You are on page 1of 6

# R A F T F O U N D A T I O N D E S I G N

1 - GENERAL
Ultimate strength design method is used for reinforced concrete design.
For the stability check of foundation earth cone method is used.It is assumed that
sides of the cone make an angle (frustrum angle) with vertical.
Foundation design is checked according to overturning and compression.
2 - MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS
Concrete : BS20 (C20)
Characteristic compressive strength of concrete 160 kg/cm2
Design compressive strength of concrete 130 kg/cm2
Design tensile strength of concrete 10,0 kg/cm2
Shear stregth of concrete 10 kg/cm2
Specific weigth of concrete 2400 kg/m3
Reinforcing steel bar :
St IIIa Yield strength of steel 4200 kg/cm2
Max.Allowable Design Stress 3.652 kg/cm2
St I Yield strength of steel 2500 kg/cm2
Max.Allowable Design Stress 2.174 kg/cm2
Loads are taken from Structural analysis/foundation loads sheets. Moments at base are
calculated according to these loads. (At both X and Y direction.)
4 - FOUNDATION TYPE
Raft type foundation are used for this antenna type of tower.
5 - SOIL PARAMETERS
Soil parameters are on the calculation sheets for each type of antenna tower.
R E V I S I O N Page No
a
ANTENNA TOWER HT- 40 GSM TOWERS b 1
c
R A F T F O U N D A T I O N D E S I G N
SOIL PARAMETERS :
Unit Weight of Soil : 1800 kg/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 1 kg/cm2
Frustrum Angle : 20 °
Moments At Base
1)x-x Direction :
M
xx
overturning = 696406 kgm
S.F. = 1,3
= 696406 kgm with safet factor
H
y
horizontal = 38 kN Max H= 40 KN
= 3874 kg 4077,472 kg
= 3874 kg 5300,714 kg
V tension = 566 kN
= 57696 kg
= 75005 kg
Vcompres = 610 kN
= 62181 kg
= 80836 kg
2) y-y Direction :
M
yy
overturning = 0 kNm
= 0 kgm
S.F. = 1,3
= 0 kgm with safet factor
H
y
horizontal = 0 kN
= 0 kg
= 0 kg
Symetrical
R E V I S I O N Page No
a
ANTENNA TOWER HT- 40 GSM TOWERS b 2
c
R A F T F O U N D A T I O N D E S I G N
A A
0,65 0,65 2tano= Stup Type foundat 0,06
4,504
0,30 HK
2,00 o o H
0,6 4,642 0,6
0,50
T
4,672
Overturning Check = B= 6,492
M
total
overturning = 535697 kgm without safety factor
M
total
overturning = 696406 kgm with safety factor
V
concrete = B² * T + 4 * H* A²
= 25,0 m3
V
soil = H / 3 ( B² + E² + B * E ) - Vchimney
= 101,2 m3
E = 7,948 m
W
foundation = Vcon*2400+Vsoil*1700
= 231992 kg
EN
= 243654 kg =(Vten^2+Vcom^2)+Wfoun
e = 0,39 m OK (B/2÷Moc./EN )
Mresisting = EN*B/2
= 790900 kgm
F.S = Mresisting / M
total
overturning
= 1,1 overturning is not critical OK
Base Pressure Check =
o =
EN / B
2
(1+- 6e/B)
omax
= 0,79 < 1,00 OK
omin
= 0,37
R E V I S I O N Page No
a
ANTENNA TOWER HT- 40 GSM TOWERS b 3
c
R A F T F O U N D A T I O N D E S I G N
Reinforcement Calculation =
a ) Raft Reinforcement =
a
a
M
a-a =
(( oaa * L² ) / 2 + ( omax - oaa ) * L² ) / 3 ) * B
M
a-a = 902788 kgcm
oaa = 0,75 kg/cm2
A
s = M
a-a
/ f
yd
* j * d
= 10 cm2
Min. reinforcement Area = B * T * 0.003 91 cm2
Use St IIIa in both directUse St IIIa 46 | 16 Ast= 92 Enough Reinf.
for one level OK.
TOTAL Reinforcement……………… 92 | 16
b ) Chimney Reinforcement = Unit weigh | 16 1,58
M = Hx,z * (H+HK)
= 1219164 kgcm
A
s = M / f
yd
* j * d
= 9,94 cm2 ( At one side )1.25 safety
Use St IIIa 5 | 16 Ast= 10 Enough Reinf.
Total Reinf: 16 OK.
Unit weight | 16 1,58
5
13,8
13,8
13,8
5
| kg/m
c) Stirrups | 8/ every 20 cmUse St I unit weghts | 8 0,39
unit weghts | 10 0,61
Unit weigh | 8 0,39 unit weghts | 14 1,21
unit weghts | 16 1,58
6) Chair | 16 every 1 m2 Use St I unit weghts | 18 2
unit weghts | 20 2,47
Unit weigh | 16 1,58 unit weghts | 24 3,55
unit weghts | 26 4,17
unit weghts | 30 5,55
R E V I S I O N Page No
a
ANTENNA TOWER HT- 40 GSM TOWERS b 4
c
R A F T F O U N D A T I O N D E S I G N
PUNCHING CHECK
Hn
Hn=A+2*((T-5)tan(45))/2 110,00 CM
Apunc=Hn*(T-5)*4 19800 CM2
Tp=Fcomp/Apunc = 4,1 kg/cm2 < 10 kg/cm2 OK
R E V I S I O N Page No
a
ANTENNA TOWER HT- 40 GSM TOWERS b 5
c
A
T - 5
A
B
C
B
A
F
O
U
N
D
A
T
I
O
N

G
E
O
M
E
T
R
I
C
A
L

D
I
M
E
N
S
I
O
N
S

(
c
m
)
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
1
H
2
H
3
H
6
0

6
5

3
9
9

4
5
0

6
3
7
5
2
9

6
4
9

5
0

2
0
0

3
0

2
8
0

E
X
C
A
V
A
T
I
O
N

D
I
M
E
N
S
I
O
N
S

(
c
m
)
E
X

-

1
E
X

-

2
E
X

-

3
6
6
9

6
6
9

2
9
0
F
O
U
N
D
A
T
I
O
N

R
E
I
N
F
O
R
C
M
E
N
T

D
I
M
E
N
S
I
O
N
S

(
c
m
)

B
A
S
E

R
E
I
N
F
O
R
C
M
E
N
T

C
O
L
O
N

R
E
I
N
F
O
R
C
.

S
T
R
I
P
S

C
H
A
I
R
S
R
1
R
2
R
3
R
4
R
5
R
6
R
7
R
8
E
L
E
N
G
H
T
3
0

6
2
9

3
0

6
2
9

3
0
2
6
0

2
3
0

1
4
0

D
B
A
R

S
I
Z
E
1
6
1
6
1
6
1
6
1
6
1
6

8

1
6
G
Q
U
A
N
T
I
T
Y
9
2
4
6
9
2
4
6
6
4
6
4
6
7

4
2

W
E
I
G
H
T
4
4

4
5
7

4
4

4
5
7

3
0

2
6
3

6
0

9
3

T
O
T
A
L

W
.
5
0
1

5
0
1

2
9
3

6
0

9
3

F
O
U
N
D
A
T
I
O
N

T
O
T
A
L
S
E
X
C
A
V
A
T
I
O
N

T
O
T
A
L
1
3
0

M
3
C
O
N
C
R
E
T
E

T
O
T
A
L
2
5

M
3

R
E
I
N
F
O
R
C
M
E
N
T

T
O
T
A
L
1
.
4
4
8

K
G
R
2
E
X

-
1

=
R
1
L
E
N
G
T
H

=
c
m
U
P
P
E
R

L
E
V
E
L

N
O
T
E
S
D

=
T
Y
P
E
=
C
1
6
Q
U
A
N
T
I
T
Y
=
2
3
+
2
3
1
-

A
L
L

D
I
M
E
N
S
I
O
N
S

A
R
E

I
N

C
M
.
W
E
I
G
H
T
=
k
g
2
-

C
O
N
R
E
T
E

2
8

D
A
Y
S

S
T
R
E
N
G
T
H

2
0
0

K
g
/
c
m
2
s
t
u
b
3
-

F
O
R
M
E
D

I
R
O
N

B
A
R
S

S
T
R
E
N
G
T
H

4
2

K
g
/
m
m
2

Y
I
E
L
D
I
N
G

.
4
-

F
O
R
M
E
D

I
R
O
N

B
A
R
S

S
T
R
E
N
G
T
H

2
5

K
g
/
m
m
2

Y
I
E
L
D
I
N
G

.
B
A
S
E

R
E
I
N
F
O
R
C
M
E
N
T
5
-

S
O
I
L

B
E
A
R
I
N
G

C
A
P
A
C
I
T
Y

1
K
G
/
C
M
2
g
r
o
u
n
d
l
e
v
e
l
L
E
N
G
T
H

=
c
m
T
Y
P
E
=
C
1
6
o
R
3
Q
U
A
N
T
I
T
Y
=
2
3
+
2
3
W
E
I
G
H
T
=
k
g
c
o
l
u
m
n
L
O
W
E
R

L
E
V
E
L
r
e
i
n
f
.
R
4
H
s
t
r
i
p
s
u
p
p
e
r
r
e
i
n
f
.
C
O
L
U
M
N

R
E
I
N
F
O
R
C
M
E
N
T
R
6
R
5
L
E
N
G
T
H

=
c
m
T
Y
P
E
=
C
R
E
V
IS
IO
N
D
A
T
E
N
O
T
E
S
D
R
W
.
A
P
P
R
.
p
l
a
n
e
Q
U
A
N
T
I
T
Y
=
1
6
x
4
c
o
n
c
r
e
t
e
W
E
I
G
H
T
=
k
g
P
R
O
J
E
C
T
:

T
O
W
E
R

T
Y
P
E

:
H
T
-

4
0

G
S
M

T
O
W
E
R
S

m
i
n

1
0

c
m
l
o
w
e
r

r
e
i
n
f
.
c
h
a
i
r
s
C
H
A
I
R
S
F
O
U
N
D
A
T
I
O
N

D
E
S
I
G

C
A
L
C
U
L
A
T
I
O
N
S
A
F
A
3
0
L
E
N
G
T
H

=
c
m
S
O
I
L

T
Y
P
E

B
E
A
R
I
N
G

C
A
P
A
C
I
T
Y
1
k
g
/
c
m
2
R
8
T
Y
P
E
=
C
Q
U
A
N
T
I
T
Y
=
1
/
1

m
2
D
A
T
E
W
E
I
G
H
T
=
k
g
A
P
P
R
O
V
E
G
.K
IR
G
IZ
D
E
S
IG
N
G
.K
IR
G
IZ
2
5
2
5
D
R
A
W
N
D
.K
O
S
E
o

S
l
o
p
e

o
f

c
h
i
m
n
e
y
S
T
R
I
P
S

F
o
r

s
t
u
p

f
o
u
n
d
a
t
i
o
n

=
L
E
N
G
T
H

=
c
m
5
T
Y
P
E
=
C
Q
U
A
N
T
I
T
Y
=
1
7
x
4
W
E
I
G
H
T
=
k
g
S
C
A
L
E
D
IM
E
N
S
IO
N
S
IN
C
M
D
R
W
.N
O
R
7
4
2

9
3
6
0

6
5

3
9
9

6
5

6
0

2
9
3
1
6

4
6
6
8
9

1
6
5
0
1

6
8
9

1
4
0

4
6
5
0
1

6
0

8

6
0

2
9
0

6
4
2
3
0

5
2
9

6
0

6
7

0
,
0
6

E X - 3
6 4 9
2 8 0
H 2
2 0 0
H 3
5 0
H 1
3 0
6 6 9
2 9 0
E X - 2
6
6
9
4 5 0
4
5
0
6
3
7
2 3
1
-
U 1
-
L
4
1
-
U
1
-
L
2
3
4