 1306. It has a compression ratio of 7. An ideal Otto Cycle operates 1 lbm of air and has a 13.27. etc= 54. a. T2= 1206.) None of the above .744 R. a.) find P and T at the end of compression and the ideal thermal efficiency.8 psia at the suction and 140 F.386 psia. etc= 54.386 psia.

50 mm .86 mm d. 17. 158. 172.25 cm c. Determine the cylinder dimensions if bore-to-stroke ratio is 1. An ideal Otto engine is operating in a 2 stroke gasoline to deliver 100 hp at 1500 rpm.28. The brake mean effective pressure should not exceed 110 psia and the mechanical efficiency is approximately 80%. 15. a.89 cm b.

558 kW d. 298 kW b. 27 °C and 300 liters respectively has a compression ration of 7. 257 kW . a. The highest temperature is ten times greater than the initial temperature at absolute temperature. An Otto cycle with an initial pressure. determine the work done by the system. temperature and volume of 95 kPaa.29. 302 kW c. If the system uses cold air as the working substance.

What is the ideal thermal efficiency of an ideal Otto cycle if the mechanical efficiency. 70% and 30 % respectively? a. and the brake thermal efficiency are 85%. 25% c.42% d.50% b. 45. 50. indicated engine efficiency.30. 85.75% .

.43 ft3/min. 201. 10. 13.64 lbm/min c. None of the above. 192. An ideal Otto engine with 10% clearance operates on 15 lbm/min of air initially at 1atm and 100 °F.91 lbm/min d.91 lbm/min b. Determine its volume displacement and the mass drawn in during suction for a volumetric efficiency of 80%.43 ft3/min. 10.31.43 ft3/min. a. 192.

57.5 operates from the suction conditions of 97. Solve for the ideal thermal efficiency. Find the pressure and temperature at the end of compression.) 1858.21 KPa. An otto cycle with a compression ratio of 8.52% .81 KPa. 57.00 KPa. 57.52% c. 30 C.) 2000.32.) 1959.91 KPa.) 1958.91 KPa. a.52% b. 57.52% d.

) 3.) Compression ratio a.An ideal Otto engine with an ideal thermal effcy. Calculate A.882 B.882 .882 d.7764 m3 d.) 4.882 b.7764 m3 b.) 10.7764 m3 c.33.) 16.7764 m3 c.) 2. Of 60% and V2=200 L.) 1.) 12.) volume displacement in m3 a.) 9.

34.) 2553.6 KJ/s b. Determine the heat added at the cycle if the mean effective pressure of 600KPa.) 2263.) 2243. a.6 KJ/s c.6 KJ/s .6 KJ/s d. An ideal Otto engine having a volumetric effcy of 90% and V1=60 ft3 with heat rejected of 1032 KJ/s.) 2323.

74 rpm c.) 1184.) 1174.. Determine the speed in rpm that operates the engine.35.74 rpm d.) 1344. a. 6 ½ X 8 in.74 rpm b. A 4 cylinder.) 1274. 4 stroke automobile engine having a work net and mean effective pressure of of 300 hp and 190 psia respectively operates at a certain speed.74 rpm .

577.3 kPa d. and 800 kJ/kg of heat is tranferred to air during the constant-volume heat-addition process.3%.2 kPa .2 kPa c. 52. 575.476 Mpa.45 kJ/kg. a. 4. 576. 419.56 kJ/kg. 417.6%. 1574. 53. 2. Accounting for the variation of specific heats of air with temperature. 3.4 kPa b. 1576.5 K. (c) the thermal efficiency.576 Mpa. (b) the net work output.387 Mpa.2 K. 54.36.3 K. 55. 416. 5. determine (a) the maximum temperature and pressure that occur during the cycle. 1577. 418.1 K. the air is at 100 kPa and C. An ideal Otto cycle has a compression ratio of 8. 574.345 Mpa.6%.17 kJ/kg.35 kJ/kg. and (d) the mean effective pressure for the cycle.3%. 1575. At the beginning of the compression process.

2356 K . and operates at 2500 rev/min.5% b. power and the available portion of the heat rejected.6 kW . the thermal efficiency.65 MPa .5 kW. An engine operating on the air-standard Otto cycle has a 15 percent clearance volume. 7. Use the air table values. 2144 K . 70.42% . 146. a.84 kW . 2211 K . The heat added is 1400 kJ/kg.35% d.93% . 143. 40. 45.8 liters. The inlet conditions are C and 100 kPa.3% .6 kW . 8. 6. 5. 135. 78. a total displacement volume of 2. 70. 2090 K . and .75% c. 74. 49.42 Mpa .35 Mpa . Determine the maximum temperature and pressure. 48. 108.37.85% .50% .33 Mpa .

38. An ideal otto engine with 25% clearance operates on 1 lb. of air. psia, and Let . (a) , (b) and , (c) .

a. 12.26 cf. ; 480 ; 113.4 psia ; 627 psia ; 38.3% b. 13.59 cf. ; 470 ; 123.3 psia ; 693 psia ; 39.4% c. 11.46 cf. ; 460 ; 114.5 psia ; 692 psia ; 39.2% d. 19.35 cf. ; 490 ; 131.3 psia ; 642 psia ; 30.5%

39. An Otto cycle operates on 0.2 lb/s of air from 14 psia and 1400F at the beginning of compression. The temperature at the end of combustion is 50000R; compression ratio is 5.5; hot-air standard, k= 1.3.

Find V1, p2, t2, p3, V3, t4 and p4. a. 3.18ft3/s ; 128.41psia ; 540.60F ; 641.67psia ; 0.578ft3/s ; 25380F & 69.95psia b. 3.18ft3/s ; 128.41psia ; 405.60F ; 641.67psia ; 0.578ft3/s ; 25380F & 69.95psia c. 3.18ft3/s ; 128.41psia ; 540.60F ; 641.67psia ; 0.875ft3/s ; 25380F & 69.95psia d. 3.18ft3/s ; 128.41psia ; 540.60F ; 146.76psia ; 0.578ft3/s ; 25380F & 69.95psia Compute QA, QR, W, e a. 183.54Btu/s ; 109.59Btu/s ; 73.95Btu/s & etc = 29.40% b. 183.54Btu/s ; 109.59Btu/s ; 73.95Btu/s & etc = 40.29% c. 183.54Btu/s ; 109.59Btu/s ; 553.95Btu/s & etc = 40.29% d. 183.54Btu/s ; 233.59Btu/s ; 73.95Btu/s & etc = 40.29%

40. The conditions at the start of compression in air standard Otto cycle are 14.7psia and 1000F. The heat supplied per pound of air is 900Btu. The compression ratio is 9. Determine: A. the minimum temperature B. the minimum pressure C. the thermal efficiency D. the mep. a.) T3 = 7599.490R ; p3 = 1559.3psia ; etc = 58.48% & mep = 226.79psia b.) T3 = 6599.490R ; p3 = 1559.3psia ; etc = 158.48% & mep = 226.79psia c.) T3 = 6599.490R ; p3 = 1559.3psia ; etc = 58.48% & mep = 326.79psia d.) T3 = 6599.490R ; p3 = 1559.3psia ; etc = 58.48% & mep = 226.79psia

85kPa . mep = 172.) T4 = 833.05m3 and 320C.04kPa b.85kPa . WNET = 9. mep = 172.85kPa .85kPa .68kJ . are 101.08% .4.08% . etc = 5.11K & p4 = 143.11K & p4 = 13. mep = 12.11K & p4 = 143. etc = 59.68kJ . etc = 59.68kJ .11K & p4 = 143. WNET .04kPa d. mep a.08% .08% . Determine: T4 and p4 . mep = 172. WNET = 7. 0. etc = 59. etc .) T4 = 433. WNET = 7.68kJ .04kPa c. WNET = 7.) T4 = 433.) T4 = 633.04kPa .3kPa. The clearance is 12% and 13kJ are added per cycle.41. The conditions at the beginning of compression in an Otto engine operating on hot-air standard with k=1.

73% b. rk = 8. rk = 8.43hp. There is developed torque of 200 lb-ft by a 6-cylinder.15in .14 & nI =79.43hp. rk = 8.73% .15in . Performance curve suggest a mechanical efficiency of 75% and a brake thermal efficiency of 25% at this speed.15in .15in . rk = 8. the ratio L/\D = 1 and t1 =1700F.14 & nI =69. 4stroke-cycle.42. WB = 110. WB = 110.73% c. D=L=3. k=1.31.73% d.14 & nI =59. D=L=1.14 & nI =69.43hp. Compute: the bhp the bore and stroke the compression ratio the indicated engine efficiency a. WB = 900. D=L=2. For the engine let the clearance c= 14%.43hp. WB = 1210. a singleacting engine having an indicated mep of 120 psi when operating at 2900 rpm. D=L=3.

580.00022 lb/cycle with a lower heating value of 18. 506.6 bhp b. What is the work of the engine? a. the mass of the fuel is 0. 528.28 bhp d.000 cycle/min. In a spark-ignition engine that is completing 20.60 bhp .000 BTU/lb and its brake thermal efficiency is 30%. 560.43.82bhp c.

008 x 4.44. 4.183 x 4.008 in. Find the bore and stroke (assume D/L = 1). 8. .183 in.831 in. a. spark-ignition engine with a torque and brake mep of 122 ft-lbf and 80 psi. 4. b. c.831 x 4. 69 bhp is the work required by a 4-cylinder.183 x 8. single acting. 4-stroke cycle. respectively. d. 4.183 in.

6%.0002 m3 per hour d. respectively.8. 0.45.000 KJ/kg and 0.09 x 0. 0. For one hour operation of a gasoline engine. 0. the brake engine efficiency is expected to be 63%.00002 m3 per hour . The lower heating value and the specific gravity of the fuel are 40. 0. a.02 m3 per hour b. a Mechanical Engineer designer wants to use a fuel tank as a container of a minimum fuel supply of these engine (6-cylinder. 0.002 m3 per hour c.08 m) which at maximum output develops a brake torque of 200 N-m at 3500 rpm. The corresponding ideal engine showed a thermal efficiency of 65.

39 kPaa . 655.389 kPaa c.18 kPaa.18 kPaa. find the pressure at the end of compression using air-standard properties from Item B1. a.18 kPaa. Also find the mep (in psi) if the pressure at the end of constant volume heating is 3500 kPaa.389 kPaa d. 630. In an ideal otto engine with 22% clearance and an initial pressure of 100 kPaa.18 kPaa. 1100.46.389 kPaa b. 680. 1100. 1100. 1000. 655.

c. At the point of compression.17 x 1.17 in.32. b.4 psia and t1 = 170 F . Performance curves suggest a mechanical efficiency of 80% speed.17 in.17 x 3.47. 2.17 x 4. 1. single acting having an indicated mep of 110 psi when operating at 3000 rpm. 4. k = 1.17 in. 3. .17 in. p1 = 14. d. An otto engine developed a torque of 200 ft-lbf by a 6 cylinder. 4-stroke-cycle.17 x 2. Assume that the ratio of bore and stroke must be 1. what is D x L? a.

63kPa b. a. t2 = 431.4) is the working substance.48.71 % .19 °C. etc = 57.6 operates from the suction condition of 96.52 kPa If cold air (k = 1. a. If hot air (k = 1.87 kPa b.82 % b. t2 = 432. An otto cycle with a compression ratio of 8. t2 = 321. P2 = 1658. Find the pressure and temperature at the end of the compression. P2 = 1657. 24. etc = 58.08 °C.81 kPa.9°C.32) is the working substance. a.48 °C P2 = 1968. t2 = 320.98 kPa Solve for the ideal thermal efficiency based upon the conditions given in A and B.59°C P2 = 19689.

T2 .5 kPa . T1 = 444.43 kg P2 .19 K P4 = 338. rp = 12.38 P3 = 4152.92 kPa . rp a.34 kPa P 3 .72 kPa b. V2 a.45 kPa b. T4 a. V2 = 66.67 L T2 = 909.32 kg b. V1 = 394 L . V2 = 65.4 K . T4 = 1476.49.08 K P4 = 337.29 P3 = 4151. rp = 13.99 K P2 = 1259.83kPa P 4 . T4 = 1465.88K P2 = 1268. rk =6.78 L T2 = 910. P1 = 102. m1 = 0. m1 = 0.83 kPa b. These data apply for the air standard cycle. T3 = 3000 K Solve for the following: m1 = ? a.

50. determine.68 kJ b. QA = 481.79kJ QR a.89 psig C a. QA = 480. QR = 232. QR = 233.7 % mep in psig a.98 psig b. C= 20 % b. mep = 94. C= 21 % .67kJ etc a.78kJ b. mep = 95. etc = 52. QA a. From the solved operating conditions in the previous problem. etc = 51.6 % b.

rk = 12. C a.53 b.88 b. at the end of combustion the pressure is P3=1200 psia. = 3846.27% b. the pressure is P2=463 psia. The air in an ideal otto engine is initially at 15. rk = 11. = 3847. C = 9.79 percentage clearance. 200 °F.51.6 psia. at the end of isentropic compression.38% t3 a. C = 9. find: rk a.42 . Based upon air-table values.

compute for the percentage of the heat added utilized? A. etc = 57. . etc = 56. % Heat Available = 74 % B. % Heat Available = 75 % b.52. From the solved operating conditions in the previous problem. Also. determine the cycle thermal efficiency. if the sink temperature is 100°F.53 % b.64 % a. a.

Let rk = 7. D.6 and use an average k = 1. L a.66 lb/(bhp-hr) . the mechanical efficiency nme = 85%. calculate the expected etb and indicated engine efficiency a.53.32.88 % b.42 % ni = 52. From experience it is expected that bmep = 140 psi.84 in. lower heating value of fuel Qin = 18000BTU/lb. D = L = 4. etb = 22.98% . brake specific fuel consumption mfb = 0.79 % the brake engine efficiency a. nb = 45. Determine the approximate cylinder dimensions of a four cylinder. nb = 44. etb = 21.53 % ni = 53. D = L = 5. b. four stroke gasoline engine to deliver 200 bhp at 3000 rpm. diameter/stroke ratio. D/L = 1.87% b.93 in.

a.54.39 kgair /hr . a. QA = 39 588. QR = 20 683.28 kgair /hr b.9 BTU/min b.82 BTU/min b. the heat added in BTU/min .91 BTU/min the mass of air needed in kg/hr . From the solved operating conditions in the previous problem. rf/a = 20 a. determine. QR = 20 694. mair = 1 197. QA = 39 599. mair = 1 198.8 BTU/min the heat rejected in BTU/min.

61. An otto cycle with rk = 11 operates at 150 kpa at 27C. 61. 61.7kpa.70% b) 4310.2kpa. 7% . if cold air is used.5kpa. 77% c) 4320. What is the pressure at the end of compression and the etc? a) 4315. 61.55.3kpa.69% d) 4305.

56.32 Find Qa: a) 103kJ b) 105kJ c) 101kJ d) 109kJ . An otto cycle has this data: P1 = 167kpa T1 = 400k V1 = 350L rk = 7 P3 = 3000kpa k = 1.

What is the work net? a) 120kJ b) 150kJ c) 118kJ d) 115kJ . The energy released during combustion is 450kJ. An otto cycle has a mass of 0.35. k =1.5kg at 38C and 240kpa.57. at the end of the compression P = 777kPa.

1kg otto engine with 20% clearance has a pressure of 100kpa.3m3. a temperature of 10C and a volume of 0. a) 194kPa b) 190kPa c) 189kPa d) 192kPa . A 0.58. Determine the Mep if the pressure at the end of the constant volume heating is 4000kPa.

140F and P2 = 460psia. using air tables.59. The air in an otto engine is initially at 24psia. What is the percentage clearance? a) 15% b) 14% c) 13% d) 12% .

60.) 145 .)160 c. An Otto engine has a clearance volume of 7%. What is the amount of heat rejected in kW? a. It produces 300 kW of power .) 170 b.) 152 d.

53 d.60 . Find the thermal efficiency.) 0.61. a.) 0. In an air standard Otto cycle.) 0.55 c.52 b. the clearance volume is 18% of the displacement volume.) 0.

)1244. a. Initial conditions are 101.) 1244. The compression ratio of an ideal Otto cycle is 6:1.5 kPa. Find the pressure and temperature at the end of adiabatic compression.96°C .5 kPa. 599.) 1244.) 1244.96 K b.5 kPa. 60°C d.62. 599.5 kPa.3 kPa and 20°C. 60°C c.

85 d. What is the compression ratio of the engine if the maximum cycle temperature is 3173 K and the temperature at the end of isentropic compression is 773 K.) 7.63.) 6.)8.85 c.85 . An engine operates on the air-standard Otto cycle. a. The cycle work is 1000 kj/kg.85 b.) 9.

a.64.) 523.97 kPa c. Determine the mean effective pressure.05 m3 and 32°C.35 are 101.) 223.) 323. 0.97 kPa .97 kPa b .97 kPa d. The clearance is 8% and 15 kJ are added per cycle. The conditions at the beginning of compression in an Otto engine operating on hotair standard with k=1.) 423.325 kPa.

10 kPa c. If the initial pressure is 150 kPa.) 4251.) 1251. determine the final pressure. The compression ratio of an Otto cycle is 9.10 kPa .) 3251.10 kPa d. a.10 kPa b.65.) 2251.

11% d.) 31. In an Otto cycle if the compression ratio is 5.64% c.) 25.66. what is the percent clearance? a.34% .22% b.5.) 19.) 22.

If the heat added at the beginning of the combustion is 12.) 198 kPa d.) 194 kPa b.) 188 kPa c.) 184 kPa .6 kJ.67. calculate the mean effective pressure. The efficiency of an Otto engine is 55% and the stroke volume is 35 liters. a.

58°C b.66°C .66°C c. The air is compressed to 1/5 of its original volume in an Otto cycle. What is the final temperature of the air if the initial temperature is 25°C. a.) 255.) 288.) 355.68.) 288.58°C d.

An Otto cycle operates 1 kg of air from 101.01°C c.325 kPa and 25°C at the beginning of compression. If the clearance is 15%. Find the temperature at the end of compression.) 400°C d.01°C .) 350.) 300°C b. a.69.) 450.

) 1.) 1.70. if the compression ratio is 6.28 b.25 d.2? a.) 1. The efficiency of an ideal Otto cycle is 40%. What is the hot-air value o k.38 c.35 .) 1.

What is the clearance of an ideal Otto cycle if the efficiency is 40% and k = 1.3? a.24% b.71.24% d.) 10.) 20.) 22.) 12.27% c.27% .

75 ft3/s d.) 3.75 ft3/s c.) 4. An Otto cycle operates a 0. hot air standard k = 1. a. at the beginning of compression.) 2.72. The compression ratio is 4.3.75 ft3/s .) 1.5 lb/s of air from 15psia and 150°F.75 ft3/s b.3. Determine the volume at the of compression.

Calculate the heat supplied in kJ/kg? a.) 288. If the net work of the cycle is 120 kJ/kg.7 kPa and 27°C. The compression ratio is 7:1.) 122.88 kJ/k c.) 188.88 kJ/kg b.12 kJ/kg .) 221. In an air-standard Otto cycle.73. air enters 104.22 kJ/kg d.

67%.74. 56.38 . a. Consider working fluid as an ideal gas with k = 1. 69. 66.38 b.38 d.4. 11.38 c.67%. 13. If the energy generated per cycle is thrice that of rejected during the exhaust. 61.67%.67%. 15. Calculate the thermal efficiency and compression ratio for an automobile working on Otto cycle. 12.

. 59.87 bar c.57%. 8.87 bar .57%. 56. 46. 4. 9. a. The clearance volume is 0.87 bar d. Find: The air standard efficiency of the cycle & the mean effective pressure for the cycle. 50. The initial pressure and temperature are 1 bar and 50oC.87 bar b. 1. An engine of 250 mm bore and 375 mm stroke works on Otto cycle. If the maximum pressure is limited to 25 bar.00263 m3.57%.57%.75.

Determine: (A)The maximum temperature in the cycle 2056 K (B)The air standard efficiency 56. 56. In an Otto cycle. 575 kJ/kg. 2156 K. 435 kJ/kg d. 2256 K.5%. 2356 K. 56. 56. 555 kJ/kg. 565 kJ/kg.5%. The ratio of compression is 8. 56.5%.76. and565 kJ/kg (D)The heat rejected 435 kJ/kg a. 435 kJ/kg c. 565 kJ/kg. 2056 K.5%.5% (C)The work done per kg of air. If the heat is added during the constant volume process is 1000 kJ/kg. the air at the beginning of isentropic compression is at 1 bar and 15oc. 465 kJ/kg b. 435 kJ/kg .

8 ft3 /sec operates on 0. etc = 59. Find the ideal thermal efficiency.23% b. etc = 69.77. etc = 49. 110 °F.5 lb/sec of air. The air at the beginning of compression in an ideal explosion cycle is at 14 psia. etc =79.32% c.32% . The engine with a clearance volume of 0.23% d. a.

Engine B. A man wishes to buy an Otto engine for his car.78. Both d. operates ideally with 25% clearance and with specific heat ratio of 1.5. Engine A operates ideally on cold air with 15% clearance. Engine A b. Neither of the two . Another engine. Engine B c. Which of two engines must he buy? a.

Solve for the heat involved during the first constant volume process. QA = 1563 BTU/lba . Given that in an ideal Otto engine. a.79. It uses 16 lb of air per 1 lb of fuel with a lower heating value of 20 000 BTU per lb of fuel. QA = 1250 BTU/lba b. QA = 1938 BTU/lba c. the specific heat ratio is 1. QA = 1630 BTU/lba d.32 and the compression ratio is 19.

20 BTU/lba .80. a. Solve for the heat involved during the last constant volume process. QR = 764. From the previous problem.51 BTU/lba b. QR = 392. QR = 487. QR = 582.98 BTU/lba c.67 BTU/lba d.

a.786 hp c.687 hp b.786 hp .75 lb/sec of air operates from the suction condition of 567 °R. WNET = 215. respectively.6 and 16.81. WNET = 125. WNET = 152. Using the air properties in item B1. The pressure and compression ratio are 1.687 hp d. WNET = 512. An ideal explosion cycle that uses 0. determine the total work developed in horsepower.

find the temperature at the beginning of isentropic compression. T1 = 583.51 °R c. T1 = 385. T1 = 574. Using item B1. T1 = 511. It uses 60 lb/min of air and has a total work of 146 kW.82. An ideal Otto cycle operates with rk = 14 and rp = 1.51 °R d. a.75.51 °R b.51 °R .

14 c.14 d. rk = 8. What is the compression ratio of the cycle? a.14 .14 b. the air has a suction condition of P1 = 98 kPaa and t1 = 110°F. For an Explosion cycle with a clearance of 14%. rk = 9. rk = 7. rk = 6.83.

14 ft3/s. V2 = 0. From the given data of the previous problem. V2 = 0.76 ft3 /s d. the volume of displacement is 6. a.68 ft3 /s c. V2 = 0.86 ft3 /s b.84. Find the clearance volume.67 ft3 /s . V2 = 0.

What is the suction volume from the previous problem? a.85. V2 = 7 ft3 /s c. V2 = 6 ft3 /s b. V2 = 9 ft3 /s d. V2 = 8 ft3 /s .

471 lba /s d. ma = 0. ma = 0. ma = 0.86.571 lba /s c. a. Find the mass of air needed to operate the system of the previous problem. ma = 0.715 lba /s .741 lba /s b.

99 % d. etc = 67.87.53 % b. etc = 56. Based on the previous problem what is the ideal thermal efficiency of the given cycle? a. etc = 58.77 % c.35 % . etc = 77.

a.99 lba/lbf b. rf/a = 13. If the engine uses 2. rf/a = 15. rf/a = 16.99 lba/lbf .99 lba/lbf d. solve for the air-fuel ratio.99 lba/lbf c. rf/a = 12.88.02 lb/min of fuel.

QA = 45 467.879 BTU/min .89. Wnet = 73 246. What is the heat (in BTU/min) involved during the first constant volume process? a.307 BTU/min B. QA = 63 478.837 BTU/min b.385 BTU/min c.768 BTU/min b. Wnet = 52 478. The fuel used has a lower heating value of 21 500 BTU per lb of fuel. Wnet = 24 655.893 BTU/min d. QA = 76 746.787 BTU/min d. QA = 43 430.828 BTU/min c. What is the total work produced? a. Wnet = 20 425. A.

What is the volume of displacement if the engine developed 1106 kW at 300 rpm? a. two ± stroke gasoline engine has cylinder dimensions of 10.585 m3/s .925 m3/s b. VD = 0. VD = 0.21 cm.725 m3/s d.529 m3/s c.25 x 11. VD = 0. VD = 0. A single acting.90. two ± cylinder.

91. Wi = 567. Wi = 707.432 kW d.625 kW c. solve for the indicated work. Wi = 586. Wi = 983. If the indicated mean effective pressure of the given gasoline engine is 765 kPa.625 kW .432 kW b. a.

V3 = 0. V3 = 0. V3 = 0.92.777 m3/s . V3 = 0. What is the volume at the beginning of the isentropic expansion considering a clearance of 16%? a.272 m3/s b.148 m3/s c.346 m3/s d.

93. State 1 of the problem above is defined as 96 kPa and 38 °C. What is the volume at this point? a. V1 = 0.777 m3/s b. V1 = 0.555 m3/s c. V1 = 0.888 m3/s d. V1 = 0.676 m3/s

94. Find the mass of air needed to operate this engine. a. ma = 0.953 kg/s b. ma = 0.929 kg/s c. ma = 0.835 kg/s d. ma =0.879 kg/s

95. If the brake thermal efficiency of the cycle above is 38.605%, solve for the heat added during constant volume process. a. QA = 6474.96 kW b. QA = 8954.45 kW c. QA = 2864.91 kW d. QA = 3682.55 kW

For a specific heat ratio of 1.96. what is the ideal thermal efficiency of the engine mentioned above? a.33. etC = 42.653 % b.144 % . etC = 72.636 % c.952 % d. etC = 89. etC = 30.