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Pulanco IV ² Gold

1.

Kinematics is the branch of classical mechanics that describes the motion of bodies (objects) and systems (groups of objects) without consideration of the forces that cause the motion.

2. Differentiation of: a. Distance and Displacement Distance is the scalar value of how far an object has traveled regardless of direction. Displacement is the vector value of how far an object has been displaced; meaning how far is it from where it started. b. Speed and Velocity The difference between speed and velocity is that velocity is speed with a direction vector associated with it. Speed is displacement (distance traveled) per unit time. Velocity is displacement (distance traveled) per unit time in a given direction. c. Average Speed and Instantaneous Speed Average speed is the total distance traversed divided by the total time required to get there. Instantaneous speed is the speed at an instant in time and can be viewed as the distance traversed divided by the traversal time as the traversal time is made arbitrarily small. It can be written as a derivative. 3. Free fall is any motion of a body where gravity is the only force acting upon it, at least initially. These conditions produce an inertial trajectory so long as gravity remains the only force. Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity over time. In one dimension, acceleration is the rate at which something speeds up or slows down. However, since velocity is a vector, acceleration describes the rate of change of both the magnitude and the direction of velocity. 4. Equations for Motion with Constant Acceleration

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