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# Calculation of Weight of Product

RD Group

Insert dimensions for the required product shape in orange boxes, then read off the weight in the red boxes at right. Note - Densities shown in green boxes are typical. Add specific density under "others" for different materials.

TECHNICAL SERVICES DEPT. Carbon & ferritic Austenitic Material: stainless stainless steels steels density: 7800 7900 kg: kg/m:

Sheet / plate flat bar Coil Round bar / wire Square bar Hex bar Oct bar Angle bar Hollow bar Round tube / pipe Square / rect tube / pipe

Thickness (mm) Width (mm) Thickness (mm) Width (mm) Diameter (mm)

Length (m) 1

Length (m) kg: kg: kg: kg: kg: kg: kg: 42.12 42.66

1 A/F (mm) Length (m) 1 A/F (mm) Length (m) 1 A/F (mm) Length (m) 1 Thickness (mm) Leg 1 (mm) Leg 2 (mm) Length (m) 1 OD (mm) ID (mm) Length (m) 1 OD (mm) WT (mm) Length (m) 1 Side 1 (mm) Side 2 (mm) WT (mm) Length (m)

50 50 5 6 kg: Note: All results are approximate. Refer to second sheet for calculation fomulas. www.rdsteelgroup.com/

SERVICES DEPT. Copper alloys (Note) 8470 Aluminium alloys (Note) 2700

## Others (Note) 5000

45.74

14.58

27.00

RD GROUP
TECHNICAL SERVICES DEPT. Formulas for Mass Calculation Product Round bar and wire Hexagonal bar Octagonal bar Hollow round - tube and pipe Square / Rectangular tube or hollow section Hollow bar Flat product Angle bar D - Diameter or Outside Diameter (mm) S1 and S2 - side dimensions of square or rectangular hollows (mm) t - Wall Thickness of tube or pipe (mm) T - flat product Thickness (mm) F - Across Flats of a Hexagon or Octagon (mm) L1 & L2 - Angle bar Leg lengths (mm) Notes 1. These are approximate and actual weights may vary due to specific grade and dimension tolerances. 2. Austenitic stainless steels have slightly higher densities than carbon steels. Consult tables for exact calculations. 3. Dimensional tolerances are particularly wide for hot rolled products, such as plate, pipe.and black bar. 4. Theoretical densities are used for all calculations, and the result is a theoretical mass. This takes no account of dimensional tolerances. 5. "Billing weights" are often used in commercial quotations - such as 8177 for austenitic stainless steel. This value accounts for a predominantly + tolerance for plate. It's justification for other products is less obvious. 6. Hollow round includes pipe and tube (specified by OD and WT). 7. Flat product includes plate, sheet, strip, coil and flat bar Densities Carbon steel 7800 Stainless steel (austenitic) 7900 Aluminium alloys 2700 Copper (alloy 385) 8470

## Formulas for Mass Calculation Mass (kg/m)

= 0.00000079 x dens x D = 0.000000866 x dens x F = 0.0000008284 x dens x F = 0.00000314 x dens x (D - t) x t = 0.000001 x dens x 2 x (S1 + S2 - 2 x t) x t = 0.0000007854 x dens x (D - d) = 0.000001 x dens x T x W = 0.000001 x dens x (L1 + L2 - t) x t) d - Inside Diameter (mm) ctangular hollows (mm) W - flat product Width (mm) t - Angle bar leg thickness (mm)

s may vary due to specific grade and dimension tolerances. gher densities than carbon steels. Consult tables for exact calculations. de for hot rolled products, such as plate, pipe.and black bar. ulations, and the result is a theoretical mass. This takes no account

cial quotations - such as 8177 for austenitic stainless steel. tolerance for plate. It's justification for other products is less obvious. cified by OD and WT). oil and flat bar