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OSA / OFC/NFOEC 2010 a1317_1.pdf JThA26.


Broad Convergence of 32QAM-OFDM ROF and WDM-OFDM-PON System Using an Integrated Modulator for Bidirectional Access Networks
Bo Liu1, 2, Xiangjun Xin1, 2, Lijia Zhang1, 2, Kun Zhao1, Chongxiu Yu2
1)School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications (BUPT), Beijing 100876, China 2)Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications (BUPT), Ministry of Education,Beijing 100876, China

Abstract: We propose and demonstrate a novel architecture of converged 32QAM-OFDM ROF and
WDM-OFDM-PON by employing an integrated modulator. The 10Gb/s 16QAM-OFDM wired signal, 1Gb/s 32QAM-OFDM wireless signal and upstream signal are transmitted 25km fiber successfully.
©2010 Optical Society of America
OCIS codes: (060.4250) Networks; (060.4510) Optical Communications.

1. Introduction Future access networks will need to provide broadband connectivity to end users, both in wireless and wired form [1]. Radio over fiber (ROF) technology, providing effective convergence of optical and wireless access networking systems, has spurred much interest for increasing the capacity and mobility requirements of future network architecture [2]. The design of ROF system is expected to be compatible with wave-division-multiplexing passive optical networks (WDM-PON) to flexibly serve both fixed and mobile users [3]. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a promising technology which has very high spectrum efficiency and robust dispersion tolerance to improve system capability and transmission distance over fiber and air links. Recently, several OFDM based access systems have been proposed, such as OFDM modulated WDM-PON [4], OFDM based metro access [5], and OFDM-ROF system [6]. Nonetheless, the convergence system of OFDM modulated PON and OFDM-ROF has never been demonstrated, which can improve the spectral efficiency both in wired and wireless access system, also support the seamless integration between air and optical transmission. Additionally, the re-modulation technology reduces the cost and complexity in base station [2], while an integrate modulator can be used to generate the ROF and PON signal simultaneously in central station. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a converged architecture of 40GHz 32QAM-OFDM ROF and WDM-OFDM-PON for transmitting 1Gb/s wireless and 10Gb/s wired signals using an integrated modulator where the phase difference between the two arms of modulator is utilized to alleviate the crosstalk between the downstream signals. Using this scheme, the 2.5Gb/s OFDM ROF signal, the 10Gb/s OFDM-PON signal and the 2.5Gb/s OOK re-modulated signals are successfully transmitted over 25km SMF (single mode fiber) with less than 0.3dB power penalty .
Wireless signal (32QAM-OFDM) LO


Ch-1 Ch-1 IL



EDFA Integrated MZMs 16QAM-OFDM signal Downstream fiber

IM Ch-n Ch-n
upstream data



MUX Rx-upstream signal Ch-1


Central office

Rx-upstream signal

upstream fiber Ch-n



Base Station

Fig1. The proposed converged access system architecture (LO: local oscillation; DFB-LD: distributed feedback laser-diode; IL:interleaver)

pdf 2. The downstream signal is re-modulated by an IM at 2. BER curve and eye diagram are exhibited in Fig. After transmission. The OFDM signals are generated offline by MATLAB program and uploaded into a Tektronix Arbitrary Waveform Generator (AWG).3 respectively. the signal is detected by an PD of 10GHz bandwidth. the 40GHz optical mm-wave signal are separated from the wired signal by an IL. Fig.4(a).5Gb/s upstream signal TDS LPF TDS  / 2phase shift 32QAMOFDM signals DFBLD Integrated MZMs 10Gb/s 16QAMOFDM signal EDFA 16QAMOFDM signals PD Upstram signals Central Office Base Station Fig. LPF: low pass filter. .3 dB. System Configuration Fig. One part is fed into a 10GHz PIN PD for O/E conversion. a pre-EDFA with a gain of 30dB is used before its detecting. The insert (a) in Fig. the wireless signals are sent to the OFDM receiver directly. After filtered by a TOF with the bandwidth of 0.pdf JThA26. One is fed to the OFDM receiver.6nm to suppress the ASE noise. Thus the convergence of 32QAM-OFDM Modulated ROF and WDM-OFDM-PON system is realized.706nm is employed as the light source.3 shows the optical spectrum of the modulated optical signals.1 illustrates the proposed configuration of the converged access system. We adopt software up-conversion for 32QAM-OFDM to eliminate the low frequency damnification. The other part is used for upstream re-modulation. Then the optical signals are amplified by an EDFA to obtain 10-dBm power before transmission. Finally.After 25-km upstream link. and the same mechanism is used to demodulate the baseband OFDM signal. which is generated by up-conversion of the 32QAM-OFDM signal via a mixer. The RF signals mixed with 1Gb/s 32QAM-OFDM and 20GHz RF clock are used to driver the MZM at upper arm. The MZM of the upper arm is modulated by the 16QAM-OFDM PON signal. At the CO.OSA / OFC/NFOEC 2010 a1317_1. the signal is detected by a PIN PD with 3dB bandwidth of 50GHz to execute O/E conversion. a 40GHz RF clock and a mixer are employed to down. For the mm-wave signal. which consisting of two single intensity Mach– Zehnder modulators (MZMs) and a phase shifter.convert the mm-wave signals to the baseband. BPF: band pass filter. and the optical spectra of separated signals are shown as insert from (b)-(c) in Fig. A suitable interleaver (IL) is employed to separate the optical wireless signal (40GHz optical mm-wave) from the wired signal. 25 subcarriers at low frequency and 24 subcarriers at high frequency unfilled for over-sampling. After passing an electrical BPF. 7 pilot sub-carriers are used for phase estimation. After a LPF with bandwidth of 3GHz. a DEMUX is used to separate channels and then deliver to different base stations (BS).3(d)-(e) respectively. A  / 2 phase difference is imported between the upper and lower arms to remove the coherent crosstalk between the two arm optical signals. The downstream wired signals are sent to two paths. and the bottom one is driven by the 32QAM-OFDM RF signal. At the base station. The central office (CO) consists of N distributed laser sources. the down-converted OFDM signal is sent to the TDS to capture the waveform for offline procession.5Gb/s with PRBS length of 231-1. The power penalty at a BER of 10-9 is less than 0.2 experimental setup (SMF: single mode fiber. The optical spectrum. In each channel. and the length of cyclic prefix is 16 samples. a CW lightwave is modulated by an integrated external modulator. a DFB laser at 1550. and the intermediate frequency (IF) is 650MHz. Experimental setup and results The experimental setup is shown in Fig.The wired signal is divided into two parts. 32QAM and 16QAM are used for baseband symbol mapping respectively. The measured BER curve and the corresponding constellation of 32QAM-OFDM signal are shown in Fig. the N outer converged OFDM signals are sent downstream through a MUX. and the other is re-modulated by the upstream signal through an intensity modulator (IM) and sent back to the CO.4(b) presents the measured BER curve and constellation maps of the 10Gb/s 16QAM-OFDM signal. The one at bottom arm is driven directly by the baseband 16QAM-OFDM signals that adopt Hermitian symmetry.2. After down-conversion. 1Gb/s 32QAMOFDM signal 200M TOF (b) 40GHz RF clock 20GHz RF clock BPF EDFA (a) 25km SMF (c) IL 50GHz PD LPF 10GHz PD IM (d) 25km SMF 2. The FFT size is 256 with 200 data subcarriers. TDS: real time domain sampling scope) 3.

5 0. 60677004.OSA / OFC/NFOEC 2010 a1317_1. “ Key Enabling Technologies for Optical– Wireless Networks: Optical Millimeter-Wave Generation.0 -3. Forthcoming [6] Z.0 -5..0 -13.5 -26. OFC2008. (b) 16QAM-OFDM wired signal.5 -13..0 -4.Yu etal. The power penalty for the remodulate upstream signal is less than 0. pp.5 -25.5 1 0. IEEE Photon. Jia et al.“ 108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with Polarization Multiplexing and Direct Detection” .3dB.5 -0.5 -6.5 -11.5 -1 B-to-B -0. Lightw.5dB for both downstream wired and wireless signals over 25km SMF transmission. Acknowledgement: The financial support from National Basic Research Program of China with No. resolution 0.5 -26.5 0 -2. Technol.0 -26.pdf JThA26. Conclusion We have proposed and demonstrated a converged networks architecture of 40GHz 32QAM-OFDM ROF and WDM-OFDM-PON for providing bidirectional access services.0 -1 0 1 32QAM-OFDM after 25km transmission OFDM B to B 16QAM-OFDM after 25km 16QAM-OFDM B-to-B -27.0 -9.Jia et al.5 -1 -1 0 1 Log(BER) Log(BER) -4.0 -11. (e): measured BER curve and eye diagrams of 2.5 -10. JWA108 . Our experimental results show that the power penalty are less than 0.0 25km.0 -27.Chien et al. OThD1 [2] Z. Lett. Lightw. “ Super-Broadband Optical Wireless Access Technologies” . 200ps/div Log(BER) -7.pdf (a) (b) -5.5 -9. “ Experimental Demonstration for Delivering 1-Gb/s OFDM Signals over 80-km SSMF in 40-GHz Radio-over-Fiber Access Systems” . “ Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Mudulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals” .0 -25.0 (e) B-to-B.. 4.5 0 -1 0 1 -4.0 -8. pp:3452-3470 [3] H.5 -27.0 -28. Reference [1]G.0 ReceivedO ptical Power(dBm ) Fig. Technol.No. OFC2009. -2.0 1 0.5 -28. National High Technology 863 Research and Development Program of China with No.4 measured BER curves and constellations of downstream signals.5 -8.02nm. (a) 32QAM-OFDM ROF signal.5 -7.-K.5 -12. OFC 2008..5 -6.5 -4. Vol.5 -29.5 -25.. 2009AA01Z220.0 -12. 2008.0 1 B-to-B 0. National Natural Science Foundation of China with No.0 -1 -5.5Gb/s upstream signal.5 0 -0. vol. IEEE J.0 -10. [5] D.5 -27.3 (a)-(d): the corresponding optical spectra in Fig.0 -25. OTuB7 [4] J.0 -14.2.1545– 1547.5 -3. IEEE J.5 -24.5 -14.11.5 0 -0. and Architecture” .5 -6. Technol.0 After 25km -2.5 -5. “ A Novel 60-GHz Millimeter-Wave over Fiber with Independent 10-Gbps Wired and Wireless Services on a Single Wavelength Using PolMUX and Wavelength-Reuse Techniques” .5 1 After 25km -3. 200ps/div (c) (d) UpstreamOOKafter 25km UpstreamOOKBtoB -29.Qian et al.25. Wavelength Reuse.0 Received Optical Power(dBm) (a) (b) Fig.0 -2.0 -6.Chang et al.5 -10.0 -28. 60977046.0 -26.0 Received Optical Power(dBm) -24.0 -3.5 -1 -1 0 1 -5.. 2010CB328300.. 20.